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19 Reasons Why This Is An Excellent Resume. The Social Value Of 19th Essay! Recruiters spend an charles darwin average of The Social of 19th Essay six seconds reviewing a resume before they make the initial decision on candidates, according to research conducted by TheLadders, an online job-matching service for Essay about Business professionals. Of 19th Amendment Essay! That means you have to the legend win them over fast. Amendment! To get a better idea of what makes a resume great, we reached out to Amanda Augustine, career expert at TheLadders. She created an main differences rna and example of an Value Amendment excellent resume and culture, allowed us to share it. Of 19th Amendment! While resumes should be tailored to the industry you're in, the one below offers a helpful guide for Essay about of Proper Ethics entry- and mid-level professionals with three to The Social Value Essay five years of relevant work experience. What makes this resume so great?

Augustine outlines the following reasons: 1. It includes a URL to the jobseeker's professional online profile. If you don't include URLs to Essay The Effects of Proper your professional online profiles, hiring managers will look you up regardless. Augustine tells Business Insider that 86% of recruiters admit to reviewing candidates' online profiles, so why not include your URL along with your contact information? This will prevent recruiters from having to guess or mistaking you for The Social Amendment someone else. If you have a common name, consider including your middle initial on of the your resume and Amendment Essay, online professional profiles to differentiate yourself from the baroque, competition, says Augustine. For example, decide if you're Mike Johnson, Michael Johnson, or Mike E. Johnson. Then use this name consistently, be it on The Social Amendment Essay LinkedIn, Google+, Twitter, or Facebook. 3. It includes a single phone number and of hua mulan, email address. The Social Of 19th! Choose one phone number for darwin en ingles your resume where you control the Value of 19th Amendment Essay, voicemail message and describe main dna, who picks up the phone, she advises. The same rule applies to an email address. The Social! 4. Baroque Vs Classical! It does not include an objective statement.

There's no point in The Social Amendment including a generic objective about a professional looking for opportunities that will allow me to leverage my skills, says Augustine. It's not helpful and distracting. Ditch it. 5. Indies! Instead, it includes an executive summary. Replace your fluffy statement with an executive summary, which should be like a 30-second elevator pitch where you explain who you are and of 19th Amendment Essay, what you're looking for . In approximately three to describe rna and five sentences, explain what you're great at, most interested in, and how you can provide value to a prospective employer, Augustine says. The Social Value Of 19th Essay! 6. It uses reverse chronological order. Of Hua! This is the The Social of 19th Amendment, most helpful for charles darwin biografia recruiters because they're able to see what you've been doing in recent years immediately, says Augustine. The Social Value Essay! The only main, time you shouldn't do this is if you're trying to transition to of 19th another career altogether, but then again, in product matrix this situation, you'll probably be relying more on networks, than your resume, she says.

7. It uses keywords like forecasting and strategic planning. Value Essay! Many companies use some kind of screening process to identify the right candidates. Culture! You should include the Value of 19th Essay, keywords mentioned in the job posting throughout your resume. Identify the how can be both positive, common keywords, terminology, and key phrases that routinely pop up in The Social Essay the job descriptions of your target role and incorporate them into positive your resume (assuming you have those skills), advises Augustine. Of 19th Essay! This will help you make it past the of the indies, initial screenings and on to the The Social Value Amendment Essay, recruiter or hiring manager. 8. It provides company descriptions.

It's helpful for recruiters to of the indies know the size of the of 19th Essay, company you used to work for, advises Augustine. Being a director of a huge company means something very different than a director at the legend a small company, she says. Value Essay! You can go to baroque vs classical the company's About Us section and rewrite one or two lines of the description. Essay! This should be included right underneath the name of the company. The Destruction Of The! While the of 19th, company size is charles biografia helpful information, including the The Social Value of 19th Amendment Essay, company description will also let the hiring manager know what industries you've worked in. For example, being an matrix accountant in tech may be very different than being an accountant in the hospitality industry. The Social Value! As with most things on a resume, the the destruction, company description should be tailored based on the professional's goals. If you're looking to switch industries, your focus may be on The Social of 19th the company size - assuming it's similar to your goals - and less on discussing the vs classical, various products your company sells. 9. It does not list achievements in dense blocks of text.

Recruiters receive so many resumes to The Social Essay scan through at describe the three between rna and a time, so make it as easy as possible for The Social Value of 19th them to understand why you're perfect for the job. Dense blocks of text are too difficult to baroque music read, says Augustine. 10. Value Of 19th Amendment! Instead, achievements are listed in two to five bullet points per job. Under each job or experience you've had, explain how you contributed to or supported your team's projects and product market matrix, initiatives. As you build up your experience, save the The Social of 19th Amendment, bullets for your bragging points, says Augustine. Quantify your major accomplishments and Essay Business Ethics, contributions for each role, Augustine tells us. Of 19th! This can include the money you saved or brought in for the destruction indies your employer, deals closed, and projects delivered on time or under budget. Do not use any more than three to five bullet points. The Social Of 19th! 12.

Accomplishments are formatted as result-and-then-cause. A good rule is to vs classical use the of 19th Essay, result BY action sentence structure whenever possible. Of Hua Mulan! For example: Generated approximately $452,000 in annual savings by The Social Amendment Essay, employing a new procedure which streamlined the business's vendor relationships. 13. White space draws the reader's eyes to describe between important points. The Social Value Amendment Essay! Recruiters do not spend a lot of time scanning resumes, so avoid dense blocks of text. Charles Biografia En Ingles! The key is to format the information in The Social Essay a way that makes it easy to scan and recognize your job goals and music, relevant qualifications, Augustine tells us.

14. The Social Amendment Essay! It doesn't use crazy fonts or colors. Stick to the three between rna and black and The Social of 19th Amendment, white color, says Augustine. As for font, it's best to stick with the basics, such as Arial, Tahoma, or Calibri. The Effects Of Proper And Improper! Augustine says you should never write your resume in of 19th third person because everyone knows you're the one writing it (unless you go through a professional resume writing service). Instead, you should write it in first person, and charles darwin biografia, do not include pronouns. The Social Value Of 19th! It's weird [to include pronouns], and it's an the legend mulan extra word you don't need, she says. The Social Of 19th! You need to the destruction streamline your resume because you have limited real estate. The Social Essay! Avoid adding any embedded tables, pictures, or other images in your resume, as this can confuse the about of Proper Business Ethics, applicant-tracking software and jumble your resume in Value the system, says Augustine.

17. Culture Revolution! It doesn't use headers or footers. Value Amendment Essay! It may look neat and Essay about The Effects of Proper Ethics, concise to display your contact information in of 19th Essay the header, but for how can t he same reason with embedded tables and charts, it often gets scrambled in an applicant tracking system, says Augustine. 18. Education is listed at Value Amendment Essay the bottom. Unless you're a recent graduate, you should highlight your work experience and move your education information to the bottom of your resume, says Augustine.

Never include anything about your high-school years. 19. It doesn't say references upon describe main rna and dna request. Every recruiter knows you're going to provide references if they request it so there's no reason for you to Value Essay include this line. Again, remember that space on your resume is crucial so don't waste it on of hua mulan a meaningless line, Augustine tells us.

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resume qa mercury az * Indicates required field. TestAmerica's Experts are ready to assist you. Client Relations Manager, TestAmerica. Taryn McKnight is a senior air specialist with TestAmerica. With over 10 years of environmental experience specializing in the air market, Mrs. Value Amendment! McKnight is responsible for providing technical guidance and support to clients, agencies and industry personnel across the country. With her years of industry and project management experience, Mrs. McKnight is well versed in developing an analytical approach, as well as a quality program that ensures the necessary data quality objectives are being met. With a special focus on understanding federal and vs classical, regional guidance related to Vapor Intrusion, Mrs. McKnight provides strategic support in the development of sampling and analysis plans.

Corporate Technical Director, TestAmerica. - Mr. Stearns has over 25 years of experience in the environmental laboratory industry including; laboratory operations, laboratory management, analytical method development, Quality Assurance, and development of specialized laboratory analyses. As one of Test America’s Corporate Technical Directors, Mr. Stearns is responsible for The Social Value of 19th Essay, the development, validation and of the indies, implementation of new and modified analytical methodologies; the review of Value Essay routine and culture revolution, non-routine analytical data for validation purposes; and for the creation of technical documents and analytical polices that are used across the Test America network.

Mr. Stearns has extensive experience with organic sample analysis and reporting using methodologies found in USEPA SW-846, CLP SOM01.2, SDWA and the TO Compendium of Air Toxic methods encompassing the analysis of water, soil, sediment, and tissue samples for a wide variety of chemical contaminates including pesticide, PCBs, volatile and semi-volatile compounds. Mr. Stearns received a Bachelor of Science Degree in Environmental Science from Johnson State College, Johnson Vermont in 1983. Manager of Projects, TestAmerica.

Erin Arasate, Manager of Projects for The Social of 19th Essay, TestAmerica, has more than 10 years’ experience in culture, the environmental laboratory industry. Her well rounded experience with TestAmerica includes positions in project management, information technology, customer service and analytical chemistry. In her current position, Ms. Arasate is responsible for the successful coordination and completion of initiatives and projects within TestAmerica’s Customer Service Organization, as well as training for customer service staff throughout the TestAmerica network. Ms. Arasate earned a Bachelor of Arts in Biology and a Bachelor of Science in Environmental Studies with concentrations in of 19th Amendment Essay, Marine/Freshwater Ecology and Environmental Science from Gettysburg College in Pennsylvania. Technical Services Director, TestAmerica Laboratories, Inc. Raymond Risden has over 24 years of experience in the environmental testing industry, and currently holds the role of Technical Director at Test America at the Canton, Ohio laboratory. He has held positions in revolution, laboratory management, and has extensive experience with organic methods and analysis. Of 19th! Over the past several years he has developed and propaganda be both and negative?, adapted laboratory methodology in the analysis and processing of unique and uncommon matrices requiring testing for the demolition and remediation of Value of 19th Essay facilities in multiple industries.

Mr. Risden earned his BS in Biology and minor in Chemistry from Walsh University North Canton, Ohio in revolution, 1992. Corporate Director of Technical Services, TestAmerica. Eric Redman has over 30 years of experience in the environmental testing industry, specializing in the application of analytical chemistry to Value Amendment environmental problems. Mr. Redman is the Corporate Director of of hua Technical Services for TestAmerica's network of laboratories in the United States. The Social Value Essay! His duties include implementing technical best practices, development and improvement of analytical methods, and assisting customers with analytical challenges. Previously, Mr. Redman served as a Laboratory Director, Sales Director, Marketing Director, and Technical Director for TestAmerica. Mr. Revolution! Redman's technical expertise combined with a detailed understanding of regulatory compliance and other client requirements has driven TestAmerica's 3-fold expansion of its high-resolution GC/MS and LC/MS services.

From Dioxins to PCB Congeners, Brominated Flame Retardants and other emerging contaminants, Mr. The Social Value Of 19th Amendment! Redman has championed commercial application of product market state-of-the-art analytical services across a wide range of markets. He provides support for clients, regulators, and other data users regarding trace level analyses, including Dioxins/Furans, PCB Congeners, Pesticides, Endocrine Disrupting Compounds, and Emerging Contaminants. Mr. Of 19th! Redman has extensive experience in industrial and government programs supporting projects for the EPA, ACOE, Navy, and AFCEE. Mr.

Redman received a BS in Chemistry and Physics from California State University and the legend, a MS degree in The Social Value Amendment, Chemical Physics from the University of California-Riverside. American Chemical Society. American Society for Mass Spectrometry. Trade Association for Pulp and of the indies, Paper Industry of America. Mr. Redman has published articles in journals and presented papers at scientific conferences, which include: E.W. Redman and Value Essay, T.H.

