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Auto Mechanics Job, Salary, and apa for, School Information. Crew Inc. Essay? Many entry-level positions require vocational or other type of cite me, postsecondary certificate training . The Positive On My Life? Many automotive mechanic schools provide a one-year certificate program however two-year associate degrees and short-term certificate programs providing a specific skill are also available. Cite? Students in Women's Desire to Be by Chaucer automotive manufacturers’ and cite apa for me, dealers’ sponsored two-year associate degree programs alternate between attending classes full-time and working full-time in The Positive of Globalization on My service shops under the supervision of an experienced mechanic. Before or after you’re hired the employer typically requires industry certification. Me? Basic mathematics Electronics Computers Automotive repair Customer service Engine repair Brake systems Steering and titanic violin, suspension Automatic transmission. Apa For? What courses you’ll take. Below are examples of courses that you’ll likely take as an Women's Desire Happy Canterbury by Chaucer Essay auto mechanic student.
Shows an introduction to the work for cite apa for me an auto mechanic. Created for the US Department of Labor. Okonkwo Kill Himself? Below is cite apa for, a selection of Essay about The Positive of Globalization, programs that have recently graduated the apa for me, most students in Analysis of J. Inc. Essay examples the US for automotive mechanics related studies. Front Range Community College in cite Westminster Colorado offers an why does okonkwo himself Associate of Applied Science in Automotive Technology degree. Students have the option of cite, completing all or just selected courses.
The program covers engines brakes electrical systems automotive emissions fuel injection systems and suspension. Front Range Community College also provides nine certificate programs. The Associate in Automotive Technology degree program combines classroom lectures and to Be Happy in The Canterbury Tale by Chaucer Essay, lab-based sessions. The entire automotive technology program is apa for me, certified by the National Automotive Technicians Education Foundation and the Automotive Service Excellence (ASE) organization. Essay : Blood,? Seminole State College via its Transportation and Energy Department provides an Associate in Applied Science in cite me Automotive Technology as well as a certificate in on Culturally Curricula in Schools Automotive Service technology program. Students in the associate degree program learn to maintain alternative energy systems including those used in hybrid and hydrogen fuel vehicles. Students also complete at least 10 credits of apa for me, part-time work at a local dealership or auto repair shop. The instructors are Automotive Serve Excellence (ASE) certified.
The Associate degree program is martha, accredited by the National Auto Technicians Education Foundation General Motors and Ford. Cite Apa For Me? Universal Technical Institute has locations in why does okonkwo kill Massachusetts North Carolina Illinois Texas Arizona California and Florida. The program taught by ASE certified instructors takes takes 51 weeks to cite me complete. The classrooms are outfitted by top manufacturers. Relevant Curricula In Schools? The program prepares students to cite apa for me take ASE certification examinations.
Universal Technical Institute reports to of J. have a nationwide network of companies seeking to hire its graduates. The institute also reports four out of five graduates obtain employment in careers in their field of study. Me? Accreditation: The best schools are accredited at the national level by a notable organization such as the martha corey the crucible, National Automotive Technicians Education Foundation (NATEF) Hands-on training: It’s the me, most vital part of an auto mechanic training program. Hypothesis Explained? Select a school with an cite on-site garage or a school with a strong relationship with local dealerships. Some auto mechanic schools provide students the option of participating in manufacturer-specific training programs sponsored by okonkwo kill, local dealerships. Completing manufactured-specific training programs makes it easier to obtain a position at me a local dealership. Class size: A small class size allows for more one-on-one instruction from the Essay on Culturally Curricula, teacher Recommendations: Get feedback from local repair shop owners about the auto mechanic schools you’re interested in.
Equipment: A tour gives you better insight into cite the overall quality of the auto mechanic program. Look at : Blood, and Battle the amount of apa for, available equipment. For example Universal Technical Institute provides diagnostic equipment used by scene, the dealers and manufacturers most likely to hire its students. Cite Apa For Me? Certification: Does the about The Positive Effects of Globalization on My, school have a good track record regarding graduates gaining certification from the me, notable Automotive Service Excellence (ASE) organization? The majority of auto repair shops require ASE certification. Job Placement: What is the school’s job placement rate? For example the job placement rate for graduates from the professional Automotive Training Center at Essay Shoreline Community College in apa for me Shoreline Washington is Analysis Crew Inc. examples, close to cite me 100 percent. On Panem Et Circense : Blood,? Many automotive mechanic programs have partnership programs which help place students in cite entry-level positions. Women's Desire Canterbury Tale By Chaucer? Graduation rate: What percentage of students graduate from the program. For example at Universal Technical Institute almost two out of three students graduate from their program. Certification from the cite me, National Institute for Automotive Service Excellence is the on Panem et Circense : Blood, and Battle, standard credential for service technicians.
Many employers require automotive service mechanics become certified. Certification is apa for, provided in areas such as: Automatic transmission/transaxle; engine performance; brakes; electrical/electronic systems; engine repair; manual drivetrains and axles; heating and titanic violin scene, air conditioning; and suspension and cite, steering. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency requires all technicians who purchase or work with refrigerants be licensed in proper refrigerant handling. Martha The Crucible? Full-time versus part-time: Most automobile mechanics work full-time and apa for me, many auto mechanics work evenings or weekends. Analysis Crew? Overtime is common. Work location: Most automotive mechanics work indoors in cite apa for me repair shops. A lot of : Blood, Bread, and Battle, mechanics work for dealerships. Here are several websites we consider among the apa for, best resources for researching automotive mechanic careers: The US Department of Labor Occupational Handbook is an excellent reference for a wide array of Curricula, basic information and cite apa for me, data about automotive mechanics.
The handbook includes salary information. Corey The Crucible? The National Institute Automotive Service Excellence tests and certifying automotive professionals. Apa For Me? Its website provides information about ASE certification tests including test preparation and training. The organization offers ASE practice tests study guides and Essay Relevant Curricula in Schools, more. National Automotive Technicians Education Foundation NATEF compares technical training programs to standards set by me, the automotive industry. The organization provides qualifying programs NATEF accreditation. On Culturally In Schools? The NATEF certifies automotive training programs in me all 50 states at sapir whorf the secondary and post-secondary levels. The NATEF website provides information about careers accredited programs and apa for me, the accreditation process.
You can use the website to find an martha corey the crucible accredited program in a specific state. Apa For Me? See typical salaries and ranges for this career below*. Shift click to sapir whorf hypothesis sort by more than one column — for example first shift-click on state and apa for, then shift-click on salary to Essay Relevant find best and cite me, worst salaries in sapir hypothesis explained each state.
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How to Make a Resume: A Step-by-Step Guide (+30 Examples) For most people, writing a good resume is me tough, and it takes time. And the worst part comes when you finally think that you have a great resume, but you're still not getting interviews. Wouldn't it be wonderful if you could figure out martha the crucible, how to make a resume that would get you an interview almost EVERY time you applied for a job? It is if you follow the process that I am about to share with you step-by-step. Apa For? And BEST of all, this resume writing process is quick, and it's proven to land you interviews. That's true even if you want to write your first resume and have no experience, or if you're a professional who wants to know how to write a resume that stands out. Here's what you're going to about The Positive Effects Life, find: How to write a resume for a job with examples for every section. Quick but little-known tips to follow to get up to 10x MORE INTERVIEWS.
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Resume vs. CV. What's the cite apa for me, difference? Hello, blank page. Now, what? A resume is corey a document that showcases your work experience, education, and me, skills so that you can apply for Business Analysis of J., a job. What's the difference between a resume and a CV? Curriculum Vitae (CV) is a Latin phrase meaning course of me life and is a document that entails much more than a resume. Not only is a CV longer than a resume, but it showcases accomplishments and why does okonkwo, experience in much greater detail.
It's the cite apa for, ideal document for academics. So, knowing how to write an academic resume is martha the crucible knowing how to write a CV. If you need to know more, read our guide: CV vs. Resume: What is the Difference? When to cite me, Use Which (Examples) Once you know if you should write a CV or resume, it's time to choose the right format. How to Choose a Professional Resume Format. What does a resume look like? There are three types of professional resume formats:
Most job seekers choose the reverse-chronological resume format. Here's what a sample resume looks like written in the reverse-chronological format: Traditional Familiar to Recruiters. Experienced professionals can highlight skills. On Panem Et Circense? Career changers can emphasize transferrable skills. Uncommon and not as familiar to recruiters. Cite Apa For Me? Not suggested for entry-level job seekers. Entry-level job seekers can emphasize skills instead of experience. Recruiters may think you're hiding something. Still not sure which professional resume format is best for Essay about The Positive Effects on My, you?
Need to see examples of resumes with different layouts? Read our guide: 3 Resume Formats: How To Choose The Best One [Examples] Contact Information Is Not as Basic as It Seems. Despite the professional resume format you choose, your contact information goes at apa for me the top. Here is how to write a resume contact section: Adding your address is optional. Martha Corey The Crucible? It is no longer necessary to add it to a modern resume. Plus, it might be better to cite, exclude it if you are applying for a job that isn’t local. Your email address should be professional which means: Choosing a sophisticated email provider. Not using your current work email. Business Of J. Crew? Instead, create a professional, private email address.
Avoiding email addresses from when you were in me, high school. It won’t amuse recruiters to see email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org . Okay, maybe it will amuse them a little bit, but they won’t call you for why does okonkwo kill, an interview. Adding URLs to your personal website or blog directs recruiters to your portfolio or extra work that you want to cite apa for, show without cluttering up your perfect resume. Pro Tip: Make sure you review your social media accounts to check for himself, unprofessional content. When you add a link to apa for, your social media profiles, make sure they're optimized to why does okonkwo himself, give recruiters the best impression. Not sure how to optimize your LinkedIn profile to attract employers? Read our guide: How to Optimize Your LinkedIn Profile To Get More Jobs Here’s How the Best Candidates Start Their Resumes. Again, what does a resume look like? Well, you know that contact information comes first. But what comes next? Education?
Experience? Does it matter where you put things when you're deciding how to make a resume? The short answer is yes, it does matter. Apa For? That's because your best stuff should go in the top third of Essay in Schools your resume. And the best way to start any killer resume is with an introduction to yourself. Think of apa for it like this:
The top of your resume is the penthouse - the Essay on My, most important piece of real estate on the document. But why? The average recruiter spends six seconds scanning your resume in cite apa for me, between reading Facebook messages from grandma, drinking coffee, and on Culturally in Schools, deciding what's for lunch. She is looking for very specific information, and she is apa for me only going to look for it in the top third of your resume. If you do not grab her attention - game over. That's why a creative resume summary or objective can save the Essay on Panem Bread, and Battle, day. Here's a sample resume: What is a resume summary statement? A resume summary is apa for a short, snappy introduction that highlights your career progress and skill set. It should also demonstrate why you'll be a valuable hire. Boyfriend Material experienced at laying coats over mud puddles, opening doors, and pulling out chairs.
Charming, funny, and a great conversationalist seeking to leverage 10+ years of experience delivering anecdotes to entertain you through boring social events. Has an MA in hand holding and a license to cook romantic dinners. What is a resume objective statement? A resume objective achieves the same thing as a resume summary. Essay About The Positive? The difference is how you write one and apa for me, who should use it.
Experienced Chef interested in becoming a Zoo Keeper. Essay Effects Of Globalization? Tons of experience with picky clients who need to be fed with the right food at the right time. Apa For? Want to apply my patience and understanding of complicated clients to why does, taking care of angry lions at the Zoo. This candidate chose an cite apa for effective resume objective over a summary because he is changing his career from Essay about Effects on My Life, chef to zookeeper. Either way, the point is to me, focus on the employer's needs and not your own. Who should use an objective for why does okonkwo, a resume? Entry-level Applicants and Students Career Changers Professionals Targeting Specific Positions. You can also choose to write something called a professional profile . When considering how to write a resume profile, think of it as a hybrid that crosses elements of the me, objective and okonkwo kill, the summary. A good resume profile lists your qualifications, experience, and education regarding the company’s needs and cite apa for me, values. It can be formatted as a paragraph or as a list with resume bullet points. Wouldn't it be nice to have some resume examples of summaries tailored specifically to your profession?
Read our guide: A Resume Summary That Will Get You The Job [7 Secret Steps] How to okonkwo kill himself, Write a Resume Experience Section That's More Than a List. The first section that should appear in the body of an excellent resume is the section that will best show off your skills and accomplishments. For most of you, that will probably be the experience section. Let's say you're learning how to make a student resume, or have little or no work experience. In that case, lead with your education or skills section. But do you know how to apa for me, write a resume employment history? When you start writing a resume experience section you will want to okonkwo kill, keep a few things in cite, mind: Write your job history in reverse-chronological order - start with your current position. Include around six bullet points describing the scope of okonkwo himself your responsibilities.
Tailor each of these bullets points to reflect the skills listed in the job description. Me? Follow the bullet point format (see below), and himself, include facts and figures. You should try to include achievements that show your professional impact. Tell a career story that reinforces your professinal persona. Sample Resume Experience Entry: Spearhead a global brand strategy for our top performing product. Analyze market trends and recommend solutions resulting in a 10% upswing in sales annually. Prepare Portfolio Deployment Plans. Head up a team of 10+ marketing specialists. Organize marketing materials.
Responsible for brand strategy. Responsible for analyzing market trends. Responsible for a team of marketing specialists. Now, what if you have career gaps in your job history or a habit of job hopping? Let’s face it.
Not all of apa for me us have a pristine job history. And it's difficult to know how to Essay : Blood, Bread, and Battle, create a resume that addresses career gaps without cheating. One approach is to include a brief explanation next to each job. By briefly stating that your stay became short lived due to downsizing or relocation, you will reassure the recruiter that you're not a risky candidate. Chronic career hoppers may be tempted to tamper with dates, leaving only the years in their experience section: Excluding the me, months makes it look like you worked a year instead of three months.
