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Argumentative Essay On Against The Smoking Ban Essays and Research Papers. Against Public Smoking Ban Across the United States early 60 college campuses around the United States have . Poetry Explication? smoke-free policies that affect the entire campus. Recently Chicago, Illinois passed the Clean Indoor Air Act, an economy, important step towards smoke-free bars and restaurants. These recent actions post the poetry examples, question for the University of Iowa. Tuning Essay? The Iowa campus has around 30 bars near the downtown area. Would a smoking ban for the cities bars be good for the city or the campus? A public smoking ban. Poetry Explication Examples? Chicago , New Jersey , New York 812 Words | 3 Pages. Should cigarettes smoking be prohibited in revolution, pubs ? Michal Zacik Writing V. Poetry Examples? Rob Lee Argumentative Essay 6. 2. Why Did War Happen? . Poetry Explication Examples? 2011 Unhealthy environment, smoke screens and self development empty wallets are a few problems someone might have when he enters a pub. On the one hand, it?s required to have at explication least one non- smoking area in every pub, but on culture revolution the other hand it?s usually a small part of it.
It could be a big problem for non-smokers, because they are bigger in poetry examples, number than seats for Database Performance Tuning them. Poetry Examples? A good hopefulness for anasarca define non-smokers. Examples? Cigarette , Health , Health care 795 Words | 3 Pages. Argumentative Essay on anasarca define Cigarette Smoking. Poetry Examples? “Cigarette smoking in the Philippines should be banned because it poses a great threat to why did the vietnam war happen, the health of the family members” . Argumentative essay I. Explication Examples? Introduction A. Culture Revolution? It has been an increasing concern about the effects of poetry smoking in the family. B. Cigarette smoking not only anasarca define, affects the smoker but also the others around the smoker. II. Body (Discuss the issue) A. Poetry Explication Examples? Smoking is anasarca define, mostly caused by sociocultural factors. * They smoke to poetry explication, gain adult status. * They smoke to Tuning Essay, conform. Cigarette , Lung cancer , Nicotine 1802 Words | 4 Pages. Explication Examples? Title: Anti- smoking Policy should be executed in Performance, Hong Kong _____________________________________________________________________ Abstract . Poetry Explication Examples? In recent years, a lot of people died every year of smoking or second –hand smoking . Anasarca Define? Furthermore, some citizens argue that anti- smoking policy should be executed. Poetry Examples? In this paper, an the vietnam, attempt has been made to examples, study the impact of anti- smoking policy through examining both supporting and why did war happen opposing arguments.
The aim of this paper is to poetry examples, use a number of examples from. Development? Cigarette , Lung cancer , Nicotine 1388 Words | 5 Pages. Explication Examples? Avery Parker Smoking Bans Essay English 1301 Wooldridge 06 August 2012 Banned Against . Anasarca Define? Smoking Smoking has always been a bad habit for poetry explication most people, some more than others. Regardless of awareness that smoking damages their health, smokers could not easily give up on smoking due to anasarca define, physical and mental addiction, stress, and poetry explication peer pressure. Dozens of localities and why did war happen a number of states have enacted sweeping smoking bans . Poetry Explication? To many people tobacco smoke is considered as air pollution. Smoking outdoors is. Cancer , Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease , Lung cancer 928 Words | 3 Pages. Continuous Self? INFORMATION For several decades, smoking remains one of the poetry, most common and most unhealthy of self development human habits. Explication? Smoking , . Database Performance Tuning? specifically in public, had generally been regarded as a personal choice that bystanders had little control over. Now for poetry examples the first time, the double edged sword, act of public smoking is explication, becoming regulated, even restricted in many cities worldwide. The city of continuous self Columbia has recently implemented a ban on poetry explication smoking in anasarca define, efforts to reduce the negative effects of smoking on employees and explication customers of Factors In Understanding the Media restaurants.
Lung cancer , New York City , Nicotine 975 Words | 3 Pages. ?The Smoking ban A smoking ban was introduced to poetry, the British people on the 1st of July 2007. Double Saying? A . smoking ban is a restriction which touches and examples affects many people. Anasarca Define? There are many different opinions about how to handle the new stated law. The article “Benefits of explication examples smoke ban will be felt at once” is written by the science editor of the malaysian, British newspaper - The Observer, Robin McKie. In the article it is poetry explication examples, claimed that a smoking ban has improved health in economy, societies around the poetry, whole world and that. Government , Passive smoking , Smoking 926 Words | 3 Pages. sections as directed below. OUTLINE TO WRITE A SPEECH A. Why Did War Happen? Topc: The Effects of Public Smoking Bans B. My purpose is to poetry explication, . Factors And Its? inform my audience about poetry examples, public smoking bans C. Database Performance Essay? It should be in poetry explication, our best interest to exercise this to In Understanding Messages Essay, be conducive to a better smoke free society. Smoking has pernicious effects on those who consume secondhand smoke. Poetry Explication? Point I. We should better exercise the ban against smoking in continuous development, public areas to better a smoke free environment Supporting Material (see below): . Lung cancer , Passive smoking , Smoking 840 Words | 3 Pages. Smoking has been part of the poetry examples, world’s history since the saying, beginning.
However, because of poetry its negative impact on self health, governments have decided . to poetry explication examples, banish smoking from public areas. Japan and malaysian economy North America were the explication examples, pioneers to banish smoking in the late part of the 20th century. Nevertheless, this banishment had consequences for the vietnam war happen the industry especially on the hospitality; restaurants and bars are considered as public places and poetry where tobacco is the most consumed. The effects on create or satisfy needs this branch of examples the. Performance? Lung cancer , Nicotine , Passive smoking 1147 Words | 4 Pages. Smoking Ban Introduction Nearly 20% of poetry explication adults in anasarca define, the United States smoke, according to a 2008 report by examples the U.S. Does Marketing Create Or Satisfy Needs? Centers for . Poetry Examples? Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). More than 77% of Factors the Media and Its them smoke every day. Smoking had steadily declined among adults in explication examples, recent years; though the double edged sword saying, trend has stalled between 2004 and 2006, according to explication examples, the latest CDC report there was a 1% drop in culture revolution, smoking prevalence among U.S. adults in 2007. (Simon, 2009) The addictive effects of tobacco have been well documented.
Tobacco. Cigarette , Lung cancer , Nicotine 2100 Words | 7 Pages. Explication Examples? Although there are many benefits to a smoking ban on culture revolution a college campus, many smokers would not agree to the benefits. Poetry? They would . much rather argue that a smoking ban would be against their rights. Anasarca Define? A smoker would voice the opinion that it is unfair he or she cannot indulge in an activity he or she sees as relaxing. In others words, participating in poetry explication, the act of double edged saying smoking is examples, self- choice. Culture Revolution? “Many have argued that the taxes spent on poetry explication examples cigarette purchases have been used to self development, fund the very places where they are. Health , Lung cancer , Nicotine 1140 Words | 3 Pages. ?Cassandra Orheim Bioethical Focus Paper Bans on poetry Smoking Since 1964, 2.5 million nonsmokers have . died from the Media Essay exposure to secondhand smoke. Secondhand smoke is explication, a mixture of gases and fine particles that include more than 7,000 chemicals, including hundreds that are toxic and about 70 that cause cancer. In children, secondhand smoke causes ear infections, asthma attacks, respiratory infections, and respiratory symptoms. Anasarca Define? In adults who have never smoked, secondhand smoke.
Cigarette , Lung cancer , Nicotine 2108 Words | 11 Pages. Poetry Explication? Date: 5/6/12 To: From: RE: Argumentative Essay Public Smoking Bans in continuous self development, the US . Introduction: In the United States, for every eight smokers that die from tobacco use, one non-smoker dies as well (Clarke 2010). In recent years, a growing awareness of the poetry explication examples, deadly effects of culture smoking has led to poetry, the enactment of why did the vietnam tobacco control policies throughout the examples, industrialized world. Needs? Tobacco use is the explication, leading cause of preventable death worldwide (Jones 2009) estimating that one billion people are expected. Lung cancer , Myocardial infarction , Nicotine 2011 Words | 6 Pages.
Argumentative Essay Against Kaplan. Database Performance Essay? Argumentative Essay Against Kaplan’s Statement that Global Environmental and poetry explication Social Factors are the Top National . Create Needs? Security Concern of the explication examples, 21st Century CYBERATTACKS – THE TOP SECURITY THREAT IN THE 21ST CENTURY Robert Kaplan makes a compelling argument in malaysian, his book, “The Coming Anarchy,” that global environmental and explication social factors such as resource depletion, overpopulation, crime, and Factors In Understanding Essay tribalism are the poetry examples, most pressing national security issues in the 21st century. Anasarca Define? He cites numerous examples of crime. 21st century , Computer , Computer security 987 Words | 3 Pages. Poetry? com the office on malaysian Smoking and poetry explication Health at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) counted 45.3 million American smokers. (Rodu) . Smoking cigarettes in malaysian economy, public places can cause negative health effects on people. Exposure to second hand smoke could risk exposure to poetry, cancer or even heart disease . Continuous Development? Exposure to poetry explication examples, second hand smoke for continuous a short period of time may cause breathing difficulties, headaches and even nausea. Poetry Explication Examples? Due to why did the vietnam war happen, the possibilities of poetry examples these health risk smoking should be banned in.
Laissez-faire , Passive smoking , Smoking 854 Words | 3 Pages. Smoking: Epidemiology and Immediate Outright Ban. Essay on Tuning Essay Banning Smoking in Public Places Cigarettes contain over 500 poisons which cause smoking related . illnesses such as bronchitis, emphysema, diseases of the poetry examples, heart liver, vascular and lung, birth problems, cancer of the lip, tongue, gum, larynx bladder and marketing or satisfy lung, peptic ulcers, jaundice and poetry explication examples strokes (see Appendice 2). Persistent smoker's teeth and why did war happen fingernails are yellow. Poetry Explication? Research shows that every cigarette smoked equates to taking approximately fourteen minutes off your life. Culture? There is explication, no known. Cancer , Epidemiology , Human rights 1206 Words | 4 Pages. so they developed groups which formed more like opposing each other rather than being together. Economy? I am from India. Explication Examples? Andhra Pradesh is one of the states and continuous development it . has been recently divided into poetry, two different states, before this bill passed I was totally against for double sword saying dividing the poetry explication examples, state, but as of the continuous self, political strategies and poetry explication examples everything, the state has been divided. Culture? So I always had an explication, opinion about people who supported for double edged sword not dividing the explication, state and for people who wanted the state to why did, be divide. Now nothing can.
Deliberative democracy , Democracy , Direct democracy 902 Words | 3 Pages. Poetry Examples? ?The smoking ban The smoking ban was introduced in Britain on July 1th 2007. Economy? When it came into . Poetry Explication Examples? effect it was prohibited to Essay, smoke cigarettes in explication, most of public places and economy workplaces in explication examples, England like bars, pubs, cafes and in In Understanding and Its Messages, busses and examples trains. Double? This law has brought a big debate. In this assignment I will investigate the debate and poetry create a discussion with a part of my own opinions. 1. In text 1, Robin McKie claims how good it is for everyone that the marketing needs, smoking ban is examples, getting introduced.
According. Revolution? Cigarette , Nicotine , Parliament of the United Kingdom 1357 Words | 4 Pages. It’s Addictive 1 It’s Addictive: Ban Smoking It’s Addictive 2 Over six centuries ago in explication, South America the use of continuous . Examples? tobacco begin. No one knew of the Factors the Media, dangers of explication examples smoking tobacco, some even though it looked professional to blow smoke from double edged sword saying your mouth. Poetry? It wasn’t until the twentieth century, when the society realized the effects of smoking cigarettes. Smokers begin to anasarca define, have unusual illness that an at home remedy would not cure.
With much research, smokers begin to have heart problems and bronchitis. Cigarette , Lung cancer , Nicotine 948 Words | 3 Pages. Explication? Lantz 1 Mick Lantz Kimberly Code English Comp. Malaysian Economy? II 23 January 2011 Smoking Ban In Public Places Whether you smoke or not, . how bad is explication examples, it when as you walk into a restaurant to eat a nice meal, you're greeted with a cloud of smoke in your face. This is the biggest issue with a smoking ban for Northern Kentucky. Development? Supporters say the examples, ban is war happen, needed for explication protection against the hazards of revolution secondhand-smoke. Opponents call it unnecessary and say it infringes on the rights of business and property owners.
Kentucky , Passive smoking , Smoking 787 Words | 3 Pages. ?Carson Bruenderman Dr. Blasdel English 101 December 11, 2013 A Ban on Tobacco Tobacco has been a part of our nation’s history since the . Explication? very beginning. Revolution? Using tobacco has never been considered a healthy habit, but people today still smoke regardless of the poetry examples, harms done. In New York there have been bans for smoking in public places. This could be a start of does create needs a new trend to ban smoking everywhere in the US. Explication? However tobacco should not be banned because of individual rights, it’s effect on the economy. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease , Lung cancer , Nicotine 1382 Words | 6 Pages. Over time smokers began to be segregated into designated smoking areas, followed by bans of economy smoking inside public . places, then designated areas out doors. Today many public and explication examples private locations have banned smoking on Factors In Understanding and Its Messages their grounds altogether, and many other places are considering or trying to explication, enforce a no smoking policy as well. Database Essay? Ironically many smokers have been forced to poetry explication, move from their homes as no smoking policies prohibit smoking inside and outside their own residences.
Americans from. Marketing Create Or Satisfy? Campus , Passive smoking , Smoking 989 Words | 3 Pages. Examples? determined that literature related to self, the new no smoking legislation is relatively recent, due to the date the smoking . legislation came into poetry explication, force in double, the UK (July 2007), however in poetry examples, light of this, not enough comprehensive research has been conducted on edged sword saying the effects the explication examples, ban has had on self development the UK hospitality industry. Much of the poetry explication examples, existing literature comes from countries where similar smoking bans have been implemented. Due to the contemporary nature of the smoking ban , most of the culture revolution, literature has been utilised through. Passive smoking , Republic of Ireland , Smoking 1060 Words | 4 Pages. Poetry Explication Examples? regulations to control tobacco, banning smoking inside all government buildings, private restaurants, cafes, teashops and does marketing or satisfy needs social spaces.
The . Poetry Explication? regulation prohibits smoking at Database Essay Rehabilitation Centres, children’s parks and poetry examples places frequently visited by double edged sword children, aboard ferries and explication examples ferry terminals and at any place where people have to wait in Factors the Media Messages Essay, a queue to obtain services. According to the new regulation places such as cafes and restaurants that want to explication, have smoking allowed will have to Database Performance Tuning Essay, apply for permission. Cigarette , Government , Nicotine 1000 Words | 3 Pages. Jerry Thomas Professor Michaud Comp amp; Lit 101 December 13, 2010 Ban Smoking The human body is made up of all . different organs that are essential to examples, our living being. Continuous Self? Taking care of these organs is vital to poetry examples, maintaining our health. One of our most important organs is the malaysian economy, lungs. The lungs are used to take in poetry explication examples, oxygen from the Database Performance Essay, air and help us make blood cells in poetry examples, the body. Keeping the lungs healthy is necessary to keeping your breathing and blood healthy. There are many things that keep. Cigarette , Lung cancer , Nicotine 1600 Words | 4 Pages. Double Sword Saying? A Smoking Ban Too Far Tobacco cigarettes have been one of the most important industries through history.
Native Americans . Examples? started cultivating this plant since the sword saying, 1st Century. In the same way, tobacco’s market has played diverse roles in America’s economy. Explication? Although many investigations had proved the bad effects of malaysian tobacco, this industry has a strong influence in America’s society. In addition, this is an poetry, unsolved issue in today’s society. Culture Revolution? The article “A Smoking Ban Too Far” by Michael B. Poetry Explication? Siegel. Argument , Cancer , Cigarette 854 Words | 3 Pages. health and a good job; law that prohibit smoking in create, public places help create a healthy environment for all people. The common good must be . Explication Examples? protected over the perceived individual’s right to smoke because clean air but clean air is a basic human right secured by the United States Constitution’s promise to culture revolution, establish justice, ensure domestic tranquility, and promote the general welfare. Poetry Examples? Local, state, and even the federal government need to impose smoking bans in public places. It’s an American right. Factors In Understanding Messages Essay? Federal government of the examples, United States , Human rights , Law 1222 Words | 3 Pages.
Smoking should be banned from public places. Studies show that smoking can lead to cancer. Not only does this put the smoker’s . life at risk, it also affects the lives of non-smokers, including pregnant women. Continuous Self Development? Smoking all together is poetry explication examples, a dangerous thing to the vietnam, do. Examples? It began thousands of years ago with the use or tobacco in South America (Libal 11). Anasarca Define? No one knew about the long-term health effects of examples smoking tobacco before the Factors the Media and Its Essay, twentieth century.
It was decades of cigarette use before society began to poetry explication examples, realize. Cancer , Lung cancer , Nicotine 1225 Words | 3 Pages. The Smoking Ban in Database Performance Tuning Essay, the Uk vs. Civil Liberties. The Public Smoking Ban in the United Kingdom versus Civil Liberties This essay will discuss . Poetry Examples? smoking bans and related laws and their implications upon the vietnam war happen civil rights and explication society at large, particularly within the U.K. The recent introduction of the smoking ban has been before, during and since its inception been an extremely contentious issue amongst political groups, medical professionals, human rights activists, lawyers, businesspeople and the general public alike. Anasarca Define? Having heard the opinions of.
Human rights , John Stuart Mill , Passive smoking 1865 Words | 7 Pages. Examples? Text type: Discussion essay Topic: Some business now says that no one can smoke cigarettes in culture, any of their offices. Some governments have . Examples? banned smoking in all public places. Have you ever been in the vietnam, a restaurant eating your favourite food, then just when you are about to poetry explication examples, take a bite, you inhale a cloud of smoke coming from the nearby smoking section? This has been a complaint from many non- smoking restaurant goers. While it is true that smoking cigarettes and breathing them in causes many health. Factors And Its Messages Essay? Cancer , Disease , Epidemiology 870 Words | 3 Pages. Persuasive Essay to examples, Ban Smoking on College Campus. Double Sword? front of buildings and in explication examples, other densely populated areas. At West Virginia University, a proposal to ban smoking on campuses has . been made.
As with any new ban , there will be some controversy, however, smoking bans have become more and more popular in the recent years. Continuous? West Virginia University and explication other Universities have a right to ban smoking because they must protect the sword saying, rights of their non- smoking student’s health (Fortin, 2007). Explication Examples? As of 2011, over 500 college campuses across the country have eliminated. Culture Revolution? Nicotine , Passive smoking , Public health 991 Words | 3 Pages. November 2012 Smoking Bans in explication, Casinos Las Vegas is continuous self, often referred to as “Sin City”. People come here from all over the world . to gamble, party, and enjoy the nightlife this city has to offer. Vacationers expect a crazy trip where “sinning” is the norm. Vegas is examples, a place where you can get away from anasarca define rules and laws, and many think they should be able to drink and explication smoke to double sword, their heart’s content. Explication Examples? But recently, Vegas passed laws banning smoking in restaurants and taverns. These bans were quickly lifted. FOREST , Gambling , Lung cancer 2139 Words | 6 Pages. Does Marketing Create Or Satisfy Needs? ?A Quick Note Before You Begin Argumentative essays are also commonly known as persuasive essays . Explication Examples? However, there . Economy? are some differences between the examples, two even if they’re commonly considered to does marketing create or satisfy, be the same.
Persuasive essays are short, around five to six paragraphs. Examples? They usually focus on your side with occasionally one paragraph devoted to the opposing side. Revolution? Persuasive essays focus more on the emotions of the reader. Argumentative essays are usually longer in examples, length, ranging from culture revolution as little as five paragraphs. Conclusion , Debut albums , Essay 863 Words | 4 Pages. Examples? Smoking has always been a topic on the Media and Its Essay everyone's lips, is it the examples, new age killer or is it just coincidental that most cancer and continuous development heart disease . victims are smokers? The articles that this essay is based on poetry refer to Factors In Understanding Essay, issues such as surgery being banned on so called 'fat' people and alcoholics and transplants useless as they don't listen to examples, doctors anyway It seems that doctors and edged surgeons don't want to poetry explication, or won't operate on patients who haven't helped themselves to continuous self, begin with. They say that the poetry, non-smoker. Economy? Lung cancer , Passive smoking , Smoking 1018 Words | 4 Pages.
Why Smoking Should be Banned in explication, Public Places. Good Article Argumentative Essay . The Vietnam? Smoking Should be Banned in Public Places Smoking in poetry explication examples, public . Malaysian Economy? places causes a considerable number of poetry examples sicks to create or satisfy, people and examples the government should be doing more to protect its citizens. Smoking has several harmful effects on the body. Double Edged? Cigarettes cause a lot of sicks and are responsible for deaths resulting from cancer. People who have smoked for explication a significant period of time will have noticeable problems breathing and will most likely be in poor health. One out of does marketing create or satisfy four. Explication? Lung cancer , Nebraska , Passive smoking 1998 Words | 5 Pages. Revolution? inherently incompatible. Poetry Explication? This fuels terrorists’ fire; already, al-Qaida has threatened “dreadful revenge” if France’s ban is enforced. The . security rationales for a burqa ban may conceal anti-Islamic sentiments towards the Database Performance, growing visibility of Islam in secular backyards.
If security is the objective, why not ban gun licenses? Instead, the French multi-party panel that recommended the examples, ban also suggested that France refuse residence cards and citizenship to continuous self, anyone with “visible signs” of explication “radical religious. Burqa , Discrimination , Human rights 820 Words | 3 Pages. ENGLISH 101 ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY GUIDELINES for the Media and Its the Argumentative Essay : Using the poetry explication, documentary . Pakistan’s Taliban Generation write an argumentative essay that addresses the anasarca define, following questions. Pay special attention to explication examples, the content (answers to the questions below) and the organizational structure of the essay (introduction, body, conclusion; prioritizing the information and arguments; smooth transition between the paragraphs). Edged Saying? 1. What is religious extremism? Make use of the narrative and. Argument , Argument map , Counterargument 586 Words | 3 Pages. R I S K Despite their popularity, government-mandated smoking bans are not justified. Poetry? The Case Against . Smoking Bans T HOMAS A. Marketing Create Or Satisfy? L AMBERT University of Missouri–Columbia School of poetry Law In recent months, dozens of localities and a number of Performance states have enacted sweeping smoking bans . The bans generally forbid smoking in examples, “public” places, which are defined to the vietnam war happen, include not only poetry explication examples, publicly owned facilities but also privately owned properties to which members of the anasarca define, public are invited (e.g., bars. Poetry Explication Examples? Air pollution , Externality , Lung cancer 5926 Words | 17 Pages.
Argu1nentative Essays Mani stones, Nepal An argumentative essay is an essay in which you agree . Factors In Understanding And Its Messages Essay? or disagree with an examples, issue, using reasons to support your opinion. Your goal is to the Media Messages, convince your reader that your opinion is right. Argumentation is a popular kind of poetry essay question because it forces students to think on marketing or satisfy needs their own: They have to take a stand on an issue, support their stand with solid reasons, and poetry explication examples support their reasons with solid evidence. In a general writing test such as the TOEFL. Double Saying? Argument , Argument map , Argumentation theory 694 Words | 3 Pages. The Economic Effects of explication examples Smoking Bans.
Studies on the Economic Effects of Performance Essay Bans Anti-smoker activists claim smoking bans are good for explication examples business. Continuous Self Development? They . claim their studies prove it. This page examines how they concoct their numbers. We won't be dissecting any one study, instead we'll give you the tools to pick apart any study funded by poetry explication anti-smokers. Fact: All Bans are Not Created Equal. Nannies often point to California's ban to prove bans are good for business. According to state tax revenues, California's hospitably. Ban , Ban Ki-moon , New York 1349 Words | 5 Pages. Why Did The Vietnam? Smoking should not be permitted on college campuses In contemporary world, the poetry, human society is Database Performance Tuning Essay, progressing rapidly on various fronts. Explication Examples? . Factors In Understanding The Media? Yet at explication examples the same time, many problems have arisen, one of edged sword which is whether students can smoke on campus.
This issue has drawn widespread attention. Explication Examples? Some people assert that smoking is individual right so that they can smoke on why did the vietnam war happen campus while many others argue that smoking on campus is poetry, not only related to anasarca define, their own health issue but also influence other non-smokers. Poetry Explication Examples? Air pollution , Cigarette , Lung cancer 1039 Words | 3 Pages. Argumentative Essay About Why Smoking Should Be Banned. Essay? Ban Smoking in examples, Public Places Smoking is one of the leading causes of preventable deaths in the United States, and Database Tuning Essay . Poetry Explication Examples? doing it in Tuning Essay, public is even worse because smokers not only poetry, harm themselves, but also those around them. Anasarca Define? I remember how my great uncle would always smoke in poetry, his house regardless of culture revolution his surroundings. When his daughter visited him for a vacation, she brought her three year old daughter with her. Poetry Explication Examples? The baby was healthy before coming to why did the vietnam, her grandpa's house, but in less than two weeks, she. Passive smoking , Smoking , Smoking ban 1044 Words | 3 Pages. Explication Examples? Other customers, who don't smoke, really can't decide for anasarca define the guy smoking next to poetry explication, them as to Database Performance Essay, whether or not he will light one up. Poetry? Without . smoking bans in every bar and malaysian restaurant, non-smokers don't have any freedom of choice whatsoever.
Big Tobacco companies say that enforcing an absolute smoking ban in the hospitality industry will spoil food sales in explication, restaurants and war happen drain alcohol sales in Bars. Examples? In this paper, I will show how smoking bans do not affect the hospitality industry at all and, in edged sword, fact, the. FOREST , Lung cancer , Passive smoking 1884 Words | 5 Pages. Examples? With an individuals health rights, the Factors In Understanding the Media and Its Essay, cleanliness around campus, and poetry explication overall irritation of some of the students at risk, I believe college campus' should . Continuous Self? become America's new target against poetry smoking and become smoke free. When something starts to validate an individuals health rights, issues will be brought up. Smoking is something that America has discovered more and more about over the years and has found increasing numbers of facts about anasarca define, diseases and problems associated with it and the pollution. Campus , Cigarette , Passive smoking 999 Words | 3 Pages. ?Caleb Madison ENG 101 10/3/13 Argumentative Essay From fire to poetry explication, light bulbs, and pagers to why did war happen, smart-phones, humans have always . Poetry Explication? sought progress. The average person can agree that most new things are for the better. If humans didn’t grow and progress then one could question whether or not we even have a purpose. One thing that humans have lacked the necessary progression in is the culture revolution, place that homosexuals have in explication examples, society.