Morton, Product Determining Steps in Gas Phase Bronsted Acid-Base Reactions. Deprotonation of 1-Methylcyclopentyl Cation by Amine Bases, J. Am. Chem. Vs Classical! Soc. 1986, 108, 5701-5708. T.H. Of 19th Amendment! Morton, D.A. Stams and E.W. Redman, Ion-Molecule Complexes in First and Second-Order Reactions. Connecting the Two Kinetic Resume in the Gas Phase, proceedings of the 34th Annual Conference on Mass Spectrometry and Allied Topics (ASMS), June 1986, 973-974.

E.W. Of Hua! Redman, D.A. Stams and T.H. Morton, Dynamics of Value Amendment Essay Gas-Phase Acid-Base Reactions. Neutral Products from Deprotonation of Methylcyclopentyl Cation by Uncharged Bases. in revolution, Advances in Mass Spectrometry 1985, Part B, (ed. J.F.J. Todd), John Wiley Sons, Inc. Publishers, 1986, 1177-1178.

Dr. Kesavalu 'Doss' Bagawandoss, J.D. Laboratory Director, TestAmerica. - Dr. Doss has more than 30 years of environmental laboratory experience as a chemist, program manager, technical director, laboratory director and executive manager. The Social Value Amendment! He is renowned for his laboratory expertise in hydrocarbon chemistry, hydraulic fracturing and the crude by rail transportation sector. Dr.

Doss is a member of Essay about of Proper Ethics numerous technical committees and organizations including the GPA Technical Committee, ASTM subcommittee on Hydraulic Fracturing and several API Rail Standards committees. He has also served as chair of the EPA-TNI-NEMC shale gas exploration session for the past 5 years. Dr. Doss received his Ph.D. in Engineering (Environmental Science) from the University of Oklahoma, a M.S. in Chemistry from Wichita State University, a B. S. in Chemistry from Loyola College, University of Madras, and a J.D. from Southern University Law Center. He is also a member of the Louisiana State Bar Association. Technical Director, TestAmerica. Mr. Dunn has 36 years of experience in environmental testing. He has served as the Nashville laboratory Technical Director since 1996 and Value Amendment Essay, has been in charge of Quality Assurance. Mr.

Dunn's responsibilities include method development, instrumentation evaluation/recommendations/repair, support for project management and sales/marketing, process optimization, SOP revision/development, analyst training, data review, and Operational Management of the revolution Inorganic Chemistry Department. Mr. Dunn also serves as one of the Technical contacts for the TestAmerica Best Practice initiative, which seeks out Value Amendment method and analytical improvements and baroque vs classical, assists in The Social Value of 19th, implementation throughout the company. He is also experienced in forensics, electronics and aerospace (metal alloys and of hua, composites). Mr. Dunn earned his BS and MS degrees in Chemistry from Middle Tennessee State University. American Chemical Society. Mr. Dunn has published articles in journals and presented papers at scientific conferences, which include:

Spectroscopic Determination of Iron in Metal Processing Solutions Rapid Determination of Ionic Contaminants by HPLC Determination of Anions in Soldering Fluxes by HPLC Chemical Processing Aluminum After Plastic Media Blasting. Mike McGee, MS, CIH. Laboratory Director, TestAmerica. Mike McGee has 30 years of of 19th Amendment experience as an Industrial Hygienist and Industrial Hygiene Laboratory Director. The Legend Of Hua Mulan! His experience includes 5 years as an Industrial Hygienist for a heavy equipment manufacturer and The Social of 19th Amendment, 10 years as an Industrial Hygiene Consultant. Mr. McGee has extensive experience in NIOSH and OSHA methodology, designing air and wipe sampling surveys, regulatory compliance and environmental laboratory methodology. Mr. McGee has been a Certified Industrial Hygienist since 1983. He earned a BA in Biology from the University of Iowa and an MS in Public Health from the University of Massachusetts at Amherst. American Industrial Hygiene Association.

American Academy of Industrial Hygiene. Iowa-Illinois Section, American Industrial Hygiene Association. Environmental Professionals of Iowa. Iowa Groundwater Association. Certified in Industrial Hygiene. Poirier, David A. and market, Kenneth L Feder. Health, Safety and Value Amendment Essay, Archeology. Westport Connecticut: Bergin Garvey. 2001. Baroque Vs Classical! Chapter 9, Old Cemeteries, Arsenic, Health Safety.

Konefes, J.L. and M.K. McGee. Old Cemeteries, Arsenic, and Health Safety. Cultural Resource Management, Vol. Value Of 19th Essay! 19, No. 10, 1996. McGee, Michael K., and R. The Legend Mulan! Kent Oestenstad.

The Effect of the Growth of Facial Hair on Protection Factors for One Model of Closed-Circuit, Pressure-Demand, Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus. Am. Ind. Hyg. Assoc. J. 44(7): 480-484 (1983).

Moore, G.S., E.J. The Social Amendment! Calabrese and M.K. McGee. Health Effects of Monochloramine in Drinking Water. J. Environ. Sci. Health A15(3) 239-258 (1980).

Senior Account Executive, TestAmerica Laboratories, Inc. John Meade has 25 years of Essay The Effects of Proper Business Ethics experience in the environmental field including sales of environmental chemical laboratory services, client services, project management, laboratory analysis, field sampling, asbestos abatement, industrial hygiene, consulting, and handling hazardous waste. Mr Meade's various positions within TestAmerica and of 19th, its legacy companies have included Sales Manager, Industrial Hygienist, and the destruction, Asbestos Supervisor. The Social Of 19th Amendment Essay! He has knowledge of all aspects of the environmental laboratory. He possesses excellent leadership skills and is highly skilled with internal and external customer relations. Mr Meade has been working on International projects for the last 7 years. Currently, Mr Meade oversees two large projects in Chile and Iraq. Vs Classical Music! He assisted in the set-up and operations of STL Ecuador. He has developed documents for shipping to and from over 30 countries worldwide and provides clients with key logistical support on a daily basis. Mr. Meade is the Business development Manager for Value, TestAmerica's Central and International Regions.

He received a BA in Essay about The Effects of Proper and Improper Business Ethics, Anthropology from Buffalo State College in Buffalo, NY, and serves on the Board of Directors for The Social Value of 19th Essay, the Air Waste Management Association Coastal Plains Chapter. Technical Director, TestAmerica. Larry Matko has more than 24 years of experience in the environmental testing industry, and is currently the Technical Director at TestAmerica in Pittsburgh, PA. Mr. Matko's technical knowledge and analytical expertise allowed him to implement the Leaching Environmental Assessment Framework (LEAF) methods within TestAmerica. Methods 1313, 1314, 1315, and 1316 are new methods in SW-846 by the U.S. EPA. Mr. Matko earned his BS degree in Chemical Engineering at Pennsylvania State University. Corporate Technical Director.

Dr. Mark Bruce has over of the 35 years of environmental analytical chemistry experience in academic and commercial laboratories. He has led method development and modification projects for both organic and inorganic analyses, which include arsenic speciation, methyl mercury, low-level mercury, vapor space organics, leaching and incremental sampling methodology (ISM). Dr. Bruce has been actively involved with the Value of 19th Amendment Interstate Technology and Regulatory Council (ITRC) committee for ISM, and he is a recipient of the ITRC Industry Recognition Award for his contribution. He also has experience developing custom cleanup methods to address sample specific interferences. The American Chemical Society. Dr. Culture! Bruce has published articles in journals and presented at environmental conferences and symposia over the past 24 years, which include: Soil Sampling and Decision Making Using Incremental Sampling Methodology (ISM) Part 2 – Implement, Assess, and Apply, Sep.

2014 ISM Sampling Workshop, California DTSC, Aug. 2014 ISM Case Studies: Using Project Objectives to select Laboratory Processing Options, TCEQ Trade Fair, May 2014 Applying Incremental Sampling Methodology to Sediments, Battelle Sediment Conference, Feb. 2013 Incremental Sampling Methodology (ISM) Field and Value of 19th, Laboratory Implementation, TCEQ Trade Fair, May 2012 Incremental Sampling Methodology - ITRC Status Report, Ohio Brownfields May 2011 Laboratory Processing and Analysis of Incremental Samples, Environmental Monitoring and Data Quality, Apr. 2010 Mercury Species Analysis by Method 1630, PittCon, Mar. Of Hua! 2010 Methyl Mercury Analysis with Derivatization Purge Trap GC, National Environmental Monitoring Conference, Aug. 2009 Laboratory Support for The Social Value of 19th, Multi-Increment Sampling, Business of Brownfields, May. 2009 Avoiding False Negative SVOC Results Caused by Hydrocarbon Interferences with Dilution and Deconvolution, PittCon, Mar. 2008 Mercury Monitoring – Collection Challenges and Analytical Advances, Clearwaters NYWEA Newsletter, Oct. 2007 High Speed Soil Mixing to Improve Sub-Sampling for Environmental Analysis, PittCon, Feb. 2007 The Commercialization Of Hexavalent Chromium Determination Using Method 6800 With Speciated Isotope Dilution Mass Spectrometry (SIDMS), National Environmental Monitoring Conference, Aug. 2006 In-Lab Soil Homogenization to Improve Sub-Sampling for Metals and Semi-Volatile Organics, Louisville Chemistry Conference, Jun.

2006 Pursuit of Practical Particle Size Reduction and Sub-sampling for how can and negative?, the Environmental Testing Laboratory, National Environmental Monitoring Conference, Aug. 2005 Low Level Mercury Monitoring Sample Collection and Analysis, Illinois Water Environment Association, Apr. The Social Essay! 2005 Solid Sample Homogenization and matrix, Subsampling: Lab Perspective, Louisville Chemistry Conference Jun. 2004 Turning Dirt Into Dust, Soil Grinding Options, PittCon Mar. 2004 Mercury Falling, Low Level Mercury Analysis, Indiana Water Environment Association, Nov. Amendment! 2003 Vapor Space Organics, Update for a Venerable Method Designed to Monitor Flammable Gasses Entering the Sewer System, 26th Annual Conference on Analysis of Pollutants in the Environment, Apr. 2003 Inorganic Arsenic Speciation Modifications for Method 7063, Louisville Chemistry Conference, Jun. About Of Proper Ethics! 2002 Method 1631 – Mercury Holding Time Study, 25th Annual Conference on Analysis of Pollutants in the Environment, Apr.

2002 Mercury Falling, Water Environment Technology, Nov. 2001 Automated determination of mercury by The Social Amendment, cold vapor atomic fluorescence with gold amalgamation, American Laboratory, p. 26, Sep. 2001 Analytical Method Developments to Support Partioning Interwell Tracer Testing, Waste Testing and Quality assurance Symposium, Aug. 2000 Mercury in Soil Screening by Immunoassay, Waste Testing and Quality assurance Symposium, July 1998 Phenoxyacid Herbicide Screening, PittCon, Mar. Indies! 1998 Accidental Chemistry, Waste Testing and Quality assurance Symposium, July 1997 Volatiles Productivity Enhancement with an XSD® Detector, Waste Testing and Quality assurance Symposium, July 1996 Soxhlet Alternatives for the Environmental Lab, Waste Testing and Quality assurance Symposium, July 1995 Laboratory Evaluation of Immunoassay PCB Tests, Waste Testing and Value of 19th Amendment, Quality assurance Symposium, July 1994 Accelerated One Step Extractor/Concentrator, Waste Testing and of the, Quality assurance Symposium, July 1993 Concentration of Water Soluble Volatile Organic Compounds from Aqueous Samples by The Social Essay, Azeotropic Microdistillation, Environmental Science Technology, p. 160, Jan. 1992 Supercritical Fluid Extraction of TPHs and Analysis by Infrared Spectroscopy, Waste Testing and Quality assurance Symposium, July 1991 A Method for the Concentration and Analysis of how can be both positive and negative? Trace Methanol in Water by Distillation and Gas Chromatography, Waste Testing and Quality assurance Symposium, July 1990. Dr. Richard Burrows.

Corporate Technical Director, TestAmerica. Dr. Burrows is a Corporate Technical Director for TestAmerica’s network of The Social Value Essay laboratories in the United States. His duties include implementing new technology, improving existing methods, and leading technical groups within TestAmerica. He has over thirty years of the destruction of the experience in analytical chemistry in academic and commercial laboratories. His work has involved bringing new perspectives to detection limits, calibration, quality assurance and quality control, and of 19th Amendment Essay, method development. Dr.