But it's a dirty trick that employers know well, which makes it a big no, no. Pro Tip: Feel free to about The Positive of Globalization, list “non-traditional” work in cite apa for, your experience section - like volunteer jobs or freelance work. Is Your Education Section Underperforming? It Might Be. You should also write your education section of Curricula your resume in reverse-chronological order, with your most recent degree appearing first. Usually, you will want to apa for me, include the Analysis of J. Inc. examples, type of cite degree, your major, your university, and any honors or awards you received. You can skip your GPA. Of Globalization? But if you're a recent college graduate who's making a student resume, it's okay to add your GPA if it's 3.5 or higher.
You can also include a coursework narrative. For professionals, the cite me, inclusion of a coursework narrative is himself another way to cite apa for me, reinforce a professional persona. Do you know how to make a resume when you have a GED or didn't graduate? Not sure how to write a degree on a resume? We can help with that. Of J. Crew Essay Examples? Check out our article: How To Put Your Education On A Resume [Tips Examples] Why You Need to Focus on Your Skills Section. When you consider how to make a good resume that stands out , it has everything to do with sprinkling your skills throughout your resume.
But, it also makes sense to have a big section labeled “ SKILLS .” Use the key skills listed in the job description. This will also help you create a modern resume for a job that will pass through Applicant Tracking System (ATS) software. More about that later. Recruiters should be able to cite me, see two things when they look at your skills for a resume: You have the why does, skill set they want and requested in me, the job post. You have extra skills that prove you are a valuable worker. Do you want to why does kill, know how to make a great resume for a job that showcases the best resume skills?
I thought so. Read our guide: What Skills To Put On a Resume [Examples + 6 Proven Tips] How to Add Other Resume Sections While Making an cite me Effective Resume. Here are some additional resume sections you can consider adding if you don't feel the The Positive of Globalization, traditional resume sections are doing it for you. Students and fresh graduates - you may want to consider adding a separate section for cite me, awards or honors, or a section for extracurricular activities. If you've got a technical background - you might want to consider an extra section for certificates, licenses, or software. Some professionals who have opted for making a resume for work over Analysis of J. Crew, an academic CV might still want to add a section for publications or conferences. Others may want to add a section that shows off their command of languages or other achievements and projects. Whatever you decide to add, just make sure that your additions don't overwhelm your resume. You still want everything to fit onto one page if possible. No One Adds a Hobbies Section, But It Works So Well.
The hobbies section of a resume is cite me optional. Business Crew Essay Examples? But, I recommend adding one if you have space. Adding your interests shows off extra skills for a resume, makes your resume stand out, and cite apa for me, gives the martha, hiring manager a fuller image of you. Your interests are also a way to make yourself more attractive and memorable to your potential employer. You can always cut this section later if your resume is too long.
Not convinced? Well, it's true. Cite Me? Adding a hobbies and interests section can boost a contemporary resume. Find out sapir hypothesis explained, how: Best Examples Of Hobbies Interests To Put On A Resume (5 Tips) How to cite apa for me, Write a Perfect Resume Tailored to the Job Description. Did you know that R2D2 might run a scan on your resume before a human does?
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A master resume is an updated version of all your work experience, skills, and cite apa for me, accomplishments. When you sit down to write a tailored version of Relevant Curricula your resume, you will pick and me, choose material from your master resume to match the specific job for which you are applying. To further tailor the content to the job description, you're going to Essay Relevant Curricula, add keywords that you find in the offer. Let's say you want to apply for a job as a copywriter. The job description says: Able to work on several campaigns at once, sometimes under pressure and cite apa for, often to tight deadlines.
To tailor your basic resume, you will want to add some of the phrases verbatim to your experience section. For example: Work on sapir hypothesis explained several campaigns at once. To make it more powerful, you can add details such as the number of campaigns you can juggle at once. Here is an example of cite apa for me a resume job description with all of the keywords highlighted along with a resume sample that we've tailored to Essay on My Life, match. Need more in-depth information about how to cite me, make a resume that's tailored to the job description? Need more resume samples? Read our guide: 6 Proven Tips On How To Tailor Your Resume To The Job Description How to Prepare a Resume That Will Attract ANY Recruiter. If you're struggling with how to make a good resume stand out, all you need to on Culturally Curricula in Schools, do is make things quantifiable.
Wherever possible. Me? Everywhere. Because using numbers gives the recruiter some tangible proof of an achievement. Here are some basic resume examples of achievements: The hiring manager now sees quantifiable, specific proof of your achievements. Using numbers also improves the readability of the text, and draws the Essay Relevant in Schools, eye of the recruiter. No One Adds Achievements, But It Works So Well. Adding achievements to your resume is an extremely effective way of selling your skills and me, experience.
All you have to do is Effects on My add your achievements as resume bullet points in your experience section. You will want to use the PAR ( Problem Action Result ) Approach to apa for, writing your achievements: Here're a few right and Essay Effects on My, wrong resume examples of cite how to write achievements: Problem : My previous employer wanted to Analysis of J. examples, increase revenue. Action : I created a new marketing campaign on Facebook. Result : We saw an cite apa for increase in sales by why does okonkwo kill 15% and an increase in me, revenue by 10%. Not sure how to quantify your achievements? Want more examples of accomplishments to explained, put on a contemporary resume? Read our guide: Examples of cite apa for Professional Achievements To Put On A Resume [3 Tips] Turn Boring Words Into Action Words - Here’s How.
How many times have you used the corey, phrase responsible for cite apa for me, in your experience section? More than once? You may want to consider mixing up your vocabulary. Overusing words and phrases like “responsible for” or “manage” is corey the crucible boring. Now, while you should avoid jargon and empty words, action verbs can spice up your resume and make it stand out. Also, be sure to use the present tense when describing your current role. Here're a few before and after resume examples: Pro Tip: Don't overdo it. You don't want to sound like a freshman English major flexing a large vocabulary.
And avoid resume buzzwords like synergy. Trust me. The Best Candidates Know How to Show Their Career Progression. What makes a good resume? CEO, Director, Manager - all you need is me a big, impressive title, right? At this point, you probably figured out of J. Inc. Essay examples, that knowing how to build a resume goes far beyond listing fancy titles.
What really matters, is whether those titles are backed up by a story of apa for me career progression. For example, describing yourself as a social media manager won’t be credible if all you did was the marketing for your parent’s pizza place. You have to show a steady progression into a management position. Business Crew Inc. Essay? Each former role should reinforce your place in the next one. Rather than repeating duties when you describe previous roles, write about the new tasks you took on cite apa for me when you advanced. Responsible for the creation of a global brand strategy for a major category. Prepare Category and Portfolio Deployment Plans. Analyze market trends and recommend solutions.
Team Management (10 marketing specialists). Marketing Specialist / Senior Marketing Specialist: Planned and implemented promotional campaigns. Whorf Hypothesis Explained? Cooperated with interactive agencies. Cite Me? Managed project budgets and timeline control. Researched information. Assisted during promotional campaigns. See how these responsibilities evolve? What if you're a student and need to know how to make a resume with no experience.
Read our dedicated guide on how to write a resume for students: The Complete Guide To Writing A Student Resume [13 Tips, Examples] How to Create a Resume That Draws Attention to Promotions. Highlighting your promotions shows potential employers that your previous supervisors valued your work performance. Even lateral moves suggest that you were able to handle diverse responsibilities. Here are a few ways to Essay on Panem Bread,, describe your promotions while writing a resume: Repeatedly recognized for top performance through fast-track promotions and selection for high-priority initiatives. Earned promotion following a superior performance, and cite apa for, demonstrated ability to quickly learn and master complex concepts. What if you moved up within the same organization? You don’t have to mention the sapir hypothesis, name of the same company more than once. It will make even the best resume look messy. Here’s what to do instead:
COMPANY NAME City, State, 2001 to cite apa for me, Present. Describe responsibilities and achievements. Describe responsibilities and achievements. Describe responsibilities and achievements. Here's a Quick Tip on the crucible How Make Your Resume Easy to cite, Read. Need to Relevant Curricula in Schools, know how to make a resume easy for a recruiter to cite apa for me, read? It's as simple as aligning your text to the left. To make your text even more skimmable use the same resume font and font size, and make strategic use of bold, italics, and caps. The bulk of your resume will consist of bullet points. Business Analysis Examples? Here's how to construct them: Spearheaded a targeted email campaign that resulted in a 15% upswing in newsletter registration.
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Stick with fonts that sound like hipster baby names - Arial, Helvetica, Calibri, and Verdana. What is the best resume font size? The Goldilocks font size is 10-12 points - not too big and not too small. On Panem : Blood, And Battle? Keep it uniform. The bottom line is making sure you don't sacrifice resume margins, white space, or font size in an attempt to cram everything onto one page.
Still not sure about what font to choose while writing a resume? Read our guide about the best resume fonts: What Is The Best Font For A Resume (+10 Examples Tips) Here Is the Best Way to Save Your Resume. When you're done writing your perfect resume, it's time to consider how to make a resume file. Cite? And that's not as obvious as it sounds. The best advice is to Essay Relevant in Schools, save your resume as a PDF and give it your name. When you save your resume as a PDF, there is no chance that the formatting will glitch and apa for, get messed up when a recruiter opens the of J. Crew Inc. Essay, file. Do keep in mind that if your resume has to pass ATS software, Cylons don't like special formatting or graphics. Read the instructions explaining how to send your resume, because you may need to send something other than a PDF. How should you name your files? The recruiter won’t have to search for me, that crazy space smuggler’s resume when they want to corey the crucible, refer to it. Not sold on saving your file as a PDF document?
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Okay, so you need a cover letter. But do you know how to write an application letter? And better yet, how do you write a convincing one? Read our guide: How To Write A Cover Letter [Complete Guide With Examples] Why Sending a Personal Message Can Be a Big Win. When you send your resume to a general email address like email@example.com , your resume is entering a swamp of identical messages from other candidates. One thing you can do to me, differentiate your message is to Analysis of J. Crew Inc., try to find out the apa for, name of the person who will be reading your resume and okonkwo himself, send them a personal email. This is not the best solution in every case. You will need to apa for, decide if a hiring manager will see the gesture as clever or creepy.
Pro Tip : If you use our resume builder, ( create your resume here ) you have the option to kill, publish your resume and cite, send a link to employers. Sending a link will allow you to track views and downloads so that you know how well your resume is the crucible performing. Want to apa for, send a personal message but can't find the whorf hypothesis explained, hiring manager's email address? Need to know how to apa for, write a resume email? We've got you covered: How To Email Your Resume To Get More Replies From Employers Once you've sent your resume, it's a good idea to track it. You can install a free sales tool like Mixmax or YesWare to help you. Knowing if recruiters have opened and read your email will enable you to follow-up promptly or find different email addresses. Your resume is your passport to on Culturally, job interviews. And knowing how to apa for me, make a resume for a job is the first step on any career path. So, take the time and energy to think about how to Business examples, write a resume well and how to tailor it to the job description.
If you can do that, you're well on your way to the next level - the cite apa for me, interview. Bonus: Check out our ultimate checklist of 56 things you need to do before you send your resume. How many have you missed? Download: “Resume 101 Checklist.” Are there any great resume writing tips we need to corey, include in the article? Do you have any questions about how to make a resume for apa for me, your position? Add a comment. I’ll be happy to answer.
Natalie is corey the crucible a writer at Uptowork. She loves writing about resumes and apa for, eating tacos more than life itself. She spends her free time reading complicated novels and binge watching TV series.
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Why the “Why This College?” Question Matters — And How to Answer It. Many college hopefuls think that explaining why they want to cite, attend a given college is the least important question on their application. Learn why it’s not, and how to write a winning essay. Anyone who’s applying to a selective college in the U.S. will likely be asked a seemingly simple question: Why do you want to attend this school? It may be phrased succinctly — “Why Brown?” to on Panem Bread,, name one highly selective school — or as part of cite apa for me a more complicated question: “Which aspects of on Culturally Relevant Curricula Tufts’ curriculum or undergraduate experience prompt your application?” or: “How will you explore your intellectual and academic interests at the University of cite Pennsylvania? Please answer this question given the specific undergraduate school to which you are applying.”
Whether concise or wordy, these prompts are really asking the explained same thing. Students are often surprised that they are asked to defend their choice of cite me college; shouldn’t the effort they’ve put into (researching, applying, and paying a fee) be enough? In the first place, colleges want to admit students who will enroll. Their yield rates (the percentages of accepted students who choose to attend) are crucial factors in a their publicity campaigns and perceived prestige; they're also used in rankings. One way that colleges look desirable to prospective students is, in short, to be desirable to accepted applicants. Generally speaking, the more selective a school, the of Globalization greater the number of cite apa for me factors it’ll consider to determine whom to admit. Colleges want to Essay on Panem Bread, and Battle, know how much you want them , a factor they call demonstrated interest. Other parts of an cite me, application — grades, test scores, activities, recommendations — being roughly equal, decisions at selective colleges are often made because a student does a good job of conveying the desire to be there. The “Why School X?” question speaks to the idea of fit.
Colleges want students who will come back after their first year, and eventually graduate (preferably within six years). Schools use these rates of first-year retention and et Circense Bread, graduation (when they’re favorable) in marketing materials. Plus, college rankings often take them into account, as well. So, the “Why?” question is apa for me, important! In my experience, however, most students answer this question last, as something of an Business of J. Crew Inc. Essay examples, afterthought — perhaps with the notion that the response is (or should be) self-evident.
I’d bet that most applicants spend a fraction of the time answering this question that they spend on their other essays. Cite Apa For! But the answer to this question needs to be just as compelling as anything else you write. Here are some examples of what to do and Essay et Circense : Blood, Bread, what not to do, followed up by a discussion of what made the good ones good and what would help make the not-so-good ones better. Here are some (totally unedited) student responses to the ever-important question: “Why?” I want to study at cite me a reputed university, with a stimulating environment as I have always lived in major cities where I can go to cafes, to hear music, to museums and sports events as part of Business of J. Crew Inc. my everyday life.
Boston University has become one of the cite me best in et Circense Bread, the US; it has top professors and cite is located in the middle of a historic city, and accessible to everything. It has a strong international relations program which would be perfect for me since I have attended a diverse international school. I noticed all these things when I visited. Given Boston University’s notable reputation and history, I would be excited by the opportunity to corey, attend such a strong and knowledgeable institution . Apa For! . . Student 2: Northwestern University. The most unique trait of Northwestern University is its focus on undergraduate research. I am very interested in sapir biology and chemistry; I just love working in laboratories. Cite Me! In the sapir explained “Gymnasium”, the Swiss pre-university school, we were often confronted with a problem that we had to solve in groups.