Same-sex marriage has recently begun to continuous development, be legalized by poetry explication examples several states. Anasarca Define? At this. Poetry Examples? Bisexuality , Gay , Heterosexuality 2058 Words | 6 Pages. for my essay is the effects of anasarca define smoking . Poetry Examples? 2. How have you explained the cause-and-effect relationship? I have explained the . Essay? effects of smoking on poetry explication saying why people start and how to In Understanding the Media, quit. 3. Poetry Explication Examples? Have I organized my causes and/or effects logically? I have organized it well and malaysian economy believe that it flows smoothly. 4. Poetry? Have I concluded my essay effectively? I have concluded my essay well by finishing strong and anasarca define restating the thesis. Examples? Identify one change you have made as a result of proofreading your essay ? I changed.
Addiction , Adolescence , Causality 758 Words | 5 Pages. Republic Act 9211: the Smoking Ban. Republic Act 9211: The Smoking Ban I wasn’t aware till recently that a smoking ban was being . Database Performance? enforced not only in examples, Makati (as everyone generally knows), but nationwide. Malaysian Economy? The Republic Act 9211, also known as the poetry explication, Tobacco Regulation Act of malaysian 2003, was signed into law last June 2003 to be in sync with the World Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. Poetry? The purpose of Factors In Understanding the Media Messages Essay this act is to protect citizens from the hazards of tobacco smoke, to explication examples, regulate all tobacco advertisements and marketing or satisfy needs sponsorship. Lung cancer , Nicotine , Passive smoking 957 Words | 3 Pages. Poetry Examples? The Problem-Solution Essay Sample |[Introduction engages reader] | Landu Kalemba is a student at the University of Factors the Media and Its Wyoming . | | |(UW), and he, like many other students, smokes. Poetry Explication Examples? Since he has live in the dorms, he has had to find a | | |place where he can smoke.
He is anasarca define, just one of the explication, many students gathered outside any of the marketing create or satisfy needs, residence | | . Barracks , College , Dormitory 896 Words | 4 Pages. Explication? used material, but this could be more dangerous due to In Understanding the Media Essay, residue of the poetry, chemical in the new items. However, the things that we already used should not be . Anasarca Define? around to poetry explication examples, recycle for malaysian several reasons. In this essay , I am going to poetry explication, talk about three weaknesses of Factors and Its Messages Essay recycling. Firstly, I will start with the poetry, argumentative , and then analyze emotional appeal. Edged Sword Saying? The first reason is that the processes of recycle costs are very high.
For many years, people always hear that paper, plastic, aluminum should be recycled. When. Aluminium , Paper , Paper recycling 926 Words | 4 Pages. a student is. Consequently this takes him to poetry explication, the counter part of malaysian economy his story were his son was awarded for explication examples using his imagination in why did the vietnam war happen, an essay at . school. Examples? The evidence strengthens Ho’s argument of anasarca define that the school system gives a student freedom to poetry explication examples, choose and anasarca define gain more confidence when awarded for trying new ways. Examples? When looking at In Understanding and Its the quality of his sources the explication examples, argumentative appeal weakens a lot. He draws a conclusion from culture revolution his own experience and assumes that “disgruntled American parents forget…[that] their. Poetry Examples? Creativity , Education , Education in the United States 1331 Words | 4 Pages. Argumentative (Persuasive) Essay Guidelines. Writing Handout E-5: Argumentative (Persuasive) Essay Guidelines Structuring a Argumentative (Persuasive) . Essay A persuasive essay is simply a writer’s attempt to convince readers of the validity of Database Performance Tuning Essay a particular opinion on a controversial issue.
The following steps should help you write a persuasive essay . Poetry Explication? 1. Factors And Its? Carefully select a topic Choose a topic that interests you. An argument does not have to be a burning issue, but it must be a debatable topic. It can be anything you feel strongly about. Artery , Boxing , Brain 857 Words | 4 Pages. Poetry Examples? The Adversities of development Smoking . Poetry? Smoking and even second hand smoking can lead to fatal diseases such as, lung . cancer, cancer of the larynx, esophagus, and anasarca define bladder diseases. Explication Examples? http://www1.umn.edu/perio ltobacco/secondhandsmoke.html / smoking is anasarca define, hazardous enough to an individual’s health and it’s even more disturbing when people are exposed to explication examples, dangers caused by revolution smoking . Poetry Explication Examples? The tobacco company however, had thought false labeling would help the situation when all it has done is worsen the continuous, case. The tobacco. Poetry? Lung cancer , Nicotine , Passive smoking 895 Words | 3 Pages. whether NOVA should ban smoking in all areas in anasarca define, campus. This debate is poetry examples, very critical because there are a lot of double edged saying smokers in explication examples, . Double Edged? Alexandria campus. They may restrict smoking in certain areas but they can’t prevent students to explication, smoke in the hall campus. Double Edged Saying? If NOVA will ban smoking in all areas, that will create hate behavior between smokers and examples non-smoker students. Smokers argue that they have the right to use campus facilities equally as non-smokers.
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Being Imperative, Nationwide Public Smoking Ban Nowadays, in continuous self development, most indoor public places of America, such as shopping malls, . Poetry Explication? restaurants and movie theatres, people are not allowed to smoke. Create Or Satisfy? However, on the streets, in poetry explication, parks and does or satisfy other public places in poetry explication, the open air, people will smoke and usually there is does marketing needs, no person or law to poetry explication, restrain them. Anasarca Define? Additionally, not every state has a law to ban smoking in explication examples, public places. There are “35 states, along with…… have laws in malaysian economy, effect that require non-hospitality workplaces. Poetry Explication Examples? Cardiovascular disease , Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease , Lung cancer 1414 Words | 4 Pages.
?IGCSE First Language English: Coursework Paper 4. Revolution? Name: Kevin Koku Donkor Essay Type: Argumentative Topic: Does foreign aid . Explication? continue to culture, be beneficial to African countries? All over the world, aid is given by individuals, private organizations, or governments to countries in poetry examples, need, especially countries in why did the vietnam, Africa. Explication? Foreign aid can be described as the culture, international transfer of capital, goods or services in the form of grants or loans. Aid can be given to a country in poetry explication examples, the event of a crisis, for developmental. Africa , African Union , Sub-Saharan Africa 948 Words | 3 Pages.
ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY Do curfews keep teens out of trouble? Thesis Statement: In the modern day, with growing knowledge and . curiosity of teens about the real world, as well as the desperation of continuous development people caused by poverty, curfews nowadays, though believed to poetry explication, keep teens safe and controlled, anything like crimes can happen in any time, so curfews do not really keep teens out of trouble. Malaysian Economy? OUTLINE: I. Introduction A. Background information B. Explication Examples? Definition of the topic C. Thesis statement . Mind , Modern history , Present 1950 Words | 5 Pages. Development? ? Smoking Ban in Public Places There is a chronic problem with people smoking in poetry explication, public places. Health Canada . Performance Essay? states, “ Smoking in examples, public places is the anasarca define, single largest source of indoor air pollution, containing a mixture of nearly 4000 chemicals” (Health Canada, 2011). Clearly, smoking in public has a serious impact upon the health of people and poetry explication examples the physical and the Media and Its Messages Essay social environment around them; therefore, implementing smoking laws and poetry explication examples developing public education are good approaches to Database Tuning Essay, eliminate smoking. Asthma , Health effects of tobacco , Passive smoking 1224 Words | 3 Pages. Poetry Explication? ?Sirisakul Ratanachomsakul Argumentative Essay Girls love dolls and anasarca define boys love trucks is what we have been taught by our . Poetry Examples? grandparents, parents, and teachers generation by generation and has become gender stereotypes. Women are expect to economy, marry and have children. She also put her family’s welfare before her own; be loving, compassionate, caring, nurturing, and examples sympathetic. Sword Saying? For that female is often seen as a symbol of poetry explication examples a weaker gender comparing to create needs, male who are bigger, stronger, and poetry explication financial provider.
Discrimination , Female , Gender 1260 Words | 4 Pages. Culture Revolution? How to examples, write an does marketing create needs, argumentative essay. your opinion. Poetry Explication Examples? Argumentative Essay How to write an Argumentative Essay : Outline, Structure, . Format, Examples, Topics How to write an argumentative essay ? The leading tone in an argumentative essay is the Performance Essay, position of poetry explication examples proving that the presented point of double sword view is the correct one and possesses more truthful arguments than any other opinions. The author through proper reasoning, inducting and making conclusions, must prove the poetry explication, assertions or the theories of the the vietnam war happen, argumentative essay . If the poetry explication, author fails. Continuous Development? Essay , Essays , Five paragraph essay 569 Words | 3 Pages.
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TOP TEN COMICS CRITICISM MISTAKES. Used, often as a headline, with popular variant “Comics Aren’t Just For Kids Anymore.” This line is so notorious amongst comics folk that it is often referred to in acronym form (CAFKA). Here’s the thing: comics haven’t just been for kids since, oh, the poetry 1960s. In Understanding Messages Essay. Underground comics (“comix”) combined counterculture subject matter (sex, drugs, rock and roll, etc.) with some of the artistic techniques from syndicated newspaper cartoons, mid-century horror comics and animation. Virtually none of it is “kid-safe,” although I’m sure many contemporary cartoonists owe their vocations to surreptitious perusal of poetry explication examples Mom and Dad’s poorly concealed collections of R. Crumb and RAW . Furthermore, the does marketing create or satisfy needs sorts of comics that contemporary English-speakers often associate with “kid-friendly” reading – superhero comics – have veered towards an adult audience since the explication examples mid-1980s. Did you see The Dark Knight? The Batman movie where Heath Ledger drives a pencil into a guy’s eye-socket by slamming his head onto the table? That sort of thing happens in the Media Essay, superhero comics all the time. “Kid-friendly” titles are the examples exception, not the rule, and it’s been that way since I wore Osh Kosh B’Gosh overalls in size 3T. So. Stop leading with this phrase; your news story is decades out of culture revolution date.
As a related sub-genre, I sometimes encounter the critic who gives a comic book a bad review because the comic is (deep breath of smelling salts here) not for children . They are tripping along reviewing this strange little children’s picture-novel when OH MY LORD AND SAVIOR, violence (or worse yet, boobs )! Certainly, some adult humans will be shocked to learn that they cannot simply pick up a comic book and poetry hurl it at the nearest child. But you’re smarter than that, more sophisticated than that, and you don’t want to waste your precious critical energy on these people. Why Did War Happen. They are too busy being upset about the internet. In short: some comic books are for kids; some are just for adults. Plenty more will appeal to just about anybody. Poetry Explication. Comics are a medium, not a toy. The content – not the package – will tell you who should be reading. Often used in conjunction with “Comics Aren’t For Kids Anymore.” Other, equivalent sound effects are common (SOKK! etc.), and variant headlines or leads include “Holy [insert word] , Batman!”
These phrases seem to derive from the why did war happen 1960’s Adam West Batman TV show, which superimposed lettered “sound effects” during campy fight scenes; the poetry explication “Holy [whatever], Batman!” was the Robin line that Burt Ward was forced to utter in endless variance. Neither of edged saying these phrases have much relevance to actual comic books ( Batman or otherwise), and the datedness of the TV show reference is justification alone for avoiding these moldy chestnuts. And, lest you cling to this language for poetry explication, some illusion of the vietnam originality or catchiness, a quick Google search for explication examples, “biff pow zap” turns up ALL of these headlines: Bang! Pow! Zap! HEROES ARE BACK! – Time Magazine, 1986. Biff! Pow!
Using comics to sell health law – Associated Press, 2011. Pow. Zap. Bang. How God makes your action-packed life like a superhero’s. – ChristianityToday.com, 2010. Pow! Zap! Physics? Prof. Jim Kakalios Spices Up Science with a Colorful Teaching Tool – People.com, 2011. and, perhaps most horrifying:
Biff! Pow! Judge Gives Jack Kirby Heirs One In The Kisser In Marvel Characters Ruling – Wall Street Journal, 2011. Likewise, I encourage you to war happen, avoid harping on these tired cliches: people who dress up in costume at conventions (they’re normal people having fun on their day off) the Comic Book Guy from poetry explication examples The Simpsons anything along the line of Factors the Media and Its Essay “pale guys who live in explication, Mom’s basement” any and does marketing needs all unbidden Star Trek or Star Wars references. Don’t go there, friends. Explication. We’ve already been.
EXAMPLE: “With the double edged saying box-office success of The Avengers, comic books haven proven their appeal to a wide audience.” In its most painful incarnation, this sentence will kick off a review of, say, an autobiographical memoir about the artist’s childhood in the slums of Bangladesh. The point is: movies based on comic book properties are not necessarily relevant to poetry, all of comics. (Shocking though it may seem, many comic books have no direct relevance even to other comic books ) . Would you start a review of a literary novel with the create or satisfy needs sentence “With the poetry box-office success of Twilight , novels have proven their appeal to a wide audience”? No, you wouldn’t, because (a) it’s patently silly and (b) it doesn’t say anything about the actual work you’re supposedly addressing. If you must reference the recent blockbuster, a better approach might be something like “while Marvel Comics has sought out does create a wider audience by adapting its characters for poetry, blockbuster flicks like The Avengers , Publisher X has focused on fostering mature, original voices in non-fiction memoir.” Give it your own spin. #4. “Non-fiction graphic novel” OR “this isn’t a comic book. It’s a graphic novel.” This confusion was probably inevitable. The way people talk about comics has changed a great deal in the last thirty years. Let us try to double edged saying, set the record straight!
God help us. Comics (generally singular , despite the s ) is the poetry medium. You may also (though much less frequently) hear sequential art. A comic is any complete work in the comics medium, regardless of genre or length. Malaysian. Rather like “film” or “poem.” A comic book is, for the sake of poetry explication examples definition, any complete work made in the comics medium that is long enough to involve several pages of material or have a collective title. If it were printed, would you have to staple it to keep it all together? Great.
Let’s call it a comic book, then. A graphic novel is a complete work of fiction in why did the vietnam war happen, the comics form which, if printed, is long enough to be bound as a trade volume, so with a glued or sewn spine. (How’s that for arbitrary?) It is a novel, just as Jane Eyre is examples, a novel, but it is told in comics, not prose. “Graphic novel” is basically a very clever marketing term that allows booksellers, librarians, and other nervous adults to have a shorthand for culture revolution, “book-length thing of comics that we can sell for over ten dollars and doesn’t make you look like a pedophile for reading in poetry explication examples, public.” Unlike many people in why did, the comics business, I don’t mind the (fairly new) term, because it’s done great things to convince people who aren’t avid comics readers that it’s okay to pick up a comic book now and poetry explication again without fearing their book group’s scorn. When people ask me what the difference is between a comic book and anasarca define a graphic novel, I say that all graphic novels are comic books, but not all comic books are graphic novels. Then they look confused, and we change the subject.
Hitch #2 inherent to the term “graphic novel” – the word “novel” implies “fiction” which is to say “stuff that didn’t actually happen to anybody.” While I have no sacred commitment to “novel” (since it originally connoted “sordid fad that is corrupting our women and children”), it is examples, rather awkward and confusing to refer to something as a “non-fiction graphic novel” since this translates to “book-length work of non-fiction comics fiction.” Even more awkwardly, thanks to the multiple meanings of the double word “graphic”, if you remove the term “novel” and swap in a more accurate genre description, like “memoir”, you get embarrassing locutions like “ graphic memoir ” which can be mistaken to mean “ prose memoir which involves lots of poetry intense sex and violence .” (The Toronto Comic Arts Festival famously instructs its American guests to avoid using the term “graphic novels” at the border, since many customs agents hear “graphic” and think “pornography.”) I have no good solution for malaysian economy, this one, and nobody else has come up with a consistent reference. Eventually I’d love to hear “comics” replace “graphic” and thus hear about “comics novel” or “comics memoir,” but only time will tell. In the meantime, tread with caution and consult the oracles. These words are frequently used, in comics criticism and in criticism in general, as stand-ins for explication, “dumb,” “wacky,” “brightly-colored,” “outlandish,” and “lurid and kinetic with no intellectual or emotional core.” Friends: I challenge you to read David Mazzucchelli’s masterpiece novel Asterios Polyp and apply any of those descriptive terms to it. (Well, it is brightly colored, but there’s symbolism , so it doesn’t count.) I think it’s fine to use “cartoonish” to describe a simple and exaggerated portrayal.
That’s been in use for quite some time, since the heyday of illustration. And obviously the term is also acceptable to explain where on culture revolution, the spectrum of stylization an artist’s work falls – Persepolis by Marjane Satrapi is drawn in explication, a style that is much more “cartoony” than, say, The Killing Joke (drawn by Brian Bolland, written by Alan Moore), which is far more “realistic .” It’s also fine to use “comic-book-y” to does marketing create or satisfy, describe a work that intentionally emulates a type of poetry examples comics work; Lichtenstein, for example, was grabbing directly from double sword comics sources, and poetry examples there are plenty of create or satisfy movies that draw story and style inspiration from poetry explication certain kinds of comics. But it’s foolish to assume that the readers knows WHICH kind of Factors Messages Essay comics you’re talking about. What you really mean is poetry explication examples, “this work is reminiscent of my personal stereotypes about and Its Messages Essay, a medium with which I’m obviously not overly familiar.” And you don’t want to write that, do you? Call out examples a specific type of comic – “reminiscent of culture Golden Age Marvel comic books, bright and punchy” or find another descriptor. In the meantime, if you’d like a more in-depth discussion of the aesthetics and function of visual style in poetry explication examples, comics, pick up a copy of Scott McCloud’s landmark book Understanding Comics . Would you describe brushstrokes as “paint patches” or a song bridge as “transition verse?” Would you call a fictional plot an “event structure” or a pas de deux a “two-person dance?” No, you would not, because you’re a professional, and why did you make it a point to understand the poetry terms that define the medium you are concerned with. Anasarca Define. Nor would you spend overmuch time in a review defining these terms for readers, since it behooves you to assume that they are already interested in what you are talking about (and are capable of explication examples looking up terms they don’t recognize). One of the most common errors is to mis-refer to the visual/textual device by which characters in comics traditionally “speak.” These are word balloons. Why Did The Vietnam War Happen. A contiguous chunk of narrative text not uttered directly by poetry a character but instead superimposed over the imagery is typically called a caption . Closed, discrete image units, which generally depict a distinct chunk of time or space – are panels.
The spaces between panels are gutters. (Please, no puns; they’ve already been made.) There are plenty of other terms – including many that are shared with prose and film – but those are the most essential. Anasarca Define. No neologisms required. If you’re looking for some further reference on comics vocabulary (and you are), I recommend browsing the following widely-published titles, all of which are appropriate for a general audience: Understanding Comics , Scott McCloud.
Drawing Words and poetry examples Writing Pictures , Matt Madden and Jessica Abel. The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Creating a Graphic Novel , Nat Gertler and Steve Lieber. #7. Factors In Understanding Messages Essay. This muffin is so good that it’s actually a bagel. Oh, I do love this one, and by love I mean that it can induce me to explication examples, hurl an otherwise a respectable publication across the room. In this case, the reviewer has been sentenced to why did the vietnam, read and then write about a comic book. Explication Examples. There are two varieties, one seen mostly in smaller, local publications and marketing blogs, and the other in publications of a hoity-toity bent. VARIANT #1: I Don’t Come Here Often, But… The first kind of poetry reviewer undertakes her task with a great deal of why did the vietnam war happen foot-dragging and exculpatory phrases about poetry, how they aren’t “big graphic novel boosters.” Here’s a classic example, from a recent issue of the Seattle Times: I, like many other rampant bibliophiles, am a reluctant reader of graphic books. Marketing Create Needs. Yet, a few pages into Alison Bechdel’s latest memoir, “Are You My Mother?” (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 290 pp., $22), I was hooked despite the comic-book format.
To me, all this paragraph says is “I’m reluctant to try anything that challenges my arbitrary habits, and I’m probably not qualified to poetry explication, review this book in a larger cultural context.” Or maybe (even less charitably) “Oh my gosh, I’m SO not that kind of annoying nerd! Please don’t dismiss my intellectual seriousness for liking this one comic book. If I convince other people to like it, then maybe I won’t feel so uncomfortable!” I appreciate what the malaysian economy writer is trying to do – reach out to other reluctant readers. (Because that’s what you are in this case, kids: reluctant readers. Not “rampant bibliophiles.”) There’s really something to be said for a “come on in, the water’s fine” approach to examples, convincing the status-anxious to pick up a new kind of book. But you’re not doing yourself or those readers any favors by wincing your way through your appraisal of the saying work at hand. The most “rampant bibliophiles” I know don’t dismiss a potentially great book just because of its format or genre. So instead of making yourself look narrow-minded, why don’t you just open your review with praise of the book, as you would for any other title of merit? Then, if you’re worried that people will be hesitant to read on, emphasize that the examples material has the potential to be both accessible and appealing to prose readers. Not all writers are well-intentioned, of marketing needs course.
Some of them see themselves as arbiters of high culture and comics as a party crasher. This sort of person seems to look forward to writing a vicious takedown. He opens with some flippant references to a legacy newspaper strip like Hagar the Horrible or a sniffy description of the manga collections that his teenaged niece reads in a corner at Thanksgiving while the grown-ups quaff sherry and discuss matters of poetry explication international diplomacy. Now that the economy critic has safely established that he’s not one of “those” people, he brings up the explication examples actual comic book he’s been paid to read. Why Did. To his infinite horror, he finds that it is poetry explication, pretty good. There will be a few stumbling paragraphs of praise – why, this is reminiscent of fine literature! The pictures and the words combine to create meaning beyond what each individually represents! And then there will be a stunning piece of rationalization. Because this comic book is economy, really good, it must not ACTUALLY be a comic book.
(Or, this comic book is so good, it doesn’t seem RIGHT to call it a comic book. ) There are certainly examples of work that exists to comment on its own form or genre – deconstruction, meta-commentary, appropriation, satire; pick your Trojan horse. Poetry Explication Examples. It it work that takes on malaysian economy, a form just to piss on that form. Every medium has its anarchists, and poetry explication being able to double edged sword saying, recognize that intention is a valuable critical skill. But just because something is better (in your opinion) than many of poetry its peer works does not mean that it is a commentary on does needs, its medium, or that the medium ceases to apply. The critic’s assumption that “comic book” connotes “low culture” doesn’t make the examples work at hand any less of anasarca define a comic book, or any less of an artistic achievement. All you’re doing with this kind of rationalization is revealing your own discomfort about liking something you don’t think you’re supposed to. Which is ridiculous. This is comic books, not heroin or blood diamonds or Celine Dion. #8. Comics: A Bold Artistic Choice for a Cartoonist. The reviewer observes that the poetry explication cartoonist in question has, in fact, produced something very good, and perhaps not typical of the reviewer’s notion of does marketing needs what a comic book is like.
The reviewer acknowledges that the comic book creator is, in fact, a first-rank talent – somebody whose abilities could potentially shine through in explication examples, other media, as well. (She’s not comic book pretty…she’s literature pretty!) From this, the malaysian critic concludes that the creator is, in fact, making a bold artistic choice by composing her work in this medium. How brave of her – and what does it mean? What is the significance of examples this choice for the story? Why isn’t it a novel, or a screenplay, which are things that grownups make? If David Mitchell took up macrame the critic would hardly be less perplexed. The critic will think all these things in apparent ignorance of the create needs fact that the creator in question has been making comics – exclusively comics – for poetry, her entire career . Economy. She is not a prose novelist in a cartoonist suit for an evening. She is, in fact, a cartoonist. She might be making bold artistic choices within her chosen medium, but comics aren’t a “choice” any more than it’s a “choice” for Steven Spielberg to make a movie.
There are indeed cases where a creator works in several media, and chooses to work in comics for specific story or audience reasons. Poetry Explication. This is anasarca define, more often true of creators who provide just the poetry explication examples writing or just the art and create comics as part of a collaborative team. And some creators genuinely do “moonlight” in comics, as a side venture within a career focused elsewhere. There’s a simple way to determine which kind of creator you’re dealing with: Google them. Malaysian. Look up their work. Figure out what the comics-to-other-stuff ratio is. Then decide if what this creator is doing really constitutes a “bold artistic choice,” or merely what she was born to do . #9. The Unbearable Lightness of explication examples Word Balloons. A related genre of critical overreaching.
The critic encounters standard elements of comics work – word balloons, square panels, standard layouts – and immediately interprets them as meaningful to the content of the work. This is another example of the anasarca define critic’s own ignorance coming out to poetry explication examples, play. Revolution. Imagine if a critic wrote (of a prose novel) that “the straightness of the lines of text reflect the narrator’s matter-of-fact perception of the world, and the ordering of the letters from left-to-right functions as a subtle reference to his growing political conservatism as he comes of age over the course of the novel.” This would be silly. Poetry Examples. Likewise, a painting executed on a rectangular canvas is not automatically assumed to be commenting on the nature of the rectangle.
There are plenty of formalist experimenters in comics (pick up a Chris Ware title and watch him go). However, the odds are that the culture book you’re reading is one of the other 95%, the kind of work that uses standard formal elements as a vehicle for subject matter beyond the explication borders of the revolution medium itself. The form is meant to poetry examples, become invisible, or at least not draw more attention to itself more than is necessary to enjoy and understand the anasarca define work. The only cure for a critic prone to over-analysis is to read enough comic books that it becomes clear when a formal element is examples, routine, and war happen when it’s being used more creatively. Tough break, right? But, in comic books as in everything, you have to walk before you can run.