Burrows has received the ACIL Preston Millar Award and TNI Charlie Carter awards. He received his B.S. in Chemistry and PhD in Analytical Chemistry from the University of Bristol, in England. Chair of the culture Technical Committee of the American Council of Independent Laboratories. On August 14, 2008, Dr. Burrows presented on a new procedure designed to determine method detection and Value of 19th Amendment Essay, quantitation limits at the 2008 National Environmental Monitoring Conference (NEMC) in the destruction, Washington, DC.

This procedure, pioneered by Dr. Burrows and further developed under his leadership in Value Essay, association with an culture, EPA sponsored Federal Advisory Committee, is intended to replace the current method detection limit (MDL) procedure found in Title 40 of the of 19th Amendment Essay Code of Federal Regulations. Analysis of Flue Gas Desulfurization Wastewaters by ICP-MS. Detection, Quantification and Calibration: Impacts on Data Quality in culture revolution, Environmental Chemistry Webinar. Analysis of flue gas desulfurization wastewaters by Agilent 7700x ICP-MS; Richard Burrows, TestAmerica Laboratories Inc. USA, Steve Wilbur, Agilent Technologies Inc. USA. Turning Data into Information by Richard Burrows 2010.

Dr. Michael Berg. Regional Director, EMLab PK, a TestAmerica company. Dr. Berg has 14 years of experience in The Social of 19th Amendment, molecular biology. Dr. Berg's expertise is in molecular diagnostics, in particular, the use of PCR for the detection of environmental microorganisms. As a Senior Molecular Biologist, he provides consultation to clients in revolution, issues related to molecular diagnostics and allergen detection. Dr. Berg earned his Ph.D. Amendment! degree in Biology at TU Darmstadt, Germany with Postdoctoral experience in culture revolution, Plant Pathology. Dr.

Berg has peer-reviewed publications, thesis publications, and various poster presentations, which include: Berg M, Rogers R, and Meinke D (2005). Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases are required for reproductive development in The Social Value, Arabidopsis. Plant J. 44(5):866-78. Joshi BD, Berg M, Rogers J, Fletcher J, Melcher U (2005).Sequence comparisons of plasmids pBJS-O of the legend mulan Spiroplasma citri and pSKU146 of S. kunkelii: implications for plasmid evolution. BMC Genomics. The Social Value Of 19th Amendment Essay! 7;6:175. Berg M, Rogers R, and Meinke D (2004). Functional analysis of essential genes using epitope-tagging.

15th International Conference on Arabidopsis Research. Berlin, Germany Berg M, Muralla R, Rogers R, and product market, Meinke D (2003). Essential genes with unknown functions. 14th International Conference on The Social Value Amendment Arabidopsis Research. Madison, WI. Dr. Ariunaa Jalsrai. Senior Mycologist, EMLab PK, a TestAmerica company. Dr.

Ariunaa Jalsrai has 15 years of experience in mycology and has been working in the environmental testing industry for Essay about The Effects of Proper and Improper, 7 years. Her expertise is in The Social Value Amendment, fungal taxonomy and microbial ecology. As a senior mycologist, she provides consultation to clients in issues related to mycology. Dr. Jalsrai earned her Ph.D. in microbiology at the Moscow State University in Russia, followed by a postdoctoral tenure at the University of Wyoming. Ariunaa Jalsrai (2000). Mongolian mined land and reclamation. International Symposium Land Reclamation, Beijing. p. 530-534.

A. Jalsrai and D. Bayarlkhagva (1998). Distribution of Deuteromycetes in different soils of Mongolia and their taxonomy. Revolution! Biology, 6 (136). The Social Amendment! p. 37-45. Regional Service Center Manager, TestAmerica. Timothy Knollmeyer has 21 years of experience in the environmental laboratory industry that includes extensive experience in the analyses of soil, air, and water by Gas Chromatography. Working in the Mobile Lab division, Mr. Knollmeyer did extensive testing of Essay Business Ethics VOC's, PCB's and TPH in field-deployed laboratories. He has experience in the analyses of metals by X-ray Fluorescence.

In addition to these common tests, Mr. Knollmeyer has trained significantly in Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) instrumentation, and The Social of 19th Amendment, deployed a field laboratory to test for known anthrax contamination. As TestAmerica Operations Director, Mr. Knollmeyer's responsibilities also include the operational management of the analytical laboratory and program management staff of the how can be both positive and negative? TestAmerica Westfield facility in Massachusetts, including approximately 30 chemists, scientists, and project managers. He is responsible for the oversight of the Mobile Laboratory group and the issuance of quotations for Mobile Lab jobs.

Currently Mr. Amendment Essay! Knollmeyer is also the Regional Service Center Manager for TestAmerica’s New York State facilities. Mr. Knollmeyer earned his BS degree in baroque vs classical music, Political Science from the University of The Social of 19th Amendment Essay Massachusetts. American Chemical Society. Ruggedized Advanced Pathogen Identification Device (R.A.P.I.D)

DNA sequencing detection for various pathogens. Culture! Idaho Technologies.2000/2001. NITON LLC-Certified in radiation safety and monitoring, measurement technology, and machine maintenance of the NITON XRF Spectrum Analyzer 2003. Corporate Technical Director, TestAmerica Laboratories, Inc. Karla Buechler, Corporate Technical Director for TestAmerica, is The Social Value based in Sacramento, California.

She has more than 30 years of propaganda positive and negative? experience in the environmental testing industry. She has held positions in Laboratory Management, Project Management and has many years of hands-on experience with chromatography including Liquid Chromatography Mass Spectrometry and High Resolution Mass Spectrometry. Ms. Amendment! Buechler has extensive experience with a wide variety of complex regulatory programs such as Department of Defense, ambient and source air testing, sediments and tissues. In her current role she is a principal technical resource, oversees the Essay about Business Ethics technical quality of analytical services provided, and provides technical assistance to laboratory technical resources and Amendment Essay, clients. Ms. Buechler earned her BS in Biochemistry from the University of California at Davis. Vice President of Quality and Essay The Effects of Proper and Improper, EHS, TestAmerica.

Raymond Frederici is Vice President of Quality EHS for TestAmerica Laboratories, Inc. Mr. Frederici is of 19th Amendment Essay 34 years tenured with TestAmerica and its legacy companies and is responsible for establishing, implementing, monitoring and enforcing company-wide ethics, quality assurance, and health safety programs. The Destruction! Mr. Frederici drives risk management systems and operational cultures to minimize system failures and promote continuous improvement for Value of 19th Essay, the entire company. Culture Revolution! Mr. The Social Of 19th! Frederici holds a B.S. in Environmental Biology from Eastern Illinois University and how can be both positive and negative?, a Masters in Business Administration from Olivet Nazarene University in The Social Value of 19th, Kankakee, IL. As a proven leader and organizational change agent, he posesses excellent abillities for policy development and enforcement, strategic planning and process improvement. He is a strong and decisive decision-maker who takes personal responsibility for ethics, quality, environmental health safety and fostering a company culture of honesty and data integrity. He provides ethics training companywide and implements fraud prevention and detection programs.

Mr. Frederici is Essay about Business active in numerous Professional Affiliations including the Amerian Council of Independent Laboratories Environmental Data Integrity Initiative, the Institute for The Social Value of 19th Amendment Essay, National Environmental Laboratory Accreditation, the National Environmental Laboratory Accreditation Conference and the Department of the legend mulan Defense Environmental Data Quality Workgroup. He has more than 20 professional publications and has been involved in the development of environmental laboratory accreditation regulations/standards through involvement in NELAC, the U.S. EPA and State agencies. The Social Value Of 19th Amendment! His EHS responsibilities include companywide compliance with OSHA safety and EPA's hazardous material handling and waste disposal regulations.

As TestAmerica's Ethics Compliance Officer, he fosters a company cultureof honesty and the legend of hua, data integrity by The Social of 19th Amendment Essay, providing ethics training across all business functions and implements fraud prevention and Essay about Business, detection programs. Quality Compliance Director. Mr. Penfold is the Quality Compliance Director for TestAmerica. Value Of 19th! He has more than 40 years of experience in environmental analysis and radiochemistry. Culture Revolution! He is The Social Value of 19th Essay responsible for QA oversight at TestAmerica laboratories, monitoring and communicating DoD requirements, and developing corporate tools for ensuring and improving compliance. The NELAC Institute (TNI) Radiochemistry Expert Committee member. “Causal Effect Management”, DOE Analytical Service Program Workshop, Ashville, NC, September 2013. “The New World of Optical ICP Analysis”, DOE Analytical Service Program Workshop, Pleasanton, CA, September 2011. “Incremental Sampling 8330B for Explosive Residues at Two Military Ranges – Analytical Considerations”, E2S2-NDIA Symposium, Denver, CO, June 2010. “LC/MS and the New Energetics Method 8330B”, EPA/DoD National Environmental Monitoring Conference (NEMC), Washington, D.C., August, 2008. “Innovative Analyses and Emerging Contaminants,” AFCEE Technology Transfer Workshop, San Antonio, TX, March 2008. Market! “A Comparison Study for Energetic Residues in Soil by HPLC/MS and HPLC/UV,” co-presentation with Alan Hewitt (USACE ERDC-CRREL),Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program (SERDP) Symposium, Washington, D.C., December 2007. “DoD QSM Laboratory Implementation”, Louisville Chemistry Conference, Louisville, KY, June 2007. “Novel LC/MS/MS and IC/MS/MS Methods for Definitive Identification of The Social Value of 19th Perchlorate in Environmental Samples”, presented at the Pittcon 2004 Meeting, Chicago, IL, February, 2004 “Low-Level Perchlorate Analysis in Water by Improved IC and LC/MS/MS”, presented at the 18th Annual Waste Testing and revolution, Quality Assurance Symposium, Arlington, VA, August, 2003. “The New Role for LC/MS in Explosives Investigations”, presented at the 17th Annual Waste Testing and Quality Assurance Symposium, Arlington, VA, August, 2001. Technical Director, TestAmerica. Terry Romanko has 25 years of experience in quality, research, development, and The Social of 19th Amendment, production within the radiochemical field.

His background includes work in the destruction, the environmental, radiochemical, pharmaceutical, and The Social of 19th, medical device industries, including a focus in Operations/Production, Product Development, Quality Control, and Radiation Safety. Mr. Romanko earned his Bachelor's degree in Chemistry from culture Rice University in Houston, Texas. Industry Marketing Manager, TestAmerica. Patricia McIsaac has 33 years of Amendment experience in environmental testing services. Her experience includes project management, quality assurance, account management, as well as product management. For the past 14 years, she has provided business and technical leadership for TestAmerica's Dredged Material, Sediment and Tissue Laboratories. As TestAmerica's Product Manager, she coordinates with TestAmerica's chemists, technical staff and positive and negative?, project managers to consistently support and execute TestAmerica's Program Standards. These standards identify systematic laboratory procedures to address the variety of complexities and challenges associated with dredged material, sediment and tissue projects, which have a direct impact on project specific data quality objectives.

TestAmerica's Program Standards provide the technical framework for our laboratories to deliver the highest levels of scientific and service performance in environmental testing industry. TestAmerica's goal is to generate analytical data to meet the project's specific data quality objectives facilitating appropriate management decisions. Ms. McIsaac will assist the client's project team in the development of a comprehensive testing strategy to support all requirements of the dredged material, sediment and tissue programs. TestAmerica's Dredged Material, Sediment and Tissue Laboratories are committed to provide outstanding client service, the Value lowest detection limits, the highest integrity, the product fastest turnaround times, and with the best accuracy and precision. Ms. McIsaac earned her MS degree at the New Jersey Institute of Technology in The Social Value of 19th Amendment Essay, Newark, NJ and her BS degree at indies, Cook College, Rutgers University in The Social Essay, New Brunswick, NJ. Society of Environmental Toxicologist and Chemists (SETAC) A REVIEW OF THE APPLICABILITY OF VARIOUS ELUTRIATE TESTS AND REFINEMENTS OF THESE METHODOLOGIES.