Such problems could be as easy as distinguishing water from ethanol, or as complex as building a hydrogen fuel cell. To find a solution we were given time in apa for me our laboratory and could ask for practically anything we needed . . . A further very good quality of Northwestern University is its rather high rank and great reputation. I seek a good education and definitely appreciate it, if the university I attend is renowned. If I went to a second-rank college I would be better off studying in Switzerland . Martha The Crucible! . . A last point is the location: It’s just great; right next to the lake, in the nice and cite me cosy town of Evanston. You have the advantages of a small town, such as lots of greenery and a quiet environment, and hypothesis yet Chicago is very close and me accessible . . . Student 3: Northwestern University. (This is a different student, applying six years after Student 2.) Because I intend to martha, pursue a career in photojournalism, I see the Medill School of Journalism as the apa for me Holy Grail of education. Offering the impressive intellectual and on My technical resources of a prestigious research university, Northwestern would provide me the confidence of knowing that I would be getting the most forward-focused education in journalism.. . . The quarter system and cite Medill’s internship requirements create an ideal confluence for exactly that experience . . . Northwestern has a gorgeous location. When I visited the campus, I was smitten with Evanston’s cozy feel. Although I initially pictured myself in the heart of a city, Evanston eclipsed this vision.
The small town environment is comforting without being limiting, offering plenty of cafes, restaurants, and shops to explore . . . Meanwhile, Northwestern’s scenic lakeside location is the perfect retreat for studying or relaxing . . . Brimming with enthusiasm, Northwestern has infectious school spirit. Because I assume leaving home after eighteen years will be difficult, I count on why does himself, school pride to bring me a sense of community and apa for belonging. From the famed painted rock to the fountain spewing purple water, the robust loyalty to the university captures my heart . . . In short, Northwestern is my dream school because it embodies everything I value: journalism, incomparable internship opportunities, dance, and an inspiring atmosphere . . . I’m done being a New Yorker born and raised in sheltered suburbia — I’m ready to get slapped in Business Analysis of J. Crew Inc. Essay examples the face by the unforgiving hand of NYC and to me, become a true Noo Yawk-ah. While not an Essay about of Globalization, accurate representation of what all NYU students think, the NYU Secrets Facebook page constantly posts the apa for me thoughts of NYU students resenting the bittersweet independence of such a large, non-traditional school, but at sapir whorf the same time falling in love with the cite apa for me knowledgeable and nurturing faculty and Analysis Crew Essay classes. I’m done dancing around on the outskirts of the arena — I’m ready to plop myself right into the frenzied mist of action. No walls insulate NYU from the sprawling labyrinth of NYC, which is apa for, ideal for a unique and Essay The Positive on My exciting college experience . . . Would Student 1 get into cite apa for me, BU? Her response could have been used for nearly any large or mid-sized urban university. Do I, an admissions officer, believe that this student has chosen my unique university with care? No.
Do I learn anything from why does himself, this response that I don’t already know from elsewhere in cite apa for the student’s application? No. Student 1 speaks in generalities: Boston University is prestigious, located in a historic city, provides access to The Positive, concerts and cite apa for museums, and has an international relations major. She lists facts that the The Positive Effects on My admission staff already knows — facts that are not even unique to BU. The personal things she writes, about living in cities and attending “a diverse international school,” would be featured on her Common Application. Boston University receives some 50,000 undergraduate applications every year. If you read hundreds like this every cycle, would you be compelled to cite me, admit any of the students who wrote them? What about Students 2, 3, and 4? Though they’ve been edited for Business Analysis Crew Inc. length here, their essays are much more detailed and convincing than Student 1’s response.
They all got into the schools they applied to, but let’s examine their responses closely to find out why. Notice that the two Northwestern applicants, six years apart and cite me from different countries, not only described the college’s physical setting but talked about the same things — the lake, coffee shops, and Crew Inc. coziness. Student 1 talked only about her own life and not what drew her to the school. In other words, she didn’t do a great job of demonstrating interest. While it’s a good idea to mention the cite apa for location and why does okonkwo kill vibe of a campus, applicants should be aware that thousands of other students, year after year, have done the same thing. It’s a paradox: Colleges attempt to distinguish themselves through their locations — mountainous backdrops, subway stops, — but talking too much about this stuff can lead you astray. College staff members know where they are; they know what their campuses look like. Spending valuable space describing a school’s location leaves you with less room to apa for me, talk about okonkwo himself, how good a fit you’d be. Despite colleges’ intense self-promotion, parroting facts back at admissions officers in your essay can waste valuable application real estate — especially when you’re working with a low word limit.
Students 2 and 3 both mention rank and prestige, but they’re sure to tie these to me, their own application and plans. Student 1, on the other hand, uses phrases so generic they’re basically meaningless. Colleges asking the “Why us?” question know they are good schools, and they know their rankings. Curricula! You don’t need to cite apa for, remind them of these facts. In fact, I suspect colleges that cap applicants’ responses to Business, 100 words are doing so in apa for order to keep students from Essay Curricula, discussing things that don’t connect with them personally. “Why us?” essays, especially the shortest ones, need you to focus on apa for me, heart, not head. Perhaps you’ve worked as a barista — then you should say you’re happy that School X has three coffee shops on campus so you can land a part-time job easily. If you’re a painter from the Essay on Culturally Relevant Curricula desert, say how thrilled you are by the prospect of living near a lake and learning the subtleties of using blues and greens rather than browns and oranges. These are more personal, and ultimately more effective, than reciting statistics from brochures. That’s what I mean by heart. Answering the me “Why?” Question Yourself.
Here are some things to on Culturally, avoid, followed by some things I encourage you to do. Don’t mention a college’s reputation or rank . In my opinion — unless you’ve got a very strategic reason for doing so — this will only cite apa for, occupy valuable space. Don’t mention the martha college’s founder . It may seem like a good idea to talk about the importance of Thomas Jefferson or Benjamin Franklin, but it’s probably not. Admissions officers at the University of Virginia and the University of apa for Pennsylvania don’t need to martha corey the crucible, be reminded of who started their institutions! This sounds obvious, but many students skip this step: Be sure you know why you are applying to a college ! If the best you can muster is its reputation or ranking, then you haven’t looked closely enough to find a good match for apa for your needs and interests. Believe it or not, a student who is happy at one top-tier institution may be totally unhappy at another. Business Of J. Crew Inc. Essay! Doing research before answering this question is crucial.
Visit the school, talk to apa for me, current students, go to prospective-student programs, and dig into websites. Keep a journal as you do research . Each entry should have two columns: head and heart. Why Does Himself! One column should lay out something factual about the school, while the other should connect this quality with your personal application. This includes facilities, scenery, the strength of a particular department, location, size, and cite apa for me course offerings. But don’t stop there. Ask yourself why these objective qualities are meaningful to you. How will you use these elements of the whorf hypothesis explained campus or its community to your advantage if you’re admitted? How will you contribute to apa for me, each if you’re admitted? Think in terms of sapir high school. Is this college like or different from your high school?
Why are these similarities or differences important to you? Maybe — like Students 2, 3, and 4 — you want your college experience to be a big change. On the other hand, you can say that you're looking forward to me, attending a small liberal arts college because you spent your formative years in an elementary school with only six other students in your class. I hope these suggestions are helpful as you search for colleges and write applications. Considering why you want to attend a school isn’t just important in helping colleges determine the ultimate admissions decision, it’s also important for you — after all, you’re deciding where to spend the next four years of your life! Just don’t save the “Why us?” question for 11:30 p.m. the night before the application is due, and you’ll be fine! I am currently employed by InGenius Prep as an expert Former Admissions Officer.
I was on the admissions committee at Savannah College of Art Design and at the University of Virginia. I helped select students to enter the College of Arts Sciences, Architecture, and Engineering, and honors programs. I've also served as a college counselor at 3 international schools: in India, Switzerland, and the DC area. I have helped students write application essays, trained teachers to write recommendations, and sapir whorf hypothesis written hundreds of counselor letters! I know what it takes to apply to colleges in the US, Canada, the UK, and to visual and performing-arts programs, as I spent two years majoring in violin.
I enjoy non-fiction writing and attended the cite Bread Loaf Writers' Conference at Middlebury.
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Nov 17, 2017 Cite apa for me,
actr essay contest Students taking Russian in accredited colleges and cite me, universities are invited to Essay Bread, and Battle participate in the fifteenth annual National Post-Secondary Russian Essay Contest sponsored by me the American Council of Teachers of Russian. All students must pay a registration fee of $5.00. Only teachers can register students (see below). Why Does Kill! Please note that one teacher at each participating institution must be a current member of ACTR. Be sure to indicate this person on your registration form. To register your students, please fill out a registration form and cite apa for me, write a check to Curricula “ACTR” and mail them to Tony Brown, Department of Germanic and Slavic Languages, Brigham Young University, 3093 JFSB, Provo, Utah 84602.
All registrations must be received by January 31, 2014. Registrations received after the cite deadline will not be accepted. (Payment can be received later since we understand that approval for final payment may take several weeks at on Culturally Relevant Curricula in Schools your institution.) When registering your students, please consult the criteria below to select the appropriate level. Teachers whose students are participating in the contest will receive directions and the essay topic in late January 2014. Students will write their essays between Feb. Cite Apa For Me! 1 and Feb. 15, 2014 at a time selected by the instructor at each institution. Students should not receive the Analysis of J. Crew Essay essay topic until the time scheduled to write the essay. Judges will review the essays in March 2014 and winners will be announced by April 15, 2014. Please note that students cannot use any books or notes and may not work together. Essays must be written legibly in blue or black ink (pencil is not acceptable as it will not photocopy) and on lined 8.5?11 paper provided by instructors (no blue books).
The time limit for writing the essays will be one hour. After students complete the cite apa for me essay, teachers will make one (1) photocopy of each essay as per of J. Crew the directions and then send the original and a signed student declaration and waiver form that you will receive to Tony Brown within 48 hours of the test date. Apa For! All essays will be evaluated anonymously: no essay will be identifiable by the name or institution of the student who wrote it. Gold, silver, bronze, and honorable mention certificates will be presented for the best essays at Essay et Circense Bread, each level. Cite Me! Teachers may not substitute students for those registered by Essay the deadline. No refunds are available for students who don’t show up for the essay contest. Cite Apa For Me! Essays will be ranked according to the following guidelines. PLEASE NOTE: Students in each category are divided into levels according to corey the number of contact hours of formal instruction in Russian (and degree of exposure to Russian for Russian heritage speakers).
Please calculate the number of contact hours for each student participating in the essay contest according to the guidelines below. To adjust for Study Abroad or other immersion programs, please identify the number of contact hours of formal language instruction (not other classes in the program), multiply that number by 2, and use the result in determining the total number of contact hours. STUDENTS OTHER THAN RUSSIAN HERITAGE LEARNERS. Category A: Students who do not and did not ever speak Russian or any other Slavic language at home. Cite Apa For! Category B: Heritage speakers of a Slavic language other than Russian. Sapir Explained! Please take the time to cite apa for calculate the number of hours that your students have studied Russian and Essay about The Positive of Globalization on My, assign them to the proper level. Level One (1A, 1B): Students who, at the time of the essay contest, will have had fewer than 100 contact hours of instruction in Russian (whether in apa for, college alone or in college and high school). Please note that heritage speakers of Russian must be assigned to Category C (below), and heritage speakers of any other Slavic language must be assigned to Category B. Level Two (2A, 2B): Students who, at the time of the essay contest, will have had more than 100 contact hours, but fewer than 250 contact hours of instruction in Russian. (These are mostly students in second-year Russian.) Level Three (3A, 3B): Students who will have had more than 250 contact hours, but fewer than 400 contact hours of instruction in Russian. Essay About Effects Of Globalization! (These are mostly students in third- or fourth-year Russian.) Level Four (4A, 4B): Students who will have had more than 400 contact hours of instruction in apa for, Russian. (These are mostly students in fourth- or fifth-year Russian.) RUSSIAN HERITAGE LEARNERS. Category C: Students who were born to Russian speaking families and Business Analysis examples, received most or all of their education in English. Please take the time to calculate the number of hours that your students have studied Russian and assign them to the proper level. Cite Apa For! Level One (1C): Students who may or may not speak Russian with their families, and who have NOT attended school in Russia or the former Soviet Union and who had to martha corey the crucible learn reading and writing skills after emigration.
Those students who did not have any formal instruction in Russian before college and have had fewer than 60 contact hours of instruction in cite apa for, college. In Schools! Level Two (2C): Students who may or may not speak Russian with their families, and who have NOT attended school in apa for me, Russia or the former Soviet Union and who had to Effects Life learn reading and writing skills after emigration. Cite Apa For! Those students who did not have any formal instruction in martha, Russian before college and have had fewer than 120 contact hours of instruction in college. Level Three (3C): Students who speak Russian with their families, and who attended school for fewer than 5 years in Russia or the cite me former Soviet Union and may have had to relearn reading and of J. examples, writing skills after emigration, and who have had fewer than 60 contact hours of cite me instruction in college. Level Four (4C): Students who speak Russian with their families, and who attended school for 5 or more years in why does kill himself, Russia or the former Soviet Union and cite, have not had to relearn reading and on Panem et Circense : Blood, and Battle, writing skills after emigration. Judges will evaluate essays according to content (the ability to express ideas in Russian and communicate information about the topic) and length, lexicon, syntax, structure (grammatical and orthographic accuracy), and originality or creativity. Awards will be announced in me, the ACTR Newsletter. For more information or questions please contact Tony Brown at Brigham Young University, Department of Germanic and Slavic Languages, tony_brown(at)byu(dot)edu,or 801-422-7012.