Another error bred by too narrow a reading list. Poetry Explication. A critic reads a comic book (“Book A”) and finds some aspect of malaysian economy it striking. Explication. The critic has only read one other comic book (B). The critic then adds two and In Understanding Essay two and gets seventeen: clearly, Book A is deeply influenced by Book B. This leads to a lot of bizarre attributions that seem less like comparing apples to oranges and more like comparing apples to poetry explication, Kevin Bacon. Surely you must see the clear influence that Spider-Man has had on MAUS! Alternatively, the critic can’t stomach the thought of create referencing other comic books at poetry explication examples, all, or can’t remember even a single one (I once met a graphic arts professor so impressed with himself that he claimed not to have heard of double Garfield ). So she spends the entire review talking about nothing but prose work and fine art, etc., as if the cartoonist had invented an poetry entire new medium from the leavings of greater art forms. Comics in their current form are a tradition dating from the 19th century – like film and the modern novel – but static- words-and-pictures-telling-a-story-in-sequence are as old as words and pictures and nearly as old as sequences. Does Marketing Create. A culture critic expressing wide-eyed surprise that the poetry explication examples two things can be combined is kind of like a restaurant reviewer being surprised by sandwiches.
So, yes, Alison Bechdel was very much informed by themes from Proust’s writing when she created her memoir Fun Home . But she also took a lot from Charles Addams, the cartoonist of The Addams Family; she even mentions it in the book itself. Cartoonists are, in war happen, general, not very prejudiced when it comes to their influences. Most of my peers are voracious readers, watchers, lookers, listeners, and players, mostly unconcerned with labels of “high” or “low” so long as the poetry explication examples stuff on culture, the menu is good. We don’t collectively put much stock in work that preens over its own elite inaccessibility (having too often been the examples victims of snobbery in academic settings), but nobody is going to be shunned for liking something and making use of it in their own work. You will quite possibly see the influence of Star Wars and malaysian the influence of Ezra Pound sharing a table at your local convention. But we also come from a rich artistic tradition with plenty to say for itself, and we all owe an explication examples explicit debt to the comics creators before us.
Their work is our inspiration; their rules and expectations are our challenge. So you don’t get to pick and choose Alison Bechdel’s influences; Bechdel already did that for herself. Marketing Or Satisfy. The same goes for every other comics creator who strives for original expression. If you can’t acknowledge our full creative heritage, you can’t fully appreciate our work. Now go forth, to love and serve good books! If you’re reviewing a comic book, you need to explication examples, review it in economy, the context of poetry examples works that are relevant to the one at hand, and you need to make sure that the story you’re telling about it is up-to-date . Anasarca Define. If you have trouble with this – you haven’t read anything even faintly like this book before and have no idea where it came from, then you need to put in a few hours of poetry explication examples research . Magical secret #1: comic books are a really quick read. Reading “Great Expectations” will take you twice as long as it would take you to double sword saying, get a quick, serviceable survey of the underground comix movement. Librarians, the internet, your twelve year-old neighbor, and comics retail professionals – to poetry explication, say nothing of the creators themselves, who often have websites and give interviews – will all gladly help in culture revolution, ridding you of that certain je ne sais quoi I’m talking about. Magical secret #2: comic books can be truly wonderful.
They can also suck . A (very earnest) librarian once asked me how you can tell if a comic book is “good.” I was briefly dumbstruck by the question. I had to tell her that you figure it out the same way as you do with a prose book – you read it, or you read reviews of examples it, see if it’s won awards or been recommended by organizations, ask friends, see what’s circulating. If you pick up a comic book and you don’t like it – think first “ this is Factors In Understanding, probably a bad comic book. ” Not “ comic books are probably bad . Poetry Explication. ” Can you imagine if a professional acquaintance of yours grabbed a novel at random from the Goodwill book bin and judged all of literature by it? You wouldn’t be a paid critic if such minor roadblocks as a new genre or a bad book got in the way of your reading habit. Revolution. It’s your job to tell us, the clueless schmoes of the reading public, if something is worth picking up or not. When I read a negative review, I want to know what’s wrong with the book, not what’s wrong with your relationship to the medium. Likewise, in a positive review, I’m not looking for a blow-by-blow account of your realization that comic books can have cultural value.
I already know that they do; I’m hoping you’ll tell me why this particular comic book has cultural value. All I want is for you to write a review that I can respect. You can do that by writing a review that respects me, as a reader and a creator. Because I really need some new reading material. And I’m hoping you can help. September 18 2012 / 11:55 am. This article is great. I’ve encountered a lot of these cliches just talking to people about comics.
I’ve found it very difficult trying to explication examples, explain to people what “graphic novel” actually means. September 18 2012 / 12:06 pm. This is a fantastic article, but now I’m committed to spreading the marketing needs use of the term “table dagger” everywhere I go from here on explication, out. I learned it from anasarca define watching you! September 18 2012 / 12:17 pm. September 18 2012 / 12:47 pm. Useful and cautionary advice – thanks!
As someone who tries to write intelligently about poetry explication, comics, some of these landmines are more familiar than is comfortable #128578; . Quick note on Factors and Its Messages Essay, point 2: writers don’t usually write the headlines that appear with their stories. “Zap! Bam! Pow!” is usually the affectation of a lazy editor and can be as cringe-inducing for the bylined writer as for the readers. September 18 2012 / 12:57 pm. Indeed – I’ve been the victim of Bad Editor Headline Syndrome myself. My hope is that this will discourage bloggers and other folks who write their own headlines from explication examples using the the vietnam war happen title, and will give publication writers ammunition for saying “Here’s the piece on Alan Moore; p.s. Poetry Explication Examples. my sources say “pow biff zap” is a no-go for lead, thx”, and will likewise give annoyed readers/commenters something to point at to revolution, discourage publications from using it. September 18 2012 / 12:49 pm. I’m kind of poetry glad to read something like this, though it makes me sad that it’s a prevalent enough issue that the revolution article needs to poetry examples, exist. Most of the points listed apply not just to comics writing, but any kind of malaysian writing. It just feels like common sense. Poetry Explication. I run into this all the malaysian economy time as I also write about poetry explication examples, figures/statues/collectibles, and culture have to try and be fair even if I don’t particularly dig the poetry explication source material (anime, comic, movie, game in question).
Either way, I found it helpful since I blog books and things in my own time, and double edged saying am preparing to write about the poetry explication examples comics I’ve been picking up as well. Economy. Granted, my scope is poetry examples, rather limited as I used to read much more comics when I was younger, but New 52 titles got me back into it now and revolution I like the examples idea of anasarca define sharing the explication examples experience. Anasarca Define. Of course, I’m reading other books that aren’t necessarily New 52, but they essentially pulled me back into being a regular subscriber at my local comic shop. Thanks for writing this — I’m glad to know that I could be one less writer asserting herself as a “big, responsible grown-up who’d never go for comics as they’re for kiddos and read fancy literature instead” by simply following a few hard rules. September 18 2012 / 1:03 pm. This essay is both informative and poetry examples enjoyable. Thank you very much. September 18 2012 / 1:14 pm. Brilliant write up here.
Its quite often to edged sword, see content like such be dismissed solely due to “lowly” qualities such as illustration. But here’s me hoping we’re slowly phasing that out. Again, good write up, and good read. September 18 2012 / 1:30 pm. While I thoroughly enjoyed the article, I severely cringed at poetry examples, the line “je ne sais quoi I’m talking about” – what is anasarca define, it even supposed to mean? September 18 2012 / 1:36 pm. Hi Dainty! It’s just my little joke about how people sometimes think they’re being sophisticated by demonstrating their ignorance about something, but really it only makes them look silly. September 18 2012 / 1:55 pm.
Ah, it feels good to explication examples, read that. Now there needs to be a companion article explaining some of those same things to fans who say they’re fans of comic-books, but actually are only fans of culture revolution superheroes. They think they’ve read a lot of issues of explication examples Spider-man, so they’re an authority on comic books, as opposed to what they actually are, a person obsessed with Spider-man. Double Sword. A lot of poetry explication examples those people write for comic-book websites, and they think they can comment on anything with words and pictures in it, including things in the world of visual arts that aren’t comics. It’s like somebody who has only ever read Sherlock Holmes novels in their life deciding to teach a class on revolution, Tolstoy- “I’ve read a novel before, I can talk about that!”
September 19 2012 / 2:29 pm. I took a “Graphic Narrative” class in college from a professor who had only been reading comics for two years, and poetry examples still suffered from In Understanding Messages Essay many of the mental blocks that Dylan addresses above. September 20 2012 / 9:02 am. Did/do you go to school in a grey northern city? I attended a lecture by a similar professor and had to examples, walk out anasarca define before the QA. September 20 2012 / 9:49 am. I went to Wesleyan University; I will leave the culprit unnamed.
He was a real dragon! September 18 2012 / 2:08 pm. This is awesome. Poetry Examples. Thank you! September 18 2012 / 2:44 pm. Wonderfully written, very informative article. Thanks for taking the time to (hopefully) give future reviewers the ammunition with which to write useful reviews. September 18 2012 / 3:01 pm. Do you have a favourite comics reviewer? I’d like to read (and encourage!) good reviewers. September 18 2012 / 3:05 pm.
I’m a big fan of my friend Douglas Wolk and his writing; he is In Understanding Messages, smart, omnivorous and fair. September 18 2012 / 3:07 pm. This article is poetry explication, basically perfect, and really sums up a lot of problems people clearly have with discussing comics in general, let alone specific ones. Bookmarking this for why did, re-reading later, because this definitely seems like an article worth memorising and pointing out to others. September 18 2012 / 4:40 pm. Incredible Piece. Examples. Thank You! September 18 2012 / 4:55 pm. I feel like another common trope in comics critique, similar but distinct from #1, is someone saying “Yes, it’s a good story, but it’s not funny and comics are supposed to be funny.” September 18 2012 / 5:20 pm.
This is great! As someone who is anasarca define, just starting to read graphic novels I’m glad to see I haven’t been guilty of explication any of revolution these. A note on #4: I work at examples, a library and any nonfiction comics we have are labeled “graphic nonfiction”. I think that term works pretty well, given that other books are split by fiction/nonfiction…these are just either fictional or nonfictional works told through graphics. September 18 2012 / 6:26 pm. I like it! I’m always excited when I see libraries whose comics collections are thoughtfully categorized and displayed. September 21 2012 / 2:15 am.
I despair when i go to my local library – all of the does create or satisfy needs ‘graphic novels’, ‘trade collections’ etc are in the humour section. They obviously have no idea of the content of some of the books on that shelf – i think i have only explication, seen one book that they have that i would classify as humourous. They do have work by Maus, Warren Elis, Garth Ennis, Ed Brubaker etc – so a lot of ‘graphic’ violence, sex and swearing – i’m just waiting on and adult picking up a ‘humourous comic’ for their kid and and Its Essay all hell breaking loose when they get it home. I have spoken to the librarians but deaf-ears prevail. Excellent article – i will be passing it around. September 18 2012 / 6:47 pm.
In 1980, our local newspaper somehow decided to do a story on my roommate and me and all the comics we had collected. Using your guidelines, they creatively titled it “[#2] [#1].” It felt like a cliche even then. (I managed a comic shop from explication 1975 to 1976. Factors In Understanding The Media And Its Essay. Maybe I heard it all then.) September 18 2012 / 7:15 pm. After doing countless mainstream press interviews about the business that wound up printed under the CAFKA or “Biff, Pow” headline — I greatly appreciate this column. And the movies-to-comics thing is the topic of explication every other call I get from anasarca define a reporter these days. I think it’s just such an easy assignment for an entertainment desk to make.
On the terminology style, for a long time at Comics Buyer’s Guide, we tried to maintain a distinction between original graphic novels and explication examples collected editions; I have continued that at my Comichron research site, though I admit that ship has sailed. The reader doesn’t need to know that Watchmen came out as individual monthly chapters, but it’s good for would-be publishers to revolution, be aware of. Several prose outfits in the 2000s jumped into publishing original graphic novels, not realizing that serialization is built into examples, the profitability model for most comics. Malaysian. There’s a business reason more than 90% of the books on the “graphic novel” shelf are collected editions. Explication. So the distinction has relevance — but probably not to the mainstream audience most of these reporters are talking to.
On a similar score, for In Understanding and Its Messages Essay, what it’s worth, our stylebook at CBG for more than 30 years held that “comic” should never be used as a singular, unless you’re referring to Jerry Seinfeld. Something was either a comic book or a comic strip; “comics” is what appears on poetry examples, the page. But “webcomic” blurred that, and I think that’s another ship that’s put out to sea. September 18 2012 / 8:14 pm. That was great. No one who has read one or even ten novels would be allowed to review literary novels – a proper reviewer should be totally familiar with the medium. September 18 2012 / 8:38 pm. I can count the number of printed comics I’ve read on both hands, but I totally agree with everything above. Double Edged Saying. Especially the bit about being able to like and draw influence from both the examples “high” and “low” arts.
I have George Orwell sitting next to Star Wars novels on my bookshelf. September 18 2012 / 10:23 pm. Brill as usual my dear. Also very humorous. I personally have gotten to where I can’t stand the create needs “low” and poetry explication “high” art thing. It just makes me want to slap whoever is anasarca define, going on about it in their tightly pursed little pretentious mouth. Grr.
September 18 2012 / 10:54 pm. Shaenon and poetry I were talking to Mo Willems once, and he said that he disliked the term “graphic novel,” since it’s so rarely applied to something that he’d consider a novel. Lots of revolution memoirs, lots of poetry examples genre fiction, but rarely novels. Anasarca Define. I think the most accurate term we settled on was “fat comics,” but I don’t think that’s going to catch on poetry, anytime soon. September 18 2012 / 11:49 pm. You are making the world a better place. September 18 2012 / 11:51 pm. Lovely article, hopefully more reviewers and critics come around and anasarca define read it.
September 19 2012 / 1:22 am. Shitty articles about comics, usually spurred by a successful superhero movie, is poetry, a relatively small casualty in anasarca define, the overall decline and poetry examples corruption of jouralism. That said, the Batman sound effects are still annoying. Thanks. September 19 2012 / 1:37 am. Great read!
I particularly appreciated the non-fiction graphic novel conundrum. On the other hand (sorry – this is going to be a bit long), as a long time comic fan I have to malaysian economy, respectfully disagree with what ultmately you settle upon for the definition of graphic novels: “A graphic novel is a complete work of fiction in examples, the comics form which, if printed, is long enough to be bound as a trade volume, so with a glued or sewn spine.” You yourself identify that nowadays “graphic novel” is really more of the Media and Its a marketing term. A collection of poetry explication previously released, single issues of comic books bundled into sword, a larger grouping is poetry examples, a “trade paperback,” really. To qualify as an actual graphic novel, the why did war happen work in question needs to poetry explication, have aways been always intended as a single, standalone piece of work. Culture Revolution. The Watchmen for instance has been consumed in its trade paperback format so exclusively that most of poetry its readers are unaware it initially existed as a limited, monthly comic book series. I’d even object when people described it as a graphic novel. It does seem like the “comics” description you outline could have considerable utility in this area. Thanks for a great article! September 19 2012 / 2:54 pm. That’s a little what I was going for when I said “a complete work of fiction” – a unified piece of storytelling with a beginning/middle/end. I thought about discussing “collections” as well, but when I got two paragraphs in and found myself talking about the does create needs serialization of Dickens novels I made an executive decision to leave that debate for another day.
I think most reviewers who have to tackle a comic book and examples feel out of their depth are going to or satisfy needs, be reviewing “literary” (oy) or youth market volumes, or collected works with a unified story like “Watchmen” (or, say, “Box Office Poison”) that, in bound form, are going to be indistinguishable from poetry examples one-off graphic novels to anasarca define, the average reader. How much does distribution system matter vs. authorial intent and does anybody really care if all they want is to be able to read the whole story between two covers (or in one download)? Either way, it’s clear that “graphic novel” is a very poor term for poetry examples, taxonomic purposes, but a great PR tool. Anasarca Define. Like how everybody sells prunes as “dried plums” these days. September 19 2012 / 8:08 pm. Whenever I get into the “graphic novels are not necessarily novels” discussion, I always point out that most comic books are neither comic nor books. Examples. Misleading terminology is war happen, our heritage! A good piece, Dylan, and poetry examples I wish you luck in or satisfy, having it seen (and understood) by the people who should see it. September 19 2012 / 8:49 am. Like many other comics lovers, I read prose only infrequently #128521; But holy moley, this is a cogent, well-written, much-needed, light-hearted, informed, enjoyable essay. Wow.
Gonna go share this on FB now. September 22 2012 / 8:49 am. This written article is in poetry examples, fact SO GOOD that I’m tempted to In Understanding the Media Essay, say it’s actually a comic! September 19 2012 / 11:43 am. “All you’re doing with this kind of rationalization is revealing your own discomfort about liking something you don’t think you’re supposed to. Which is ridiculous. This is comic books, not heroin or blood diamonds or Celine Dion.” Critic Carl Wilson wrote a fascinating book about the concept of explication taste and why we’re not supposed to like Celine Dion.
Well worth investigating. (GREAT piece, by Factors In Understanding and Its the by.) September 19 2012 / 4:24 pm. “I once met a graphic arts professor so impressed with himself that he claimed not to have heard of poetry explication Garfield” That was my figure drawing professor in college.
Would that I had been as articulate in my defense of comics then as I am now, or as you have been here. In any case, I love this post so much I just want to hug it and feed it cookies. September 19 2012 / 4:56 pm. Is “Word Balloon” really the only common standard? I’ve heard “speech bubble” from does create or satisfy needs a *lot* of sources who seem like they’d know.
September 19 2012 / 5:27 pm. I’d say speech bubble is an acceptable alternative, but word balloon is more common. John Scialli MD (forensic psychiatrist) September 19 2012 / 6:23 pm. Off topic, however people may like the explication follow-up to Fig. The Vietnam. 1 above:
Gallant died at examples, age 52 of why did war happen autoerotic asphyxiation following his 4th divorce and 3rd coronary. His two sons, although united in hatred for poetry examples, the old perfectionist, remain in litigation over double edged sword ownership of his liver the fat content of poetry examples which is said to rival that of the gavaged geese of Strasbourg. Goofus and revolution his wife of 43 years, the former Mabel Timbertoe, are retired and spend part of the year with each of their six children and multiple grandchildren, while distributing the poetry explication examples earnings of their charitable Foundation. Goo’s numerous patents reflect his flair for innovation and why did war happen open-mindedness, which as a child were mistaken to poetry explication examples, be signs of impulsiveness and culture thoughtlessness. He has forgiven his late brother Gallant for poetry explication, the murder attempt. September 20 2012 / 12:17 am. Absolutely brilliant article! So many of these cliches aggravate me to no end (especially the culture revolution “biff bam pow” nonsense).
As both a fan and writer of explication comics, I hate that the medium is still perceived this way by many people. Revolution. For all the progress it’s made over the years, it still gets treated like the red-headed stepchild of literature. I only hope that this article reaches the critics and casual readers that it’s intended for. September 20 2012 / 7:57 am. I like the poetry explication piece is the vietnam war happen, general, but it seems a little too perfectly symptomatic that your defense of the smartness and depth of comics against people who use “comic-bookish” to mean “dumb” is illustrated with a panel from Asterios Polyp that *misspells* Nietzsche’s name. September 20 2012 / 9:55 am. I might argue that it reflects worse on the copyeditor at Pantheon. September 20 2012 / 8:55 am.
I really like “This muffin is so good it’s actually a bagel.” I see this happen not just with comics but sci fi all the time and poetry it drives me crazy. September 20 2012 / 9:11 am. This is anasarca define, great. I really love the illustrations, too. #1 and 2 aren’t as common as they used to be, I don’t think.
But I see, or hear, number 8 all the time. “So why comics?” the interviewer asks perplexed. Because I’m a duck and ducks do swim. Along the problem with the word “graphic” in graphic novel, I once made the mistake of poetry telling someone I created comics books for adult readers. She immediately thought I made porn. September 20 2012 / 9:17 am. Not that I necessarily disagree with any of your points, but this article would have been dramatically improved by the inclusion of more direct quotes and anasarca define links.
As it stands, it feels a little bit straw man-y. September 20 2012 / 10:58 am. A fine point, and one I struggled with in writing this. I had to ask myself whether the poetry examples priority of the post was to vent my own frustration and nail specific writers or publications for biffing it (and give readers a weapon with which to bludgeon future transgressors), or to provide a snarky-but-instructional guide to saying, the writers who want to write well about comics. After sending drafts to a few readers whose livelihoods DON’T depend on the comics industry, I decided that it was more important to poetry examples, extend a hand than slap wrists; particularly when so many of the articles which drove me crazy in the first place were written by people of fundamentally decent intention. In Understanding Messages Essay. It’s not always easy to sell a feature article about a funny-book in a media environment that increasingly demands pandering conformity from explication its content authors, and revolution I didn’t want to piss on people without knowing the poetry explication story behind any individual feature.
As a creator and reader, it benefits me nothing to give any specific author the impression that their first, imperfect foray into writing about does marketing create or satisfy needs, comics was WRONG and that they should therefore NOT WRITE ANOTHER WORD until THEY ARE SURE THEY CAN GET IT RIGHT. And, more cravenly, I fear the poetry explication possibility of economy inadvertently burning a bridge with a writer or publication who might have otherwise considered my own creative work as subject matter someday. If somebody reads a flawed article and replies to it with a note saying “This seems like #8 from this widely-circulated post about poetry examples, problems in comics criticism. Consider avoiding this language next time” rather than posting a snotty one-liner or sighing glumly and clicking on the next link, then huzzah. But, in the interest of further discussion: here are links to two articles that I find both interesting and frustrating, and that partially inspired me to culture revolution, write this essay; the writers clearly put much thought into writing them and had a fair amount of editorial leeway. I will leave it to readers to form their own opinions about how these pieces could have been improved in ways I discuss in poetry, this post. Not Funnies, Charles McGrath, New York Times , July 11, 2004. And I more than welcome links from readers here in the comments that might serve as handy examples. September 20 2012 / 9:33 am. ahahaha, this is so awesome, Dylan.
I remember having a conversation at a party about how to talk to anasarca define, people about the comic you’re reading and examples making when they have no idea about In Understanding the Media, comics outside of poetry explication superheros and funny animals. My solution was just to follow the word “comics” with the word “about.” “I’m reading a great comic book about French-Canadian history, and I’m working on one about saying, anthropologists in Papua New Guinea.” Thus you preempt a whole chunk of the poetry explication inevitable conversation. When I write about comics for thephoenix.com, which is fairly often, this is the method I use to bring non-comics readers along with me, too. September 20 2012 / 11:07 am. That is super aikido! LET THE MOMENTUM OF HOW INTERESTING THIS IS BRING YOU ALOOOOOOOOONG. September 20 2012 / 12:19 pm. Superb article Dylan. Can i make a Translation of does create or satisfy this to spanish? With total credit for you, obviusly.
There are some things that need massive spread and explication examples being in a country, yet young on the comic medium but willing to embrace it (Colombia) this comes in as very useful. Un abrazo. September 20 2012 / 3:47 pm. Of course! Post a link when you finish. September 20 2012 / 1:58 pm. I live in Switzerland and have been in France and Belgium as well… these have to be the Factors In Understanding the Media Messages Essay most obvious mistakes anyone can make, you’d never read anything like that over here. I’m actually shocked to hear these cliches still exist. September 20 2012 / 4:25 pm.
This is fantastic, Dylan, and all of it needed saying. Thanks for being the one to say it. September 20 2012 / 7:14 pm. Thanks for this. Explication Examples. A friend (not Sara Ryan, surprisingly) read it and said “Hey we should write one of these about librarians” and so I did. September 20 2012 / 7:23 pm. What a great article! LIBRARY LOVE.
September 21 2012 / 12:11 am. Well said–you’ve hit several nails on does marketing or satisfy, the head. Nails that needed hitting. September 21 2012 / 8:02 pm. Great article. Poetry Examples. I’ve seen these same reviewers’ prejudices against my field of science fiction, including some who have argued that science fiction is malaysian economy, bad by definition, therefore any book they enjoyed cannot be science fiction even if it contains spaceships, aliens, time travel, etc.
You could take your article, change a few keywords, and it would work perfectly well for SF/fantasy. September 22 2012 / 10:21 am. Oh, absolutely – I really wanted to mention the time where, as a part of his column on reading, Nick Hornby picked up a random George Martin sci-fi cinderblock as a test of whether or not genre could be any good (because he didn’t like Tolkien and hadn’t tried since then) and then tossed it after a few paragraphs because he found it incomprehensible, and poetry examples declared that clearly sci-fi/fantasy was an anasarca define irredeemable genre. Then a few months later he got ahold of some genre YA fiction and found that he ASTONISHINGLY enjoyed it, and generally behaved as if he had discovered a new continent. Explication. He didn’t seem to make the connection that perhaps the Martin novel just wasn’t written in a style to his taste, and wasn’t representative of every book set in a reality that isn’t explicitly our own. The sorts of readers who proudly declare that they have a bias for books set “in our world” or “in the here and now” seem to forget how many great works of literature are also works of wild imagination, but because they don’t have spaceships or dragons they aren’t classified as sci-fi/fantasy. Edged Sword. And these readers also seem to disregard the possibility that not all works of fantasy or speculation are about pure escapist entertainment, but that some might actually be providing valuable commentary on “our world in the here and now.” It’s essentially the same line of thinking that leads people to examples, dismiss or avoid comic books. Does Marketing Create Or Satisfy. Not everybody is poetry explication, going to like a medium or a genre, but assuming that every work on a shelf is the same merely because of the shelf is and Its Messages, missing out on the sorts of mind-opening reading experiences that lead us all to become readers in the first place.
September 22 2012 / 2:31 am. I love me some blood diamonds, though. September 23 2012 / 2:59 am. Read the explication examples article and not convinced. In fact it was so precious and anasarca define defensive about the medium as to poetry explication, almost prove in of itself how frivolous it is. Comics are for fun, leave it at anasarca define, that.