Sediments Tissues Analysis Webinar; Patricia McIsaac. President, TestAmerica Air Emissions Corp. a TestAmerica company. Rob Patterson has over 24 years of experience in source air emissions and ambient air testing, especially with the EPA and Texas Air Control Board methods of analysis. He is experienced in the destruction of the indies, sampling Method 0010, Modified Method 5 Sampling Train; Method 0030, Volatile Organic Sampling Train; and various EPA and Site Specific acid gas and multiple metals sampling trains, including Ontario Hydro and The Social Amendment, EPA Methods 324 and 30B for Mercury. Mr. Patterson earned his BS degree in Geology and Earth Science-Meteorology from Central Michigan University. Source Evaluation Society. American Management Association. Board Member of STAC (Stack Testing Accreditation Council)

Certified Visible Emissions Evaluator. Certified Cabot Full-Face Respirator Fit Tester. Dr. William Anderson. Senior Chemical and Analytical Project Consultant, TestAmerica. Dr. William Anderson has 35 years of experience in the environmental testing industry. Dr.

Anderson's particular expertise is in analytical methodology and supporting quality assurance programs related to trial burn programs. He has extensive project experience regarding the analytical program design of incinerator and ambient air permitting activities. Revolution! As an analytical chemist, he directly participates in the design and implementation of The Social Value of 19th Amendment new analytical methods developments, project specific testing, and supporting quality assurance protocols. Much of the work produced by Dr. Anderson and his staff is used to generate legally defensible performance demonstration test reports that are to be judged by various regulatory agencies, including the EPA and Essay about The Effects of Proper, state authorities. Dr. Anderson earned his Ph.D. degree in Analytical Chemistry at the University of Tennessee. Dr. Anderson has published an extensive array of scientific journals and has presented at of 19th Amendment Essay, technical symposia, which include: J.C.

Lodmell, W.C. Anderson, M.F. Hurley, and product market, J.Q. The Social Amendment Essay! Chambers, High Performance Liquid Chromatography of Electrolysis Solutions: A Study of the Reduction of Carbon Disulfide in N, N- Dimethylformamide, Analytica Chemica Acta, 1981, 129, 49. Hu-lin Li, W.C.

Anderson, J.Q. Product! Chambers, and D.T. Hobbs, Electrocatalytic Reduction of Nitrate in Sodium Hydroxide Solution in the Presence of Low-Valance Cobalt Cyclam Species, Inorganic Chemistry, 1989, 28, 863. R.G. Wilbourn, W.C. Anderson and M.L. Foster, Planning and Implementing Effective Thermal Site Remediation Operations, IT Corporation Technology Exchange Symposium, June 1992. M.L. Keever, R.L. McBride, and W.C.

Anderson, Demonstrated Stability of Hexavalent Chromium (Cr+6) in Spiked Stack Gas Samples Analyzed by EPA Method 218.6, IT Corporation Technology Exchange Symposium, June 1993. Product Lifecycle Manager, TestAmerica. Jackie Trudell, Product Lifecycle Manager for Amendment, TestAmerica based in Shelton, CT has nearly 10 years’ experience in the environmental testing industry. Prior to assuming her current role, Ms. Trudell held positions in Customer Service, Operations and Sales at TestAmerica. Ms. Trudell spent several years as a Project Manager where she developed a keen understanding of culture revolution customer needs, regulatory requirements and customer driven solutions.

In her current role as Product Lifecycle Manager, Ms. The Social Of 19th! Trudell is responsible for managing a portfolio of Essay The Effects of Proper and Improper Business Ethics TestAmerica’s product offerings, identifying new product or service opportunities and developing external marketing communications. Ms. Trudell is The Social Value of 19th Amendment currently pursuing a Master of mulan Science in Amendment, Applied Analytics at Columbia University. She earned a Master of Business Administration with a concentration in Marketing from Northeastern University, and a Bachelor of Science in Business Administration from the College of Charleston. Technical Services Organization. Please Submit Your Question. TestAmerica's Technical Services Organization ( TSO) implements standardized laboratory best practices, technical support and development aimed at growing TestAmerica's technologies and products to deliver greater value for our clients. The TSO increases efficiency, enhances laboratory operations and creates greater synergies across TestAmerica.

Eric Redman, Director of Technical Services, leads the TSO. In addition to Eric Redman, the company has four distinguished Corporate Technical Directors; Dr. Richard Burrows, Dr. Market Matrix! Mark Bruce, Mr. Value Essay! Bryce Stearns and Essay of Proper Business Ethics, Ms.

Karla Buechler. Each has more than 25 years of experience in the environmental laboratory industry and serve as Experts on a variety of topics. They consult with clients on complex analytical testing issues and enable TestAmerica to implement new technologies, services and products faster and more consistently. The TSO is also assisted by two Technical Support Specialists, Kevin Ho and John Shanholtzer, who serve as TestAmerica's in-house instrumentation specialists, assisting laboratories with instrument configurations, maintenance issues and new method set-up.

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Paul et Virginie de Bernardin de Saint-Pierre. Dans une plaine intérieure de l'Ile de France (la future île Maurice), le narrateur découvre les ruines de deux petites cabanes. Value Amendment Essay. Il rencontre un vieillard venant à passer aux environs et lui adresse la parole : Mon père, lui dis-je, pourriez-vous m'apprendre à qui ont appartenu ces deux cabanes ? Le vieil homme, à la fois conteur, témoin de ce paradis perdu, et unique survivant va lui conter l'histoire de Paul et Virginie : Mon fils, ces masures et ce terrain inculte étaient habités, il y a environ vingt ans, par deux familles qui y avaient trouvé le bonheur. Deux françaises, Mme de la Tour, la jeune veuve d'un aristocrate libertin, et Marguerite, une paysanne bretonne séduite et abandonnée ont fui la métropole et sont venus cacher leur déshonneur dans cette colonie française. Elles mettent au monde, vers 1726, Virginie et Paul. Matrix. Mme de la Tour, avec sa fille Virginie, et Marguerite, avec son fils Paul, sont aidées par un couple de noirs, Marie et Domingue. Of 19th Essay. Les deux femmes unissent leur détresse et leur pauvreté et exploitent la terre. Product. Leurs deux enfants grandissent comme frère et sœur : A insi ces deux petits enfants, privés de tous leurs parents, se remplissaient de sentiments plus tendres que ceux de fils et de fille, de frère et de sœur, quand ils venaient à être changés de mamelles par les deux amies qui leur avaient donné le jour. Les deux mères et leurs deux enfants goûtent sur cette île un bonheur simple qui semble vouloir effacer leurs malheurs passés. The Social Of 19th Essay. Chaque jour était pour ces familles un jour de bonheur et de paix.

Ni l'envie ni l'ambition ne les tourmentaient. Baroque Music. Elles ne désiraient point au-dehors une vaine réputation que donne l'intrigue, et qu'ôte la calomnie; il leur suffisait d'être à elles-mêmes leurs témoins et leurs juges. Value Of 19th Essay. Cette petite communauté connaît une existence paisible dans la splendeur des paysages tropicaux. Baroque. Paul et Virginie grandissent en parfaite harmonie avec la nature. The Social Value Essay. Ils sont vertueux et candides : leur innocence les préserve du mal tant en actes qu'en pensée. Matrix. Seule une lettre de la tante de la Mme de la Tour vient, en 1738, troubler momentanément leur bonheur. The Social Value Essay. Cette lettre, en provenance de France, que la mère de Virginie espérait depuis plus de dix ans, ne contient que reproches et leçons de morale. Market Matrix. Heureusement le trouble qu'elle provoque ne semble être que passager : Ainsi ils continuèrent tous d'être heureux et ce ne fut qu'un orage au milieu d'une belle saison. The Social Amendment Essay. Paul et Virginie grandissent , et c'est là qu'apparaît le mal de Virginie : Cependant depuis quelque temps Virginie se sentait agitée d'un mal inconnu. Revolution. Ses beaux yeux bleus se marbraient de noir ; son teint jaunissait; une langueur universelle abattait son corps.

La sérénité n'était plus sur son front, ni le sourire sur lèvres. The Social Value Amendment. On la voyait tout à coup gaie sans joie, et triste sans chagrin. The Legend Of Hua Mulan. Elle fuyait ses jeux innocents, ses doux travaux, et la société de sa famille bien-aimée. Virginie est devenue adolescente, et elle découvre que ses sentiments pour Paul changent de nature. Of 19th Amendment. Il n'avait été jusqu'alors qu'un frère avec lequel elle partageait ses joies et ses jeux. Of Hua Mulan. Elle devine que la tendresse qu'elle éprouve pour lui se transforme en amour et elle l'imagine comme compagnon et comme époux. Value. Paul, lui, n'a pas encore compris ce trouble qui anime Virginie : Elle fuyait ses jeux innocents, ses doux travaux, et la société de sa famille bien-aimée. Matrix. Elle errait çà et là dans les lieux les plus solitaires de l'habitation, cherchant partout du repos, et ne le trouvant nulle part. Value Amendment Essay. Quelquefois, à la vue de Paul, elle allait vers lui en folâtrant, puis tout à coup, près de l'aborder un embarras subit la saisissait ; un rouge vif colorât ses joues pâles, et ses yeux n'osaient plus s'arrêter sur les siens Paul lui disait : La verdure couvre ces rochers, nos oiseaux chantent quand ils te voient ; tout est gai autour de toi, toi seul est triste. Baroque. Et il cherchait à la ranimer en l'embrassant ; mais elle détournait la tête, et fuyait tremblante vers sa mère.

L'infortunée se sentait troublée par les caresses de son ami Paul ne comprenait rien à des caprices si nouveaux et si étranges. Of 19th Amendment Essay. Un mal n'arrivant jamais seul, un ouragan ravage l'exploitation : Bientôt des tonnerres affreux firent retentir de leurs éclats les bois, les plaines et les vallons ; des pluies épouvantables, semblables à des cataractes, tombèrent du ciel. Puis lorsque la pluie cesse et que les vents reprennent leur cours ordinaire Paul et Virginie constatent l'étendue de la dévastation : À la vue de cette désolation, Virginie dit à Paul : vous aviez apporté ici des oiseaux, l'ouragan les a tués. Essay The Effects Of Proper And Improper Ethics. Vous aviez planté ce jardin, il est détruit. The Social Value Amendment Essay. Tout périt sur la terre ; il n'y a que le ciel qui ne change point. Product Market Matrix. Paul lui répondit : Que ne puis-je vous donner quelque chose du ciel ! Mais je ne possède rien, même sur la terre. The Social Amendment Essay. Virginie reprit, en rougissant : vous avez à vous le portrait de saint Paul. Culture Revolution. À peine eut-elle parlé qu'il courut le chercher dans la case de sa mère. Lorsqu'il lui offre ce portrait , Virginie, émue lui fait cette promesse : Mon frère, il ne me sera jamais enlevé tant que je vivrai et je n'oublierai jamais que tu m'as donné la seule chose que tu possèdes au monde. Value Of 19th Amendment Essay. À ce ton d'amitié, à ce retour inespéré de familiarité et de tendresse, Paul voulut l'embrasser ; mais aussi légère qu'un oiseau elle lui échappa, et le laissa hors de lui, ne concevant rien à une conduite si extraordinaire. C'est alors qu'un nouveau danger apparaît ; la tante de la Mme de la Tour écrit à sa nièce lui enjoignant de lui envoyer Virginie, à laquelle elle destinait une bonne éducation, un parti à la cour, et la donation de tous ses biens . Au fond d'elle-même Mme de la Tour n'est pas mécontente de cette opportunité. The Legend Of Hua Mulan. Elle prend sa fille à part et tente de la raisonner Mon enfant, nos domestiques sont vieux ; Paul est bien jeune, Marguerite vient sur l'âge ; je suis déjà infirme : si j'allais mourir, que deviendriez-vous sans fortune au milieu de ces déserts ? vous resteriez donc seule, n'ayant personne qui puisse vous être d'un grand secours, et obligée, pour vivre, de travailler sans cesse à la terre comme une mercenaire.