Dissertation Research Improvement Grant Linguistics Program. The National Science Foundation announces funding for 2015 doctoral dissertation research improvements for linguistics. Linguistics Program supports basic science in Essay on Culturally, the domain of cite apa for human language, encompassing investigations of the corey grammatical properties of cite apa for me individual human languages, and of natural language in general. Research areas include syntax, linguistic semantics and pragmatics, morphology, phonetics, and phonology. The Linguistics.. read more > National Science Foundation Funding for Linguistics Research. The Linguistics Program supports all types of scientific research that focuses on Essay Relevant Curricula human language as an object of cite investigation. The program supports research on the syntactic, semantic, morphological, phonetic, and phonological properties of individual languages and Essay The Positive of Globalization, of language in me, general. The Linguistics Program accepts proposals for a variety of project types: research proposals from Business of J. Inc. Essay examples, scholars with.. read more > Native American Language Preservation and Maintenance Esther Martinez Immersion Grant Opportunity. The Administration for Children and Families (ACF), Administration for Native Americans (ANA) announces the availability of Fiscal Year (FY) 2015 funds for community-based projects for the Native American Language Preservation and apa for, Maintenance Esther Martinez Immersion. Essay About On My! The Esther Martinez Immersion provides funding to support three-year projects being implemented by apa for Native American Language Nests, Survival Schools. read more > Native American Language Preservation and Maintenance Grant Opportunity. The Administration for Children and Families in the Administration for Native Americans announces a grant opportunity for Fiscal Year 2015 for community-based projects for the Native Language Preservation and Maintenance program.
The program provides funding for projects to Essay : Blood, support assessments of the status of the native languages in cite apa for, an established community, as well as the.. read more > FY 2014 Undergraduate International Studies and Foreign Language Program COMPETITION ANNOUNCED! FY 2014 Undergraduate International Studies and Foreign Language Program COMPETITION ANNOUNCED! The International and Foreign Language Education (IFLE) office of the U.S. Department of Education is pleased to announce the following grant program competition#8230; Undergraduate International Studies and Foreign Language Program CFDA Number: 84.016A Funding Opportunity Number: ED-GRANTS-061114-001 The Undergraduate International Studies and Foreign Language Program (UISFL) provide funds.. read more > 2014 FLAS Fellowship Program Competition Announced. Foreign Language and Area Studies Fellowships Program CFDA Number 84.015B Funding Opportunity Number: ED-GRANTS-053014-002 The Foreign Language and Area Studies Fellowships (FLAS) competition allocates academic year and summer fellowships to institutions of higher education and consortia of institutions of higher education to whorf explained assist meritorious undergraduate and graduate students undergoing training in modern foreign languages and.. Cite Apa For! read more > Fiscal Year 2014 Language Resource Centers COMPETITION ANNOUNCED! Fiscal Year 2014 Language Resource Centers COMPETITION ANNOUNCED!
The International and Foreign Language Education (IFLE) office of the U.S. Department of Education is pleased to announce the following grant program competition#8230; Language Resource Centers CFDA Number: 84.229A Funding Opportunity Number: ED-GRANTS-060614-001 The Language Resource Centers Program (LRC) provides grants to establish, strengthen, and operate centers that serve.. read more > FY 2014 Centers for explained, International Business Education (CIBE) COMPETITION ANNOUNCED! FY 2014 Centers for cite, International Business Education (CIBE) COMPETITION ANNOUNCED! International and Foreign Language Education (IFLE) office is pleased to announce the following grant program competition#8230; Centers for International Business Education CFDA Number: 84.220 Funding Opportunity Number: ED-GRANTS-060314-001 The Centers for International Business Education (CIBE) program provides funding to institutions of higher education or consortia of such institutions for curriculum.. read more > IFLE Webinar for 2014 Prospective NRC/FLAS Applicants. IFLE announces their Title VI National Resource Centers and Foreign Language and Area Studies (NRC/FLAS) webinar for Fiscal Year 2014 Prospective Applicants On Wednesday, June 4, 2014, 2:00 PM (ET) the kill himself Advanced Training and Research Team, International and Foreign Language Education (IFLE) will host a webinar for apa for me, prospective applicants to the 2014 competitions for the National Resource.. read more >
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Nov 17, 2017 Cite apa for me,
ezra maize resume Forum Class for July 18, 2004. SHORT COMMENTARY ON EZRA. The First Return and Rebuilding under Zerubbabel (chaps. Cite Apa For. 1-6)
These chapters, besides telling the martha history of the apa for period, must also have encouraged Ezra's original readers in Essay on Panem : Blood, Bread, and Battle their temple worship. Cite. As they read about the rebuilding process they would have been made aware of the about Effects of Globalization on My great personal sacrifices the Jews had made in constructing the temple. This would have encouraged them to participate more fully in the temple activities and to be closely related to God as were some of their forefathers. A. The proclamation of cite me Cyrus (1:1-4) 1:1. Cyrus, the king of the extensive Persian realm (see the map The Persian Empire), drafted a proclamation that allowed the Israelites to Essay : Blood, and Battle return to me their land and rebuild their temple. Cyrus made the proclamation in Analysis Essay his first year (538 B.C.).
This was the first year of his reign over Babylon, but he had been king over apa for other territories for more than 20 years. He had been in power since 559 when he became the Essay on Culturally king of Anshan. Then he became king of cite apa for Medo-Persia about 550 B.C. He conquered Babylon in October 539, and Essay Curricula in Schools became the king of me Babylon, a title of honor denoting the highest position in the civilized world. As is explained, evidenced from Cyrus' attitude concerning the God of Israel (whom he did not worship) he was not a true believer in Yahweh. Me. Cyrus' concern was to establish strong buffer states around his empire which would be loyal to Business Inc. examples him.
Also by having his subject peoples resettled in their own countries he hoped to have the gods in various parts of his empire praying for him to his gods Bel and Nebo. The famous Cyrus Cylinder (538 B.C.), which records his capture of Babylon and his program of repatriating his subject peoples in their homelands, includes this statement: May all the gods whom I have resettled in cite apa for me their sacred cities daily ask Bel and explained Nebo for a long life for me. The fulfilling of Jeremiah's words (Jer. 29:10; cf. Jer.
25:11-12) was totally God's doing. Seventy years of Jewish captivity in Babylon were about to end. Cite Apa For Me. The first deportation of Jews to Babylon was in 605 B.C. Essay Of Globalization On My. Cyrus' decree in 538 was 67 years later. By the time the people returned and built the altar in 536, 70 years were almost up. The edict came about because the LORD moved the heart of Cyrus. The Hebrew words translated moved the heart (also trans. stirred [up] the spirit) were a favorite expression of biblical writers in the post-exilic period (Ezra 1:5; 1 Chron. 5:26; 2 Chron. 21:16, aroused; 36:22; Jer.
51:11; Hag. 1:14). This shows the sovereign hand of God behind the events of history. 1:2-3. Cyrus said that Yahweh, the God of heaven, had appointed him to build a temple. . Cite Apa For Me. . at Jerusalem. Part of sapir hypothesis this decree is recorded in cite apa for 2 Chronicles 36:23. Also the decree was filed in kill himself Ecbatana, where Darius I found it about 520-518 B.C. (Ezra 6:1-5). God had promised the Jewish remnant that He would raise up Cyrus as His servant to restore the cite apa for fortunes of His people (Isa. 44:28; 45:1, 13). Under the whorf Holy Spirit's guidance, the Prophet Isaiah referred to Cyrus by cite apa for, name about 150 years before the king made his decree.
Josephus wrote that Cyrus was shown the prophecy in Isaiah 44:28 and wanted to fulfill it (The Antiquities of the Jews 11.1.1). The God of heaven is a title of why does okonkwo kill God used 9 times in Ezra (1:2; 5:11-12; 6:9-10; 7:12, 21. 23 (twice--more than in any other Bible book--and 10 times in other exilic and post-exilic books (2 Chron. Cite Me. 36:23; Neh. 1:4-5; 2:4, 20; Dan. 2:18-19, 28, 37. 44). Elsewhere in the Old Testament that phrase occurs only four times (Gen. 24:3. 7; Ps.
136:26; Jonah 1:9). It points to God's sovereignty. He is the One who made heaven (Gen. 14:19, 22; 2 Chron. 2:12; Ps. 115:15), who is in heaven (Deut. 4:39; 1 Kings 8:30, 39, 43, 49; Eccl. 5:2), and who reigns from Business Analysis of J. His throne in heaven (lsa. 66:1).
Though Cyrus was a monarch over an extensive empire, Yahweh is far greater for He rules from heaven. The emphasis in Ezra 1:2-3 on the temple sets the tone for this and other post-exilic books. Cite Me. The temple was of utmost importance in corey the crucible the life of the people of Israel. Without the temple there could be no sacrificial system, which was the nation's lifeblood in its relationship to God. The God of heaven (v.
2) is cite, also the God of Israel who Cyrus said was in Jerusalem. 1:4. Cyrus' edict also instructed the returnees' neighbors in Persia to give them the equivalent of money (silver and gold), material goods. . . livestock, and why does kill freewill offerings (cf. v. 6). The freewill offerings were for the temple and the other gifts were for the people themselves. This is reminiscent of the Exodus from me Egypt when God miraculously took the Essay Effects of Globalization nation out of apa for bondage and had the Egyptians aid them with gifts of sapir explained silver, gold, and clothing (Ex. 3:22; 11:2; 12:35). Now God was effecting a new Exodus, again bringing His people who had been in bondage back into the land of promise, much as He had done under Moses and Joshua. Cite Apa For. The people had been in bondage to Essay et Circense : Blood, and Battle Babylon because of their failure to keep their covenantal obligations, which Moses had given them during the first Exodus. Cite. Once more God was miraculously working in the life of the nation.
B. The reaction of the Israelites (1:5-11) 1:5-11. The religious leaders (priests and Levites) along with the heads of the two tribes Judah and Benjamin) that had been taken into exile by the Babylonians spearheaded the return to Israel to rebuild the temple, the house of the LORD. The Jews who returned totaled 49,897 (2:64-65). The neighbors of the Relevant in Schools returnees obeyed the king's decree by contributing to the effort (1:6). Even Cyrus contributed to the return by giving back the articles belonging to the temple of the LORD. These were the dishes. . Me. . pans. Corey. . . bowls, and other articles (vv.
9- 10) Nebuchadnezzar had taken from the Jerusalem temple in 605 B.C. (Dan. 1 :2), in 597 B.C. (2 Kings 24: 13), and in 586 B.C. (2 Kings 25:14-15; Jer. 27:16; 52:18-19; cf. Ezra 5:14; 6:5; Dan. 5:2-3) and placed in cite me a temple in Babylon, perhaps the Esagila temple built in honor of the god Marduk. On Culturally Relevant Curricula In Schools. Mithredath is a Persian name, and the word for treasurer ( gizbar ) is me, also Persian. In Ezra 1:9-10 the articles total 2,499 but in on Panem Bread, verse 11 the apa for me total number of gold and silver items was 5,400.
Why the difference? Surely Ezra would not be so foolish as to make a major mistake such as that when he so carefully wrote the rest of the book under the Holy Spirit's inspiration. Even if one were to assume (as do many critics) that a redactor brought together in verses 9-11 two variant traditions, it would seem likely that Ezra would try to whorf hypothesis reconcile them in some way. It seems better to suppose Ezra first listed some of the items, perhaps the bigger and more valuable ones (vv. 9-10), then referred to the total number of items both the larger and more valuable and the smaller and less significant (v. 11). Another problem pertains to Sheshbazzar (v.
11), who was called the prince of Judah (v. 8). Three views about his identity are suggested: (I) Some feel that Sheshbazzar was a Persian name for cite apa for Zerubbabel. Both are said to have laid the foundation of the temple (3:8-10; 5:16). Zerubbabel, which means begotten in Babel, was a grandson of Jehoiachin (I Chron. 3:17-19), who had been deported to Analysis of J. Inc. Babylon but had been released from confinement (2 Kings 25:27-30). Zerubbabel's relationship to Jehoiachin would explain the title the prince of Judah. However, it would seem strange that Zerubbabel would have a second pagan name rather than having one name that reflected Yahweh worship (Sheshbazzar being a pagan deity). If Zerubbabel and Sheshbazzar were two names of the same person, it is strange that he was never again referred to by the name Sheshbazzar except in Ezra 5:15-16.
(2) A second view is that this man was a Jew who was appointed governor by Cyrus but who died shortly after arriving in Palestine and was replaced by cite me, Zerubbabel. Though plausible, no solid evidence exists for this view. (3) A third view is that Sheshbazzar was the Shenazzar in 1 Chronicles 3:17, and therefore was Zerubbabel's uncle. (4) A fourth view is whorf, that Sheshbazzar was a Persian official who was sent to oversee the use of the king's money and to cite apa for me make Sure the king's wishes were carried out. Himself. It has been suggested that because Sheshbazzar was a Persian official the cite returnees later referred to him (Ezra 5:15-16) to Support their claim of legitimacy for their building project. (See comments on 5:13-16.)
C. The list of people who returned (chap. 2) I. Essay Relevant Curricula. THE LIST RECORDED (2:1-63) 2:1-63. The list is divided into several parts. All of the people of the province (i.e., of Judah) returned to their hometowns (v. 1).
Ezra first recorded the cite 11 civil and religious leaders who were prominent (v. 2). Jeshua was the high priest (3:2); his name is whorf explained, spelled Joshua in the Books of Haggai and Zechariah. He was a grandson of Seraiah (cf. 1 Chron. 6:14 with Hag. Apa For Me. 1:1), a priest whom Nebuchadnezzar killed at Riblah (2 Kings 25:18-21). The Nehemiah in Ezra 2:2 was not the Nehemiah who returned to Jerusalem more than 90 years later, 444 B.C. Nor was the Mordecai here Esther's cousin (Es. 2:5-7), who lived in Susa about 60 years after the Jews' first return. Nehemiah 7:7 records 12 names rather than 11 (cf.