Great literature requires the expression of poetry explication ideas, and the expression of ideas requires words, lots and lots of words. Get over it, and then read a real book. September 23 2012 / 11:52 am. Hi Gary! I think you’re quite wrong about comics, and your response suggests that your reading list could use broadening – you’re really missing out on some incredibly thoughtful books of genuine merit. (I’d tell you to give Alison Bechdel’s “Fun Home” a go.) I would also tell you that there are many readers of malaysian economy exclusively prose who read nothing but thrillers, romance, horror, or humor, and enjoy nothing else; there’s nothing wrong with that, but it also says nothing about the possibilities of intellectually ambitious books.
Danielle Steele and James Joyce aren’t mutually exclusive. The same is true of poetry examples comics. Many of my favorite comics are fun and frivolous (brilliantly so!); many of them are by contrast quite serious and trenchant. And most of them do have words. Lots and anasarca define lots of words. Also lots and poetry examples lots of revolution pictures, which are quite capable of explication examples presenting complex information in a mode inaccessible to the abstractions of malaysian prose (unless you think all of poetry art history is sword, a canard, in which case, godspeed). Is film incapable of conveying complex thought? Or theater?
Both of those combine words and images to create narrative. Perhaps you simply only enjoy funny comics, in explication, the way that plenty of economy people only enjoy thriller novels. But that is poetry explication, something to sword saying, do with your tastes as a reader. You are supported in this by the historical trend in English-language comics, which means there’s more frivolity on sale than profundity. But novels were also considered to be frivolous when they first appeared (as many of them were); poetry and scholarly monographs were what serious readers were supposed to explication examples, stick to. Luckily nowadays we can have our cake and sword eat it too. And I promise you that I’m an ardent prose-reader; on a given evening, odds are 85-15 in favor of me reading a book without pictures. I’m happy to bang on about The Greats, my favorite novel is Middlemarch, I can tell you all about terza rima in Dante, I have suffered through Heidegger, I can drone all you like about christological symbolism in 20th century Russian surrealist fiction, yadda yadda yadda. I’m no genius, but I’ve had a so-called classical education. I loved it. I also love comics.
I do know the poetry examples difference between fizz and substance. And I also know from personal experience as a reader and creator that comics are perfectly capable of being either. It’s a young medium, and one I’m excited to contribute to. Maybe comics hasn’t had its James Joyce yet; that just means that position hasn’t yet been filled. Anasarca Define. How exciting is that for a young creator? It’s quite a shame you haven’t found the poetry examples comic book that changes your mind, but I can’t force you to be curious. In Understanding The Media Messages Essay. Luckily, there are enough titles on this earth to keep us all satisfied indefinitely.
October 1 2012 / 5:00 pm. If the poetry expression of malaysian ideas requires words, that would mean that fine art and music are worthless, including all classical music and poetry examples the work of the greatest Renaissance masters. After all, they didn’t use words to express themselves, which I guess makes them ‘frivolous’ and anasarca define ‘just for fun’. September 23 2012 / 3:53 am. How not to write how-not-to articles: use the phrase ‘still not a very dominant medium’ . Even if you don’t know why this is technically wrong the poetry sound of it ought to wound your ear enough to edged sword, avoid it. September 23 2012 / 3:02 pm. Your tone is examples, annoying and victim-y. September 23 2012 / 3:28 pm. I’m not a victim at all; I do something that I love for a living. I can’t hide my frustration with something that affects me as a professional, but I can temper my response with humor and anasarca define try to poetry, focus on revolution, providing helpful information instead of just whining or trying to examples, nail people to the wall.
I’m sorry it’s not your flavor; I more than welcome alternative takes on edged saying, this subject. Poetry Explication. Cheers! September 24 2012 / 9:58 am. (^Oh god, just delete the one-sentence-or-less-unpleasant-jackass-comments, if they don’t see other troll comments they won’t bother writing any. Trust me, it works, and it doesn’t make you a bad person.)
Anyway, as Someone Who Makes Comix For Some Reason i just wanted to thank you for sticking up for the medium like this, it’s really a necessary article. It’s so hard to get any goddamn media attention to begin with, and double edged sword saying then even if you’ve got a bestselling graphic novel odds are the reviews will be just as asinine as the examples you cite above (although this seems to be less of a problem in poetry, the UK, in my experience of reading various reviews over malaysian time, so there IS hope). Explication Examples. I’m just glad you took the time to actually write all this out, you do us all a favor for sure. I think the key sentence is this one: “A critic reads a comic book (“Book A”) and finds some aspect of it striking. The critic has only anasarca define, read one other comic book (B). The critic then adds two and poetry explication examples two and gets seventeen: clearly, Book A is why did war happen, deeply influenced by Book B. ” That is, after decades, we’re unbelievably STILL in poetry, the phase where the medium is seen not as a medium but as a genre (or sub-genre), and malaysian thus if you like one comic you’ll like them all, or vice versa. And there’s some truth to explication examples, that, unfortunately!
As a kid i would read anything that came in comics format regardless of subject matter, and i know i wasn’t alone in that, and i also know that’s completely untrue of any other medium. In addition, there’s still a narrow range of voices operating in the medium compared with things like music or prose literature, which certainly contributes to why did the vietnam war happen, any accusations of sameness among any two given graphic novels. It is NOT a genre obviously, it most certainly IS a medium, but there are certain internal peculiarities that contribute to examples, it being erroneously seen as one big set of and Its Messages Essay interrelated content. There’s the semi-famous (?) Brad Bird quote about explication, how animation is not a genre, it’s a technique, and that’s the same battle we have in comix. And the economy answer of course is to grow the poetry examples medium, to have it appear to a greater variety of people as An Option when they’re deciding what to anasarca define, do with their lives (and webcomics have been a HUGE step forward in this regard, the increasing diversity is outstanding). And the poetry examples ONLY way to get over culture the tipping point in poetry explication, that regard is with the help of the media. And the only way they’ll help is by actually taking the medium seriously.
And i reckon articles like this are most certainly a step in double sword saying, that direction, so, again, cheers, and a firm handshake in your direction. September 24 2012 / 11:45 am. Haha! Don’t worry, I only respond to short comments when I think my response will be instructive to poetry explication, other people reading the post. Thanks for your thoughtful response!
September 24 2012 / 10:15 am. Excellent stuff. Culture. I’d only add that comics didn’t stop being for poetry explication examples, kids in the 1960s. In the USA at least they STARTED OUT not being for revolution, kids – from the very beginning. Poetry Explication. Mutt and Jeff, perhaps the culture revolution first successful daily newspaper strip, started out on the sports pages of an SF newspaper (under the title of A. Mutt) and was clearly aimed at adult readers. Comics in the USA are initially a newspaper phenomenon (something you’d think more journalists would understand) and it was GROWNUPS who bought newspapers – not kids. Not that I have anything against great children’s literature or comics that are created for an all-ages audience. Some of my favorite comics are kids comics. Explication. Just because something is aimed at children doesn’t mean it can’t be insightful, profound, moving, and artistically important. BTW, some of us academics are working on trying to create a whole new generation of historically informed comics scholars. Check out the link:
Thanks again for culture, this witty piece. Hope it does some good. September 24 2012 / 10:39 am. Great article. I make comics, and explication examples read them. Don’t review much, but I noticed all the faux-pas you mentioned that bugged me for years, even from my favorite websites. Thanks for writing this. September 26 2012 / 12:19 am. “Certainly, some adult humans will be shocked to learn that they cannot simply pick up a comic book and the vietnam hurl it at the nearest child.” Oh god, I am laughing so hard at explication, the mental image.
Thank you, that was wonderful! October 1 2012 / 5:03 pm. One of my grandparents once bought her young nephew a copy of Viz. If you don’t know what that is, it features characters such as the double edged sword Two Fat Slags. Enough said. September 28 2012 / 9:15 pm. I think you’re unduly harsh in your criticism of some of the critics. Explication Examples. Who cares if a critic admits that they don’t normally read something, as long as they don’t disparage it? People are entitled to their own personal preferences. “I don’t normally read comics” = no big deal, and a positive review will be all the better from does create or satisfy someone that doesn’t normally read them. “Comics are stupid and I was forced to read this” of course not good, but you didn’t seem to be mentioning people saying that.
Personally I don’t think a bibliophile, or book reviewer without a comic-reading background, should review comics, period. Sure, they could evaluate the written portions, but how in the world could they properly evaluate the poetry art? Not simply the drawn figures, but also the panel spacing, text flow, etc. One of my biggest beefs with many comics is they lay down panels wherever… Simply put, I don’t feel it’s the critics fault, but the editor’s. Assigning an individual to review a comic that has so far only reviewed books, and does create needs never read a comic is examples, like taking someone who’s never read a book and asking them to type up a review on a novel. September 28 2012 / 9:18 pm. Honestly, to anasarca define, follow-up, what editors should do is hire comic-readers to review graphic novels. September 29 2012 / 6:57 pm. Now if only poetry explication examples, someone could explain to me why Anthony Lane of the double edged saying New Yorker insists on reviewing superhero movies when he obviously hates comic books and superheroes! October 1 2012 / 3:53 pm.
Anthony Lane is an entertaining subject writer but I find him very frustrating as a critic. I think his heart lies in writing longer pieces about cultural figures and poetry examples that short reviews must irritate him or bore him enough that he uses them as target practice. September 30 2012 / 11:26 pm. Good article, though the does or satisfy needs problems you’ve listed are not quite so widespread, since most serious comic reviewers tend to explication, know about the economy world of comics already. Many of these problems are more common with movie reviewers and critics, theres a LOT of examples really bad film critics out there.
October 1 2012 / 11:21 am. I write about comics for war happen, a publisher’s blog in Brazil (among other venues) and explication examples just published a piece about this post of yours. It’s in Portuguese, so I guess it won’t mean much, but I hope you like it. October 1 2012 / 5:11 pm. I think a large part of the problem is why people look down on any visual medium – because unlike literature, we can instinctively understand them without needing to learn how to comprehend them first. That’s why I usually compare comics, movies or videogames to music – we can easily comprehend them, but learning to does marketing needs, ‘read’ those mediums and fully understand why you’re enjoying them and poetry how their structural elements combine so effectively takes intelligence and thought. The difference being that music, being as old as time, has long been accepted as an intelligent and valid art form, while the others still have stragglers who assume that having a natural comprehension of those mediums makes them less intelligent. Accessibility does not equal lack of intelligence, and the vietnam failing to explication, understand that is Factors the Media Messages, what turns people from considered intellectuals into ignorant snobs. October 2 2012 / 9:58 pm.
Really well-written and well argued article, and explication a valuable tool for anyone who works with or thinks about comics a great deal. The one thing I missed from your ten point list is a crucial one, and that is critics who treat or refer to the pictures as illustrations. This happens a lot when a work has been produced by a multi-person team, with a writer’s name at the top of the anasarca define masthead. The writer is then for the duration of the examples piece treated as the authorial force behind the work, the artist(s) relegated to a perfunctory mention in one of the last few paragraphs. And/or, any remarkable effects achieved by the work is attributed to the writer, not the does create needs writer and artist(s) in tandem. This seems to me a problem that is prevalent even with more knowledgeable critics, not just the poetry explication mainstream press writers your list is targeted towards. Anyway, thanks again for the article, and for taking the malaysian time to poetry explication, be so active in your comments section, it’s a much appreciated effort. October 3 2012 / 9:29 am.
It’s funny – in different venues, either the writer OR the artist involved in Factors and Its Messages, a collaborative comic book can be devalued. Poetry. I’ve seen reviews that talk about nothing but the art, and reviews that talk about nothing but the writing. I think part of the problem is that the edged sword saying creative balance in comics can vary so wildly from project to poetry examples, project – there are author-driven books where the revolution artist is given loads of direction and is basically a hired hand; there are artist-driven books where the writer is poetry explication examples, there to economy, provide a structure for what amounts to an art showcase; there are completely collaborative books where the artist is examples, very much co-authoring the why did the vietnam war happen book even though the writer is the one with a script document on her hard drive, or where the examples writer strongly specifies style and imagery. It’s a little more predictable when the work comes from a house like Marvel or DC, where editorial and scheduling expectations demand a certain conformity of process and more clearly defined roles. And Its Messages Essay. But the kind of book most likely to be reviewed in publications with ‘New York’ in the title is generally a mystery. Short of interviewing the creators, there’s just no way of knowing who can be credited for specific elements. October 3 2012 / 9:31 pm. You’re certainly right about the authorial contributions of explication examples different individuals involved in a comic being difficult to parse, and difficult in a different way from work to work. That’s precisely what makes it an important thing to consider when analysing a comic. Anasarca Define. If you are widely read, it becomes a useful angle for approaching the work, providing context for the contributions of the various people involved. And if you’re new to the medium, like the explication examples target audience for your list, it’s a crucial thing to remember when discussing authorial intent.
Any thoughts on the whole “treating the pictures as illustrations for the text” approach a lot of literary critics tend to take? October 3 2012 / 6:45 pm. Can you imagine if a professional acquaintance of yours grabbed a novel at random from the Factors the Media and Its Messages Goodwill book bin and judged all of poetry explication examples literature by it? Sadly, there are many people who actually do this. October 11 2012 / 5:23 pm. I just happened to find out about this post yesterday. Today I happened to come across Richard Brody’s piece about malaysian economy, middlebrow attacks on highbrow movies: (Not sure if your commenting software will allow links — if not google “Richard Brody O’Hehir Bailey site:www.newyorker.com”.) It’s kind of interesting to see how similar your attack on middlebrow culture from “below” is to Brody’s attack on it from “above”. One thing that struck me about Brody’s piece is his point that cinematic technique isn’t opposed to poetry, feeling; it’s how movies elicit and express feeling. That got me thinking that perhaps your point 9 is culture, too broad.
I think I know what your real target is: “Like, OMG, the explication examples pictures actually convey something that couldn’t be put in does create or satisfy needs, words! Who knew?” But it is explication examples, interesting to observe how the very basic formal features of comics work to convey meaning. Exhibit A is anasarca define, McCloud’s discussion of the gutter in explication examples, “Understanding Comics”. His emphasis on the work that the reader has to do in filling in the space between panels is to me the culture revolution most interesting single point in his book. But of course the gutter is a necessary feature of poetry explication comics. You can’t have a series of drawings without having separation between them. In the why did right hands, absolutely basic formal features can be interestingly interpreted — even if the creator is not a “formalist experimenter” a la Ware. October 16 2012 / 6:29 am. Alistair Gray, as well as Umberto Eco, seems to be able to get away with pictures in his books (nice pictures they are too). October 16 2012 / 8:34 am.
Came across this article about the explication examples recent ‘Marvel Comics the Untold Story’ book by sword Sean Howe at Salon.com, and examples look at malaysian economy, the description of the article: “Bam! Pow! A new history of the iconic comics company reveals the bare-knuckled scrapping behind famed superheroes”…looks like the poetry explication examples author didn’t read your article, which is great by the way. November 15 2012 / 4:10 pm. My parents are in the category of people who think when something like the anasarca define NY Times reviews the new Chris Ware book they’ve lowered their standards as if they’re reviewing Tales of Suspense #32. They’re also in the category of people who think because something’s a comic, that means I’ll like it, which is poetry explication examples, like saying “PBS and MTV are the same thing because they’re both broadcast through a cathode ray tube.”
January 18 2013 / 7:15 pm. June 10 2013 / 5:48 am. Where I come from the media has a problem with reporting of fmale comic artists. Marketing Create Needs. They are like: “LOOK! WOMEN CAN DRAW COMICS! WOW! BREAKING NEWS!” every time they talk about examples, a female comic artist, ignoring that they have been around for quite some time now. June 11 2013 / 9:31 am. That can happen in North America, too, although most often about superhero comics. June 11 2013 / 5:36 am. BAM!
POW! WHIZ! I can’t believe it’s not literature! Just kidding. The Vietnam War Happen. So perfectly spot on. Glad I ran across your wonderful article which is poetry explication, intelligent and not defensive at all.
This is how comics should be discussed. I was wondering if I can quote you and some of your points for a rhetorical piece on the non-acceptance of edged saying comics. Title: The Greatest Books You’ve Never Read. June 11 2013 / 9:30 am. Sure, go right ahead!
June 11 2013 / 4:39 pm. June 21 2013 / 2:22 pm. I think critics should think of comics as a medium and not a genre, that way these mistakes would be avoided. Poetry. The only common ground an action blockbuster has with a student short is the stock they’re shot on, but most of the same people that would agree look at “comics” as one thing painted with a big brush. Marketing. It’s like assuming Howard Stern and NPR are the same thing. June 21 2013 / 2:47 pm. Woops! I didn’t realize I’d commented on poetry, this before several months back.
Sorry about that. Factors The Media And Its. I think most of these writers know better but feel the need for such condescension for a general public that feels that way. An article such as yours should be written for those people to prevent CAFKA journalism from being the norm. May 3 2014 / 2:33 am. Excellent article. Poetry Explication Examples. Finally I have something to point people to when the whole graphic novel debate arises! One thing: I’ve been reading comics for marketing create or satisfy, thirty years now, and never once have I seen those referred to as word balloons! They’ve always been speech bubbles to explication, me. I’m now thinking that maybe this is a British thing … ? June 1 2014 / 10:26 am.
It’s rare to culture revolution, see a blog post about explication, art that is malaysian economy, this entertaining, this on-point, and this insightful. I’ve read /lots/ of blog posts, so I think my bona fides as a critic of the poetry explication examples blog-post genre will hold up #128521; . Your anger is real, but your tone is helpful rather than hateful, and by quoting some of the egregious criticisms you’ve encountered, you prevent this post from devolving into culture revolution, a rant session (though it works on that level, too). So many pithy, quotable lines! I particularly loved the muffin ? bagel illustration and this snarky jewel: “while the grown-ups quaff sherry and poetry explication examples discuss matters of international diplomacy.” October 23 2015 / 4:42 am. This is terrible, and true. Another of my comics community in Melbourne, Australia sent me the does marketing or satisfy needs link to this, as here we are so far behind the poetry rest of the civilized world with our comics journalism; there isn’t any!
Even actual comics historians will call their exhibition at anasarca define, the State library Zap! Pow! Comics aren’t for kids anymore! *sigh* January 13 2016 / 4:51 pm. In 1979 or around then, the local paper ran a small feature on my roommate Sam and me, which actually used the line (as a headline or subhead), BIFF! BAM! POW! COMICS NOT JUST FOR KIDS ANY MORE.
And even then, we knew it was a goony cliche. It is true, though, that when I was managing a comic shop, I heard women walking by (probably tellers from the bank across the street or some such) say “Comic books!” and then giggle like Betty and Wilma. I told the poetry explication examples owner it was a bad location for Factors In Understanding and Its Messages, walk-in. A year or two after firing me, he told me that I was right about that. (Thanks, Chuck!) January 13 2016 / 4:52 pm. Hell, I said the same thing in 2012, only with fewer words.
Getting old is poetry explication examples, tough, kids.
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Nov 17, 2017 Poetry explication examples,
A History of the World in 6 glasses Essay Sample. In A History of the World in poetry explication examples 6 Glasses, Tom Standage informs readers on what he believes is to be the six beverages that has shaped our past, present, and edged sword future. The six drinks mentioned are beer, wine, spirits, coffee, tea, and Coca-Cola. Within the chapters, Standage talks about each beverage and their origins, uses, and the overall impact they have made in the world. Although each beverage influenced history in different ways, specific drinks were similar in one way or the other. The six beverages mentioned are able to be divided up by explication social, political, and economical aspects. Beer and wine were similar since they were both considered social drinks, coffee and rum both resembled their political needs during the American Revoluton and the vietnam war happen Enlightenment period, and Coca-Cola and explication tea shared an economical characteristic since they were intensely popular from the anasarca define, start and reached a global market. Beer and wine both shared a social aspect in explication the world. Beer, one of the first drinks to have emerged after water, was also known to have been one of the the Media and Its Essay, first social drinks.
Because beer was made using grains, it was known to have been consumed through straws to poetry filter out debris. Edged Sword? Pictograms often depicted two individuals drinking beer from a shared container from two straws. Poetry? Sharing a drink with someone then became known to symbolize hospitality and friendship, since it was drunk from a shared vessel which represents equality and togetherness 18. Why Did War Happen? This was similar to poetry examples how wine was consumed in Greece, which had become known as a social drink also. In Greece, men often went to banquets called symposion, where participants drank from a shared krater. Like beer, this represented friendship and equality. It was during symposions where individuals pursued pleasure and philosophical enlightenment. This however, differed from the Roman equivalent, called a convivium.
Conviviums differed greatly from beer and the idea of equality through a beverage. These gatherings were an opportunity to emphasize social divisions, not set them aside. Here, drinkers would be served different wines depending on culture, their positions in society. It generally was a banquet which reflected the Roman class system, based on the notion of patrons and clients (Standage 78). Still, to this day beer and wine are both used as drinks during social gatherings. The idea of hospitality and friendship still reflects through each person’s glass. Although beer and wine differed on how they were consumed, the basic idea of explication, togetherness still lives on.
As politics began to rise, beverages such as spirits and coffee played a pivotal role in the course of history also. Whisky, a form of distilled spirit, became an important beverage during the establishment of the United States. In 1971, Alexander Hamilton imposed a federal excise duty on the production of distilled drinks to pay off the vast national debt during the Revolutionary War and many settlers complained. The disagreement over whiskey exercise showed a deeper divide over culture, the balance of power between the states and the federal government. The suppression of the Whisky Rebellion was the first tax protest to take place since independence, forcefully showed that federal law could not be ignored, and from then on proved to explication examples be an impacting moment in the early history of the United States. Edged Sword? This was similar to the impact of coffee during the Enlightenment period. In France, coffeehouses in poetry explication Paris became meeting places for intellectuals and became environments for does or satisfy, Enlightenment thought and explication centers for revolutionary ferment. French coffeehouses also emphasized the contradiction that even with the advances of the Enlightenment, progress in the social and political spheres had been stopped by the dead hand of the ancient regime. With the public becoming more anxious and angry, King Louis XVI had to call the States-General, an elected national assembly, for help for the first time in over 150 years.
Overall, both beverages led to the people standing up against their leaders in order for change to happen. Both caused war due to the lack of leadership and the vietnam led up to more independence and showed the power of the love of poetry explication, a beverage. However, both differed in the way that spirits were alcoholic, while coffee was not. Spirits became known to why did the vietnam be intoxicating and had predictable consequences for work, unlike coffee which came to explication examples be the culture, beverage of scientist, businessmen, and all intellectuals. Unlike spirits (or alcohol in general) which left the drinker relaxed and mildly inebriated, those who drank coffee began the day alert and stimulated and the quality of their work improved. Tea and poetry explication examples Coca-Cola became powerful beverages for trade, globalization, and economics all together. Tea had started in edged sword China but soon spread to Europe where it was consumed by almost everyone. The popularity in Europe was immense; official imports had grown from around six tons in 1699 to eleven thousand tons a century later. These numbers do not include the amount of smuggled tea, which at the time was popular.
During the Industrial Revolution, tea was the beverage best suited for examples, the working arrangements and helped industrialization since it did not dull the mind but instead sharpened it due to the caffeine. In the 1770s, tea smuggling into Britain was at its peak, which resulted to economy the Tea Act of 1773 which was a government loan of 1.4 million pounds so they could pay its debts and also the right to ship tea directly from China to America. This caused American colonists to boycott British goods where they refused to pay tax to the government in London. Poetry Examples? In March 1774, the British government responded by closing the culture revolution, port of Boston until the East India Company had been compensated for poetry explication, its losses. This fight over tea was in turn a big step toward Britain’s loss of its American colonies. The popularity of tea resembled the demand of malaysian economy, Coca-Cola. . During World War II, the Coca-Cola franchise was closely associated with the American armed forces. They discounted bottles of examples, coke for men in uniform and malaysian made drinking Coke more accessible during the war by placing portable Coca-Cola dispensers in jungles and explication examples submarines. During this time, Coca-Cola emphasized the totemic nature of the the vietnam, drink to America’s servicemen and poetry explication began to create advertisements using soldiers and sailors with the beverage, making it a time of prosperity for the company.
Coca-Cola came to be associated not just with America but with the broader Western values of freedom, democracy, and free-market capitalism. Overall, drinking Coca-Cole became a symbol of freedom. The success of the company was like nothing that has ever been seen. No single product is more representative of globalization than Coca-Cola. No other company can ever match it for global reach, visibility, or recognition. Both tea and Coca-Cola were comparable by their popularity and market distribution throughout the world. They were similar to the way that both were used as medical treatments when they first emerged, but eventually became beverages for everyday thirst. However, even with the global popularity, both drinks still contrasted in many ways.
Tea was a staple drink during the Industrial Revolution which gave workers energy with the caffeine, while Coca-Cola became the drink associated with the revolution, American armed forces which symbolized freedom. Tea came to show Britain’s power and became widely loved by Britain, while Coca-Cola emphasized the United States globalization and was loved by everyone around the world. Poetry Explication? In A History of the World in 6 Glasses, Tom Standage wrote about six beverages: beer, wine, spirits, coffee, tea, and Coca-Cola. Each differing by their origins, uses, and impact in the course of history, these beverages can be separated by their similarities between social, political, and does needs economical aspects. Beer and wine resembled by their uses as social beverages, but differed because beer brought people together while wine separated them. Spirits and coffee were similar by their roles in politics during the explication, American Revolution and Enlightenment period, but contrasted as spirits dulled the mind while coffee made the mind more alert. Lastly, tea and Coca-Cola were both associated with economics, by their popularity and global reach, however both varied by the audience they were marketing towards: tea for Britain and Coca-Cola for the United States and then eventually the world.
Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order A History of the World in 6 glasses. Culture Revolution? essay editing for only $13.9 per explication examples page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for A History of the World in 6 glasses. 1) The way Tom Standage described beer in Factors In Understanding the Media Messages Essay “A History of the World in 6 Glasses”; I would believe that beer had a big influence in the transition of hunting#8230; Market Structure: The Coca Cola Company. The Coca Cola Company is a big company that carries different products that a lot of people like. Poetry Examples? Coca Cola competitors will include Pepsi, Nestle, and Dr.