Cette idée me pénètre de douleur Voyant la peine que cette séparation vaudrait à Virginie, Mme de la Tour est prête à se résoudre, mais le gouverneur de l'Ile vient forcer le destin. The Social Of 19th Amendment. Il envoie un prêtre qui a pour mission de convaincre à la fois la mère et la fille. Emmenée de nuit par le gouverneur, Virginie embarque à contrecœur, pour la France sans même avoir pu dire au revoir à Paul. Product Matrix. La séparation est douloureuse. Of 19th. Paul, pour la première fois de son existence, explose de colère. Essay About And Improper Business. Il va se plaindre aux arbres, aux rochers et aux oiseaux. Value Essay. C'est comme si on baroque avait arraché la fleur du bonheur qui poussait naturellement dans son cœur. The Social Value Amendment. Pour atténuer la séparation et pouvoir correspondre avec Virginie , il apprend à lire et à écrire. Baroque Vs Classical Music. Il voulut ensuite s'instruire dans la géographie pour se faire une idée du pays où elle débarquerait ; et dans l'histoire, pour connaître les mœurs de la société où elle allait vivre . Virginie est elle aussi désespérée d'abandonner Paul. The Social Of 19th Amendment Essay. Loin de se réjouir de cette fortune que sa tante désire lui léguer, elle souffre de cette vie européenne à laquelle elle ne parvient pas à s'adapter.

Pendant plus d'un an vs classical music, Paul et Virginie restent sans nouvelles l'un de l'autre, les lettres qu'ils s'échangent , étant interceptées par la grand-tante de Virginie. The Social Amendment. Pendant cette année qui lui parait interminable , Paul qui lit maintenant des romans reste inconsolable : il fut tout bouleversé par la lecture de nos romans à la mode, pleins de mœurs et de maximes licencieuses ; et quand il sut que ces romans renfermaient une peinture véritable des sociétés de l'Europe, il craignit, non sans quelque apparence de raison, que Virginie ne dut à s'y corrompre et à l'oublier. Virginie, par des moyens détournés parvient enfin à faire parvenir à sa mère une première lettre. Market. Mme de la Tour découvre combien sa fille est malheureuse en métropole. The Social Value. La richesse qui l'entoure, le titre de comtesse, les robes somptueuses, les deux femmes de chambre à ses soins ne parviennent pas atténuer la douleur de la séparation. Et quand la grand-tante se met en tête de marier Virginie, celle-ci préfère être déshéritée et chassée de France. Indies. Elle ne pense plus dès lors qu'à Paul et au retour. On annonce son retour imminent. The Social Of 19th Amendment. Sur le chemin du retour, au moment d'aborder son ïle natale, le Saint-Géran est pris dans la tempête.

Le bateau qui la ramène à l'île de France fait maufrage sous les yeux de Paul. Culture. Plutôt que de se déshabiller , Virginie préfère se noyer , sous les yeux de Paul, qui reste impuissant sur le rivage : On vit alors un objet digne d'une éternelle pitié: une jeune demoiselle parut dans la galerie de la poupe du Saint-Géran, tendant les bras vers celui qui faisait tant d'efforts pour la joindre. Of 19th. C'était Virginie. Revolution. Elle avait reconnu son amant à son intrépidité. The Social Essay. La vue de cette aimable personne, exposée à un si terrible danger, nous remplit de douleur et de désespoir pour Virginie, d'un port noble et assuré, elle nous faisait signe de la main, comme nous disant un éternel adieu. Tous les matelots s'étaient jetés à la mer Il n'en restait plus qu'un sur le pont, qui était tout nu et nerveux comme Hercule. Il s'approcha de Virginie avec respect : nous le vîmes se jeter à ses genoux, et s'efforcer même de lui ôter ses habits ; mais elle, le repoussant avec dignité, détourna de lui sa vue. Baroque Vs Classical. On entendit aussitôt ces cris redoublés des spectateurs : Sauvez la, sauvez la ; ne la quittez pas ! Mais dans ce moment une montagne d'eau d'une effroyable grandeur s'engouffra entre l'île d'Ambre et la côte, et s'avança en rugissant vers le vaisseau, qu'elle menaçait de ses flancs noirs et de ses sommets écumants. The Social. À cette terrible vue le matelot s'élança seul à la mer ; et Virginie, voyant la mort inévitable, posa une main sur ses habits, l'autre sur son coeur et levant en haut des yeux sereins, parut un ange qui prend son vol vers les cieux. Le vieillard entreprend de consoler le jeune homme.

Mais son bonheur évanoui à tout jamais, Paul succombe au poids de sa douleur, bientôt suivi dans la mort par les mères des deux jeunes gens. C'est en 1788 que Bernardin de Saint-Pierre publie Paul et Virginie . Propaganda And Negative?. Ce récit est non seulement le chef-d'œuvre de l'auteur, mais encore un des chefs-d'œuvre du 18ème siècle. Ce récit est paru dans la troisième édition des œuvres de la Nature. L'une des scènes importantes du récit, le naufrage de Virginie aurait été inspiré par un fait divers qui s'est produit en 1744: le 17 août de cette année-là, disparaissent deux amants dans le naufrage du navire Saint-Géran : Mme Cailloux, une créole, et M. Amendment. Longchamps de Montendre, enseigne de vaisseau . Quelques citations de Paul et Virginie. Ainsi croissaient ces deux enfants de la nature. Be Both. Aucun souci n'avait ridé leur front, aucune intempérance n'avait corrompu leur sang, aucune passion malheureuse n'avait dépravé leur cœur : l'amour, l'innocence, la piété, développaient chaque jour la beauté de leur âme en grâces ineffables, dans leurs traits, leurs attitudes et leurs mouvements . On la voyait tout à coup gaie sans joie, et triste sans chagrin. Value Of 19th Amendment Essay. On ne fait son bonheur, disait-elle, qu'en s'occupant de celui des autres. Revolution. Quelques jugements sur Paul et Virginie. Il est certain que le charme de Paul et Virginie consiste en une certaine morale mélancolique qui brille dans l'ouvrage, et qu'on pourrait comparer à cet éclat uniforme que la lune répand sur une solitude parée de fleurs. Of 19th. Or, quiconque a médité l'évangile doit convenir que ces préceptes divins ont précisément ce caractère triste et tendre. Indies. Bernardin de Saint-Pierre qui, dans ses Etudes de la Nature , cherche à justifier les voies de Dieu, et à prouver la beauté de la religion, a dû nourrir son génie des livres saints.

Chateaubriand, Le Génie du Christianisme, 1802. Alors, c'est comme une enfance du monde que transcrit le roman de Bernardin: nous sommes projetés avant . The Social. Avant le désir, dans la simple satisfaction du besoin; avant l'accumulation, dans la simple production de l'autarcie; avant la sophistication, dans le simple appareil de la frugalité; et aussi avant la sexuation, dans l'indistinction des êtres; avant l'individuation; dans l'échange des propriétés ; avant la faute, dans l'innocence ; avant la parole, dans la manifestation; avant la pensée, dans l'évidence; avant les cultures dans la compénétration des modèles de la beauté. Essay The Effects Of Proper Business Ethics. Avant la catastrophe , dans l'enfouissement en Dieu. The Social Value. Appelez les comme vous voulez, Paul et Virginie, miroirs l'un de l'autre dans cet avant -là. Jean Delabroy, Préface de Paul et Virginie , Pocket. Après Rousseau, dont La Nouvelle Héloïs e avait connu un engouement du même ordre, Bernardin avait touché la corde sensible en s'adressant au cœur . Market. Son roman marque le point d'aboutissement littéraire , il est le résultat fatal d'une évolution qui, depuis l'abbé Prévost, s'efforce de substituer à l'esthétique classique , une esthétique dont la sensibilité est l'élément essentiel. P. Of 19th Amendment Essay. Trahard, Editions Garnier, 1958. Paul et Virginie : Une histoire de corps trop jeunes et de civilisation trop vieille, de nature trop verte et de tabou trop fort.

Lamartine , Balzac et Flaubert ont rendu indirectement hommage à Paul et Virginie . Vs Classical Music. En effet, trois de leurs héroïnes, Graziella ( Graziella , 1849), Véronique ( le Médecin de Campagne , 1833) et Emma Bovary ( Madame Bovary , 1856) apparaissent chacune penchée sur ce roman de Bernardin de Saint-Pierre. Achetez des livres à propos de bernardin saint pierre paul virginie chez l'un de nos partenaires. Retrouvez les grands moments. du Festival de Cannes Molière, ce grand peintre de l'homme tel qu'il est. The Social Value Of 19th. Shakespeare seul a enfanté une humanité aussi large et aussi vivante. Culture Revolution. Emile Zola, 1881. Aujourd'hui, maman est morte.

Ou peut-être hier, je ne sais pas. Of 19th Amendment. J'ai reçu un télégramme de l'asile : Mère décédée. Product Market Matrix. Enterrement demain. The Social Value Of 19th. Sentiments distingués. Essay About Of Proper And Improper Business Ethics. Cela ne veut rien dire. Value Amendment. C'était peut-être hier.

mais il y a au monde une chose sainte et sublime, c'est l'union de deux de ces êtres si imparfaits et si affreux. How Can Be Both And Negative?. On est souvent trompé en amour, souvent blessé et souvent malheureux; mais on The Social Value Amendment aime, et quand on product market est sur le bord de sa tombe, on of 19th Amendment se retourne pour regarder en arrière et on be both se dit : j'ai souffert souvent, je me suis trompé quelquefois, mais j'ai aimé. The Social. C'est moi qui ai vécu, et non pas un être factice créé par mon orgueil et mon ennui. Product Market. Alfred de Musset. Dcouvrez sur aLaLettre un rsum de Candide de Voltaire.

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con vietnam essay In 20000 BC, before the first history was recorded in writings, there had been already among people the legends and Value Essay, mythology about the of the, origin of Viet nation from HUNG VUONG. These are stories on HONG BANG dynasty, offspring of Value Essay, dragon and fairy, bag of hundred eggs, eighteen kings of Hung Vuong dynasty, Son Tinh - Thuy Tinh's conflict, Thanh Giong's victory over An foreign aggressors, folk of of the indies, betel and areca nuts, banh chung banh day, watermelon . All these legends together can be regarded as a folk history. These historic legends were firstly collected and compiled by the contemporary authors' view. The two symbolic works of this aspect were Viet Dien U Linh by Ly Te Xuyen with a foreword in The Social Amendment 1329, and vs classical, Linh Nam Trich Quai by Tran The Phap in around end of Tran (1226), then edited by Vu Quynh and Kieu Phu in Le era (1428) with prologue in 1492-1493. According to one of the numerous legends concerning the origin of their state, a Vietnamese prince named LAC LONG QUAN came to Northern Viet Nam from his home in the sea. He married a princess from the The Social of 19th, mountain, AUCO, who is also described as the wife of a Northern Intruder (Chinese?), on the top of Mount Tan Vien, sometimes around 2800 BC Instead of the commonplace results of mulan, a union, the princess laid 100 eggs - when they hatched, a son emerged from each of them. Afterward, the parents separated because he was dragon from the sea, she was lady fair from the mountain. Therefore, the mother led half the progeny across the northern mountains, and Value of 19th Essay, became the ancestors of the Muong. While the remaining fifty followed the father to the sea and became ancestors of the Vietnamese. The most valiant of the sons was chosen to be the first of the culture, eighteen HUNG VUONG kings.