Ezra 2:2). (Three names have different spellings. In verse 2 Seraiah, Reelaiah, and Rehum are probably the same persons as Azariah, Raamiah, and Nehum, respectively, in Neh. 7:7.) Nahamani's name, not in Ezra's list, may have been dropped out by an early scribal error in the copying of the original manuscripts. It is likely that 12 men would have originally been listed as symbolic heads of the 12-tribe nation (cf. 12 male goats offered for the 12 tribes of Israel, Ezra 6:17). Then Ezra listed people by their 18 families and clans, totaling 15,604 (2:3-20). Next came a listing of inhabitants (totaling 8,540) from 21 towns and villages (vv.
21-35). Then the priests (4,289 of them) were listed (vv. On Culturally Relevant Curricula. 36-39), followed by 341 Levites which included singers and gatekeepers (vv. 40-42). The temple servants (vv. 43-54) and descendants of the royal servants (vv. Me. 55-58) totaled 392. The 652 returnees who could not clearly trace their ancestry (vv. 59-63) were listed last. The priests who could not delineate their genealogies were not allowed by the governor ( tirsata , a Persian term, possibly a reference to Sheshbazzar [cf. comments on 1:8] or to Zerubbabel) to eat. . . the most sacred food till a priest was ministering with the Urim and explained Thummim. The Urim and Thummim were parts of the high priest's breastplate, probably two stones used in cite apa for me Some way in sapir hypothesis explained determining God's will (cf.
Ex. 28:30; Lev. Apa For Me. 8:8; Num. 27:21; Deut. 33:8; Sam. 28:6; Neh. 7:65).
Though such a list of names and locations seems unnecessary to some modern readers, it would have been of why does okonkwo great encouragement to the original readers as they saw their own families and towns represented. 2. THE TOTAL NUMBERS GIVEN (2:64-67) 2:64-67. When added together the numbers in verses 2-42, 58, and 60 which list the returnees come to 29,829 (including the 11 prominent men listed in v. 2). Apa For Me. However, the total in verses 64-65--the whole company--is 49,897. The larger number may include women and children.
It may also include Jews from the 10 Northern tribes who might have joined the remnant of the two Southern tribes of Judah and Benjamin (cf. 1:5). It may also have included the okonkwo himself priests who could not delineate their genealogies (2:61-62). Ezra's grand total of 49,897 is very close to me Nehemiah's total of 49,942 (Neh. 7:66-67). About Life. Nehemiah's extra 45 people are in the singers (Ezra had 200 but Nehemiah referred to 245). This may have been a scribal error, an error not in the original manuscripts but in the numerous copyings of the text in its transmission. A scribe, in copying Nehemiah 7:67, may have inadvertently picked up the 245 in verse 68, in reference to cite apa for me mules, and inserted that number for the 200 singers. This kind of error may also account for several variations in the other numbers in these lists. (For further discussion see the comments on Neh. 7. Even the animals were counted--a total of 8,136, most of them donkeys, commonly used for sapir riding (Ezra 2:66-67). The journey from Babylon to Israel was about apa for me, 900 miles and took about four months (cf.
7:8-9), but Ezra did not state how long the return trip took. His focus was not on the people's hardships but on their task of rebuilding the temple. 3. THE RESTORATION BEGUN (2:68-70) 2:68-69. When the returnees arrived back in Palestine at the house of the LORD (i.e., at its location site) they gave of their possessions according to their ability. They gave large amounts of money and material to begin the temple building project. The list of precious metals and materials differs from the corresponding list in Nehemiah 7:70-72. Ezra's 61,000 drachmas (darics) of corey gold are 41,000 in Nehemiah. Ezra recorded 5,000 minas of silver while Nehemiah referred to 4,200. Ezra mentioned 100 priestly garments whereas Nehemiah recorded 597.
These differences were probably early scribal errors. 2:70. The people then settled in their ancestors' towns and villages. D. Cite. The rebuilding of the temple (3:1-6:15) 1. THE ALTAR AND THE FOUNDATION REBUILT (CHAP. 3) 3:1-2. The first task facing the people was the rebuilding of the altar of Business Analysis of J. Essay burnt offering, directly east of where the temple building itself would be located. Apa For Me. This was essential for reestablishing the sacrificial system which set these people apart as a nation and which was used by God as a means for atoning for their sins.
The seventh month may refer to the seventh month after the people left Babylon or to the crucible the seventh month after they arrived in Jerusalem. This was in September-October (see the chart Calendar in Israel near Ex. Apa For Me. 12). In years past, the seventh month had been a great month religiously for Israel. Three religious festivals were held in the seventh month: the Feast of Trumpets on the 1st day (Lev. 23:23-25), the Day of Atonement on the 10th day (Lev. 23:26-32), and the Feast of Tabernacles on days 15-21 (Lev. 23:33-36, 39-43; Num. The Crucible. 29:12-39; cf. Ezra 3:4). The words: The people assembled as one man, suggest they all agreed that the building project must begin.
The men who headed up the constructing of the altar were Jeshua, the religious leader (a descendant of Aaron), and Zerubbabel, the civil leader (a descendant of David), along with fellow priests (other descendants of Aaron) and associates (other descendants of David). They built the altar so that they could offer sacrifices in accordance with what was written in the Law of Moses. It was imperative that the returnees would come back to the Mosaic Covenant. Because their forefathers had left the covenant, the nation had been driven into Captivity. The former exiles did not want to make that same mistake. 3:3-6.
Even though the returnees had fear of the cite apa for me peoples around them, foreigners who had been deported by the Assyrian Empire into Palestine, they built the altar, and offered burnt offerings on it (cf. Lev. 1; 6:8-13), starting on the first day of the, . . month (Ezra 3:6). These were the first sacrifices made there in why does kill 50 years--since 586 B.C. Cite Apa For. when the temple was torn down. Other sacrifices were offered in connection with all the appointed feasts, including, for example, the Feast of Tabernacles on days 15-21 of that seventh month (cf. Crew Inc.. Lev. 23:33-36,39-43; Num.
29:12-39). The sacrifices showed that the people wanted to apa for me be responsive to the Law of God. 3:7-9. There was a period of preparation for building the temple foundation for the work did not begin till the second month of the second year after their arrival (May-June 536. exactly 70 years after the. first deportation in 605). Why this delay of seven months after the altar was built? Because they had to get organized and secure the building materials. The wood (cedar logs) came from Lebanon. shipped along the coast to Joppa and then carried overland to whorf hypothesis Jerusalem (see the apa for me map The Persian Empire near 1:1).
Lebanon was well known for its cedar forests and its fine woodworkers. Kill Himself. For the first temple. Cite Apa For Me. 430 years earlier (in 966 B.C.), Solomon had received much of his building materials (cedar, pine, and algum logs) and craftsmen from Lebanon (I Kings 5:1-10,18; 2 Chron. 2:1-16). Solomon began his project in the second month (May-June; I Kings 6:1), the same month this rebuilding began under Zerubbabel. Since Tyre and Sidon in Lebanon were under the Essay : Blood, Bread, Persian Empire. Cyrus had to cite authorize this transaction (cf. Ezra 6:3-4), in which the logs, as in Solomon's time. were paid for by money. . . Essay Relevant Curricula. food. Cite Apa For. . . drink. and oil. Zerubbabel appointed the Levites as supervisors of the construction project.
Centuries earlier Levites were involved in the tabernacle construction (Ex. The Crucible. 38:21) and in caring for and transporting it (Num. 1:50-51; 3:21-37). Now they were involved in the temple construction. Three Levite groups of me supervisors were mentioned (Ezra 3:9)--Jeshua and Essay on Panem : Blood, and Battle his family, Kadmiel (cf.
2:40) and cite me his family, and the family of Henadad. 3:10-11. Nothing is mentioned about the actual process of Essay in Schools laying the temple foundation or the length of time involved. This is because the focus was on the results of this project on that community of people who had braved the rugged conditions. They were following the cite apa for me command of Cyrus but, more importantly. Relevant In Schools. they were following the command of their God with whom they were in covenant. As the foundation. . Me. . was laid the people were careful to follow in of Globalization on My the traditions of their forefathers who had been rightly related to God under the Mosaic Covenant. As the priests. . . and the Levites led the dedication service for the temple's foundations, they did the things that were prescribed by cite, David. The order followed was the same as when David brought the ark to Business of J. Inc. examples Jerusalem. At that time priests blew trumpets and Asaph sounded cymbals (I Chron.
16:5-6). Here the priests blew trumpets and sons (descendants) of cite apa for me Asaph played the cymbals. The order was also similar to the time when the ark was brought to the temple in Solomon's day (2 Chron. 5:12-13), when Asaph and others played cymbals, harps, and lyres; and the priests blew trumpets. In this rebuilding service the priests and Levites sang, He is good; His love to Israel endures forever, words almost identical to the song of praise in 2 Chronicles 5:13 (cf. Ps. 136:1). This song of praise is Essay : Blood, Bread,, highly significant for by it the religious leaders were acknowledging that Yahweh had again established His loving protection over apa for the nation. Sapir Whorf Hypothesis Explained. The word love ( hesed ) is God's covenantal loyal love which exists forever with His people Israel. Now that the temple worship was being reestablished, the people again recognized the commitment of God's unending covenantal love. 3:12-13.
In contrast with the joy many people experienced on that occasion, a few of the older priests and cite me Levites and family heads, who had seen the former temple (destroyed 50 years earlier in 586 B.C.) were discouraged. Okonkwo. Perhaps they contrasted the cite apa for roughness of the current project with the grandeur of the Business Analysis of J. Crew Inc. Essay examples Solomonic temple. Sixteen years later (in 520 B.C.) the same emotion of discouragement again hit the builders of the me temple (Hag. 2:1-9). The two sounds, the joy and the weeping (from sadness), mingled together and were so loud that they were heard far away. 2. THE REBUILDING OPPOSED (4:1-6:12) Ezra did not record all the events in those 21 years (from 536) till the temple was finished (in 515). Why Does. That is because he was making a theological point that the temple of the me Lord was completed despite opposition that might have stopped any other project.
The temple was the basis for the post-exilic community's fellowship with God. Not till the temple was built could the people really live in accord with the covenant. Ezra's account of this interim period differs in tone from Haggai's account of opposition (from 520 to Essay et Circense and Battle 518). Ezra did not dwell on the sinful condition of the people as they lived in the land as did Haggai (Hag. I). Ezra's account focused on external pressures from the surrounding peoples, whereas Haggai focused on the internal attitudes of the people who valued material possessions above spiritual things (Hag. 1:4.
6). a. Attempts of enemies to stop the building (4:1-5) 4:1-2. The enemies used two methods of opposition to try to keep the temple from being built. First they offered to help in cite apa for the construction process, thereby hoping to Essay Bread, infiltrate the cite me ranks and sidetrack the building project. Essay On Culturally Relevant In Schools. When that did not work, they frightened the builders (perhaps with threats on their lives) and even hired counselors to frustrate them (vv. 4-5).
The enemies of Judah and Benjamin refer to the people living in Palestine since the apa for me time of the fall of the explained Northern Kingdom in 722 B.C. The Assyrian Empire, which conquered the 10 Northern tribes, deported some of the people away to Assyria and brought in other peoples to cite intermarry (2 Kings 17:23-24). Sapir Explained. This tactic prevented strong nationalistic uprisings in the conquered lands. The enemies (called the peoples around them, Ezra 4:4) were the descendants of these mixed peoples and the forefathers of the New Testament Samaritans. These people in cite apa for me Ezra's day claimed that they worshiped the same God, that is, Yahweh, the God of Israel. Whorf Hypothesis. But they had a synergistic form of apa for me worship; they worshiped both Yahweh and others (2 Kings 17:29, 32, 34, 41). Therefore their statement (Ezra 4:2) was not fully accurate and Analysis of J. Crew Essay examples was apparently made to mislead the leadership of the returned band. Apa For. Esarhaddon, king of Assyria, who brought us here, was the Assyrian mono arch who aggressively pursued the Business of J. Essay examples policy of partial deportation and to whose reign these enemies could trace their ancestry in Palestine. Esarhaddon, a son of Sennacherib, ruled from 681 to 669 B.C.
Some people, however, had been displaced into Samaria earlier by the Assyrian kings Sargon II (722-705) and Sennacherib (705-705). Judah and Benjamin's enemies were also appealing on the basis of the fact that they, like the Jews, were a displaced people, having been brought in from the outside. In a sense they were downplaying the nation of Israel's roots in the land. 4:3-5. The response by the govern. mental side (Zerubbabel) and the religious side (Jeshua) was decisive and cite immediate. They had two reasons for not wanting to be sidetracked by this offer of help. First, the temple was for the LORD the God of Israel, who was not the god these people worshiped.
Second, they had been commissioned by King Cyrus himself to undertake the building project and therefore had every right to carry it out on of J. Inc., their own. This rebuff brought on the second form of opposition. As already stated, the enemies tried to discourage the workers and make them afraid, This policy of harassment continued on me, till the reign of Darius, king of Persia, who ruled from Analysis of J. 521 to 486. It was during his reign, in 515, that the temple was completed. The account of the building program under Darius is resumed in Ezra 4:24 after a parenthesis in verses 623. b. Parenthetical letters (4:6-23) These letters to and from Artaxerxes are out of place chronologically, but they follow here logically to show that the opposition Ezra had begun to describe (vv. 1-5) continued on for many years--to 485 B.C., the year Xerxes began to cite apa for me reign (v. 6) and on into the days of Artaxerxes (464-424). Artaxerxes was the king who was reigning during the events recorded in chapters 7-10. For the okonkwo kill himself names and dates of the Persian kings in the post-exilic period, see the chart.
Thus the letters may have been written at the time of cite apa for Ezra's return (458 B.C.). Therefore the on Culturally Curricula letters were written nearly 80 years later than the account into which they were placed. Ezra was not being deceptive by placing the letters here in his book since he clearly dated them by me, the ruler under which they were written. Anyone familiar with the history of that part of the world at that time (as were the inhabitants of Israel when the Book of Ezra was written) would have clearly seen what Ezra was logically doing. 4:6. Opposition continued during the time of explained Xerxes, Xerxes, also known as Ahasuerus in the Book of Esther, ruled from 485 to 465.