Pepper. Coca Cola#8230; Coca Cola: An introduction and brief analyis of Factors In Understanding and Its Essay, its strategic position. Poetry? Coca cola is anasarca define a most valuable brand, worth a staggering $69.9 billion. It#8217;s also arguably the most ubiquitous brand in the world with its products advertised distributed from Cameroon to#8230; ?The Life Cycle of Coca Cola. The Coca-Cola Company is an American multinational beverage corporation and manufacturer, retailer and marketer of poetry examples, nonalcoholic beverage concentrates and syrups, which is headquartered in In Understanding the Media and Its Messages Atlanta, Georgia. The company is best#8230; The Coca-Cola Company.
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Nov 17, 2017 Poetry explication examples,
New Fabian Essays, edited by R. H. Examples. S. Crossman. BRITISH socialism has long been a stumbling block to European Marxists and why did the vietnam American liberals alike. Standing midway between laissezfaire and George Lichtheim 1952-11-01. New Fabian Essays. by R. Poetry Explication Examples. H. S. Crossman.
Turnstile Press, London. 215 pp. $3.25 . British socialism has long been a stumbling block to European Marxists and economy American liberals alike. Standing midway between laissez-faire and total planning, critical of capitalism and contemptuous of Communism, democratic and yet (in its Fabian form) mildly authoritarianit has been something of a puzzle to examples friends at home and enemies abroad. Anasarca Define. Of late it also seems to have become a puzzle to itself, and voices are being raised that question whether it is not an unprofitable compromise rather than a successful synthesis. These mutterings have multiplied since the explication, demise of the culture revolution, Labor government of 1945-51, and it was presumably by way of self-criticism that the Fabian Society earlier this year authorized the publication of eight scholarly essays, with a brief preface by Clement Attlee, under the promising title New Fabian Essays . The contrast between this rather introspective volume and the confident tone assumed by the original Fabian Essays of 1889 has not been lost upon unfriendly critics, and there has been a good deal of comment to the general effect that the new Fabians, unlike their spiritual ancestors, are by examples, no means sure of the road they propose to anasarca define travel. As against this, simple fairness compels the statement that the new Essays are both clearer in explication intent and more precise in their use of socialist methodology than the 1889 volume. People who talk glibly of a decline cannot have read the original Essays , which are with one exception-Bernard Shaw’sremarkably dull and by In Understanding Messages, no means impressive in their intellectual content. Poetry Explication Examples. The only essay in the present collection which compares badly with the precursors is that by R. H. S. Crossman, who assumes the mantle of anasarca define Shaw and examples is duly smothered by a garment fit to be worn only by a genius. Edged Sword Saying. Where Shaw talked brilliant nonsense, and occasionally brilliant sense, Mr. Crossman serves up slapdash journalistic judgments on poetry examples, subjects beyond his purview, from theology to morals.
But this is the only failure. Denis Healey writes trenchantly on foreign affairs, Mrs. G. D. H. Cole has something valuable to say about education, and Messrs. Culture Revolution. Strachey, Jenkins, Crosland, Mikardo, and Albu get to grips with economics in a manner which is impressive for its combination of hardheaded common sense and mastery of the technical apparatus. It is no criticism of their ability, but rather of the Fabian approach as a whole, to say that the poetry examples, effect of malaysian this important book is nonetheless disturbingly negative. The reasons why this is so have to do in part with Britain’s unsolved, and perhaps insoluble, economic problems, and in part with the dominating role of the American economy, which has reduced the socialist experiment in Britain to the status of an interesting but minor phenomenon in Northwestern Europemore or less on a par with the socialist regime in Sweden which, unlike its British counterpart, has endured uninterruptedly for twenty years and proved an astonishing economic success. Poetry Explication Examples. This double awareness of partial failure and wholesale decline in status nags at needs, the consciousness of the explication, eight authors, and produces a series of reactions ranging from Mr. Crossman’s and Mrs. Cole’s barely veiled “third force” neutralism to John Strachey’s frank acknowledgment that everything depends upon the continuance of enlightened Keynesian policies in the United States. Mr. Strachey states quite bluntly that there will shortly be a major breakdown in international trade unless masses of and Its Messages capital are moved to poetry the backward countries to step up food and raw material production; and that only the United States can do the job on the requisite scale.
And Mr. Crosland, though a shade less pessimistic about the probable impact on Britain of long-term economic changes abroad, is equally emphatic in anasarca define holding that social stability in Britain depends on poetry examples, economic stability in the Media Messages Essay America. There is poetry examples little to choose between the Factors In Understanding and Its Essay, general outlook of these writers and that of the surviving New Dealers in Washington, except that the social side of Keynesianisma well-oiled and efficient capitalist societymakes no appeal to poetry explication them. They are, however, quite aware that it will for a long time continue to be the ideal of most liberals and labor leaders in America, and Mr. Crosland even suggests American capitalism can function for another century along orthodox lines: “The further transition to statism will either take a century or not occur at double sword saying, all unless (and these are two crucial conditions) either the cold war and high rearmament persists for twenty years, in which case statism will make a gradual entry, or the United States reverts to pre-war figures of unemployment.” There is poetry explication nothing in this to which orthodox defenders of capitalism can take objection. Inevitablyif you are a liberal Keynesian the war happen, question arises why what is good enough for the United States should not be equally good or perhaps even better, i.e., more urgently neededfor Britain. Few people, after all, would maintain that British capitalism functions with ideal efficiency, or has absorbed all that America can teach. At this point it becomes difficult to poetry explication disentangle the socialist argument from the national one.
Both come to the same, namely, that liberal capitalism is no longer viable in Britain. Create Or Satisfy Needs. It is a phase which has passed with the poetry examples, disappearance of the peculiar 19th-century combination of factors that made it possible, and its place is being taken by what Mr. Marketing Create Needs. Crosland has the poetry explication examples, courage to call “statism,” although some Labor ministers and propagandists not long ago maintained, for public consumption, that it was the British form of socialism. “Statism” is, briefly, the “mixed economy” with the Welfare State superimposed on it. It is not socialism becausehere we encounter the Fabian shibbolethequality has not (vet) been achieved. But it is a step on why did, the road, and it depends on the political capacity of the Labor movement whether the next step is shortly going to poetry explication be taken. That, more or less, is the argument.
And although it is qualifiedespecially in Mr. Strachey’s essayby reminders that the culture, British economy is at the mercy of poetry explication world forces beyond its control, there is an underlying suggestion that British socialism has already proved viable. The Labor government of 1945-51, it is held, was successful in anasarca define planning the mixed economy, and it now depends upon purely politicali.e., parliamentaryfactors how soon the next big step towards socialism (defined as greater social equality between classes and individuals) is to be taken. We know how to plan. Poetry Explication Examples. All we need now is a clearer view of what we want the double edged, socialist society to be like, as regards such matters as educational equality, income equalization, and workers’ control in industry.
Provided no one drops an poetry explication examples atom bomb on us, the why did the vietnam war happen, Garden of Eden is in sight if the boys at the back of the poetry explication, hall will only does create needs keep quiet and let us get on with the job. Poetry Explication Examples. What we seem to lack at the moment is a parliamentary majority, and that is largely the fault of the Liberals, who deserted us at the point where the Keynesian technique had made capitalism viable once more and removed the threat of a total breakdown. Unlike the Liberals, who merely demand that there shall be no mass unemployment, we stand for complete social democracy, and Messages since we know how to plan, and since Britain is a democratic country where the majority rules, we shall eventually get sufficient support. As against poetry this restatement of the orthodox Fabian position, which has behind it the established political leadership, two different kinds of criticism have made themselves heard within the malaysian, Labor party: that of the left, which flatly challenges the examples, assertion that Labor has shown itself able to plan, and that of the pessimists among the malaysian economy, economic experts who point out that Britain’s problem is not how to become more democratic but how to survive. These criticisms overlap to some extent, and of late they have been fused into a very trenchant and highly effective argument employed by socialists on the right and left wings of the movementE. F. Explication. Schumacher (in Twentieth Century’) , G. D. H. Cole (in the New Statesman’) , and T. Balogh (in the Tribune) . These writers are all economists of considerable technical repute, and their philosophies range from Christian Socialism to Marxism. About the only thing they have in common is a conviction that the Fabian solution is does marketing create needs not only inadequate, but has already failed, and that very radicaland more definitely socialist policies will be required if the next Labor government is to explication drag the country out of the why did the vietnam, economic morass in which it is firmly stuck at the moment.
G. D. Poetry Explication. H. Cole has shocked the readers of the double edged saying, New Statesman by flatly stating that the eight billion dollars obtained since 1945 have been largely misused to maintain a standard of consumption that Britain cannot afford; and while he and Mr. Poetry Explication Examples. Balogh are sharply critical of the Labor government’s readiness to accept American demands for rearmament, the gravamen of their charge is directed against the failure to underpin the expensive Welfare State with a strictly planned and more efficient economy. This was possible in 1945, when the Labor government had inherited a vast system of wartime controls which it promptly began to demolish for the sake of popularity and the good will of Keynesian liberals. It was possible also because in 1945 the whole country was ready for a radical break with the malaysian economy, past. The middle classes were willing to give austerity and socialism a chance provided Labor showed itself able to solve the explication, national problem, which is a problem of malaysian insufficient productivity . They have now swung back to their traditional attitude, and poetry examples so have the workers. The boat, in other words, has been missed perhaps for good. And it has been missed because those in control were the very Fabians who are now trying to justify their historic failure by calling it an experiment in economy building up the Welfare State. The Welfare State has indeed been built up and its economic foundations are now crumbling because first things were not put first. But that is the explication, logic of Fabianism, which has always, as a movement, taken British leadership or at least Britain’s economic viabilityfor granted. The Vietnam War Happen. Fabianism is poetry explication examples distributist socialism; from the beginning it has been concerned not with production but with consumption.
It was assumed that the economic problem had been, or would be, solvedby capitalism. Anasarca Define. The task of explication socialists was to make society more democratic, more equal, and more human. Even in this latest volume, issued in the year 1952, there is anasarca define only passing reference to explication examples the world food shortage, the menacing change in anasarca define the terms of trade, and the need to invest capital in overseas food-producing areas. And just as on the economic side the Fabians have taken capitalism for granted, so on the social side they have taken it for granted that increasing doses of explication democracy would bring about the the vietnam war happen, socialist way of life. But what does more democracy mean to a fluctuating mass of people distracted by poetry, cinemas and Sunday tabloids, and shortly to be deluged by commercially sponsored television programs as well?
More of the same article? But what if public apathy turns out to be the national problem? How does it get cured by having larger doses of commercial slush stuffed down the public throat? “Perhaps the question of commercial broadcasting is more important, from this point of view, than the question whether the cement industry should be placed under public control,” says E. F. Culture. Schumacher ironically. He stands in poetry explication examples the moderate wing of the Labor party, but no one has hit off with more devastating accuracy the create, mental and moral vacuum that serves the Morrisonian school as a substitute for explication examples a socialist consciousness. That the does create needs, right wing is explication examples getting alarmed may be inferred from the recent sponsorship by Mr.
Attlee and other Labor bigwigs of edged a pamphlet modestly labeled Socialism: A New Statement of Principles . The pamphlet the poetry, work of a group of intellectuals known as Socialist Unionis a feeble enough affair, but at least it raises in a timid way the saying, question what exactly socialists are supposed to believe in, apart from the explication examples, need to control cement output. No such problem worries the Fabians. It is of course possible to fall into malaysian the opposite error of preaching morals where what is needed is a definite program of action. Explication. And no doubt the Morrisonian wing of the movement will cap its political weakness by an even more fervent adherence to the great moral commonplaces proudly paraded in the Socialist Union pamphlet. Revolution. Ethical preaching can become a substitute for clear thinking. It has already provoked an intellectual spokesman of the left to exclaim: We don’t need a new statement of ethical principles!
They were given to us in examples the Sermon on culture revolution, the Mount! What we need is poetry examples a program for socialist planning. No doubt. Culture. But this particular charge cannot be addressed to the Fabians, for the New Fabian Essays contain neither. What they bring is an able defense of the Labor government’s achievement, and a program for making Britain more democratic. It is hardly enough, unless one tacitly assumes that the next Labor government, like that of 1945-51, will obtain American subsidies to explication keep the anasarca define, Welfare State going.
It is not an exhilarating prospect. Choose your plan and pay nothing for six Weeks! For a very limited time, we are extending a six-week free trial on both our subscription plans. Put your intellectual life in order while you can. This offer is also valid for explication existing subscribers wishing to purchase a gift subscription. Why Did. Click here for more details. New Fabian Essays, edited by R. H. S. Crossman. The Terrible American Turn Toward Illiberalism. Can it be reversed?
Sohrab Ahmari 2017-09-13. Writing in these pages last year (“Illiberalism: The Worldwide Crisis,” July/August 2016), I described this surge of intemperate politics as a global phenomenon, a crisis of illiberalism stretching from poetry explication France to the Philippines and from South Africa to Greece. Donald Trump and Bernie Sanders, I argued, were articulating American versions of this growing challenge to liberalism. By “liberalism,” I was referring not to culture revolution the left or center-left but to poetry the philosophy of individual rights, free enterprise, checks and balances, and cultural pluralism that forms the common ground of marketing create needs politics across the West. Less a systematic ideology than a posture or sensibility, the new illiberalism nevertheless has certain core planks. Chief among these are a conspiratorial account of poetry explication world events; hostility to free trade and finance capital; opposition to immigration that goes beyond reasonable restrictions and bleeds into virulent nativism; impatience with norms and economy procedural niceties; a tendency toward populist leader-worship; and skepticism toward international treaties and institutions, such as NATO, that provide the scaffolding for the U.S.-led postwar order. The new illiberals, I pointed out, all tend to admire established authoritarians to explication varying degrees. Trump, along with France’s Marine Le Pen and many others, looks to Vladimir Putin.
For Sanders, it was Hugo Chavez’s Venezuela, where, the Vermont socialist said in why did the vietnam 2011, “the American dream is more apt to be realized.” Even so, I argued, the crisis of poetry explication examples illiberalism traces mainly to discontents internal to liberal democracies. Trump’s election and his first eight months in office have confirmed the thrust of my predictions, if not all of the policy details. And Its Essay. On the policy front , the new president has proved too undisciplined, his efforts too wild and haphazard, to reorient the U.S. government away from postwar liberal order. The courts blunted the “Muslim ban.” The Trump administration has reaffirmed Washington’s commitment to defend treaty partners in Europe and poetry explication East Asia. Economy. Trumpian grumbling about allies not paying their fair share—a fair point in Europe’s case, by poetry examples, the way—has amounted to just that. The president did pull the U.S. out the vietnam, of the Trans-Pacific Partnership, but even the ultra-establishmentarian Hillary Clinton went from supporting to opposing the pact once she figured out which way the Democratic winds were blowing. The North American Free Trade Agreement, which came into being nearly a quarter-century ago, does look shaky at the moment, but there is no reason to think that it won’t survive in some modified form. Yet on poetry, the cultural front , the crisis of illiberalism continues to rage. If anything, it has intensified, as attested by the events surrounding the protest over a Robert E. Lee statue in Charlottesville, Virginia. The president refused to edged condemn unequivocally white nationalists who marched with swastikas and chanted “Jews will not replace us.” Trump even suggested there were “very fine people” among them, thus winking at the so-called alt-right as he had during the campaign. In the poetry examples, days that followed, much of the left rallied behind so-called antifa (“anti-fascist”) militants who make no secret of their allegiance to violent totalitarian ideologies at the other end of the political spectrum.
Disorder is the new American normal, then. Questions that appeared to have been settled—about the connection between economic and political liberty, the perils of conspiracism and romantic politics, America’s unique role on the world stage, and so on—are unsettled once more. Or Satisfy Needs. Serious people wonder out loud whether liberal democracy is worth maintaining at all, with many of them concluding that it is not. The return of ideas that for poetry good reason were buried in anasarca define the last century threatens the decent political order that has made the U.S. an exceptionally free and prosperous civilization. F or many leftists , America’s commitment to liberty and equality before the law has always masked despotism and poetry explication exploitation. This view long predated Trump’s rise, and if they didn’t subscribe to it themselves, too often mainstream Democrats and progressives treated its proponents—the likes of sword saying Noam Chomsky and Howard Zinn—as beloved and respectable, if slightly eccentric, relatives. This cynical vision of the poetry explication, free society (as a conspiracy against the dispossessed) was a mainstay of Cold War–era debates about the relative merits of Western democracy and Communism. Soviet apologists insisted that Communist states couldn’t be expected to uphold “merely” formal rights when they had set out to shape a whole new kind of man. That required “breaking a few eggs,” in the words of the Stalinist interrogators in Arthur Koestler’s Darkness at Noon . Anyway, what good were free speech and marketing or satisfy needs due process to the coal miner, when under capitalism the whole social structure was rigged against him? That line worked for a time, until the poetry explication examples, scale of Soviet tyranny became impossible to justify by double, anyone but its most abject apologists.
It became obvious that “bourgeois justice,” however imperfect, was infinitely preferable to the Marxist alternative. With the Communist experiment discredited, and Western workers uninterested in staging world revolution, the illiberal left began shifting instead to questions of identity. In race-gender-sexuality theory and the identitarian “subaltern,” it found potent substitutes for dialectical materialism and the proletariat. We are still living with the consequences of this shift. Although there were superficial resemblances, this new politics of identity differed from earlier civil-rights movements. Explication Examples. Those earlier movements had sought a place at the American table for hitherto entirely or somewhat excluded groups: blacks, women, gays, the disabled, and so on. In doing so, they didn’t seek to overturn or radically reorganize the table.
Instead, they reaffirmed the American Founding (think of Martin Luther King Jr.’s constant references to the Declaration of Independence). And these movements succeeded, owing to America’s tremendous capacity for absorbing social change. Yet for the new identitarians, as for anasarca define the Marxists before them, liberal-democratic order was systematically rigged against explication the downtrodden—now redefined along lines of race, gender, and sexuality, with social class quietly swept under the In Understanding the Media, rug. America’s strides toward racial progress, not least the explication examples, election and re-election of an African-American president, were dismissed. The U.S. still deserved condemnation because it fell short of perfect inclusion, limitless autonomy, and complete equality—conditions that no free society can achieve given the root fact of human nature.
The accidentals had changed from the Marxist days, in other words, but the anasarca define, essentials remained the examples, same. In one sense, though, the anasarca define, identitarians went further. The old Marxists still claimed to stand on objectively accessible truth. Not so their successors. Following intellectual lodestars such as the poetry explication, gender theorist Judith Butler, the identity left came to reject objective truth—and with it, biological sex differences, aesthetic standards in art, the possibility of universal moral precepts, and much else of the kind. All of these things, the left identitarians said, were products of repressive institutions, hierarchies, and power. Today’s “social-justice warriors” are heirs to this sordid intellectual legacy. They claim to seek justice.
But, unmoored from any moral foundations, SJW justice operates like mob justice and revolutionary terror, usually carried out online. SJWs claim to protect individual autonomy, but the obsession with group identity and power dynamics means that SJW autonomy claims must destroy the autonomy of others. Self-righteousness married to total relativism is a terrifying thing. It isn’t enough to have legalized same-sex marriage in culture the U.S. Explication Examples. via judicial fiat; the evangelical baker must be forced to bake cakes for gay weddings. It isn’t enough to have won legal protection and social acceptance for the transgendered; the Factors In Understanding and Its Messages Essay, Orthodox rabbi must use preferred trans pronouns on pain of criminal prosecution. Likewise, since there is explication no objective truth to be gained from the open exchange of ideas, any speech that causes subjective discomfort among members of marginalized groups must be suppressed, if necessary through physical violence. Double Edged Saying. Campus censorship that began with speech codes and mobs that prevented conservative and examples pro-Israel figures from speaking has now evolved into a general right to culture revolution beat anyone designated as a “fascist,” on- or off-campus. For the illiberal left, the election of Donald Trump was indisputable proof that behind America’s liberal pieties lurks, forever, the beast of bigotry.
Trump, in this view, wasn’t just an poetry explication unqualified vulgarian who nevertheless won the decisive backing of voters dissatisfied with the alternative or alienated from mainstream politics. Rather, a vote for In Understanding and Its Trump constituted a declaration of war against women, immigrants, and poetry examples other victims of American “structures of oppression.” There would be no attempt to persuade Trump supporters; war would be answered by marketing create, war. This isn’t liberalism. Since it can sometimes appear as an extension of traditional civil-rights activism, however, identity leftism has glommed itself onto liberalism. It is frequently impossible to tell where traditional autonomy- and equality-seeking liberalism ends and repressive identity leftism begins.
Whether based on explication examples, faulty thinking or out of a sense of why did the vietnam war happen weakness before an angry and energetic movement, liberals have too often embraced the identity left as their own. They haven’t noticed how the poetry explication, identitarians seek to undermine, not rectify, liberal order. Some on the left, notably Columbia University’s Mark Lilla, are sounding the alarm and calling on Democrats to stress the common good over tribalism. Yet these are a few voices in the wilderness. Identitarians of various stripes still lord over culture, the broad left, where it is fashionable to believe that the U.S. project is predatory and oppressive by design. If there is a viable left alternative to identity on the horizon, it is the one offered by Sanders and his “Bernie Bros”—which is to examples say, a reversion to the socialism and class struggle of the previous century.
Americans, it seems, will have to wait a while for reason and anasarca define responsibility to return to the left. hen there is the illiberal fever gripping American conservatives. Liberal democracy has always had its critics on the right, particularly in Continental Europe, where statist, authoritarian, and blood-and-soil accounts of poetry examples conservatism predominate. Mainstream Anglo-American conservatism took a different course. Culture. It has championed individual rights, free enterprise, and pluralism while insisting that liberty depends on public virtue and poetry examples moral order, and does marketing create or satisfy that sometimes the claims of explication liberty and create or satisfy needs autonomy must give way to those of tradition, state authority, and the common good. The whole beauty of poetry explication examples American order lies in keeping in tension these rival forces that are nevertheless fundamentally at peace. The Founders didn’t adopt wholesale Enlightenment liberalism; rather, they tempered its precepts about malaysian economy universal rights with the teachings of biblical religion as well as Roman political theory. Poetry Explication Examples. The Constitution drew from all three wellsprings. The product was a whole, and it is a pointless and ahistorical exercise to elevate any one source above the others. American conservatism and liberalism, then, are in fact branches of each other, the one (conservatism) invoking tradition and virtue to revolution defend and, when necessary, discipline the regime of liberty; the poetry explication, other (liberalism) guaranteeing the open space in which churches, volunteer organizations, philanthropic activity, and anasarca define other sources of tradition and civic virtue flourish, in freedom, rather than through state establishment or patronage. One result has been long-term political stability, a blessing that Americans take for poetry explication granted.
Another has been the transformation of liberalism into anasarca define the lingua franca of all politics, not just at home but across a world that, since 1945, has increasingly reflected U.S. preferences. The great French classical liberal Raymond Aron noted in 1955 that the “essentials of liberalism—the respect for individual liberty and moderate government—are no longer the property of a single party: they have become the property of all.” As Aron archly pointed out, even liberalism’s enemies tend to frame their objections using the rights-based talk associated with liberalism. Under Trump, however, some in the party of the right have abdicated their responsibility to liberal democracy as a whole. They have reduced themselves to the lowest sophistry in defense of the explication, New Yorker’s inanities and does create or satisfy needs daily assaults on presidential norms. Beginning when Trump clinched the GOP nomination last year, a great deal of conservative “thinking” has amounted to: You did X to us, now enjoy it as we dish it back to explication examples you and then some . Entire websites and some of the biggest stars in right-wing punditry are singularly devoted to anasarca define making this rather base point. If Trump is undermining this or that aspect of liberal order that was once cherished by poetry examples, conservatives, so be it; that 63 million Americans supported him and that the president “drives the double sword, left crazy”—these are good enough reasons to poetry go along. Some of this is partisan jousting that occurs with every administration. Anasarca Define. But when it comes to Trump’s most egregious statements and conduct—such as his repeated assertions that the U.S. and Putin’s thugocracy are moral equals—the apologetics are positively obscene.
Enough pooh-poohing, whataboutery, and misdirection of this kind, and there will be no conservative principle left standing. More perniciously, as once-defeated illiberal philosophies have returned with a vengeance to the left, so have their reactionary analogues to the right. Poetry Examples. The two illiberalisms enjoy a remarkable complementarity and even cross-pollinate each other. This has developed to culture the point where it is sometimes hard to distinguish Tucker Carlson from poetry explication examples Chomsky, Laura Ingraham from Julian Assange, the Claremont Review from or satisfy New Left Review , and so on. Two slanders against liberalism in particular seem to be gathering strength on the thinking right. The first is the examples, tendency to frame elements of liberal democracy, especially free trade, as a conspiracy hatched by capitalists, the managerial class, and others with soft hands against American workers. Revolution. One needn’t renounce liberal democracy as a whole to believe this, though believers often go the whole hog. The second idea is that liberalism itself was another form of totalitarianism all along and, therefore, that no amount of conservative course correction can set right what is wrong with the system. These two theses together represent a dismaying ideological turn on the right. The first—the account of global capitalism as an imposition of power over the powerless—has gained currency in the pages of American Affairs , the new journal of Trumpian thought, where class struggle is a constant theme. Other conservatives, who were always skeptical of free enterprise and U.S.-led world order, such as the Weekly Standard ’s Christopher Caldwell, are also publishing similar ideas to a wider reception than perhaps greeted them in the past.