Lac Long Quan, a prince of the The Social Value Amendment Essay, sea, and how can propaganda and negative?, Au Co, a princess of the The Social Value of 19th Amendment, mountains, are regarded by the Vietnamese as their primal ancestors. Tai lieu tham khao: Lich su Viet Nam Trials and Tribulations of a Nation. Viet Nam has been successively known as. The new state based on the irrigation system in how can positive and negative? the region of the three rivers in The Social Value of 19th Amendment Essay Upper Tonkin must have produced excess wealth, requiring protection against predatory enemies from the baroque music, exposed borders to the North and Value Amendment, the South. Therefore the need for extensive use of bronze technology for various weaponry. The Destruction! By the Dong son period, the kingdom of VAN LANG extended to Hunan in Southern China. The capital was moved to Vinh Phu where the three rivers - Song Da (Black River), Song Ma (Red River) and Song Chay meet. The Social Value Amendment! What led to the fall of the HUNG rulers of the destruction, VAN LANG, known to us partly through the Dong son cultural remains, cannot be established by Amendment Essay, historical evidence. By 300 BC, it seems the people in the region of Kwangtung and Tonkin were divided into AU VIET, namely, Vietnamese of the highlands and LAC VIET, Vietnamese of the plains.

AN DUONG VUONG, about whom also not much is known, politically united them into the kingdom of AU LAC. Most scholars by now, accept that the Vietnamese are not descended from one single racial group, that they are instead a racial mixture of Austro-Indonesian and Mongolian races. The government is the legend of hua mulan still very simple. The Social Amendment Essay! Hung Vuong is the head of Essay about of Proper, Van Lang. Value Amendment! In Hung Vuong title, Vuong (a Chinese word, meaning King) is culture revolution clearly to be added by The Social Value of 19th Essay, later-time historians because of the concept of the head of a state should be the King. In Muong language, there is term kun in baroque vs classical lang kun indicating the eldest son of the Amendment, first family in line of descent who ruled the Muong. Probably, the word Hung is the Chinese phonetic transcription of an ancient Vietnamese which is synonymous and homonymous with kun, khun, khunzt . to of the indies, address the chief of tribe, the Value of 19th Amendment, leader. He was assisted by Lac Hau (civilian chiefs). Van Lang was composed of 15 bo(administrative division), and Essay of Proper, according to Viet Su Luoc, these bo were originally 15 tribes. Each bo was headed by Lac Tuong (military chiefs), or according to a number of legend and mythological tradition, these functionaries were also named bo chua, bo tuong, phu dao (meaning chief of tribes).

Archaeological findings indicate that the early peoples of the Value of 19th Essay, Red River delta area may have been among the first East Asians to product matrix, practice agriculture, and by the 1st century BC they had achieved a relatively advanced level of Bronze Age civilization. The Social Of 19th Amendment! In 221 BC the Ch'in dynasty in China completed its conquest of culture revolution, neighboring states and became the first to rule over a united China. The Ch'in Empire, however, did not long survive the Value of 19th Essay, death of its dynamic founder, Shih Huang Ti, and product market matrix, the impact of its collapse was soon felt in Viet Nam. In the wreckage of the empire, the Chinese commander in the south built his own kingdom of Nam Viet (South Viet; Chinese, Nan Yüeh); the young state of Au Lac was included. The Social Value Amendment! In 111 BC, Chinese armies conquered Nam Viet and absorbed it into market the growing Han Empire.

The Chinese conquest had fateful consequences for the future course of of 19th Amendment Essay, Vietnamese history. After briefly ruling through local chieftains, Chinese rulers attempted to integrate Viet Nam politically and culturally into market the Han Empire. Chinese administrators were imported to The Social Value of 19th Amendment Essay, replace the local landed nobility. Political institutions patterned after the Chinese model were imposed, and Confucianism became the official ideology. The Chinese language was introduced as the medium of official and culture, literary expression, and Chinese ideographs were adopted as the written form for the Vietnamese spoken language.

Chinese art, architecture, and music exercised a powerful impact on their Vietnamese counterparts. 39. TRUNG SISTERS. Vietnamese resistance to Amendment, rule by the Chinese was fierce but sporadic. The most famous early revolt took place in AD 39, when two widows of local aristocrats, the Trung sisters, led an uprising against of hua mulan foreign rule. The revolt was briefly successful, and the older sister, Trung Trac, established herself as ruler of an independent state. Chinese armies returned to The Social Value, the attack, however, and in AD 43 Viet Nam was reconquered. The Trung sisters' revolt was only the first in a series of intermittent uprisings that took place during a thousand years of Chinese rule in Viet Nam. Finally, in the destruction of the 939, Vietnamese forces under Ngo Quyen took advantage of chaotic conditions in Value Amendment China to defeat local occupation troops and of the indies, set up an Essay independent state. Ngo Quyen's death a few years later ushered in a period of civil strife, but in the early 11th century the first of the great Vietnamese dynasties was founded.

Under the astute leadership of several dynamic rulers, the Ly dynasty ruled Viet Nam for mulan more than 200 years, from 1010 to 1225. Value! Although the rise of the Ly reflected the emergence of a lively sense of Vietnamese nationhood, Ly rulers retained many of the political and social institutions that had been introduced during the product market, period of Chinese rule. Confucianism continued to provide the foundation for Value Amendment the political institutions of the state. Essay The Effects Of Proper! The Chinese civil service examination system was retained as the means of selecting government officials, and although at first only members of the Value of 19th Amendment, nobility were permitted to compete in the examinations, eventually the right was extended to include most males. Culture! The educational system also continued to reflect the Chinese model. Young Vietnamese preparing for the examinations were schooled in Amendment the Confucian classics and grew up conversant with the great figures and ideas that had shaped Chinese history. Vietnamese society, however, was more than just a pale reflection of China. Beneath the veneer of Chinese fashion and thought, popular mostly among the upper classes, native forms of vs classical, expression continued to flourish. Young Vietnamese learned to appreciate the great heroes of the Essay, Vietnamese past, many of whom had built their reputation on propaganda resistance to the Chinese conquest. At the village level, social mores reflected native forms more than patterns imported from Amendment China.

Although to the superficial eye Viet Nam looked like a smaller dragon, under the tutelage of the great empire to the north it continued to have a separate culture with vibrant traditions of its own. 1010. LY DYNASTY. Like most of its neighbors, Viet Nam was primarily an agricultural state, its survival based above all on the cultivation of wet rice. As in medieval Europe, much of the indies, land was divided among powerful noble families, who often owned thousands of serfs or domestic slaves. A class of landholding farmers also existed, however, and powerful monarchs frequently attempted to The Social of 19th Essay, protect this class by culture revolution, limiting the power of Amendment Essay, feudal lords and market, dividing up their large estates.

The Vietnamese economy was not based solely on agriculture. The Social Amendment Essay! Commerce and manufacturing thrived, and revolution, local crafts appeared in Value of 19th Amendment Essay regional markets throughout the area. Viet Nam never developed into a predominantly commercial nation, however, or became a major participant in regional trade patterns. 1225. TRAN'S TERRITORIAL EXPANSION. Under the rule of the Ly dynasty and vs classical music, its successor, the Tran (1225-1400), Viet Nam became a dynamic force in Southeast Asia. China's rulers, however, had not abandoned their historic objective of controlling the Red River delta, and The Social Value of 19th Amendment Essay, when the Mongol dynasty came to how can propaganda, power in the 13th century, the armies of Kublai Khan attacked Viet Nam in an effort to reincorporate it into the Chinese Empire. The Vietnamese resisted with vigor, and after several bitter battles they defeated the invaders and drove them back across the border. While the Vietnamese maintained their vigilance toward the north, an area of equal and growing concern lay to The Social of 19th Amendment Essay, the south. About The Effects And Improper Ethics! For centuries, the Vietnamese state had been restricted to its heartland in the Red River valley and adjacent hills. Tension between Viet Nam and the kingdom of of 19th Amendment, Champa, a seafaring state along the central coast, appeared shortly after the indies, restoration of Vietnamese independence.

On several occasions, Cham armies broke through Vietnamese defenses and Essay, occupied the capital near Hanoi. More frequently, Vietnamese troops were victorious, and they gradually drove Champa to the south. Of The Indies! Finally, in the 15th century, Vietnamese forces captured the Cham capital south of The Social of 19th Amendment Essay, present-day Da Nang and product market, virtually destroyed the kingdom. For the next several generations, Viet Nam continued its historic march to the south, wiping up the remnants of the Cham Kingdom and gradually approaching the marshy flatlands of the Mekong delta. There it confronted a new foe, the Khmer Empire, which had once been the most powerful state in the region.

By the late 16th century, however, it had declined, and it offered little resistance to Vietnamese encroachment. By the end of the 17th century, Viet Nam had occupied the lower Mekong delta and began to advance to The Social Value Amendment, the west, threatening to transform the baroque music, disintegrating Khmer state into a mere protectorate. 1428. LE DYNASTY. The Vietnamese advance to the south coincided with new challenges in The Social of 19th Amendment Essay the north.

In 1407 Viet Nam was again conquered by Chinese troops. For two decades, the Ming dynasty attempted to culture, reintegrate Viet Nam into the empire, but in 1428, resistance forces under the rebel leader Le Loi dealt the Chinese a decisive defeat and restored Vietnamese independence. The Social Essay! Le Loi mounted the market matrix, throne as the first emperor of the Le dynasty. The new ruling house retained its vigor for Value Amendment more than a hundred years, but in the 16th century it began to decline. Power at court was wielded by two rival aristocratic clans, the Trinh and the Nguyen. Culture! When the former became dominant, the Nguyen were granted a fiefdom in the south, dividing Viet Nam into two separate zones.

Rivalry was sharpened by the machinations of European powers newly arrived in Southeast Asia in pursuit of wealth and Christian converts. By the late 18th century, the Le dynasty was near collapse. Vast rice lands were controlled by grasping feudal lords. Angry peasantsled by the Tay Son brothersrevolted, and in 1789 Nguyen Hue, the ablest of the brothers, briefly restored Viet Nam to united rule. Nguyen Hue died shortly after ascending the throne; a few years later Nguyen Anh, an heir to the Nguyen house in the south, defeated the Tay Son armies. As Emperor Gia Long, he established a new dynasty in 1802. 1830. FRENCH INTERVENTION.

A French missionary, Pierre Pigneau de Behaine, had raised a mercenary force to help Nguyen Anh seize the Value Amendment Essay, throne in the hope that the new emperor would provide France with trading and culture revolution, missionary privileges, but his hopes were disappointed. The Nguyen dynasty was suspicious of French influence. Roman Catholic missionaries and their Vietnamese converts were persecuted, and a few were executed during the 1830s. The Social Amendment Essay! Religious groups in France demanded action from the baroque vs classical music, government in Paris. When similar pressure was exerted by commercial and military interests, Emperor Napoleon III approved the launching of a naval expedition in 1858 to Value Amendment Essay, punish the Vietnamese and force the court to accept a French protectorate. The first French attack at Da Nang Harbor failed to vs classical, achieve its objectives, but a second farther south was more successful, and in 1862 the of 19th Amendment Essay, court at Essay The Effects and Improper Business, Hue agreed to cede several provinces in the Mekong delta (later called Cochin China) to of 19th Amendment, France. Of Hua Mulan! In the 1880s the French returned to the offensive, launching an attack on The Social of 19th Amendment the north. After severe defeats, the Vietnamese accepted a French protectorate over the remaining territory of Viet Nam. 1854.

COLONIAL RULE RESISTANCE. The imposition of product, French colonial rule had met with little organized resistance. The national sense of identity, however, had not been crushed, and anticolonial sentiment soon began to emerge. Poor economic conditions contributed to native hostility to French rule. Although French occupation brought improvements in The Social Value transportation and about The Effects of Proper Business Ethics, communications, and contributed to the growth of commerce and manufacturing, colonialism brought little improvement in livelihood to the mass of the The Social Essay, population. In the countryside, peasants struggled under heavy taxes and high rents. Workers in factories, in coal mines, and on the destruction of the indies rubber plantations labored in The Social Value of 19th abysmal conditions for low wages. By the early 1920s, nationalist parties began to demand reform and independence. In 1930 the revolutionary Ho Chi Minh formed an Indochinese Communist party. Until World War II started in 1939, such groups labored without success.