Ezra recorded nothing of the nature or results of the apa for accusation except that it apparently kept the Israelites from working on building projects. Analysis Of J. Essay Examples. This verbal opposition in apa for Xerxes' reign is mentioned nowhere else in Business Analysis Crew Essay examples the Bible. This verse sets the stage for the following letter which was written in the reign of Persia's next king. 4:7. Opposition against the Jews was strong during the time of cite apa for Artaxerxes. The focus of the about Effects narrative is on two letters written during his reign (464-424). Cite Apa For Me. Because the enemies' letter and the king's reply brought the martha corey work on the city walls and foundations to a halt, it seems logical that the letter was written before the cite return of Nehemiah, for under Nehemiah the building projects resumed and Essay et Circense Bread, and Battle were completed. Though the apa for me letter was composed by people who spoke a northwest Semitic dialect (like Hebrew) it was written in the Aramaic language (the trade language of the day).
It was in square Aramaic script rather than in the slanted Hebrew type of script or in cuneiform signs. Himself. Ezra 4:8-6:18 and 7:12-26 are in Aramaic. Perhaps Bishlam, Mithredath, and Tabeel were men from Samaria. 4:8-10, Rehum the commanding officer and Shimshai the secretary were probably Persians who were persuaded to write the letter. In their introduction Rehum and Shimshai tried to point out to King Artaxerxes that the participants in this opposition were from various parts of the world. Their complaint was not merely from a single isolated group. Judges and officials from various parts of the Persian Empire and people who had been deported to Samaria under the reign of the Assyrian King Ashurbanipal 200 years earlier were opposed to the work. Ashurbanipal (669-626) continued the deporting done by his father Esarhaddon (4:2). 4:11-16. The writers of the letter (cf. This is a copy of the letter, v. 23; 5:6; 7:11) identified with the Persian king by noting that they were his servants.
The letter itself is recorded in 4:12-16. The opponents noted that the Jews were restoring the walls and me repairing the foundations, Their opposition was obviously not against the rebuilding of the temple, for it had been completed in 515 B.C. Why Does Okonkwo. The. Cite. opposition was against an attempt to begin rebuilding the walls of Jerusalem which the opponents called that rebellious and wicked city (cf. vv. 15, 19). The apparent reason for the complaint was that if the city was allowed to be fortified, then Jerusalem and the territory which Jerusalem would control would no longer pay taxes or tribute money to sapir whorf hypothesis explained the crown. This would dishonor the king. Therefore the complainers felt it was their patriotic duty to tell the king what was happening so that he could search the records and see that Jerusalem was a rebellious city, which is why it was destroyed. Apa For. The letter added that if the city of Jerusalem was fortified then the Jews would take back all the territory they had previously occupied and the Persian king would have no territory left in okonkwo Trans-Euphrates.
They claimed he would lose a huge portion of his empire. 4:17-23. In his reply the king actually strengthened the position of the Israelites by leaving open the possibility that their work might resume later by his permission. This, of course, did happen under the leadership of me Nehemiah. The king did search the archives and found that Jerusalem had been powerful at one time. What an encouragement this must have been to Ezra's original readers to recall the years of David and Solomon and to know that even a pagan king acknowledged the sovereignty of their empire centered at Jerusalem. The king commanded that the building projects stop. Of Globalization On My Life. . . until I so order, This was the same king who later (444 B.C.) changed this edict and allowed Nehemiah to cite apa for return and about Effects of Globalization on My Life rebuild the walls of cite me Jerusalem (Neh. 2:1.9). However, the immediate result was a forced cessation of the building activity because the enemies used force to back up a legal document from the sapir hypothesis Persian king.
c. The result of the apa for opposition (4:24) 4:24. The narrative now picks up where it left off after verse 5 (vv. 6-23 are a lengthy parenthesis). The result of the opposition during Cyrus' reign was that work on Essay on Panem et Circense and Battle, the temple was suspended until the second year of. . . Darius (520 B.C.), some 18 years after the people had returned to the 'and for the purpose of rebuilding the house of God.
d. The continuation of the work (5:1-6:12) This section informs the readers of certain historical events under the reign of Darius. and cite apa for me also helps its readers understand that the temple rebuilding was sovereignly ordained by Relevant, God and apa for carried out through pagan rulers, this time Darius I (521-486). 5:1-2. The work on the temple had been stopped (4:1-5, 24), from 535 to 520 B.C. Now under the okonkwo kill himself influence of two important prophets, Haggai and Zechariah, it was resumed. The preaching of these two men is recorded in the biblical books bearing their respective names. Haggai prophesied from August to December 520 B.C., and Zechariah prophesied for two years beginning in October-November 520. They were helping by exhorting and cite apa for encouraging (cf. 6:14; Hag. 1:8; 2:4; Zech. 4:7-9).
They were vitally concerned with the building of the temple because they realized that their nation could never fulfill the Business Crew Essay obligations of the Mosaic Covenant till the temple worship was reinstated. Both of these prophets placed the blame for the hard times the nation experienced during this period on the people's lack of obedience in not rebuilding the temple. However, Ezra did not deal with that question in his book. He stressed the outside opposition which was also a factor in slowing the work. The building process itself was spearheaded by Zerubbabel and Jeshua, the evil and religious leaders. respectively. 5:3-5. Me. But as soon as the Essay et Circense Bread, work was resumed, another effort (cf. 4:1-5) was made to stop it.
Israel's leaders came into direct conflict with the duly established local authorities who were responsible to the Persian crown. In a Babylonian record dated 502 B.C. the name Tattenai and cite me his office as governor of Trans-Euphrates are mentioned. Syria-Palestine was under him. an area including but much larger than Israel. Shethar-Bozenai was probably an assistant to Tattenai. Essay About. It would have been Tattenai's responsibility, on hearing of this building activity in his territory, to investigate it. Major political unrest was seething at the beginning of me Darius' reign. Possibly Tattenai thought the temple-building project in Jerusalem would grow into a full-scale rebellion against the empire.
God's promise/threat (Deut. 28) He said that the people would be taken into captivity if they did not live according to the covenant He instituted with them as they were ready to enter the land of promise. Not only was Nebuchadnezzar involved in the fall of Jerusalem; God Himself was responsible! Nebuchadnezzar was merely an agent of God's anger on His people (cf. My servant Nebuchadnezzar in Jer. 25:9; 27:6; 43:10)--an anger which was designed to purify the nation so that some would return to sapir hypothesis explained the land as a believing remnant. Cite Apa For Me. The Exile did not mean that Yahweh was defeated by Nebuchadnezzar's gods. The group of officials asked Zerubbabel and Jeshua who authorized the project (the word structure is Essay on Panem : Blood, Bread,, lit., wooden structure), and asked for the names of the people responsible for it (cf. 5:9-10). But despite this challenge, the work did not stop because the eye of cite their God was watching Over them (cf. God. . . was over them, v. 1).
Occurring frequently in Ezra and Nehemiah are the words the hand of the LORD was on him and similar expressions (Ezra 7:6, 9, 28; 8:18, 22, 31; Neh. 2:8, 18), God was providentially caring for them (by His eye) and blessing them (by His hand). Sapir Whorf. Clearly God was at cite apa for me, work in spite of this opposition because through it the project was eventually given help. 5:6-10. Ezra recorded the letter (cf. This is a copy of the letter; 4:11, 23; 7:11) Tattenai sent to King Darius about the building activity going on in Jerusalem (5:7-16). Tattenai began his letter by noting that work was being done on the temple of the great God in Jerusalem. This does not mean that Tattenai believed Yahweh of Israel was the about Effects of Globalization on My supreme God.
Most likely he meant that the cite God to whom the Jews were building the temple was the major God of the area. Whorf Explained. In the ancient Near East there was a highly developed belief in local deities. Tattenai noted that large stones and timbers (cf. 6:4; 1 Kings 6:36) were being used in the work and that the me Jews were working with diligence and were making rapid progress, He added that he had asked who authorized the work (cf. Ezra 5:3) and that he had asked for the names of those who were leading the building program (cf. v. 4). 5:11-12. Tattenai's letter then included the hypothesis Jews' answers to his questions (vv. 11-16), Zerubbabel and apa for me Jeshua called themselves servants of the martha corey the crucible God of cite apa for me heaven and earth, not servants of Persia' For comments on the title the God of the crucible heaven see 1:2. Cite Me. The true God, Yahweh, was superior to Darius' god, Ahura Mazda, whom Darius called the god of heaven.
Years earlier Israel had a great king, Solomon, and had had a beautiful temple. It was a prominent structure in the ancient world, But because of sin (our lathers angered the Essay on Culturally Relevant Curricula in Schools God of heaven), God I handed them over to Nebuchadnezzar, . The Jews knew why the temple was destroyed and the people deported. 5:13-17. In response to cite apa for me Tattenai Zerubbabel and Jeshua stated that Cyrus had allowed a remnant to return to Jerusalem to rebuild the temple and even gave them articles which had been taken from Solomon's temple (cf. 1:2-4, 7-11). The letter-writers also recounted the fact that Cyrus gave Sheshbazzar the task of carrying out the king's command--to return the articles and to build another temple in the city. Sheshbazzar was mentioned to show Tattenai that the building program was legal.
Thus it seems likely that Sheshbazzar was a Persian official whose name carried some weight with Tattenai (cf. comments on 1:8 on several views of Sheshbazzar's identity). Are Sheshbazzar and Zerubbabel the same person? Many think so because Sheshbazzar laid the temple foundations, and so did Zerubbabel (3:8-10). However, this is on Panem et Circense : Blood, Bread, and Battle, not absolute proof that the two men were identical. Sheshbazzar could have been responsible, as the king's representative, to see that the work was begun, and Zerubbabel the Jewish leader who completed the task. Tattenai and the officials asked that the king research the records in Babylon (cf. 6:1-2) to find out apa for if what the Jews had said about Essay on Culturally, a decree from Cyrus was true. That such records were carefully kept is attested by archeology. 6:1.5.
Tattenai had requested that Babylon's archives be searched for the document (5:17) but it was not found there. Instead the scroll (of papyrus or leather) was found in. . . Ecbatana (modern Hamadan), 300 miles northeast of Babylon and capital of Media (6: 1-2). The scroll was in Ecbatana, because that is where Cyrus had spent the me summer of 538, when he issued the decree, This Ecbatana record was an martha corey the crucible, official minute with three details that the verbal and written proclamation (1:1-4) apparently did not contain: (1) The temple was to be 90 feet high and cite 90 feet wide, with three courses of large stones and one of timbers (cf. 5:8; 1 Kings 6:36). (2) The project was to hypothesis explained be financed by funds from the royal treasury, This shows the earnestness of cite apa for me Cyrus' repatriation program. (3) The returned gold and silver articles were to be put in their places in the temple. 6:6-12. King Darius then gave three instructions to Tattenai and his associates: (1) He told them to leave the Business Inc. Essay Jews alone and not interfere with the building of the cite temple (vv. Why Does Okonkwo Himself. 6-7).
The words stay away from there were a common Aramaic legal statement. This was to be in accord with the edict of the great King Cyrus. Cite Me. (2) Tax money was to be used to help finance the project and animals were to be supplied daily so that sacrifices could be made at the altar of the new temple along with food items for the offerings (vv. 8-10). Flour (from wheat), salt, and oil were to be used in the grain offerings (Lev. 2:1-2, 7, 13), and wine for drink offerings (Lev. 23:13) on feast days. Martha Corey The Crucible. (3) Anyone who disobeyed the edict was to suffer a horrible fate (Ezra 6:11-12). He was to be impaled on me, a beam taken from his own house, and his house was to be demolished.
Execution by sapir whorf hypothesis explained, impaling was practiced in the Assyrian and Persian Empires. Darius wanted no disturbance in this part of his vast kingdom. The pagan king acknowledged that God had caused His name to cite apa for dwell at : Blood, and Battle, Jerusalem. Darius probably thought of Yahweh as a local deity (cf. comments on 5:6-10), whereas Ezra, in recording that statement, knew of the covenantal significance in Yahweh's name dwelling in apa for Jerusalem. So Tattenai's inquiry backfired. Instead of stopping the temple work, he had to Crew Essay let it proceed and even had to help pay for me it out of his revenues! Darius' curse on anyone who would destroy the . temple was fulfilled in: (a) Antiochus . Why Does Kill Himself. Epiphanes, who desecrated it in 167 B.C., and died insane three years later; (b) Herod the Great (37-4 B.C.), who added extensively to apa for the temple to glorify himself. and who had domestic trouble and died of disease; and (c) the Romans, who destroyed the temple in A.D. Sapir Whorf Hypothesis. 70, and cite later had their empire destroyed. 3. THE TEMPLE COMPLETED (6:13-15) 6:13-15, Tattenai, to his credit, carried. . . out the instructions of Darius, and did so with diligence (cf. Sapir Whorf. with diligence in 5:8; 6:12; 7:21, 23). The work was done by the Jewish elders who were encouraged by the preaching of the Prophets Haggai and Zechariah (cf.
5:1). Ezra noted that the ultimate decree for the building of the temple was from God Himself. God worked through the commands of the pagan Persian kings, Cyrus, Darius, and Artaxerxes, Workers, prophets, kings, and God were all involved. Artaxerxes had nothing to do with building the temple; apparently his name was added to apa for me round out the corey account, for he had decreed the me building of Jerusalem's walls (Neh. 2:1, 8). He also helped provide for sacrifices at the temple (Ezra 7:12-17). Some have suggested that Artaxerxes' name may have been added by of J. Essay, an early scribe but there is no textual evidence of that.
Actually in the Hebrew the words the temple are not in 6:14, It reads literally, They finished their building, thus speaking in general terms of the total reconstruction of Jerusalem under the apa for me decrees of the three kings, But verse 15 specifically mentions the temple. The temple was completed in Adar (February-March) of 515--21 years alter the work started in 536, and 4.5 years after Haggai began his prophesying. This was 70.5, years alter the temple had been destroyed on August 12, 586. E. The dedication of the temple and the celebration of the Passover (6:16-22) I. THE TEMPLE DEDICATED (6:16-18) 6:16-18. Explained. After the temple was finished, it was then dedicated. The comparatively small number of animals sacrificed (100 bulls, 200 rams, 400 male lambs, and 12 male goats) contrasted sharply with the tremendous amount sacrificed by Solomon at the dedication of the apa for me first temple (22,000 cattle and Crew Inc. 120,000 sheep and me goats; 1 Kings 8:63).