In a March 2017 essay in the Claremont Review of Books , for example, Caldwell flatly described globalization as a “con game.” The perpetrators, he argued, are “unscrupulous actors who have broken promises and seized a good deal of hard-won public property.” These included administrations of poetry explication both parties that pursued trade liberalization over decades, people who live in cities and therefore benefit from the knowledge-based economy, American firms, and really anyone who has ever thought to marketing create capitalize on global supply chains to boost competitiveness—globalists, in a word. By shipping jobs and manufacturing processes overseas, Caldwell contended, these miscreants had stolen not just material things like taxpayer-funded research but also concepts like “economies of scale” (you didn’t build that!). Thus, globalization in poetry explication the West differed “in degree but not in kind from the contemporaneous Eastern Bloc looting of state assets.” That comparison with predatory post-Communist privatization is a sure sign of economy ideological overheating. It is somewhat like saying that a consumer bank’s lending to home buyers differs in degree but not in poetry explication examples kind from a loan shark’s racket in a housing project. Well, yes, in the sense that the underlying activity—moneylending, the purchase of assets—is the same in both cases. But the context makes all the difference: The globalization that began after World War II and accelerated in Factors Messages Essay the ’90s took place within a rules-based system, which duly elected or appointed policymakers in Western democracies designed in poetry good faith and for anasarca define a whole host of legitimate strategic and economic reasons. These policymakers knew that globalization was as old as civilization itself. It would take place anyway, and the only explication question was whether it would be rules-based and efficient or the kind of globalization that would be driven by great-power rivalry and therefore prone to protectionist trade wars. And they were right. What today’s anti-trade types won’t admit is that defeating the Trans-Pacific Partnership and a proposed U.S.-European trade pact known as TTIP won’t end globalization as such; instead, it will cede the malaysian economy, game to other powers that are less concerned about rules and explication fair play.
The postwar globalizers may have gone too far (or not far enough!). They certainly didn’t give sufficient thought to the losers in the system, or how to deal with the de-industrialization that would follow when information became supremely mobile and wages in the West remained too high relative to skills and productivity gains in the developing world. They muddled and compromised their way through these questions, as all policymakers in the real world do. The point is that these leaders—the likes of does marketing create FDR, Churchill, JFK, Ronald Reagan, Margaret Thatcher, and, yes, Bill Clinton—acted neither with malice aforethought nor anti-democratically. It isn’t true, contra Caldwell, that free trade necessarily requires “veto-proof and non-consultative” politics. The U.S., Britain, and other members of what used to be called the Free World have respected popular sovereignty (as understood at the time) for as long as they have been trading nations. Poetry Examples. Put another way, you were far more likely to enjoy political freedom if you were a citizen of one of these states than of countries that opposed economic liberalism in the 20th century. That remains true today. These distinctions matter. Caldwell and like-minded writers of the does marketing, right, who tend to dwell on liberal democracies’ crimes, are prepared to tolerate far worse if it is committed in the name of defeating “globalism.” Hence the speech on poetry explication, Putin that Caldwell delivered this spring at malaysian economy, a Hillsdale College gathering in Phoenix.
Promising not to “talk about what to think about Putin,” he proceeded to praise the poetry, Russian strongman as the “preeminent statesman of our time” (alongside Turkish strongman Recep Tayyip Erdogan). Putin, Caldwell said, “has become a symbol of national self-determination.” Then Caldwell made a remark that illuminates the link between the illiberalisms of yesterday and does create or satisfy needs today. Explication. Putin is to “populist conservatives,” he declared, what Castro once was to progressives. Does Marketing Create Or Satisfy. “You didn’t have to be a Communist to appreciate the way Castro, whatever his excesses, was carving out a space of autonomy for examples his country.” Whatever his excesses, indeed. he other big idea is that today’s liberal crises aren’t a bug but a core feature of liberalism. Does Marketing Or Satisfy Needs. This line of thinking is examples particularly prevalent among some Catholic traditionalists and other orthodox Christians (both small- and capital-“o”). The common denominator, it seems to me, is having grown up as a serious believer at a time when many liberals—to their shame—have declared war on double edged saying, faith generally and social conservatism in particular. The argument essentially is this: We (social conservatives, traditionalists) saw the examples, threat from liberalism coming.
With its claims about abstract rights and universal reason, classical liberalism had always posed a danger to the Church and to people of God. We remembered what those fired up by the new ideas did to why did the vietnam our nuns and explication altars in France. Still we made peace with American liberal order, because we were told that the Founders had “built on malaysian, low but solid ground,” to borrow Leo Strauss’s famous formulation, or that they had “built better than they knew,” as American Catholic hierarchs in the 19th century put it. Maybe these promises held good for poetry a couple of centuries, the argument continues, but they no longer do. Witness the second sexual revolution under way today. The revolutionaries are plainly telling us that we must either conform our beliefs to Herod’s ways or be driven from the democratic public square.
Can it still be said that the Founding rested on solid ground? Did the Factors In Understanding the Media Messages Essay, Founders really build better than they knew? Or is what is passing now precisely what they intended, the rotten fruit of the Enlightenment universalism that they planted in explication examples the Constitution? We don’t love Trump (or Putin, Hungary’s Viktor Orban, etc.), but perhaps he can counter the pincer movement of sexual and create or satisfy needs economic liberalism, and restore a measure of solidarity and poetry commitment to the Western project. The most pessimistic of these illiberal critics go so far as to argue that liberalism isn’t all that different from Communism, that both are totalitarian children of the Enlightenment. Factors. One such critic, Harvard Law School’s Adrian Vermeule, summed up this position in a January essay in First Things magazine: The stock distinction between the Enlightenment’s twins—communism is poetry explication examples violently coercive while liberalism allows freedom of thought—is glib.
Illiberal citizens, trapped [under liberalism] without exit papers, suffer a narrowing sphere of permitted action and does speech, shrinking prospects, and increasing pressure from regulators, employers, and poetry acquaintances, and even from why did war happen friends and family. Liberal society celebrates toleration, diversity, and poetry examples free inquiry, but in practice it features a spreading social, cultural, and ideological conformism. 1. I share Vermeule’s despair and that of many other conservative-Christian friends, because there have been genuinely alarming encroachments against conscience, religious freedom, and the dignity of life in Western liberal democracies in does marketing or satisfy needs recent years. Even so, despair is an poetry explication examples unhelpful companion to saying sober political thought, and the case for plunging into political illiberalism is weak, even on social-conservative grounds. Here again what commends liberalism is historical experience, not abstract theory. Simply put, in the real-world experience of the 20th century, the Church, tradition, and religious minorities fared far better under liberal-democratic regimes than they did under illiberal alternatives.
Are coercion and conformity targeting people of faith under liberalism? To be sure. But these don’t take the form of the gulag or the concentration camp or the soccer stadium–cum-killing field. Catholic political practice knows well how to draw such moral distinctions between regimes: Pope John Paul II befriended Reagan. If liberal democracy and Communism were indeed “twins” whose distinctions are “glib,” why did he do so? And as Pascal Bruckner wrote in poetry explication examples his essay “The Tyranny of Guilt,” if liberal democracy does trap or jail you (politically speaking), it also invariably slips the key under your cell door. The Swedish midwives driven out of the anasarca define, profession over poetry explication, their pro-life views can take their story to the media. The Down syndrome advocacy outfit whose anti-eugenic advertising was censored in France can sue in revolution national and then international courts.
The Little Sisters of the Poor can appeal to the Supreme Court for a conscience exemption to Obamacare’s contraceptives mandate. And so on. Conversely, once you go illiberal, you don’t just rid yourself of the NGOs and doctrinaire bureaucrats bent on forcing priests to perform gay marriages; you also lose the legal guarantees that protect the explication, Church, however imperfectly, against capricious rulers and popular majorities. And if public opinion in the West is anasarca define turning increasingly secular, indeed anti-Christian, as social conservatives complain and surveys seem to examples confirm, is it really a good idea to militate in favor of a more illiberal order rather than defend tooth and nail liberal principles of revolution freedom of conscience? For tomorrow, the state might fall into Elizabeth Warren’s hands.
Nor, finally, is explication political liberalism alone to create blame for the Church’s retreating on various fronts. Poetry Explication. There have been plenty of wounds inflicted by churchmen and why did war happen laypeople, who believed that they could best serve the faith by conforming its liturgy, moral teaching, and public presence to liberal order. But political liberalism didn’t compel these changes, at least not directly. In the space opened up by explication examples, liberalism, and amid the Factors the Media and Its, kaleidoscopic lifestyles that left millions of poetry explication examples people feeling empty and Factors the Media and Its Messages confused, it was perfectly possible to propose tradition as an alternative. It is still possible to explication examples do so.
N one of this is to excuse the failures of liberals. Liberals and mainstream conservatives must go back to the drawing board, to economy figure out why it is that thoughtful people have come to conclude that their system is incompatible with democracy, nationalism, and religious faith. Traditionalists and others who see Russia’s mafia state as a defender of Christian civilization and poetry national sovereignty have been duped, but liberals bear some blame for driving large numbers of people in the West to that conclusion. This is a generational challenge for the liberal project. So be it. Edged Sword Saying. Liberal societies like America’s by nature invite such questioning. But before we abandon the 200-and-some-year-old liberal adventure, it is worth examining the ways in which today’s left-wing and right-wing critiques of poetry examples it mirror bad ideas that were overcome in the previous century. The ideological ferment of the moment, after all, doesn’t relieve the illiberals of the responsibility to reckon with the lessons of the past. 1 Vermeule was reviewing The Demon in Democracy , a 2015 book by the Polish political theorist and parliamentarian Ryszard Legutko that makes the same case. Factors In Understanding Essay. Fred Siegel’s review of the English edition appeared in our June 2016 issue.
Choose your plan and pay nothing for six Weeks! For a very limited time, we are extending a six-week free trial on both our subscription plans. Poetry Explication Examples. Put your intellectual life in order while you can. This offer is also valid for existing subscribers wishing to purchase a gift subscription. Click here for more details. The Campus Sex-Crime Tribunals Are Losing. How the courts are intervening to block some of the most unjust punishments of the vietnam our time. KC Johnson 2017-09-08. Barrett’s decision marked the 59th judicial setback for explication a college or university since 2013 in a due-process lawsuit brought by does marketing or satisfy needs, a student accused of explication examples sexual assault. (In four additional cases, the school settled a lawsuit before any judicial decision occurred.) This body of law serves as a towering rebuke to the Obama administration’s reinterpretation of Title IX, the war happen, 1972 law barring sex discrimination in schools that receive federal funding. Beginning in poetry explication examples 2011, the Education Department’s Office for Civil Rights (OCR) issued a series of the vietnam war happen “guidance” documents pressuring colleges and poetry universities to change how they adjudicated sexual-assault cases in ways that increased the likelihood of guilty findings. Amid pressure from student and faculty activists, virtually all elite colleges and universities have gone far beyond federal mandates and have even further weakened the rights of students accused of sexual assault.
Like all extreme victims’-rights approaches, the new policies had the greatest impact on the wrongly accused. A 2016 study from UCLA public-policy professor John Villasenor used just one of the changes—schools employing the lowest standard of proof, a preponderance of the marketing create, evidence—to predict that as often as 33 percent of the time, campus Title IX tribunals would return guilty findings in examples cases involving innocent students. Villasenor’s study could not measure the impact of other Obama-era policy demands—such as allowing accusers to appeal not-guilty findings, discouraging cross-examination of accusers, and urging schools to adjudicate claims even when a criminal inquiry found no wrongdoing. In a September 7 address at George Mason University, Education Secretary Betsy DeVos stated that “no student should be forced to sue their way to Factors Essay due process.” But once enmeshed in the campus Title IX process, a wrongfully accused student’s best chance for justice may well be a lawsuit filed after his college incorrectly has found him guilty. (According to data from United Educators, a higher-education insurance firm, 99 percent of students accused of explication examples campus sexual assault are male.) The Foundation for Individual Rights has identified more than 180 such lawsuits filed since the 2011 policy changes. Anasarca Define. That figure, obviously, excludes students with equally strong claims whose families cannot afford to go to explication examples court. These students face life-altering consequences. As Judge T.S. Ellis III noted in culture a 2016 decision, it is examples “so clear as to be almost a truism” that a student will lose future educational and employment opportunities if his college wrongly brands him a rapist. “It is not the role of the federal courts to set aside decisions of the vietnam school administrators which the court may view as lacking in wisdom or compassion.” So wrote the poetry explication examples, Supreme Court in a 1975 case, Wood v. Strickland . While the Supreme Court has made clear that colleges must provide accused students with some rights, especially when dealing with nonacademic disciplinary questions, courts generally have not been eager to economy intervene in such matters.
This is poetry explication examples what makes the developments of the why did war happen, last four years all the more remarkable. Explication. The process began in double edged sword saying May 2013, in examples a ruling against St. Joseph’s University, and has lately accelerated (15 rulings in 2016 and 21 thus far in 2017). Of the 40 setbacks for colleges in edged sword federal court, 14 came from judges nominated by Barack Obama, 11 from Clinton nominees, and nine from selections of George W. Bush. Brown University has been on the losing side of three decisions; Duke, Cornell, and Penn State, two each. Court decisions since the expansion of Title IX activism have not all gone in one direction. In 36 of the due-process lawsuits, courts have permitted the university to maintain its guilty finding. (In four other cases, the university settled despite prevailing at a preliminary stage.) But even in these cases, some courts have expressed discomfort with campus procedures. One federal judge was “greatly troubled” that Georgia Tech veered “very far from an ideal representation of due process” when its investigator “did not pursue any line of investigation that may have cast doubt on [the accuser’s] account of the incident.” Another went out of examples his way to say that he considered it plausible that a former Case Western Reserve University student was actually “innocent of the charges levied against him.” And one state appellate judge opened oral argument by bluntly informing the University of California’s lawyer, “When I . . Factors And Its. . finished reading all the briefs in this case, my comment was, ‘Where’s the kangaroo?’”
Judges have, obviously, raised more questions in cases where the college has found itself on the losing side. Those lawsuits have featured three common areas of concern: bias in the investigation, resulting in a college decision based on incomplete evidence; procedures that prevented the accused student from challenging his accuser’s credibility, chiefly through cross-examination; and explication schools utilizing a process that seemed designed to malaysian produce a predetermined result, in response to real or perceived pressure from the federal government. C olleges and examples universities have proven remarkably willing to act on culture revolution, incomplete information when adjudicating sexual-assault cases. In December 2013, for example, Amherst College expelled a student for sexual assault despite text messages (which the college investigator failed to discover) indicating that the explication, accuser had consented to sexual contact. The Vietnam. The accuser’s own testimony also indicated that she might have committed sexual assault, by initiating sexual contact with a student who Amherst conceded was experiencing an alcoholic blackout. Poetry Explication Examples. When the economy, accused student sued Amherst, the college said its failure to uncover the examples, text messages had been irrelevant because its investigator had only sought texts that portrayed the incident as nonconsensual. In February, Judge Mark Mastroianni allowed the accused student’s lawsuit to proceed, commenting that the texts could raise “additional questions about the credibility of the version of events [the accuser] gave during the disciplinary proceeding.” The two sides settled in does marketing needs late July. Amherst was hardly alone in its eagerness to avoid evidence that might undermine the accuser’s version of events; the same happened at Penn State, St. Joseph’s, Duke, Ohio State, Occidental, Lynn, Marlboro, Michigan, and poetry explication Notre Dame. Even in cases with a more complete evidentiary base, accused students have often been blocked from presenting a full-fledged defense. As part of double edged saying its reinterpretation of poetry Title IX, the culture, Obama administration sought to shield campus accusers from cross-examination.
OCR’s 2011 guidance “strongly” discouraged direct cross-examination of accusers by the accused student—a critical restriction, since most university procedures require the accused student, rather than his lawyer, to defend himself in the hearing. OCR’s 2014 guidance suggested that this type of cross-examination in and of poetry itself could create a hostile environment. The Obama administration even spoke favorably about the growing trend among schools to abolish hearings altogether and allow a single official to serve as investigator, prosecutor, judge, and jury in sexual-assault cases. The Supreme Court has never held that campus disciplinary hearings must permit cross-examination. Nonetheless, the recent attack on the practice has left schools struggling to explain why they would not want to culture revolution utilize what the Court has described as the “greatest legal engine ever invented for the discovery of poetry explication examples truth.” In June 2016, the why did the vietnam war happen, University of Cincinnati found a student guilty of examples sexual assault after a hearing at which neither his accuser nor the university’s Title IX investigator appeared. Malaysian. In an poetry examples unintentionally comical line, the hearing chair noted the absent witnesses before asking the accused student if he had “any questions of the does marketing create needs, Title IX report.” The student, befuddled, replied, “Well, since she’s not here, I can’t really ask anything of the report.” (The panel chair did not indicate how the “report” could have answered any questions.) Cincinnati found the student guilty anyway. 1. Limitations on full cross-examination also played a role in judicial setbacks for Middlebury, George Mason, James Madison, Ohio State, Occidental, Penn State, Brandeis, Amherst, Notre Dame, and Skidmore. Finally, since 2011, more than 300 students have filed Title IX complaints with the Office for Civil Rights, alleging mishandling of their sexual-assault allegation by their college. OCR’s leadership seemed to welcome the complaints, which allowed Obama officials not only to inspect the individual case but all sexual-assault claims at poetry explication examples, the school in question over a three-year period.
Northwestern University professor Laura Kipnis has estimated that during the Obama years, colleges spent between $60 million and $100 million on these investigations. If OCR finds a Title IX violation, that might lead to a loss of federal funding. This has led Harvard Law professors Jeannie Suk Gersen, Janet Halley, Elizabeth Bartholet, and Nancy Gertner to culture observe in poetry a white paper submitted to OCR that universities have “strong incentives to ensure the school stays in OCR’s good graces.” One of the earliest lawsuits after the Obama administration’s policy shift, involving former Xavier University basketball player Dez Wells, demonstrated how an revolution OCR investigation can affect the fairness of a university inquiry. The accuser’s complaint had been referred both to Xavier’s Title IX office and the Cincinnati police.
The police concluded that the allegation was meritless; Hamilton County Prosecuting Attorney Joseph Deters later said he considered charging the accuser with filing a false police report. Deters asked Xavier to delay its proceedings until his office completed its investigation. School officials refused. Instead, three weeks after the initial allegation, the university expelled Wells. Poetry Explication. He sued and speculated that Xavier’s haste came not from a quest for justice but instead from culture a desire to avoid difficulties in explication finalizing an agreement with OCR to resolve an unrelated complaint filed by two female Xavier students. (In recent years, OCR has entered into dozens of similar resolution agreements, which bind universities to policy changes in exchange for removing the threat of marketing needs losing federal funds.) In a July 2014 ruling, Judge Arthur Spiegel observed that Xavier’s disciplinary tribunal, however “well-equipped to adjudicate questions of cheating, may have been in over its head with relation to an alleged false accusation of sexual assault.” Soon thereafter, the two sides settled; Wells transferred to the University of Maryland. Ohio State, Occidental, Cornell, Middlebury, Appalachian State, USC, and Columbia have all found themselves on the losing side of court decisions arising from cases that originated during a time in which OCR was investigating or threatening to investigate the poetry, school. The Media Essay. (In the Ohio State case, one university staffer testified that she didn’t know whether she had an explication examples obligation to correct a false statement by an accuser to a disciplinary panel.) Pressure from OCR can be indirect, as well. The Obama administration interpreted federal law as requiring all universities to have at least one Title IX coordinator; larger universities now employ dozens of double sword Title IX personnel who, as the Harvard Law professors explained, “have reason to fear for their jobs if they hold a student not responsible or if they assign a rehabilitative or restorative rather than a harshly punitive sanction.” A mid the wave of judicial setbacks for explication universities, two decisions in particular stand out. Easily the most powerful opinion in a campus due-process case came in March 2016 from Judge F. Dennis Saylor.
While the stereotypical campus sexual-assault allegation results from an alcohol-filled, one-night encounter between a male and a female student, a case at Brandeis University involved a long-term monogamous relationship between two male students. A bad breakup led to the accusing student’s filing the following complaint, against which his former boyfriend was expected to In Understanding the Media and Its Messages Essay provide a defense: “Starting in the month of September, 2011, the poetry explication, Alleged violator of Policy had numerous inappropriate, nonconsensual sexual interactions with me. These interactions continued to occur until around May 2013.” To adjudicate, Brandeis hired a former OCR staffer, who interviewed the two students and anasarca define a few of their friends. Since the university did not hold a hearing, the investigator decided guilt or innocence on her own. Poetry. She treated each incident as if the two men were strangers to each other, which allowed her to determine that sexual “violence” had occurred in the relationship. The accused student, she found, sometimes looked at his boyfriend in the nude without permission and sometimes awakened his boyfriend with kisses when the boyfriend wanted to stay asleep.
The university’s procedures prevented the student from seeing the investigator’s report, with its absurdly broad definition of sexual misconduct, in preparing his appeal. “In the context of American legal culture,” Boston Globe columnist Dante Ramos later argued, denying this type of information “is crazy.” “Standard rules of evidence and other protections for the accused keep things like false accusations or mistakes by anasarca define, authorities from hurting innocent people.” When the explication, university appeal was denied, the sword saying, student sued. At an October 2015 hearing to consider the university’s motion to dismiss, Saylor seemed flabbergasted at the unfairness of the school’s approach. “I don’t understand,” he observed, “how a university, much less one named after Louis Brandeis, could possibly think that that was a fair procedure to not allow the accused to poetry explication examples see the accusation.” Brandeis’s lawyer cited pressure to conform to OCR guidance, but the judge deemed the university’s procedures “closer to Salem 1692 than Boston, 2015.” The following March, Saylor issued an 89-page opinion that has been cited in virtually every lawsuit subsequently filed by an accused student. Marketing Create Or Satisfy. “Whether someone is a ‘victim’ is poetry explication examples a conclusion to malaysian be reached at the end of a fair process, not an assumption to examples be made at the beginning,” Saylor wrote. “If a college student is to be marked for life as a sexual predator, it is reasonable to require that he be provided a fair opportunity to defend himself and an impartial arbiter to make that decision.” Saylor concluded that Brandeis forced the accused student “to defend himself in what was essentially an Factors In Understanding inquisitorial proceeding that plausibly failed to explication provide him with a fair and reasonable opportunity to be informed of the malaysian economy, charges and to present an adequate defense.” The student, vindicated by the ruling’s sweeping nature, then withdrew his lawsuit. He currently is pursuing a Title IX complaint against Brandeis with OCR. Four months later, a three-judge panel of the poetry, Second Circuit Court of Appeals produced an malaysian opinion that lacked Saylor’s rhetorical flourish or his understanding of the basic unfairness of the poetry, campus Title IX process. But by creating a more relaxed standard for accused students to make federal Title IX claims, the Second Circuit’s decision in Factors the Media Doe v. Columbia carried considerable weight. Two Columbia students who had been drinking had a brief sexual encounter at poetry, a party.
More than four months later, the accuser claimed she was too intoxicated to have consented. Her allegation came in an atmosphere of the vietnam war happen campus outrage about the university’s allegedly insufficient toughness on sexual assault. In this setting, the accused student found Columbia’s Title IX investigator uninterested in hearing his side of the story. He cited witnesses who would corroborate his belief that the accuser wasn’t intoxicated; the investigator declined to speak with them. The student was found guilty, although for reasons differing from the initial claim; the Columbia panel ruled that he had “directed unreasonable pressure for sexual activity toward the [accuser] over a period of weeks,” leaving her unable to consent on the night in question. Examples. He received a three-semester suspension for this nebulous offense—which even his accuser deemed too harsh. He sued, and the case was assigned to Judge Jesse Furman. Furman’s opinion provided a ringing victory for Columbia and the Obama-backed policies it used. As Title IX litigator Patricia Hamill later observed, Furman’s “almost impossible standard” required accused students to have inside information about the institution’s handling of other sexual-assault claims—information they could plausibly obtain only through the legal process known as discovery, which happens at the Media and Its Essay, a later stage of litigation—in order to poetry examples survive a university’s initial motion to dismiss. Furman suggested that, to sword prevail, an accused student would need to poetry examples show that his school treated a female student accused of sexual assault more favorably, or at least provide details about how cases against other accused students showed a pattern of bias. But federal privacy law keeps campus disciplinary hearings private, leaving most accused students with little opportunity to uncover the information before their case is dismissed.
At the same time, the opinion excused virtually any degree of unfairness by the institution. Furman reasoned that taking “allegations of rape on campus seriously and . . . Revolution. treat[ing] complainants with a high degree of sensitivity” could constitute “lawful” reasons for university unfairness toward accused students. Samantha Harris of the explication examples, Foundation for anasarca define Individual Rights in Education detected the decision’s “immediate and poetry explication examples nationwide impact” in several rulings against accused students. It also played the same role in university briefs that Saylor’s Brandeis opinion did in filings by accused students. The Columbia student’s lawyer, Andrew Miltenberg, appealed Furman’s ruling to the Second Circuit. The stakes were high, since a ruling affirming the lower court’s reasoning would have all but foreclosed Title IX lawsuits by accused students in New York, Connecticut, and Essay Vermont. But a panel of three judges, all nominated by Democratic presidents, overturned Furman’s decision. In the opinion’s crucial passage, Judge Pierre Leval held that a university “is not excused from liability for discrimination because the discriminatory motivation does not result from a discriminatory heart, but rather from a desire to avoid practical disadvantages that might result from unbiased action.
A covered university that adopts, even temporarily, a policy of explication examples bias favoring one sex over the other in a disciplinary dispute, doing so in edged saying order to avoid liability or bad publicity, has practiced sex discrimination, notwithstanding that the motive for the discrimination did not come from ingrained or permanent bias against that particular sex.” Before the poetry explication examples, Columbia decision, courts almost always had rebuffed Title IX pleadings from accused students. More recently, judges have allowed Title IX claims to the vietnam war happen proceed against poetry Amherst, Cornell, California–Santa Barbara, Drake, and Rollins. After the Second Circuit’s decision, Columbia settled with the accused student, sparing its Title IX decision-makers from having to testify at a trial. James Madison was one of the few universities to take a different course, with disastrous results. Revolution. A lawsuit from an accused student survived a motion to dismiss, but the university refused to settle, allowing the student’s lawyer to depose the three school employees who had decided his client’s fate. One unintentionally revealed that he had misapplied the poetry examples, university’s own definition of consent. Anasarca Define. Another cited the importance of the accuser’s slurring words on a voicemail, thus proving her extreme intoxication on poetry explication, the night of the alleged assault. Revolution. It was left to the accused student’s lawyer, at a deposition months after the decision had been made, to note that the poetry explication examples, voicemail in malaysian economy question actually was received on a different night.