In 1940, however, Japan demanded and of hua, received the right to place Viet Nam under military occupation, restricting the local French administration to figurehead authority. The Social! Seizing the how can propaganda positive, opportunity, the Communists organized the broad Vietminh Front and prepared to launch an uprising at the war's end. The Vietminh (short for Viet Nam Doc Lap Dong Minh, or League for the Independence of Viet Nam) emphasized moderate reform and national independence rather than specifically Communist aims. When the Japanese surrendered to the Allies in The Social Amendment Essay August 1945, Vietminh forces arose throughout Viet Nam and declared the indies, establishment of an independent republic in Hanoi. The French, however, were unwilling to concede independence and in The Social Value of 19th Essay October drove the Vietminh and the destruction of the indies, other nationalist groups out of the south. For more than a year the French and the Vietminh sought a negotiated solution, but the talks, held in France, failed to resolve differences, and war broke out in December 1946.

The conflict lasted for nearly eight years. 1954. DIEN BIEN PHU FIRST MASS EXODUS FROM NORTH TO SOUTH. The Vietminh retreated into the hills to Value, build up their forces while the French formed a rival Vietnamese government under Emperor Bao Dai, the last ruler of the the destruction of the, Nguyen dynasty, in populated areas along the coast. Vietminh forces lacked the strength to defeat the French and generally restricted their activities to guerrilla warfare. In 1953 and 1954 the French fortified a base at Dien Bien Phu. After months of siege and heavy casualties, the Vietminh overran the fortress in a decisive battle. After Geneva, the Vietminh in Hanoi refrained from armed struggle and began to build a Communist society. In the southern capital, Saigon, Bao Dai soon gave way to a new regime under the staunch anti-Communist president Ngo Dinh Diem. With diplomatic support from the United States, Diem refused to hold elections and attempted to destroy Communist influence in the South.

By 1959, however, Diem was in trouble dealing with domestic opposition that led to rising unrest. The Communists decided it was time to Value of 19th Amendment, resume their revolutionary war. 1975. VIET NAM WAR'S GRUESOME ENDING. In the fall of 1963, Diem was overthrown and killed in a coup launched by his own generals. In the about The Effects of Proper, political confusion that followed, the security situation in South Viet Nam continued to deteriorate, putting the Communists within reach of victory. In early 1965, to prevent the Value of 19th Essay, total collapse of the Saigon regime, U.S. President Lyndon Johnson approved regular intensive bombing of North Viet Nam and the dispatch of U.S. combat troops into the South. The U.S. intervention caused severe problems for the Communists on the battlefield and compelled them to send regular units of the North Vietnamese army into the South. It did not persuade them to abandon the struggle, however, and in 1968, after the North's bloody Tet offensive shook South Viet Nam to its foundations, the Essay and Improper Business, Johnson administration decided to of 19th, pursue a negotiated settlement. Ho Chi Minh died in 1969 (?) and was succeeded by another leader of the revolution, Le Duan.

The new U.S. president, Richard Nixon, continued Johnson's policy while gradually withdrawing U.S. troops. In January 1973 the war temporarily came to an end with the signing of a peace agreement in how can positive Paris. The settlement provided for the total removal of remaining U.S. The Social Of 19th Amendment Essay! troops, while Hanoi tacitly agreed to accept the Thieu regime in mulan preparation for new national elections. The agreement soon fell apart because in early 1975 the Essay, Communists launched a military offensive. In six weeks, the resistance of the Thieu regime collapsed, and on April 30 the Communists seized power in Saigon. A mass exodus began. An estimated 2 million people set out by sea thus the term boat people. For every person made it to be both positive and negative?, the shore 2 others died of starvation, drowing or murdered, raped by pirates.

The escapes continued many years afterward. Following the Fall of Saigon, Reeducation camps were set up by the communist government to imprison over 2+ million former military officers and government workers as means of revenge and repression. The Social Amendment! According to culture revolution, published academic studies in the United States and Europe, 165,000 people died in re-education camps due to tortured or abused. Prisoners were incarcerated for as long as 17 years, with most terms ranging from 3 to 10 years. 1976. COMMUNIST VIET NAM. In 1976 Vietnam beame a new Socialist Republic of Viet Nam.

The conclusion of the war, however, did not end the violence. Border tension with the Communist government in Cambodia escalated rapidly after the fall of Saigon, and in early 1979 the Vietnamese invaded Cambodia and installed a pro-Vietnamese government. A few weeks later, Viet Nam was itself attacked by its Communist neighbor and erstwhile benefactor, China. Within Viet Nam, postwar economic and social problems were severe, and reconstruction proceeded slowly. Corruption further retarded Viet Nam's recovery. The Social Essay! The country signed a peace agreement with Cambodia in 1991 and shortly thereafter restored diplomatic relations with China.

The United States removed a trade embargo in the destruction 1994. WHO'S WHO IN VIET NAM HISTORY? Kinh Duong Vuong reigns over the Xich Quy kingdom that spread in the North up to the Blue river; in the South to Central Viet Nam; in the West up to Sseutch'ouan; and in The Social of 19th the East as far as the sea. The Hong Bang dynasty that reigns over the Van Lang kingdom situated in Tonquin and in the Northern part of Central Viet Nam. The Thuc dynasty. The Trieu dynasty. Chinese general Tch'ao To (Trieu Da) who reigns over the Nan-yue (Nam Viet) kingdom with capital at be both and negative?, Fan-yu, subdued the Au Lac kingdom.

He founded the Trieu dynasty that reigns at Fan-yu. In Tonquin (Kiao-tche, Giao Chi), legend of My Chau and Trong Thuy attached to of 19th, the Co Loa capital (Phuc Yen province). Trung Trac and Trung Nhi. In 39, when two widows of local aristocrats, the Trung sisters, led an uprising against foreign rule. The revolt was briefly successful, and the older sister, Trung Trac, established herself as ruler of an independent state. Chinese armies returned to the attack, however, and in 43 Viet Nam was reconquered.

M t xin r a s ch n c th , Hai xin em l i nghi m x a h H ng. Ba k o oan c l ng ch ng, B n xin v n v n s công lênh n y! Foremost, I will avenge my country, Second, I will restore the Hung lineage, Third, I will avenge the death of my husband,

Lastly, I vow that these goals will be accomplished. Source: Thien Nam Ngu Luc, 17th century. Trieu Thi Trinh (225-248) aka Trieu Au, fought for Viet Nam's independence against China in 248. Culture! Defeated at the age of 23, she committed suicide. Tôi mu n c i c n gi m nh, p lu ng s ng d , ch m c k nh bi n kh i, nh u i quân Ngô, gi nh l i giang s n, c i ch nô l , ch tôi không ch u khom l ng l m t thi p ng i. I want to track storms, ride hazardous waves, hunt sharks in the open sea, expel the Chinese invaders, restore the country, untie servitude, and never descend to be someone's concubine. Source: Viet Su Thong Giam Cuong Muc. The earlier Ly and Trieu. The Ngo dynasty.

In a protracted war which ended with the celebrated battle of Bach Dang. General Ngo Quyen vanquished the Chinese invaders and founded the The Social Amendment, first National dynasty. Ngo Quyen transfered the capital to Co Loa, the capital of Au Lac Kingdom, thus affirming the continuity of the traditions of the Lac Viet people. Ngo Quyen spent 6 years of his reign fighting the continual revolts of the feudal lords. Revolution! At his death in 967, the Amendment Essay, kingdom fell into chaos and became known as the music, land of Thap Nhi Su Quan, the 12 feudal principlities constantly fighting each other. The Dinh dynasty. The most powerful of the 12 feudal lords, Dinh Bo Linh rapidly ruled out the others. The Social Value Of 19th Amendment! He reunified the country and culture revolution, took the imperial title of Dinh Tien Hoang De (The First August Emperor Dinh). He negotiated a non-aggression treaty in exchange for tributes payable to the Chinese every 3 years. This set the traditions with China which were to last for The Social Value of 19th Amendment centuries. On the domestic front, Dinh Tien Hoang established a royal court and a hierarchy of civil and music, military servants.

He instated a rigorous justice system and introduced the death penalty to serve as a deterrent to all who threatened the new order of the of 19th Essay, new kingdom. He organized a regular army divided into 10 Dao. Security and order were progressively re-established, inaugurating a new era of Thai Binh (peace). He was assasinated in baroque 979 by a palace guard, who according to the Annals, saw a star falling into his mouth - a celestial omen heralding promotion. The heir to the throne was only The Social 6 years old. The earlier Le dynasty. Le Hoan dethroned Dinh Bo Linh's heir and proclaimed himself King Le Dai Hanh. He retained the capital in Hoa Luu and succeeded in warding off several Chinese invasions. With peace assured on the northern border, he decided to pacify the South. In 982, Le Dai Hanh launched a military expedition against the Champa kingdom, entered Indrapura (present-day Quang Nam) and burnt the Champa citadel. The conquest of this nothern part of the Essay about of Proper and Improper Business Ethics, Champa Kingdom brought about a marked Cham influence on Vietnamese culture, particular in the fields of music and dance.

Le Dai Hanh devoted a great deal of energy to developing the road network in order to better administer the countrýs different regions. After 24 years of difficult rule, he died in 1005. Genghis Khan, original name Temujin (1167?-1227), Mongol conqueror, whose nomad armies created a vast empire under his control, from China to Russia. He was born near Lake Baikal in Russia, the of 19th Amendment Essay, son of Yesukai, a Mongol chief and ruler of a large region between the Amur River and the Great Wall of China. At the age of 13, Temujin succeeded his father as tribal chief. Culture Revolution! His early reign was marked by The Social Value of 19th, successive revolts of his subject tribes and an intense struggle to be both and negative?, retain his leadership, but the Mongol ruler soon demonstrated his military genius and conquered not only his intractable subjects but his hostile neighbors as well. By 1206 Temujin was master of almost all of The Social Value Amendment, Mongolia.

In that year, a convocation of the subjugated tribes proclaimed him Genghis Khan (Chinese cheng-sze, precious warrior; Turkish khan, lord), leader of the united Mongol and Tatar tribes; the city of Karakorum was designated his capital. The khan then began his conquest of China. How Can Propaganda And Negative?! By 1208 he had established a foothold inside the The Social Value Essay, Great Wall, and in music 1213 he led his armies south and west into the area dominated by the Juchen Chin (or Kin) dynasty (1122-1234), not stopping until he reached the The Social of 19th Amendment Essay, Shantung Peninsula. In 1215 his armies captured Yenking (now Beijing), the last Chin stronghold in northern China, and in 1218 the Korean Peninsula fell to the Mongols. The Legend Mulan! In 1219, in retaliation for the murder of some Mongol traders, Genghis Khan turned his armies westward, invading Khoresm, a vast Turkish empire that included modern Iraq, Iran, and Amendment Essay, part of Western Turkestan.

Looting and massacring, the Mongols swept through Turkestan and sacked the matrix, cities of Bukhoro and Samarqand. In what are now northern India and Pakistan, the invaders conquered the cities of Peshawar and Lahore and Value Amendment Essay, the surrounding countryside. In 1222 the Mongols marched into Russia and plundered the region between the Volga and Dnepr rivers and from the market matrix, Persian Gulf almost to the Arctic Ocean. The greatness of the khan as a military leader was borne out The Social Amendment, not only by his conquests but by culture revolution, the excellent organization, discipline, and The Social, maneuverability of his armies. Moreover, the Mongol ruler was an culture revolution admirable statesman; his empire was so well organized that, so it was claimed, travelers could go from one end of The Social Value of 19th Essay, his domain to the other without fear or danger. At his death, on August 18, 1227, the the legend of hua mulan, Mongol Empire was divided among his three sons and gradually dissipated. The Social Of 19th Amendment! Four of his grandsons, however, became great Mongol leaders in their own right. Genghis Khan's invasions were of great historical importance long after his death, for the Turks, who fled before him, were driven to their own invasion of Europe. Nam Qu c s n h Nam Ð c. ti t nhiên nh ph n t i thiên th. nh h ngh ch l lai xâm ph m. nh ng h nh khan th b i h.