This points up the comparative poverty of the post-exilic community. The 12 goats for the sin offering show that the post-exilic community still envisioned a united Israel consisting of all 12 tribes even though only 2 had survived with any strength. The leaders of the sacrificial system--the priests and the Levites--were installed, , , according to , , . the Book of Moses, that is, according to Essay on Culturally that portion of the Law in which the legal system is described--in parts of Leviticus and cite Numbers (Lev. 8; Num. 3:5-10; 8:5-14). One of the motifs of Ezra, Nehemiah, and 1 and on Culturally Curricula in Schools 2 Chronicles is that the post-exilic community was under the leadership 'of godly men who were steeped in the Scriptures and attempted to cite apa for me do everything according to the Law.
This shows that they had learned from the Exile that God's people suffer if they do not live up to their covenantal obligations. 2. THE PASSOVER CELEBRATED (6:19-22) 6:19-21. Sapir Hypothesis. Beginning with verse 19 the text is again in Hebrew (4:8-6:18 are in cite me Aramaic). On the Essay : Blood, and Battle 14th day of the first month (April 515 B.C.) the Passover was celebrated, The temple had been completed in the 12th month (Adar; v. 15) and fittingly, in the very next month, the Passover was re-inaugurated. This was the first time in 70 years that the cite apa for people partook of this feast which commemorated their forefathers' release from Egyptian bondage (cf. Ex. 12:1-14; Lev. 23:5). The Israelite returnees ate the Passover with all who had separated themselves from the unclean practices of their Gentile neighbors. This second group might have been: (a) Gentiles living in Judah (cf.
Num. 9:14), or more likely (b) Jews who had remained in the land and had defiled themselves by practices that went against et Circense : Blood, and Battle, the Law, and then repented of apa for me those sins, thereby separating themselves. 6:22. The seven-day Feast of Unleavened Bread was on days 15-21 of the first month, immediately after the Passover (cf. Lev. 23:6-8). The reference to Darius as the king of Assyria is not an anachronism (though the Assyrian Empire had ended in 609 B.C.) for Analysis Inc. Essay examples the Persian Empire included what was once Assyria.
Perhaps this title was a grim reminder that Assyria's harsh tactics were now ended, She was the first to deport Israelites from their land; but now a contingent of Jews was settled back in apa for me their land. This eight-day celebration (the Passover, Ezra 6:19, and the seven-day Feast of Unleavened Bread, v. 22), 900 years after the first Passover, signaled the end of the Exile for a remnant of the nation was once again back in fellowship with Yahweh. Since the temple worship was restored, it was important for people who wanted to be in fellowship with God and sapir explained live according to apa for the covenantal obligations to be in the place where the sacrificial system was being practiced. The people had seen firsthand that God works through history, for He had caused pagan kings to issue decrees which let them return to the land of promise (much as He had caused Egypt's Pharaoh to release Israel). On Panem Et Circense Bread,. The original readers of cite apa for Ezra's book would rejoice in that fact and would be encouraged to participate fully in why does okonkwo the temple worship, which had been reestablished at such great cost. II. The Second Return and Reform under Ezra (chaps. 7-10) These chapters describe a second return of exiles from Babylon, this time under Ezra in 458 B.C. (7:7). Here Ezra often wrote in cite the first person (I and we): Ezra, a priest who knew the why does okonkwo himself Scriptures, knew the importance of having the people back where the sacrificial system was being practiced. A. The return to the land (chaps, 7-8) The emphasis in these chapters is on the character of Ezra, which sets the scene for chapters 9 and 10 where sin is uncovered in the post-exilic community.
Ezra is cite, presented as a man who was strongly motivated by the Law of God. I. THE INTRODUCTION OF EZRA (7:1-10) The events which transpire in okonkwo this section of the narrative occurred during the reign of Artaxerxes who was introduced earlier in the book (4:8-23; 6:14). The return occurred in the king's seventh year, which was 458 B.C. 7:1-5. After these things points to a gap of 57 years since the apa for me events at Curricula in Schools, the end of chapter 6. The temple was completed in 515 B.C. in the reign of Darius I. Apa For Me. Alter Darius' death in 486 his Son Xerxes ruled for whorf explained 20 years (485-465). Since Xerxes was the Ahasuerus mentioned in the Book of Esther, the events of cite me that book occurred between Ezra 6 and 7. Then Xerxes' son Artaxerxes ruled from 464 to 424. From 515 to 458 (Artaxerxes' seventh year, 7:7) was 57 years.
Ezra's lineage is sapir hypothesis explained, traced back to Aaron, the first priest. This list is abbreviated, for it does not name every generation. Between Azariah and Meraioth (v. 3) six names appear in the genealogy in 1 Chronicles 6:7-10 (cf. comments there). Since Seraiah was the high priest when Jerusalem fell in 586 (2 Kings 25:18), Ezra may have been his great-grandson.
Because of his priestly ancestry, Ezra, like the apa for priests, had authority to teach (cf. Kill Himself. Lev. 10:11; Ezra 7:10). 7:6. Ezra. . . was a teacher well-versed in the Law of Moses, The word teacher translates soper , a broad word that means, a recorder, scribe, secretary, or writer (e.g.. 2 Sam. 8:17; Es. 3:12; 8:9; Ps. 45:1). The word also referred to a learned man who could read and write (e.g., Jehudi in Jer. 36:23) and a learned man who could teach what he read in God's Law.
Ezra was called a teacher ( soper ) four times (Ezra 7:6, 1112,21; cf. v. Cite Me. 25). And he was called Ezra the scribe six times in Nehemiah (8:1, 4, 9, 13; 12:26, 36). Well versed translates mohir , which is rendered skillful in Psalm 45:1. Ezra had the blessing of the pagan King Artaxerxes as well as the Crew blessing of the covenant God of Israel. A few years later Nehemiah had an official position before the king (Neh. 1:11), but Ezra held no such position. It is enough for the author to note that he was a teacher who was well versed in the Law. That was to be his major function in life.
Because of the king's favor Ezra was promised that he could have whatever he wanted. Rather than ask for something personal. Ezra used the monarch's favor to advance the cause of God and His people. Apa For Me. For the first of eight times in kill the Books of Ezra and cite apa for Nehemiah, mention is made of God's hand being on Ezra and Nehemiah (Ezra 7:6, 9, 28; 8:18, 22, 31; Neh. 2:8, 18). 7:7-10. Not much is said here about the trip from Babylon to Jerusalem or the preparations for it. Essay Effects On My. These few verses are a summary of the journey that is detailed in cite apa for the rest of chapter 7 and in chapter 8. Returning with Ezra were groups of people corresponding to the groups in Zerubbabel's return (chap.
2). The trip back to the land took exactly four months, from the first to the fifth months, from Nisan I (March-April) to Ab I (July-August). The good hand of . . . God was on Ezra because he devoted himself to the study and observance of the Law of the LORD, and to sapir teaching it. Apa For Me. Devoted himself is literally, set his heart firmly (cf. 2 Chron. On Panem Bread,. 19:3; 30:19), which gives the apa for idea that Ezra was inwardly determined. His determination was directed toward doing three things: studying God's Law, obeying it, and teaching it to corey others-an inviolable order for a successful ministry! 2. THE CIRCUMSTANCES PROMPTING THE RETURN (7:11-28) 7:11-12. Artaxerxes wrote a letter (cf.
This is a copy of the letter; 4:11, 23; 5:6) to Ezra that allowed Ezra and others to return to Israel. (On Ezra as a teacher see comments on 7:6.) No reason for the decree was given. It can be surmised that Ezra had asked for permission to take a group back and that this decree was the official granting of his request. The decree was sent to Ezra personally. 7:13-26. Artaxerxes listed certain freedoms the people were to have as they journeyed to and lived in Israel.
He gave them permission to go to Jerusalem (v. 13). He gave them silver and gold to take with them and he allowed them to get more in Babylon (vv. 15-16, 20). He said that they could offer sacrifices on the altar at the temple (v.
17). They were also given freedom to make their own decisions (v. 18). They could take back the utensils of worship for the temple (vv. 19-20). (Apparently not all of them had been carried back with Zerubbabel; cf. Cite Apa For. 1:7-11.) They could have whatever else they needed for the temple up to about Effects on My a certain limit (7:21-22). The wheat, oil, and salt were for use in the grain offerings (cf.
6:9; Lev. 2:1-2, 7, 13), and the wine was for drink offerings (cf. Ezra 6:9; Lev. Cite Apa For. 12:13). As noted in the NIV margin, the amounts were enormous: 100 talents (3.5. tons) of silver, 100 cors (600 bushels) of wheat, 100 baths (600 gallons) of wine, 100 baths of olive oil, and salt without limit- The priests and Levites were not to be taxed (Ezra 7:24). In return for granting these privileges the sapir explained king was to receive some benefits from the expedition. He wanted to avoid uprisings or feelings of anger against him (v.
23) and to have order in that part of his empire (vv. 25-26). Ezra was responsible to administer justice to cite all the people of the on Panem et Circense : Blood, Bread, area, that is, to all who knew the laws of apa for his God--the Jewish people. Ezra also was to administer the judicial system by handing out punishment to any who would not obey (v. 26). 7:27-28. In Schools. Ezra's response to the king's decree shows what kind of apa for me man he was. He praised the LORD for what was being done under him. Sapir Whorf. By calling Yahweh the God of our fathers he linked himself with the godly line that had been concerned with proper sacrificial worship.
He also noted that God had given this idea to the king (put it into the king's heart). Ezra added that the purpose of all this was to bring honor to me the house of the LORD, The privileges granted by Artaxerxes were for God's glory, not Ezra's. Ezra also said that God's good favor was shown to him in front of all the king's pagan advisers and officials, Good favor translates hesed , God's covenantal love for Business of J. Crew Essay examples His people. (That Heb. word is rendered love in 3:11, in each verse in cite me Ps. Analysis Crew Inc.. 136, and elsewhere.) It refers to more than love; it means covenantal love, love borne out of loyalty to apa for a Commitment. Because Ezra saw that God was working through him (the hand of the LORD my God was on me. cf. Ezra 7:6, 9; 8:18, 22, 31), he began the task of selecting people to make the difficult trip.
This probably was difficult and must have involved much personal contact and persuasion. Kill Himself. But he was successful in enlisting leading men. . Cite Apa For Me. . to go with him. 3. THE LIST OF THE RETURNEES (8:-14) 8:1-14. This list consists of the major men (family heads) who returned as well as the numbers of those who accompanied them. Most of the people listed were related to the families who had returned previously under Zerubbabel (537 B.C.) 79 years earlier (chap.
2). Many of the family names in 8:3c-14 are mentioned in okonkwo himself 2:3-15. Gershom was a descendant of cite me Phinehas, son of Aaron's third son Eleazar (Ex. 6:25), and Daniel was descended from sapir Ithamar, Aaron's fourth son (Ex. 6:23). Apa For. The total number of men who returned was 1,514 including 18 heads of families and 1,496 other men. With the 258 Levites assembled later (Ezra 8:15-20) the number came to 1,772. Himself. With women and children, the apa for group may have totaled between 4,000 and 5,000. Even so, this group was much smaller than the near-50,000 on the first return (2:64-65).
4. THE DETAILS OF THE JOURNEY AND ARRIVAL (8:15-36) a. Levites recruited for the journey (8:15-20) 8:15. Levites were to function as teachers of the Law (cf. Lev. 10:11; Deut. 33:10). Therefore they were to have an extremely important role in the reestablished community. The people desperately needed to understand the importance of the Law as they laced their situation as returnees from exile. Effects Of Globalization On My Life. The Levites would have a difficult time in the new land for they were to be involved in the disciplined ministry of temple service.
Perhaps that is why none were present when Ezra and his group were ready to depart from the canal of Ahava (cf. Ezra 8:21. 31), whose location is unknown. This canal may have been a tributary of the me Euphrates River. Even Zerubbabel had comparatively few Levites on martha corey the crucible, his return (733 [2:40-58), less than 1.5% of the 49,897 [2:64-65]). 8:16-17.
Therefore Ezra sent 9 leaders and 2 men of learning to secure some Levites and temple servants from the cite apa for me man Iddo. Hypothesis Explained. Ezra told the messengers what to say, which seems to indicate that this was a delicate task which needed to have some weight behind the message. Apa For Me. The 11 messengers were sent to Casiphia, whose location is no longer known. 8:18-20. The men were able to secure 38 Levites from two families--18 from Sherebiah's family and 20 from Jeshaiah's relatives--as well as 220 . . . temple servants. Only then was Ezra ready to about The Positive Effects of Globalization on My start on the important journey.
Without the Levite teachers of the Law and people to serve at the temple all would be lost and the trip futile. b. Preparations made for the journey (8:21-30) 8:21-23. First, spiritual preparation was made for the journey. Apa For. Ezra was concerned with matters pertaining to God's people. So Ezra proclaimed a fast in preparation for whorf the journey.
He wanted the assembled group thereby to humble themselves before . . . God in order to cite ask Him for a safe journey for themselves, their children, and their possessions. Being humble before God shows one's spiritual dependence, his acknowledgment that God is in total control. Ezra did not. want to ask for military protection (soldiers and on Panem : Blood, and Battle horsemen) because he had already publicly announced that God would take care of the people as they returned. In contrast, Nehemiah readily accepted a military escort on his way back to the land (Neh. 2:9). 8:24-27. Next, physical preparation was made for the journey. Ezra divided the silver. . . Cite. gold, and articles among 24 of the key men in the group. These items were gilts for the temple, given by Persian officials and by non-returning Israelites. They included 25 tons of silver, silver articles weighing 3.75, tons, 3.75 tons of gold, 20 bowls of gold that weighed about 19 pounds, and two expensive bronze objects.
All this would be valued at Essay on My, many millions of dollars today. No wonder Ezra was concerned about the people's safety (v. 21). 8:28-30. Ezra charged these key men with the responsibility of getting the precious metals and valuables back to Jerusalem safely. Cite Me. In his charge he said that these material possessions were Consecrated to the LORD and that the silver and gold were freely given by Essay about Effects, God's people.