In December 2016, Judge Elizabeth Dillon, an Obama nominee, granted summary judgment to the accused student, concluding that “significant anomalies in the appeal process” violated his due-process rights under the Constitution. niversities were on the losing side of 36 due-process rulings when Obama appointee Catherine Lhamon was presiding over the Office for explication examples Civil Rights between 2013 and 2016; no record exists of her publicly acknowledging any of them. In June 2017, however, Lhamon suddenly rejoiced that “yet another federal court” had found that students disciplined for anasarca define sexual misconduct “were not denied due process.” That Fifth Circuit decision, involving two former students at the University of Houston, was an odd case for her to celebrate. Poetry Explication Examples. The majority cabined its findings to the “unique facts” of the case—that the accused students likely would have been found guilty even under the fairest possible process. And the dissent, from why did war happen Judge Edith Jones, denounced the procedures championed by Lhamon and other Obama officials as “heavily weighted in favor of finding guilt,” predicting “worse to come if appellate courts do not step in to protect students’ procedural due process right where allegations of quasi-criminal sexual misconduct arise.” At this stage, Lhamon, who now chairs the U.S. Commission on explication, Civil Rights, cannot be taken seriously when it comes to questions of campus due process.
But other defenders of the current Title IX regime have offered more substantive commentary about the university setbacks. Legal scholar Michelle Anderson was one of the few to even discuss the due-process decisions. “Colleges and universities do not always adjudicate allegations of sexual assault well,” she noted in a 2016 law review article defending the Obama-era policies. Anderson even conceded that some colleges had denied “accused students fairness in disciplinary adjudication.” But these students sued, “and campuses are responding—as they must—when accused students prevail. So campuses face powerful legal incentives on both sides to address campus sexual assault, and to why did the vietnam do so fairly and impartially.” This may be true, but Anderson does not explain why wrongly accused students should bear the financial and emotional burden of inducing their colleges to implement fair procedures.
More important, scant evidence exists that colleges have responded to examples the court victories of wrongly accused students by creating fairer procedures. Some have even made it more difficult for wrongly accused students to anasarca define sue. After losing a lawsuit in December 2014, Brown eliminated the right of students accused of sexual assault to have “every opportunity” to present evidence. That same year, an accused student showed how Swarthmore had deviated from its own procedures in his case. The college quickly settled the lawsuit—and then added a clause to its procedures immunizing it from explication examples similar claims in the future. Does Marketing Or Satisfy Needs. Swarthmore currently informs accused students that “rules of explication examples evidence ordinarily found in needs legal proceedings shall not be applied, nor shall any deviations from examples any of these prescribed procedures alone invalidate a decision.” Many lawsuits are still working their way through the judicial system; three cases are pending at federal appellate courts.
Of the two that address substantive matters, oral arguments seemed to reveal skepticism of the or satisfy, university’s position. On July 26, a three-judge panel of the First Circuit considered a case at Boston College, where the poetry, accused student plausibly argued that someone else had committed the sexual assault (which occurred on a poorly lit dance floor). The Media Essay. Judges Bruce Selya and William Kayatta seemed troubled that a Boston College dean had improperly intruded on the hearing board’s deliberations. At the Sixth Circuit a few days later, Judges Richard Griffin and poetry explication examples Amul Thapar both expressed concerns about the University of Cincinnati’s downplaying the double, importance of poetry examples cross-examination in malaysian campus-sex adjudications. Explication Examples. Judge Eric Clay was quieter, but he wondered about the tension between the does create, university’s Title IX and truth-seeking obligations. In a perfect world, academic leaders themselves would have created fairer processes without judicial intervention.
But in the current campus environment, such an approach is impossible. So, at least for the short term, the courts remain the best, albeit imperfect, option for students wrongly accused of sexual assault. Meanwhile, every year, young men entrust themselves and their family’s money to institutions of higher learning that are indifferent to explication their rights and unconcerned with the injustices to which these students might be subjected. 1 After a district court placed that finding on malaysian, hold, the university appealed to the Sixth Circuit. Choose your plan and poetry explication pay nothing for six Weeks! For a very limited time, we are extending a six-week free trial on anasarca define, both our subscription plans. Poetry Explication Examples. Put your intellectual life in order while you can. This offer is anasarca define also valid for existing subscribers wishing to examples purchase a gift subscription. Why Did. Click here for more details. Review of poetry explication 'Terror in double saying France' By Gilles Kepel.
James Kirchick 2017-09-13. Kepel is explication examples particularly knowledgeable about the history and process of radicalization that takes place in anasarca define his nation’s heavily Muslim banlieues (the depressed housing projects ringing Paris and other major cities), and Terror in France is informed by decades of fieldwork in these volatile locales. What we have been witnessing for more than a decade, Kepel argues, is the “third wave” of global jihadism, which is not so much a top-down doctrinally inspired campaign (as were the poetry examples, 9/11 attacks, directed from afar by the oracular figure of Osama bin Laden) but a bottom-up insurgency with an “enclave-based ethnic-racial logic of violence” to it. Kepel traces the phenomenon back to 2005, a convulsive year that saw the second-generation descendants of malaysian economy France’s postcolonial Muslim immigrants confront a changing socio-political landscape. That was the year of the greatest riots in modern French history, involving mostly young Muslim men.
It was also the year that Abu Musab al-Suri, the Syrian-born Islamist then serving as al-Qaeda’s operations chief in Europe, published The Global Islamic Resistance Call . This 1,600-page manifesto combined pious imprecations against examples the West with do-it-yourself ingenuity, an Anarchist’s Cookbook for the Islamist set. In Kepel’s words, the manifesto preached a “jihadism of proximity,” the brand of civil war later adopted by the Islamic State. It called for ceaseless, mass-casualty attacks in Western cities—attacks which increase suspicion and regulation of create Muslims and, in turn, drive those Muslims into the arms of violent extremists. The third-generation jihad has been assisted by two phenomena: social-networking sites that easily and widely disseminate Islamist propaganda (thus increasing the rate of self-radicalization) and the so-called Arab Spring, which led to poetry state collapse in Syria and Libya, providing “an exceptional site for military training and propaganda only a few hours’ flight from double sword Europe, and at a very low cost.” Kepel’s book is not just a study of the ideology and tactics of poetry explication examples Islamists but a sociopolitical overview of how this disturbing phenomenon fits within a country on the brink. For example, Kepel finds that jihadism is emerging in conjunction with developments such as the “end of industrial society.” A downturn in work has led to an ominous situation in anasarca define which a “right-wing ethnic nationalism” preying on the economically anxious has risen alongside Islamism as “parallel conduits for expressing grievances.” Filling a space left by poetry explication examples, the French Communist Party (which once brought the ethnic French working class and Arab immigrants together), these two extremes leer at each other from opposite sides of does create a societal chasm, signaling the poetry, potentially cataclysmic future that awaits France if both mass unemployment and Islamist terror continue undiminished. The French economy has also had a more direct inciting effect on jihadism. Overregulated labor markets make it difficult for young Muslims to get jobs, thus exacerbating the conditions of social deprivation and exclusion that make individuals susceptible to radicalization.
The inability to tackle chronic unemployment has led to widespread Muslim disillusionment with the left (a disillusionment aggravated by another, often glossed over, factor: widespread Muslim opposition to the Socialist Party’s championing of culture revolution same-sex marriage). Essentially, one left-wing constituency (unions) has made the unemployment of poetry explication another constituency (Muslim youth) the mechanism for maintaining its privileges. Kepel does not, however, cite deprivation as the sole or even main contributing factor to culture revolution Islamist radicalization. One Parisian banlieue that has sent more than 80 residents to poetry fight in Syria, he notes, has “attractive new apartment buildings” built by the state and edged sword saying features a mosque “constructed with the backing of the Socialist mayor.” It is also the birthplace of well-known French movie stars of Arab descent, and thus hardly a place where ambition goes to examples die. “The Islamophobia mantra and why did the victim mentality it reinforces makes it possible to examples rationalize a total rejection of France and a commitment to double edged saying jihad by making a connection between unemployment, discrimination, and poetry explication examples French republican values,” Kepel writes. Indeed, Kepel is refreshingly derisive of the malaysian, term “Islamophobia” throughout the book, excoriating Islamists and their fellow travelers for “substituting it for anti-Semitism as the examples, West’s cardinal sin.” These are meaningful words coming from revolution Kepel, a deeply learned scholar of Islam who harbors great respect for the faith and its adherents.
Kepel also weaves the saga of jihadism into the ongoing “ kulturkampf within the poetry explication, French left.” Arguments about malaysian economy Islamist terrorism demonstrate a “divorce between a secular progressive tradition” and the children of the Muslim immigrants this tradition fought to poetry examples defend. The most ironically perverse manifestation of this divorce was ISIS’s kidnapping of Didier Francois, co-founder of the double sword saying, civil-rights organization SOS Racisme . Kepel recognizes the examples, origins of this divorce in the “red-green” alliance formed decades ago between Islamists and elements of the French intellectual left, such as Michel Foucault, a cheerleader of the Iranian revolution. Though he offers a rigorous history and analysis of the jihadist problem, Kepel is generally at a loss for solutions. He decries a complacent French elite, with its disregard for genuine expertise (evidenced by the decline in Factors the Media Messages institutional academic support for Islamicists and Arabists) and the narrow, relatively impenetrable way in which it perpetuates itself, chiefly with a single school (the Ecole normale superieure) that practically every French politician must attend. Despite France’s admirable republican values, this has made the process of explication examples assimilation rather difficult. But other than wishing that the culture revolution, public education system become more effective and inclusive at instilling republican values, Kepel provides little in the way of suggestions as to how France emerges from this mess.
That a scholar of such erudition and humanity can do little but throw up his hands and issue a sigh of despair cannot bode well. Explication. The third-generation jihad owes as much to the political breakdown in France as it does to anasarca define the meltdown in the Middle East. Defeating this two-headed beast requires a new and comprehensive playbook: the West’s answer to The Global Islamic Resistance Call. That book has yet to be written. Choose your plan and pay nothing for six Weeks! For a very limited time, we are extending a six-week free trial on both our subscription plans. Put your intellectual life in explication examples order while you can. This offer is also valid for existing subscribers wishing to purchase a gift subscription.
Click here for more details. Matthew Continetti 2017-09-13. resident Trump, in case you haven’t noticed, has a tendency to exaggerate. Nothing is culture revolution “just right” or “meh” for him. Poetry Examples. Buildings, crowds, election results, and military campaigns are always outsized, gargantuan, larger, and more significant than you might otherwise assume. “People want to believe that something is the biggest and the greatest and Factors the Media Messages the most spectacular,” he wrote 30 years ago in The Art of the Deal . “I call it truthful hyperbole. Explication Examples. It’s an innocent form of malaysian economy exaggeration—and a very effective form of promotion.” So effective, in fact, that the press has picked up the habit.
Reporters and editors agree with the president that nothing he does is ordinary. After covering Trump for more than two years, they still can’t accept him as a run-of-the-mill politician. And while there are aspects of Donald Trump and his presidency that are, to say the poetry examples, least, unusual, the media seem unable to distinguish between the abnormal and significant—firing the FBI director in the midst of an investigation into one’s presidential campaign, for example—and the commonplace. Consider the fiscal deal President Trump struck with Democratic leaders in early September. On September 6, the president held an Oval Office meeting with Vice President Pence, Treasury Secretary Mnuchin, and congressional leaders of why did war happen both parties. He had to find a way to (a) raise the debt ceiling, (b) fund the federal government, and (c) spend money on hurricane relief. The problem is that a bloc of House Republicans won’t vote for (a) unless the increase is accompanied by significant budget cuts, which interferes with (b) and explication examples (c). To raise the debt ceiling, then, requires Democratic votes. And the debt ceiling must be raised. “There is zero chance—no chance—we will not raise the debt ceiling,” Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell said in August.
The meeting went like this. First House Speaker Paul Ryan asked for saying an 18-month increase in the debt ceiling so Republicans wouldn’t have to vote again on the matter until after the midterm elections. Democrats refused. The bargaining continued until Ryan asked for a six-month increase. The Democrats remained stubborn. Poetry Explication. So Trump, always willing to kick a can down the road, interrupted Mnuchin to offer a three-month increase, a continuing resolution that will keep the government open through December, and about $8 billion in hurricane money. The Democrats said yes. That, anyway, is what happened.
But the media are not satisfied to report what happened. They want—they need —to tell you what it means. And what does it mean? Well, they aren’t really sure. But it’s something big. It’s something spectacular. Saying. For example:
1. “Trump Bypasses Republicans to Strike Deal on Debt Limit and Harvey Aid” was the headline of a story for the New York Times by Peter Baker, Thomas Kaplan, and poetry explication Michael D. Double Edged. Shear. “The deal to keep the government open and paying its debts until Dec. 15 represented an extraordinary public turn for explication the president, who has for much of economy his term set himself up on the right flank of the Republican Party,” their article began. Fair enough. Poetry Examples. But look at how they import speculation and opinion into the following sentence: “But it remained unclear whether Mr. Sword Saying. Trump’s collaboration with Democrats foreshadowed a more sustained shift in strategy by a president who has presented himself as a master dealmaker or amounted to just a one-time instinctual reaction of a mercurial leader momentarily eager to poke his estranged allies.”
2. “The decision was one of the most fascinating and poetry examples mysterious moves he’s made with Congress during eight months in culture revolution office,” reported Jeff Zeleny, Dana Bash, Deirdre Walsh, and Jeremy Diamond for CNN. Thanks for sharing! 3. “Trump budget deal gives GOP full-blown Stockholm Syndrome,” read the headline of Tina Nguyen’s piece for Vanity Fair . “Donald Trump’s unexpected capitulation to explication examples new best buds ‘Chuck and Nancy’ has thrown the Grand Old Party into a frenzy as Republicans search for explanations—and scapegoats.” 4. “For Conservatives, Trump’s Deal with Democrats Is Nightmare Come True,” read the headline for a New York Times article by Jeremy W. Peters and why did the vietnam war happen Maggie Haberman. Poetry Examples. “It is the scenario that President Trump’s most conservative followers considered their worst nightmare, and on Wednesday it seemed to anasarca define come true: The deal-making political novice, whose ideology and loyalty were always fungible, cut a deal with Democrats.” 5. “Trump sides with Democrats on fiscal issues, throwing Republican plans into chaos,” read the Washington Post headline the day after the deal was announced. “The president’s surprise stance upended sensitive negotiations over the debt ceiling and other crucial policy issues this fall and further imperiled his already tenuous relationships with Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell and House Speaker Paul Ryan.” Yes, the poetry examples, negotiations were upended. Then they made a deal. 6. “Although elected as a Republican last year,” wrote Peter Baker of the Times , “Mr. Double Edged Sword. Trump has shown in explication the nearly eight months in office that he is, in many ways, the revolution, first independent to hold the presidency since the advent of the two-party system around the time of the Civil War.” The title of Baker’s news analysis: “Bound to No Party, Trump Upends 150 Years of Two-Party Rule.” One hundred and fifty years? Why not 200?
The journalistic rule of thumb used to be that an article describing a political, social, or cultural trend requires at least three examples. Not while covering Trump. If Trump does something, anything, you should feel free to inflate its importance beyond all recognition. And stuff your “reporting” with all sorts of dramatic adjectives and frightening nouns: fascinating , mysterious , unexpected , extraordinary , nightmare , chaos , frenzy , and poetry explication scapegoats . It’s like a Vince Flynn thriller come to life. The case for anasarca define the significance of the budget deal would be stronger if there were a consensus about explication whom it helped. There isn’t one. Revolution. At first the press assumed Democrats had won. “Republicans left the Oval Office Wednesday stunned,” reported Rachael Bade, Burgess Everett, and Josh Dawsey of Politico . Another trio of Politico reporters wrote, “In the aftermath, Republicans seethed privately and examples distanced themselves publicly from the deal.” Republicans were “stunned,” reported Kristina Peterson, Siobhan Hughes, and Louise Radnofsky of the Wall Street Journal . “Meet the swamp: Donald Trump punts September agenda to December after meeting with Congress,” read the headline of Charlie Spiering’s Breitbart story.
By the why did, following week, though, these very outlets had decided the GOP was looking pretty good. Poetry Explication Examples. “Trump’s deal with Democrats bolsters Ryan—for now,” read the Politico headline on September 11. “McConnell: No New Debt Ceiling Vote until ‘Well into double edged sword 2018,’” reported the explication, Washington Post . “At this point…picking a fight with Republican leaders will only anasarca define help him,” wrote Gerald Seib in the Wall Street Journal . “Trump has long warned that he would work with Democrats, if necessary, to fulfill his campaign promises. And Wednesday’s deal is a sign that he intends to explication examples follow through on that threat,” wrote Breitbart’s Joel Pollak. The sensationalism, the malaysian economy, conflicting interpretations, the poetry, visceral language is dizzying. Culture. We have so many reporters chasing the examples, same story that each feels compelled to create needs gussy up a quotidian budget negotiation until it resembles the Ribbentrop–Molotov pact, and examples none feel it necessary to apply to double their own reporting the scrutiny and explication examples incredulity they apply to Trump. The truth is that no one knows what this agreement portends. Malaysian. Nor is poetry explication examples it the job of a reporter to divine the meaning of current events like an augur of Rome.
Sometimes a cigar is just a cigar. And a deal is just a deal. Choose your plan and pay nothing for six Weeks! For a very limited time, we are extending a six-week free trial on both our subscription plans. Put your intellectual life in order while you can. Why Did The Vietnam War Happen. This offer is also valid for existing subscribers wishing to purchase a gift subscription. Click here for explication examples more details. Remembering something wonderful. Terry Teachout 2017-09-13. Not surprisingly, many well-established performers were left in the lurch by the rise of the does or satisfy, new media. Moreover, some vaudevillians who, like Fred Allen, had successfully reinvented themselves for radio were unable to make the transition to TV.
But a handful of exceptionally talented performers managed to move from vaudeville to radio to TV, and none did it with more success than Jack Benny, whose feigned stinginess, scratchy violin playing, slightly effeminate demeanor, and poetry examples preternaturally exact comic timing made him one of the world’s most beloved performers. After establishing himself in vaudeville, he became the star of a comedy series, The Jack Benny Program , that aired continuously, first on radio and then TV, from 1932 until 1965. Anasarca Define. Save for explication examples Bob Hope, no other comedian of his time was so popular. With the demise of nighttime network radio as an entertainment medium, the 931 weekly episodes of create or satisfy needs The Jack Benny Program became the province of explication comedy obsessives—and because Benny’s TV series was filmed in black-and-white, it is no longer shown in malaysian syndication with any regularity. Poetry. And while he also made Hollywood films, some of marketing create needs which were box-office hits, only one, Ernst Lubitsch’s To Be or Not to Be (1942), is today seen on TV other than sporadically. Nevertheless, connoisseurs of comedy still regard Benny, who died in 1974, as a giant, and poetry explication numerous books, memoirs, and Factors In Understanding Messages articles have been published about his life and art. Most recently, Kathryn H. Fuller-Seeley, a professor at the University of Texas at Austin, has brought out Jack Benny and the Golden Age of Radio Comedy , the first book-length primary-source academic study of poetry explication examples The Jack Benny Program and its star.
1 Fuller-Seeley’s genuine appreciation for Benny’s work redeems her anachronistic insistence on viewing it through the fashionable prism of gender- and race-based theory, and culture revolution her book, though sober-sided to the point of explication examples occasional starchiness, is often quite illuminating. Most important of all, off-the-air recordings of marketing or satisfy needs 749 episodes of the radio version of The Jack Benny Program survive in whole or part and can easily be downloaded from the Web. As a result, it is poetry examples possible for people not yet born when Benny was alive to anasarca define hear for themselves why he is still remembered with admiration and poetry explication examples affection—and why one specific aspect of the Media and Its Messages his performing persona continues to fascinate close observers of the American scene. B orn Benjamin Kubelsky in Chicago in 1894, Benny was the son of Eastern European emigres (his father was from Poland, his mother from Lithuania). He started studying violin at six and had enough talent to pursue a career in music, but his interests lay elsewhere, and by the time he was a teenager, he was working in vaudeville as a comedian who played the violin as part of poetry explication his act. Over time he developed into a “monologist,” the period term for what we now call a stand-up comedian, and he began appearing in films in 1929 and on network radio three years after that. Radio comedy, like silent film, is now an obsolete art form, but the marketing create needs, program formats that it fostered in the ’20s and ’30s all survived into the era of TV, and some of them flourish to this day. One, episodic situation comedy, was developed in large part by poetry examples, Jack Benny and his collaborators. Benny and Harry Conn, his first full-time writer, turned his weekly series, which started out as a variety show, into a weekly half-hour playlet featuring a regular cast of characters augmented by does or satisfy needs, guest stars.
Such playlets, relying as they did on a setting that was repeated from week to week, were easier to write than the free-standing sketches favored by Allen, Hope, and other ex-vaudevillians, and by the late ’30s, the sitcom had become a staple of radio comedy. The process, as documented by Fuller-Seeley, was a gradual one. The Jack Benny Program never broke entirely with the variety format, continuing to feature both guest stars (some of whom, like Ronald Colman, ultimately became semi-regular members of the show’s rotating ensemble of players) and explication songs sung by Dennis Day, a tenor who joined the cast in 1939. Nor was it the first radio situation comedy: Amos Andy , launched in 1928, was a soap-opera-style daily serial that also featured regular characters. Nevertheless, it was Benny who perfected the form, and his own character would become the prototype for Factors In Understanding Messages Essay countless later sitcom stars. The show’s pivotal innovation was to turn Benny and the other cast members into fictionalized versions of themselves—they were the stars of a radio show called “The Jack Benny Program.” Sadye Marks, Benny’s wife, played Mary Livingstone, his sharp-tongued secretary, with three other characters added as the self-reflexive concept took shape. Poetry Examples. Don Wilson, the stout, genial announcer, came on board in 1934. He was followed in 1936 by Phil Harris, Benny’s roguish bandleader, and, in malaysian economy 1939, by Day, Harris’s simple-minded vocalist. To this team was added a completely fictional character, Rochester Van Jones, Benny’s raspy-voiced, outrageously impertinent black valet, played by Eddie Anderson, who joined the cast in 1938. As these five talented performers coalesced into a tight-knit ensemble, the explication examples, jokey, vaudeville-style sketch comedy of the early episodes metamorphosed into sitcom-style scripts that portrayed their offstage lives, as well as the making of the show itself. Scarcely any conventional jokes were told, nor did Benny’s writers employ the topical and political references in which Allen and Hope specialized.
Instead, the show’s humor arose almost entirely from the close interplay of character and situation. Benny was not solely responsible for why did war happen the creation of this format, which was forged by poetry explication, Conn and perfected by his successors. Instead, he doubled as the star and producer—or, to use the modern term, show runner—closely supervising the writing of the double sword saying, scripts and directing the performances of the other cast members. In addition, he and Conn turned the character of explication examples Jack Benny from a sophisticated vaudeville monologist into the hapless butt of the Factors In Understanding the Media and Its Messages Essay, show’s humor, a vain, sexually inept skinflint whose character flaws were ceaselessly twitted by his colleagues, who in poetry explication turn were given most of the biggest laugh lines. This latter innovation was a direct reflection of Benny’s real-life personality. Legendary for his voluble appreciation of other comedians, he was content to respond to malaysian the wisecracking of his fellow cast members with exquisitely well-timed interjections like “Well!” and “Now, cut that out,” knowing that the comic spotlight would remain focused on the man of poetry examples whom they were making fun and secure in anasarca define the knowledge that his own comic personality was strong enough to let them shine without eclipsing him in explication examples the process.
And with each passing season, the culture, fictional personalities of Benny and his colleagues became ever more firmly implanted in the minds of their listeners, thus allowing the writers to get laughs merely by alluding to their now-familiar traits. At the same time, Benny and his writers never stooped to coasting on their familiarity. Even the funniest of the “cheap jokes” that were their stock-in-trade were invariably embedded in carefully honed dramatic situations that heightened their effectiveness. A celebrated case in point is the best-remembered laugh line in the history of The Jack Benny Program , heard in a 1948 episode in which a burglar holds Benny up on the street. “Your money or your life,” the burglar says—to which Jack replies, after a very long pause, “I’m thinking it over!” What makes this line so funny is, of poetry explication course, our awareness of malaysian Benny’s stinginess, reinforced by a decade and a half of poetry explication constant yet subtly varied repetition. What is not so well remembered is that the line is heard toward the end of an episode that aired shortly after Ronald Colman won an Oscar for his performance in A Double Life . Inspired by Factors In Understanding the Media Essay, this real-life event, the writers concocted an elaborately plotted script in which Benny talks Colman (who played his next-door neighbor on the show) into letting him borrow the Oscar to show to Rochester. It is on examples, his way home from this errand that Benny is held up, and malaysian the burglar not only robs him of poetry explication his money but also steals the revolution, statuette, a situation that was resolved to equally explosive comic effect in poetry explication examples the course of two subsequent episodes.
No mere joke-teller could have performed such dramatically complex scripts week after week with anything like Benny’s effectiveness. The secret of The Jack Benny Program was that its star, fully aware that he was not “being himself” but playing a part, did so with an actor’s skill. This was what led Ernst Lubitsch to cast him in To Be or Not to Be , in which he plays a mediocre Shakespearean tragedian, a character broadly related to but still quite different from the one who appeared on his own radio show. Double Edged Sword. As Lubitsch explained to Benny, who was skeptical about his ability to carry off the examples, part: A clown—he is a performer what is doing funny things.
A comedian—he is a performer what is saying funny things. Malaysian Economy. But you, Jack, you are an examples actor, you are an actor playing the the vietnam, part of explication examples a comedian and this you are doing very well. To Be or Not to Be also stands out from the rest of Benny’s work because he plays an identifiably Jewish character. The Jack Benny character that he played on radio and anasarca define TV, by contrast, was never referred to or explicitly portrayed as Jewish. To be sure, most listeners were in no doubt of his Jewishness, and not merely because Benny made no attempt in real life to conceal his ethnicity, of which he was by all accounts proud. The Jack Benny Program was written by poetry explication, Jews, and the ego-puncturing insults with which their scripts were packed, as well as the schlemiel-like aspect of Benny’s “fall guy” character, were quintessentially Jewish in style. As Benny explained in a 1948 interview cited by Fuller-Seeley: The humor of Factors In Understanding my program is poetry examples this: I’m a big shot, see?
I’m fast-talking. I’m a smart guy. I’m boasting about how marvelous I am. I’m a marvelous lover. I’m a marvelous fiddle player. Then, five minutes after I start shooting off my mouth, my cast makes a shmo out of me.
Even so, his avoidance of specific Jewish identification on the air is noteworthy precisely because his character was a miser. Create. At a time when overt anti-Semitism was still common in America, it is remarkable that Benny’s comic persona was based in large part on an anti-Semitic stereotype—yet one that seems not to examples have inspired any anti-Semitic attacks on Benny himself. When, in 1945, his writers came up with the idea of an “I Can’t Stand Jack Benny Because . . . ” write-in campaign, they received 270,000 entries. Only three made mention of his Jewishness. As for the winning entry, submitted by a California lawyer, it says much about what insulated Benny from such attacks: “He fills the air with boasts and brags / And obsolete, obnoxious gags / The way he plays his violin / Is music’s most obnoxious sin / His cowardice alone, indeed, / Is matched by his obnoxious greed / And all the things that he portrays / Show up MY OWN obnoxious ways.” It is clear that Benny’s foibles were seen by his listeners not as particular but universal, just as there was no harshness in the razzing of malaysian his fellow cast members, who very clearly loved the poetry examples, Benny character in spite of his myriad flaws. So, too, did the American people.
Several years after his TV series was cancelled, a corporation that was considering using him as a spokesman commissioned a national poll to find out does needs, how popular he was. It learned that only 3 percent of the respondents disliked him. Therein lay Benny’s triumph: He won total acceptance from the American public and did so by embodying a Jewish stereotype from which the poetry, sting of prejudice had been leached. Far from being a self-hating whipping boy for anti-Semites, he turned himself into WASP America’s Jewish uncle, preposterous yet lovable. W hen the bottom fell out of network radio, Benny negotiated the move to TV without a hitch, debuting on the small screen in culture revolution 1950 and bringing the poetry explication, radio version of The Jack Benny Program to a close five years later, making it one of the very last radio comedy series to shut up shop. Even after his weekly TV series was finally canceled by CBS in 1965, he continued to star in well-received one-shot specials on NBC. But Benny’s TV appearances, for Factors Messages all their charm, were never quite equal in quality to his radio work, which is why he clung to the radio version of The Jack Benny Program until network radio itself went under: Better than anyone else, he knew how good the show had been. For the rest of his life, he lived off the accumulated comic capital built up by 21 years of weekly radio broadcasts.
Now, at long last, he belongs to the ages, and The Jack Benny Program is a museum piece. Yet it remains hugely influential, albeit at one or more removes from the original. From The Dick Van Dyke Show and examples The Danny Thomas Show to Seinfeld , Everybody Loves Raymond , and The Larry Sanders Show , every ensemble-cast sitcom whose central character is In Understanding Messages a fictionalized version of its star is based on explication, Benny’s example. Double. And now that the ubiquity of the Web has made the radio version of his series readily accessible for poetry examples the first time, anyone willing to make the anasarca define, modest effort necessary to seek it out is in a position to discover that The Jack Benny Program , six decades after it left the air, is still as wonderfully, benignly funny as it ever was, a monument to the talent of the examples, man who, more than anyone else, made it so. Choose your plan and pay nothing for does create or satisfy six Weeks! For a very limited time, we are extending a six-week free trial on explication, both our subscription plans.
Put your intellectual life in order while you can. This offer is also valid for In Understanding the Media Messages existing subscribers wishing to purchase a gift subscription. Click here for more details. Review of 'The Transferred Life of explication examples George Eliot' By Philip Davis. Thomas L. Jeffers 2017-09-13.
The Transferred Life of George Eliot. Not that there’s any danger these theoretically protesting students would have read George Eliot’s works—not even the short one, Silas Marner (1861), which in an earlier day was assigned to high schoolers. Marketing Create Or Satisfy Needs. I must admit I didn’t find my high-school reading of Silas Marner a pleasant experience—sports novels for boys like John R. Tunis’s The Kid from Tomkinsville were inadequate preparation. I must confess, too, that when I was in graduate school, determined to study 17th-century English verse, my reaction to the suggestion that I should also read Middlemarch (1871–72) was “ What?! An 800-page novel by the guy who wrote Silas Marner ?” A friend patiently explained that “the guy” was actually Mary Ann Evans, born in 1819, died in 1880. Partly because she was living in sin with the poetry, literary jack-of-all-trades George Henry Lewes (legally and irrevocably bound to his estranged wife), she adopted “George Eliot” as a protective pseudonym when, in her 1857 debut, she published Scenes from Clerical Life . I did, many times over and with awe and delight, go on to read Middlemarch and the seven other novels, often in order to teach them to anasarca define college students. Students have become less and less receptive over the years. Forget modern-day objections to George Eliot’s complex political or religious views. Adam Bede (1859) and The Mill on the Floss (1860) were too hefty, and the triple-decked Middlemarch and Deronda , even if I set aside three weeks for them, rarely got finished. The middle 20th century was perhaps a more a propitious time for poetry explication examples appreciating George Eliot, Henry James, and other 19th-century English and American novelists. Influential teachers like F.R.
Leavis at Cambridge and Lionel Trilling at Columbia were then working hard to persuade students that the study of literature, not just poetry and drama but also fiction, matters both to their personal lives—the development of their sensibility or character—and to their wider society. The “moral imagination” that created Middlemarch enriches our minds by anasarca define, dramatizing the complications—the frequent blurring of good and evil—in our lives. Great novels help us cope with ambiguities and make us more tolerant of one another. Many of Leavis’s and Trilling’s students became teachers themselves, and for several decades the feeling of cultural urgency was sustained. In the 1970s, though, between the leftist emphasis on literature as “politics by other means” and the deconstructionist denial of the explication, possibility of any knowledge, literary or otherwise, independent of political power, the high seriousness of Leavis and Trilling began to fade. The study of does create or satisfy needs George Eliot and her life has gone through many stages. Directly after her death came the sanitized, hagiographic “life and letters” by J.W. Cross, the much younger man she married after Lewes’s death.
Gladstone called it “a Reticence in three volumes.” The three volumes helped spark, if they didn’t cause, the long reaction against poetry examples the Victorian sages generally that culminated in the dismissively satirical work of the Bloomsbury biographer and critic Lytton Strachey in his immensely influential Eminent Victorians (1916). Strachey’s mistreatment of his forbears was, with regard to George Eliot at least, tempered almost immediately by Virginia Woolf. War Happen. It was Woolf who in 1919 provocatively said that Middlemarch had been “the first English novel for adults.” Eventually, the poetry explication examples, critical tide against malaysian economy George Eliot was decisively reversed in the ’40s by Joan Bennett and explication examples Leavis, who made the inarguable case for her genuine and lasting achievement. That period of correction culminated in the 1960s with Gordon S. Haight’s biography and with interpretive studies by Barbara Hardy and the vietnam W.J. Harvey. Books on George Eliot over the last four decades have largely been written by specialists for specialists—on her manuscripts or working notes, and on her affiliations with the scientists, social historians, and competing novelists of her day. The same is true, only poetry examples more so, of the books written, with George Eliot as the ostensible subject, to promote deconstructionist or feminist agendas. Biographies have done a better job appealing to the common reader, not least because the woman’s own story is inherently compelling. Economy. The question right now is whether a book combining biographical and interpretive insight—one “pitched,” as publishers like to say, not just at poetry, experts but at the common reader—is past praying for. Philip Davis, a Victorian scholar and an editor at Oxford University Press, hopes not. His The Transferred Life of and Its Essay George Eliot —transferred, that is, from her own experience into her letters, journals, essays, and novels, and beyond them into us—deserves serious attention.
Davis is conscious that George Eliot called biographies of poetry explication examples writers “a disease of English literature,” both overeager to discover scandals and double sword saying too inclined to substitute day-to-day travels, relationships, dealings with publishers and so on, for critical attention to the books those writers wrote. Davis therefore devotes himself to poetry examples George Eliot’s writing. Alas, he presumes rather too much knowledge on double sword saying, the reader’s part of the day-to-day as charted in Haight’s marvelous life. (A year-by-year chronology at the front of the book would have helped even his fellow Victorianists.) As for George Eliot’s writing, Davis is determined to refute “what has been more or less said . . . in the schools of theory for poetry the last 40 years—that 19th-century realism is conservatively bland and unimaginative, bourgeois and parochial, not truly art at all.” His argument for the richness, breadth, and art of George Eliot’s realism—her factual and sympathetic depiction of poor and middling people, without omitting a candid representation of the rich—is most convincing. What looms largest, though, is the realist, the woman herself—the Mary Ann Evans who, from the letters to the novels, became first Marian Evans the does create, translator and essayist and then later “her own greatest character”: George Eliot the novelist. Davis insists that “the meaning of that person”—not merely the voice of her omniscient narrators but the omnipresent imagination that created the poetry explication, whole show—“has not yet exhausted its influence nor the larger future life she should have had, and may still have, in the world.” The transference of George Eliot’s experience into does marketing create her fiction is unquestionable: In The Mill on the Floss , for example, Mary Ann is poetry Maggie, and her brother Isaac is anasarca define Tom Tulliver.
Davis knows that a better word might be transmutation, as George Eliot had, in Henry James’s words, “a mind possessed,” for “the creations which brought her renown were of the incalculable kind, shaped themselves in mystery, in some intellectual back-shop or secret crucible, and were as little as possible implied in the aspect of her life.” No data-accumulating biographer, even the most exhaustive, can account for that “incalculable . . . mystery.” Which is why Davis, like a good teacher, gives us exercises in “close reading.” He pauses to consider how a George Eliot sentence balances or turns on explication, an easy-to-skip-over word or phrase—the balance or turn often representing a moment when the novelist looks at Factors the Media and Its Messages, what’s on the underside of the cards. George Eliot’s style is subtle because her theme is subtle. Take D.H. Lawrence’s favorite heroine, the adolescent Maggie Tulliver. The external event in The Mill on the Floss may be the poetry explication, girl’s impulsive cutting off her unruly hair to why did spite her nagging aunts, or the young woman’s drifting down the river with a superficially attractive but truly impossible boyfriend. Examples. But the real “action” is Maggie’s internal self-blame and self-assertion. No Victorian novelist was better than George Eliot at malaysian, tracing the explication, psychological development of, say, a husband and wife who realize they married each other for anasarca define shallow reasons, are unhappy, and now must deal with the ordinary necessities of balancing the domestic budget—Lydgate and Rosamund in Middlemarch —or, in poetry examples the same novel, the religiously inclined Dorothea’s mistaken marriage to the old scholar Casaubon. That mistake precipitates not merely disenchantment and an unconscious longing for love with someone else, but (very finely) a quest for culture revolution a religious explanation of and guide through her quandary.
It’s the poetry examples, religio-philosophical side of George Eliot about which Davis is does create strongest—and weakest. Her central theological idea, if one may simplify, was that the poetry, God of the anasarca define, Bible didn’t exist “out there” but was a projection of the imagination of the explication, people who wrote it. Jesus wasn’t, in Davis’s characterization of her view, “the impervious divine, but [a man who] shed tears and why did suffered,” and examples died feeling forsaken. Does Create Needs. “This deep acceptance of so-called weakness was what most moved Marian Evans in her Christian inheritance. It was what God was for.” That is, the character of Jesus, and the dramatic play between him and his Father, expressed the human emotions we and George Eliot are all too familiar with. Poetry Explication Examples. The story helps reconcile us to what is, finally, inescapable suffering. George Eliot came to this demythologized understanding not only of Judaism and Christianity but of all religions through her contact first with a group of intellectuals who lived near Coventry, then with two Germans she translated: David Friedrich Strauss, whose 1,500-page Life of anasarca define Jesus Critically Examined (1835–36) was for her a slog, and Ludwig Feuerbach, whose Essence of Christianity (1841) was for her a joy. Also, in the search for the universal morality that Strauss and Feuerbach believed Judaism and Christianity expressed mythically, there was Spinoza’s utterly non-mythical Ethics (1677).
It was seminal for her—offering, as Davis says, “the intellectual origin for freethinking criticism of the Bible and for the replacement of religious superstition and examples dogmatic theology by malaysian economy, pure philosophic reason.” She translated it into explication examples English, though her version did not appear until 1981. I wish Davis had left it there, but he takes it too far. He devotes more than 40 pages—a tenth of the whole book—to her three translations, taking them as a mother lode of ideational gold whose tailings glitter throughout her fiction. These 40 pages are followed by 21 devoted to Herbert Spencer, the Victorian hawker of why did the vietnam theories-of-everything (his 10-volume System of poetry explication Synthetic Philosophy addresses biology, psychology, sociology, and the Media and Its Messages Essay ethics). She threw herself at the feet of explication this intellectual huckster, and culture though he rebuffed her painfully amorous entreaties, she never ceased revering him. Alas, Spencer was a stick—the kind of philosopher who was incapable of emotion.
And she was his intellectual superior in poetry every way. The chapter is largely unnecessary. The book comes back to life when Davis turns to George Henry Lewes, the man who gave Mary Ann Evans the In Understanding the Media and Its Messages Essay, confidence to become George Eliot—perhaps the greatest act of loving mentorship in all of literature. Poetry Examples. Like many prominent Victorians, Lewes dabbled in all the arts and revolution sciences, publishing highly readable accounts of them for a general audience. His range was as wide as Spencer’s, but his personality and poetry examples writing had an irrepressible verve that Spencer could only have envied. Lewes was a sort Stephen Jay Gould yoked to Daniel Boorstin, popularizing other people’s findings and concepts, and coming up with a few of his own. He regarded his Sea-Side Studies (1860) as “the book . . . which was to me the malaysian, most unalloyed delight,” not least because Marian, whom he called Polly, had helped gather the data. She told a friend “There is so much happiness condensed in it!
Such scrambles over rocks, and peeping into clear pool [sic], and explication examples strolls along the pure sands, and fresh air mingling with fresh thoughts.” In his remarkably intelligent 1864 biography of Factors In Understanding the Media Messages Goethe, Lewes remarks that the poet “knew little of the companionship of two souls striving in emulous spirit of loving rivalry to become better, to become wiser, teaching each other to soar.” Such a companionship Lewes and George Eliot had in spades, and some of Davis’s best passages describe it. Regrettably, Davis also offers many passages well below the poetry explication, standard of saying his best—needlessly repeating an examples already established point or obfuscating the obvious. Still, The Transferred Lives is the does create needs, most formidably instructive, and certainly complete, life-and-works treatment of George Eliot we have. Choose your plan and pay nothing for six Weeks! For a very limited time, we are extending a six-week free trial on both our subscription plans.
Put your intellectual life in explication examples order while you can. This offer is also valid for anasarca define existing subscribers wishing to purchase a gift subscription. Click here for more details.
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essays modern dance These subject guidelines should be read in poetry explication examples, conjunction with the Assessment Criteria. An extended essay in dance provides students with an opportunity to focus on a topic in anasarca define, dance of explication examples particular interest to them. In consultation with the In Understanding and Its supervisor, the poetry student should carefully choose a topic of special interest, keeping in mind the why did availability of sources required to research it. The student is encouraged to develop a plan and structure for the research before its commencement, then to proceed in a disciplined and imaginative way to explication, arrive at a logical, and preferably personal, conclusion. Dance as expressive movement with intent, purpose and form that communicates through the body and gesture of the war happen dancer should be at poetry examples the heart of an double extended essay in dance. A particular dance or a particular style of dance may be chosen as the poetry explication examples core focus of the extended essay. Students should strive fora coherent verbal analysis and interpretation of one or more dances in relation to the chosen research question. Although the dance itself is of primary importance, consideration should be given to the role of the dance, dance styles or traditions within their cultural context, in terms of their historical and current practice, as well as their social, religious, political and/or intellectual significance. Choice of topic. The first crucial stage in writing an extended essay is the choice of topic and the framing of a research question.
A research question (or a title) should imply the overall scope of the Essay essay without unduly restricting its development. The chosen topic may be inspired by one or several of the following areas of poetry interest. (Please note, this is not an double edged exhaustive list but is intended for guidance only.) Aspects of the Diploma Programme dance course (for Diploma Programme dance students) Performances of dance Dance cultures and traditions that students encounter Personal contact with choreographers or arrangers of dances, and/or dancers Direct involvement in the making of dances Film, video, DVD or Internet dance presentations Personal interests/concerns about the field of dance. Students should note that the Diploma Programme dance course includes assessment components in poetry explication examples, performance, composition and analysis, and world dance investigation. Those who choose to write an extended essay in dance should focus on a research question that has no common ground with the material of their world dance investigation.
The following examples of titles for dance extended essays are intended as guidance only. The pairings Illustrate that focused topics (indicated by the first title) should be encouraged rather than broad topics (indicated by the second title). The influence of historic modern dance in the mid-20th century on the work of choreographer Lin Hwai Min, artistic director of the Cloud Gate Dance Theatre (in Taiwan) is better than Modern dance in Taiwan. The role of ritual in Afro-Caribbean dance in selected works of Katherine Dunham is better than Ritual in Afro-Caribbean dance. Culture Revolution? The impact of Rudolph Nureyev on poetry, the style of male dancing in the Royal Ballet (of Britain ) is better than Male dancing in the Royal Ballet tot Britain). 'The influence of Gregory Hines on the re-emergence of why did rhythm tap dance in the United States as a theatrical dance form is better than 'Tap dance in the United States. Treatment of the topic. The structure of the extended essay is important to its success.
A listing of information alone does not fulfill the requirements of the extended essay . The essay should, therefore, express a reasoned argument (hypothesis): a point of view that is presented logically. When the research topic has been established, it is suggested that the student makes a research plan that allows for some flexibility as the poetry examples essay develops, The research plan should take account of what information is available, or what might become available. The range of materials used will vary according to malaysian economy, the topic but it is important that adequate sources are accessible, though not necessarily too easily accessible. Sometimes the hunt for information can be part of the challenge and become pa rt of the essay itself. The viewing of poetry explication examples performances and edged sword participation in classes and/or workshops directly pertaining to the chosen topic can be excellent primary sources for the investigation. If these opportunities are not available to poetry examples, the student, then dance references in relevant film, video, DVD and Internet sources, as well as dance notation and photographs of dance performances, are also considered primary sources. Double Edged? Interviews with practitioners are also recognized as primary source material. Poetry Examples? It may be appropriate to include transcripts of why did the vietnam war happen such interviews , or extracts from them, in an appendix to the essay, although students should be aware that transcription is very time-consuming. For an poetry essay on dance , it may be that a pertinent statement from a dance practitioner quoted in a book will be regarded as a primary source.
However, absolute reliance on textbooks and malaysian economy the Internet is discouraged and no extended essay in dance should be based exclusively on such sources. Explication? Textbooks and the Internet should only be consulted if they encourage direct and personal involvement in the essay topic or if they stimulate original ideas and provide models for the structure of the essay. It should be noted that access to film and videotape only became available in the early to mid 20th century. Why Did The Vietnam War Happen? Until that time, the repeated viewing of performances necessary for scholarly analysis was not readily available. In dance, the explication student faces a challenge in researching specific works when live performance, videotape and/or film recordings are not available. While the music notation system that first developed during the Renaissance in Europe is still in broad use today, dance notation systems have radically changed and earlier systems are not used other than for purposes of reconstruction.
Furthermore, contemporary dance notation systems are used predominantly by professional dance notators and ethnologists, and are not accessible to most dancers and choreographers. In the dance field, these notation systems serve principally archival and reconstruction purposes. It should also be noted that only a small number of masterpieces from particular styles and cultures have been notated. However, ancient dance manuals do exist. Because of the challenges stated previously regarding the limited availability of historical dance sources, it is of great importance for students writing a dance extended essay to double edged sword saying, focus at least part of their research on explication examples, a present-day issue to allow primary sources to anasarca define, be consulted. In summary, wherever possible, students should rely on examples, primary sources to support the argument (performances, film, video, DVD, notation, interviews) and use secondary sources (textbooks and the Internet) as evidential support. Students are expected to evaluate critically the sources consulted during the process of writing the essay, by asking themselves the following questions. Which sources are vital to the support of my ideas, opinions and assertions? Which sources do not contribute to the analysis? Many different approaches to the Media Messages, the research question can be appropriate, for instance: use of primary sources (dance and dancers) and poetry explication examples secondary sources (material about dance) in culture, order to establish and appraise varying interpretations analysis of poetry explication sources (primary and secondary) to explore and explain particular aspects of dance use of or satisfy primary source material for an analysis, with emphasis on a particular aspect of explication dance the collection and analysis of transmitted dance performances, leading to a comparison of anasarca define similar or different forms of dance.
It may further assist a student in refining the focus of his or her research if, beyond the topic and research question, a succinct statement is produced that outlines the overall approach of the investigation. An example of this might be the explication examples following. Topic Lin Hwai Min's choreography. Research questions The influence of American modern dance of the mid-20th century on Lin Hwai Min's choreography. Approach Specific analysis of the choreography of Martha Graham and the vietnam identification of the influence her work had on the choreography of poetry Lin Hwai Min, artistic director of the Cloud Gate Dance Theatre (in Taiwan). Students should also demonstrate awareness of In Understanding the Media and Its Messages other issues surrounding the dance studied such as the following.
Do I show an explication awareness of the value and limitations of the dance I am studying through analysing its origin and purpose? Do I show a consistently good understanding of dance in edged, setting the research question into context and addressing it fully and effectively? Relevant outcomes of this analysis should be integrated into poetry explication, the student's argument. The argument should also be well substantiated and students should consider the following questions. With what evidence do I support my comments and conclusions? Is this evidence relevant and Factors In Understanding the Media and Its Essay well founded, and not based simply on explication examples, my preconceptions? Finally, an extended essay in dance is a formal essay, so students must pay very careful attention to the requirements of the assessment criteria. Frequent reference to the assessment criteria by both the supervisor and the student will help keep a sharper focus on the project . Interpreting the why did assessment criteria.
Criterion A: research question. Although the aim of the essay can best be defined in the form of a question, it may also be presented as a statement or proposition for discussion. It must be specific, sharply focused and appropriate to the particular area of dance being explored. It must also be centred on dance, and explication not on peripheral areas such as biography and social issues. It must be stated clearly early on in the essay.
Note that larger-scale dance works or groups of pieces may limit the possibility of In Understanding the Media Messages effective treatment within the word limit. Criterion B: introduction. The introduction should relate the research question to existing subject knowledge. Poetry Explication? It should be clear and concise: it is not an sword opportunity to poetry explication, pad out the essay with preliminary statements of does marketing arguments that will be restated fully in the body of the essay. Criterion C: investigation. The range of sources available will be influenced by examples, various factors but above all by the topic chosen. Students should include primary sources wherever possible, using secondary sources as evidential support. The proper planning of an essay should involve interrogating source material in light of the research question, so that the views of other dancers and dance scholars are used to support the malaysian student's own argument, and not as a substitute for that argument. It may thus be helpful for a student to challenge a statement by a dancer or dance scholar, in reference to the dance being studied, instead of simply agreeing with it, where there is evidence to poetry explication, support such a challenge. If students make use of Internet-based sources, they should do so critically and circumspectly in full awareness of their potential unreliability.
Criterion D: knowledge and understanding of the topic studied. Students are expected to demonstrate a knowledge and understanding of the dance, dance styles or traditions chosen within their cultural context, in terms of their historical and current practice, social, religious, political and/or intellectual significance. Criterion E: reasoned argument. Students should be aware of the need to present their essays as a logical development of an argument. Personal views should not simply be stated but need to be supported by reasoned argument to Factors In Understanding the Media Essay, persuade the reader of their validity. Straightforward descriptive or narrative accounts that lack analysis do not usually advance an explication argument and should be avoided. Criterion F: application of analytical and evaluative skills appropriate to the subject. Students should convey accurate and consistent analysis and evaluation of the movement qualities and aesthetic and/or cultural intentions of the dance worlds). Criterion G: use of language appropriate to the vietnam, the subject. There should be evidence of familiarity with, and the accurate and effective use of, dance terminology.
Some dance forms, such as ballet and East Indian dance, have particular words to describe movement and movement phrases. The meaning of these terms needs to be-made clear in explication examples, the essay. Criterion H: conclusion. Consistent is the revolution key word here: the conclusion should develop out of the argument and poetry explication examples not introduce new or extraneous matter. It should not repeat the material of the introduction; rather, it should present a new synthesis in light of the discussion. Criterion l: formal presentation. This criterion relates to the extent to which the essay conforms to academic standards about the the Media Essay way in poetry, which research papers should be presented. The presentation of essays that omit a bibliography or that do not give references for quotations is deemed unacceptable (level 0), Essays that omit one of the required elementstitle page,table of contents, page numbersare deemed no better than satisfactory (maximum level 2), while essays that omit two of the vietnam war happen them are deemed poor at best (maximum level 1).
Criterion J: abstract. The abstract is judged on examples, the clarity with which it presents an the vietnam overview of the research and the essay, not on explication examples, the quality of the research question itself, nor on the quality of the argument or the conclusions. Criterion K: holistic judgment. Qualities that are rewarded under this criterion include the following. Intellectual initiative : Ways of demonstrating this in dance essays include the choice of topic and research question, locating and Factors the Media Messages Essay using a range of sources, including some that may have been little used previously or generated for the study for instance, transcripts of oral interviews). Insight and depth of understanding: These are most likely to be demonstrated as a consequence of detailed research, reflection that is poetry explication examples, thorough and well-informed, and culture reasoned argument that consistently and poetry explication effectively addresses the why did the vietnam research question.
Creativity: In dance essays, this includes qualities such as new and inventive approaches to dance analysis, new approaches to well-worn or popular topics.