He emphasized the need for guarding the money and articles carefully by noting that they would all be weighed on arrival to be sure none had disappeared. The priests and Levites accepted the responsibility of taking the metals and utensils to Jerusalem. c. The people journeyed and arrived (8:31-36) 8:31-34. Cite Me. Only a few statements were made about the Business Analysis of J. Inc. Essay journey and the arrival. The group left Babylon on the 1st day of the first month (7:9) and they left the Ahava Canal on the 12th of the same month. Since they were at the canal three days (8:15), the site of their canal encampment was about nine days' travel from cite me Babylon, perhaps 100-130 miles away. The total journey was about 900 miles and must have been difficult for Essay about Effects of Globalization on My Life a group without a military escort.
However, Ezra was content merely to relate that the hand of Our God was on us (cf. 7:6, 9, 28; 8:18, 22) and that the Lord granted the returnees protection. On arriving in Jerusalem, after a three-day rest, everything was turned over to the priests and Levites and weighed (vv. Cite Apa For Me. 33-34). Several of these temple officials are also mentioned in the Book of Nehemiah: Meremoth (Neh. 3:4, 21), Jozabad (Neh. 11:16), and Binnui (Neh.
3:24). 8:35-36. Essay Curricula In Schools. Then the exiles offered sacrifices to God. The four kinds of cite me animals--bulls (apparently one for each tribe of Israel), rams. lambs, and goats--were the Essay Relevant same as those offered at the temple dedication (6:17), but now the cite number was smaller. A copy of the king's edict was given to Essay Effects of Globalization on My the surrounding officials (royal satraps and governors), who were to cite carry out his wishes under Ezra's leadership.
This caused the on Culturally Curricula in Schools surrounding peoples to assist the Jewish post-exilic community. The section ends in an interesting climax--God's good hand was so evident on His people that even surrounding peoples helped them in apa for the sacrificial system, the means of fellowship with God. B. The reform in the land (chaps. Okonkwo Kill Himself. 9-10) In contrast with the high point of God's blessing on the people at the end of the previous section (8:36), this section opens with a statement about the severe sin into cite apa for me which the people of the post-exilic community had fallen. The reason the Business Inc. Essay people were back in the land was so that they would be able to worship God according to the ways of their forefathers under the Law.
However, when the people returned to the land they still had a tendency to wander away from the words of God that had been written by Moses. I. Cite Apa For. The People's Sin Of Intermarriage Reported (9:1-4) 9:1-2. Ezra's return had a profound effect on the people of Israel. The man who was devoted to the accurate teaching of the corey the crucible Law became the focal point of a major reform. This occurred less than five months after his arrival (cf.
7:9 with 10:9). The leaders came to me suggests that these were men who had previously returned to the land under Zerubbabel and had established themselves as leaders and had looked into the problem. Ezra's return may have pricked their consciences as they reflected on the Law of God. They realized that something had to be done about the situation if the nation was to enjoy fellowship with the Lord. Outward sacrifice was fine, but only if it was accompanied by an inward conformity to the Word of God (Hosea 6:6; Micah 6:6-8). The Jewish leaders reported to Ezra that Some Israelites had been involved with their pagan neighbors' detestable practices (cf.
Ezra 9:11, 14) which meant they had married Gentiles. One of God's major prohibitions was that His people were not to marry outside the community of believers (Ex. 34:11-16; Deut. 7:1-4). This was not because of cite racial difference, for the peoples of the surrounding areas were of the same Semitic race.
The reason was strictly religious. If God's people married outside Israel they would be tempted (as was Solomon; I Kings 11:3-5) to get caught up in pagan idolatrous worship. Intermarrying with people who did not worship Yahweh was symptomatic of the way the people forsook other aspects of God's Law. If they would break this aspect of the Law in the most intimate of human relationships then they would probably also break the Law in other less intimate human relationships. The peoples listed in The Positive of Globalization Ezra 9:1 were many of those God had warned about apa for me, centuries before (Deut. 7:1), as well as the whorf surrounding nations of Ammon, Moab, and cite apa for me Egypt. Unfortunately some religious and Business Analysis civil leaders had been in the forefront of this evil practice. 9:3-4. Ezra's response was typical of the response of godly people in the Old Testament when they found out about sin. Tearing his tunic and cloak was a sign of mourning (cf.
Num. 14:6; Josh. 7:6; Es. 4:1; Job 1:20), and pulling hair from me his head and beard was a sign of unusual grief or of intense anger (Isa. 22:12). He was appalled because of the people's sin (Ezra 9:3; cf. v. 4). Ezra knew that it was for just this sort of sin that his nation had gone into captivity (cf. Essay. v. 7).
Perhaps he was afraid they would go into captivity again (cf. Cite. v. 8). 2. EZRA'S PRAYER TO GOD (9:5-15) Ezra's prayer reveals much about him. He identified with the corey the crucible nation in their sin even though he himself was innocent of the offense (cf. Dan. 9:5-6, 8-11, 13, 15-16). Ezra understood that the nation stood together under the covenant and that this breach of responsibility, especially since it had been led by cite me, leaders of the nation, could jeopardize the entire nation before God. 9:5. The evening sacrifice was around 3 P.M. Ezra's physical position (on his knees with his hands spread out to the LORD) showed that he was throwing himself on the mercy of God.
Ezra knew that the nation was guilty (vv. 6-7; cf. vv. 13, 15) so he assumed a position of begging before the Lord. There was no excuse for the people's actions. Ezra's prayer was made at the temple with weeping (10:1). 9:6-7. Ezra confessed the Essay on Culturally Curricula in Schools continuing problem of sin among the people of the nation. He reacted to me the sin with embarrassment, using terms such as ashamed and Crew examples disgraced.
He felt embarrassed because it was for guilt like this that the nation had gone into captivity in the first place at the hand of foreign kings (viz., Sargon II and Nebuchadnezzar). The Captivity was to be a method of purifying the people and reestablishing a close relationship between them and cite apa for me God. Apparently the Exile had not accomplished its purpose because of the people's tendency to stray from their covenantal obligations. Like a flood their sins, Ezra said, had engulfed them for Essay about The Positive Effects their sins were higher than their heads. 9:8-9. Ezra acknowledged the grace of God in allowing the people to return to the land. He reminded God and himself that it was the Lord's graciousness that allowed the kings of Persia to grant the Jews freedom to return to the land of promise to rebuild the temple. But now they were back in bondage--bondage to sin. 9:10-12. Ezra then confessed the men's present sin of me intermarriage.
Ezra asked, What can we say after this? By this question he was acknowledging that the nation had no excuse before God (cf. v. 6). No explanation was given for the leaders' disobedience. They had broken God's commands to remain pure before Him, and to separate from the corruption and detestable practices (cf. vv. 1, 14) in sapir hypothesis the land. Apa For. They had directly disobeyed the clear Word of Essay on Panem et Circense Bread, and Battle God.
Foreign marriages contaminated Israel, fostered the foreigners' prosperity, weakened Israel spiritually, and decreased her opportunity to enjoy the land's crops. 9:13-14. The conclusion Ezra reached was that God would be totally just in destroying them in His anger so that no remnant would be left (el. remnant' in vv. 8, 13, 15). They deserved even greater punishment than God was giving them (cf. v. Cite Apa For. 6). In a nutshell, Ezra was describing the position of all mankind before God. As people disobey the Word of God they stand under His wrath in their guilt (cf. guilt in vv. 6-7, 13, 15; cf. John 16:8; James 2:10). 9:15.
Ezra's prayer included no specific request; he simply threw himself on God's mercy. By this he concluded his prayer in the same way he began. Corey. He acknowledged that no one in the entire community was worthy to stand before the me righteous God. In his prayer Ezra affirmed several attributes of of J. Crew God: grace (v. 8), kindness (v. 9), anger (v. 14), and righteousness (v. 15). Ezra was asking God to be merciful on the basis of His loyal love for the nation. 3. THE PEOPLE'S CONFESSION OF SIN (CHAP.
10) As already noted, the leaders were sensitive to cite the fact that there was a problem (9:1-2). Now other concerned Israelites joined Ezra in his grief. a. The people acknowledged their sin (10:1-4) 10:1-4. Many people acknowledged that something had to be done about the situation. Apparently this sin had gone on and had been tolerated for some time. Children were born to some of those who had intermarried (vv. 3, 44).
No doubt some devout Jews were grieved because of Business Analysis Essay this sin in the community. Perhaps they were afraid to speak up or had tried and were rebuffed. In any case, now that some of the leaders were joining Ezra in bemoaning the sin, these righteous people joined in the mourning and began to demand that something be done. A large crowd of Israelites gathered with Ezra and wept bitterly. One man, Shecaniah, spoke for me all the people who were weeping. Sapir Hypothesis. He acknowledged the cite unfaithfulness of the nation but he felt that there was still hope for on Culturally Relevant Curricula in Schools Israel. He suggested that the people covenant before. . . God to divorce the foreign women and send them away along with the apa for children they had borne. This was to be done according to the Law. Shecaniah promised Ezra that the people would stand behind him in such a decision. Shecaniah was calling on the nation to do something distasteful and difficult, something that could cause bitter division between family members and Essay about of Globalization on My friends.
However, he appealed on the basis of the Law of God which was supposed to cite apa for be the people's rule of life. The Law also was a safeguard for why does okonkwo kill himself this situation, for an Israelite could marry a woman from outside the cite apa for me nation if she had become Jewish in faith. Perhaps that is why each marriage was investigated thoroughly (vv. The Positive On My. 16-19)--to see if any women had become Jewish proselytes. Though divorce was not the norm, it may have been preferable in this situation because the mixed marriages, if continued, would lead the nation away from true worship of Yahweh. Eventually they would destroy the nation. On the other hand some Bible students believe this plan was not in accord with God's desires (cf. Mal.
2:16). Do two wrongs make one right? Perhaps Ezra wrongly followed Shecaniah's advice in requiring these divorces. However, no specific support for this view is indicated in Ezra 10. b. The people took an oath (10:5-8) 10:5-8. Apa For Me. The people's sincerity in their confession and repentance was shown by the fact that they took an sapir whorf explained, oath before God.
Taking an oath was not a light matter; it bound the oath-taker to do what he had promised. If he did not, he would be punished. Me. Ezra withdrew to fast and mourn by the crucible, himself. Jehohanan was the same as Johanan (Neh. 12:23). He was the grandson of Eliashab (Neh. Apa For Me. 12:10-11), who was the high priest (Neh.
13:28). Hence, son of Eliashab (Ezra 10:6) means grandson of Eliashab (son in Heb. often means a grandson or even a later descendant). A proclamation was sent out to all the exiles to assemble in Jerusalem. Anyone who did not come would lose his property and would be expelled from the assembly of the exiles. In effect such a person would no longer have any legal rights. Ezra had this authority to send out a proclamation with threat of punishment, because of the edict of the king (cf.
7:26). c. Okonkwo Himself. The people gathered at the temple (10:9-15) 10:9-11. The square to the east of the temple could accommodate thousands of people. The temple area was always the center of action in the Book of Ezra. On the appointed day (three days after the proclamation, in cite me November-December 457) as the martha people were gathering, a rainstorm was in progress. This was the rainy season (v. 13). However, because of the oath (v.
5) and because of the threat of apa for punishment the meeting went on as scheduled. The people were distressed out of martha the crucible fear of God's wrath and over cite apa for me concern about their families being separated. As Ezra addressed the group, he cited their sin of unfaithfulness, pronounced their guilt, and Essay The Positive Effects on My challenged them to acknowledge their sin and do something about it by apa for me, becoming separate from their foreign wives. 10:12-15. The people responded that they agreed, but that the matter would take some time because of the large number of people involved and because of the rain. (In fact, it took three months, vv. 16-17.) Someone suggested that each man who had married a foreign woman should make an appointment with the elders and judges of his hometown so that the matter could be settled locally. This was a good suggestion because the elders and judges of why does okonkwo each town would know the individuals involved. They would know whether the women involved were worshipers of the apa for me Lord or were still involved in pagan worship.
Four leaders opposed the plan, though it is okonkwo kill, not clear why. Perhaps they wanted to take care of the matter right away; or perhaps they did not want to take care of it at all. Cite Apa For. At least one of them, Meshullam, was guilty (v. Whorf Hypothesis. 29). d. The marriages examined (10:16-17) 10:16-17. In just 11 days the examining' began (cf. vv. 9, 16).
It took three . . months for all the marriages to cite apa for me be examined, from the first day of the 10th month (December-January 457) to the first day of the 1st month of the next year (March-April 456). Obviously the problem was widespread and could not be settled in Relevant Curricula in Schools a day (v. 13). Each case was judged individually so that justice would be done. By this action the community was not saying that divorce was good. It was a matter of following God's Law about the need for religious purity in the nation (Ex. 34:11-16; Deut. 7:1-4). Ezra wrote nothing about what happened to these foreign women or their children. Presumably they returned to cite me their pagan countries.
e. The offenders listed (10:18-44) 10:18-44. Ezra concluded his account by listing the offenders in the foreign marriages. Martha Corey The Crucible. Involved in this serious sin were 17 priests (vv. 18-22) and 10 Levites including a singer and 3 gatekeepers (vv. Cite Apa For Me. 23-24), and 84 others from around the nation (vv. 25-43). As the Essay in Schools leaders had said (9:1), some priests and Levites were guilty. The guilty priests each offered a ram. . Me. . as a guilt offering in accord with Leviticus 5:14-15. The family names in Ezra 10:25-43 correspond closely to those in 2:3-20.
Some of these had children by these marriages (10:44). This was a grievous separation from God's covenant. Unfortunately the people would again slip into the same kind of sin only one generation later (Neh. 13:23-28). The narrative ends abruptly at this point. The message of the book is complete.
In order for the people to be back in fellowship with the Lord it was absolutely necessary for them to have proper temple worship (Ezra 1-6) and to live according to God's Word (chaps. 7-10). ( Bible Knowledge Commentary , Walvoord and Zuck)