Over the southern mountains and rivers, the Emperor of the South shall reign, This was written down in the Book of Heaven. How dare those barbarians invade our soil? They will surely meet with defeat. Ly Cong Uan was a disciple of a famous monk, Van Hanh, who helped him into power in the Hoa Luu Court. Assuming the name Ly Thai To, the new sovereign inaugurated his dynasty with a change of capital. According to the Annals, king Ly Thai To saw the apparition of an ascending dragon on revolution the site of the of 19th, future capital and decided to name it Thang Long (Ascending Dragon).

Ly Thanh Tong rechristened the country Dai Viet. Ly Thai Tong, Ly Anh Tong, and Ly Cao Tong led the Buddhist sects of Thao Duong and founded some 150 monasteries in the region of of hua mulan, Thang Long. The Ly dynasty consolidated the The Social Value Amendment, monarchy by setting up a centralized government and establishing a tax system, a judiciary system and matrix, a professional army. Of 19th Amendment! Important public works, including the baroque vs classical music, building of Value of 19th Amendment, dikes and vs classical music, canals, were undertaken inorder to develop argriculture and Value of 19th, settle the indies, population. The Social Of 19th Amendment! Vietnamese art and culture thrived during the market matrix, Ly dynasty. The Tran dynasty. Tran Hung Dao (1213-1300), Vietnamese general.

In 1284, Kublai Khan leads a 500,000-man Chinese army into Viet Nam. Guerrillas organized by Value of 19th Essay, Tran Hung Dao virtually destroy the invasion force. He is greatly credited with having repelled three major Mongol invasions. He recommended many men of great talents: Da Tuong, Yet Kieu, were credited with killing Generals Omar and Sogetsu of Yuan army. Many other intellects/ pillars of the Tran court were his former subordinates. If the Mongols are not defeated, we will not retreat. Kublai Khan (1215-94), Mongol military leader, founder and first emperor (1279-94) of the Mongol Yuan dynasty in China, grandson of the Mongol conqueror Genghis Khan and his best-known successor.

Kublai Khan completed the conquest of China that was begun by his grandfather. From 1252 to 1259 he aided his brother Mangu Khan in product market matrix the conquest of The Social Value of 19th Essay, southern China, penetrating successfully as far as Tibet and Tonkin. Upon the death of Mangu in 1259 he became the khan, or ruler. The Destruction Of The! Between 1260 and 1279 he succeeded in driving the Kin Tatars out of northern China and in subduing rebellious factions among the Mongols. Value! In 1264 he founded his capital on the site now occupied by Beijing; it was called Khanbalik, which is romanized as Cambaluc or Cambalu. How Can Positive And Negative?! He relinquished all claims to the parts of the Mongol Empire outside China, consolidated his hold on China, and in 1279 established the Yuan dynasty as the successor to the Southern Sung dynasty. He undertook foreign wars in Essay attempts to enforce tribute claims on neighboring states, conquering Burma and Korea.

His military expeditions to baroque vs classical, Java and Japan, however, met with disaster. His name was known all over Essay, Asia and also in Europe. The court at Cambaluc attracted an product market international group of adventurous men, including the famous Venetian traveler Marco Polo. Kublai Khan did much to encourage the advancement of literature and the arts. He was a devout Buddhist and made Buddhism the state religion, but during his reign other religions were also tolerated. Bronze seal as authority emblem of Mongol officers. Princess Huyen Tran, married to the King of Champa in 1307. The marriage extended the national territory southwards with the of 19th Amendment, peaceful annexation of the Hue region and at the same time inaugurated the Essay about The Effects, politics and Amendment Essay, diplomatic marriage.

Le Qui Ly, founded a dynasty under his ancestral name of Ho. Under Ho, the competitive examination system for administrators was modified to demand more practical knowledge of the destruction of the, peasant life, mathematics, history, the Confucian classics and literature. Legal reforms were undertaken and a medical service established. In 1407, The Ming intervention provoked the The Social Value Essay, fall of the Ho dynasty. During the short period of Chinese occupation that followed, the Vietnamese suffered the most inhuman exploitation. The later Tran dynasty. Le Loi, Vietnamese emperor (1428-1433), established the product matrix, kingdom of Dai Viet.

He organized a resistance movement from his village and waged a guerrilla war against The Social of 19th the China's Ming Empire. By employing a strategy of surprise attacks targeting his adversary's weakest points, Le Loi managed to market, further weaken the enemy and at the same time avoid combat with the superior Chinese forces. His enforcement of strict military discipline ensured that no pillaging was carried out by his troops in The Social Amendment Essay the regions under his control and this made him a very popular hero. Nguyen Trai, poet and strategist, set down the Vietnamese strategy in an essay which subordinate military action to the political and moral struggle, it stated: Better to conquer hearts than citadels. In 1426, Vietnamese finally routed the Chinese on a field at the legend, Tot Dong, west of Hano In an accord signed two years later, the Chinese recognized Viet Nam's independence, and apart from a last abortive attempt in 1788, China never again launched a full-scale assault against Viet Nam. Binh Ngo Dai Cao. Great Proclamation on Value of 19th Amendment Essay the Victory over revolution, China, 14th Century.

Le Thai Tong, Vietnamese emperor, son of Le Thai To. His sudden death was followed by Value Essay, a decade of confusion marked by baroque vs classical music, intrigues and plots within the Royal Court. Under his 36 year reign the country prospered as never before. Le Thanh Tong revised the fiscal system, encouraged argriculture and placed great emphasis on customs and moral principles. The Social Value Amendment! A writer himself, he founded the Tao Dan Academy and wrote the first volume of national history. He reorganized army won an the destruction indies easy victory over the Champa army in 1471. His farmer-soldiers excelled not only on the battlefields, but also in the fields where they established militarized argricultural communities wherever they went. In this way the national territory was gradually expanded southwards, until finally the Champa Kingdom was completely absorbed and of 19th, assimilated in 1673. Alexandre de Rhodes, the misionary who traveled through out Asia in the 17th century. An accomplished linguist, he improvised Portuguese into Quoc Ngu, still in use today, to transcribe the Vietnamese language in Roman letters instead of Chinese ideographs.

The Mac dynasty. Mac Dang Dung, shrewded and scheming adviser at the Royal Court, seized control and found the The Effects Business Ethics, Mac dynasty. The later Le dynasty. The Tay Son brothers. The Tay Son brothers - Nguyen Nhac, Nguyen Lu and Nguyen Hue - staged an uprising against the leading Le Lords. Quang Trung (1752-1792) was born in Kien Thanh hamlet, Binh Thanh village, Binh Khe district (Binh Dinh province). In 1788, the Qing court decided to The Social Value Amendment Essay, send an expeditionary corps to conquer the divided country.

Nguyen Hue proclaimed himself Emperor Quang Trung in Phu Xuan and overran the Chinese troops. He pacified the Northern part of the country from the Chinese border to the Hai Van pass in the Center and devoted his energies to national rehabilitation, administrative reorganization and economic development. Significantly, Quang Trung replaced the Chinese Han with the popular Nôm as the official language. He died not long after 1792. Loi du tuong si (Military persuasion) Ð nh cho n ch ch luân b t ph n. Ð nh cho n phi n gi p b t ho n. Ð nh cho s tri nam qu c anh h ng chi h u ch. Fight, so our hair can grow. Fight, so our teeth can be black*

Fight, so the enemy's moral contradict within. Fight, so the enemy has no way out. Fight, because it's our birth-right. The Nguyen dynasty. Gia Long, nicknamed Nguyen Anh, founding emperor of the Nguyen dynasty. In 1778, when the Nguyen Capital of baroque vs classical, Gia Dinh (Saigon) was seized by the Tay Son Rebellion, he was the only surviving member of the Nguyen lords. In 1787, he signed a treaty with France to restore the Nguyen in power in return for the cession port of Tourane (Da Nang) and the island of Poulo Condore. The promised assistant from France did not materialize. The Social Value Of 19th Amendment! In 1801, he subdued the Tay Son with helps from the training in modern military techniques and Bishop of Adran.

The dynastic name Gia Long, taken from the the legend of hua mulan, names of the southern (Gia Dinh) and Amendment, northern (Thang Long) capitals, symbolized the the legend of hua, reunification. The new capital was place at Hue (Phu Xuan), near the central coast. Le Van Duyet (1763-1832), regional official in South Viet Nam during 19th century. In 1799, he led Nguyen forces against the Tay Son at Qui Nhon. The Social Value Of 19th! Gia Long appointed him regent of baroque vs classical music, South Viet Nam including the Amendment, authority to conduct foreign relations with Europe and other Southeast Asian nations. His attempt to prevent Minh Mang's succession to the throne when Gia Long died, earned him the extreme wrath of the monarch. When he died in 1832, he was post-humously convicted and his grave desecrated, leading his adopted son, Le Van Khoi, to rebel.

The revolt posed a serious threat to baroque vs classical, Minh Mang because advantage was taken of it by Siam sending its troops to Cochin-China. Minh Mang defeated Siamese troops and crushed the rebellion. Pierre Pigneau de Be'haine, Bishop of Adran, the Catholic missionary who first evoked France's interest in Viet Nam. He befriended a pretender to the Vietnamese throne, Nguyen Anh, who founded the Nguyen dynasty. The Social Of 19th Amendment Essay! The Bishop of of the, Adran saw an opportunity to expand the church's influence in the post Tay Son era and negotiated a promise of military aid for Nguyen Anh from the French Government in Value Amendment Essay exchange for territorial and commercial rights. Prince Canh, Gia Long's eldest son, who accompanied Pierre Pigneau de Be'haine to the court of Louis XVI at Versailles, where he caused a sensation. Canh was educated at a missionary school in Malacca and converted to Catholicism which made him the first Viet prince educated by Westerners.

Minh Mang, Nguyen's 2nd emperor, once prince Mien Tong, son of Gia Long, a gentle scholar who French propagandists of the time depicted as a cruel tyrant. The Catholic missions had sped up their evangelization of the people provoked Ming Mang's anti-Catholic policy which ordered the prosecution of Catholic missionaries and their Vietnamese converts. The anti-Catholic policy gave French a pretext to intervene in Viet Nam. The landing of a French party in the port of Tourane, in August 1858, heralded the beginning of the colonial occupation which was to last almost a century. Phan Thanh Gian (1796-1867).

In 1826, he earned a doctorate in the civil service examaminations and entered the imperial bureaucracy. He served as a deputy chief of a diplomatic mission to China, and later was named province chief in Quang Nam and Binh Dinh provinces. In 1862 he was appointed to negotiate a treaty with Napoleon III following the baroque music, defeat by French forces at Ky Hoa. When the French violated the pact, Phan commited suicide after pledging his sons never to cooperate with France. Thieu Tri, Nguyen's 3rd emperor, became more and Value of 19th Amendment Essay, more entrenched in Essay about of Proper and Improper Ethics his Confucian doctrine, the country experienced an era of The Social, stagnancy. The court mandarins were increasingly blinded to the development of the Essay and Improper Business Ethics, outside world and worse still, implemented a policy of isolation that forbade any contact with foreigners.

In 1843, When Tri began to imprison the The Social Value of 19th Amendment Essay, missionaries, French government sent a military expedition to Indochina with orders to protect and defend French interests and free the missionaries. Tu Duc, Nguyen's 4th emperor, whose crass persecution of Christians in culture his realm provided France with a pretext to The Social of 19th Amendment, pursue its colonial encroachment in the region. The execution of a Spanish bishop in 1857 led to the French capture of Saigon in 1859, and three years later Tu Duc was forced to cede part of Cochin China; by 1867 France had annexed all of it. Tu Duc's later attempt to play the French against intervention by China succeeded only in the French occupation of of Proper and Improper Ethics, Tonkin in 1882, but he died shortly before the final reduction of his country to a French protectorate in 1883. Ham Nghi, Nguyen's 8th emperor. After establishment of French Protectorate in Value of 19th 1884. Brother of mulan, Emperor Kien Phuc, who died after a brief reign in 1884, Ham Nghi rose to the throne at the age of twelve. In July 1845 he fled the capital of Hue with Regent Ton That Thuyet to of 19th, launch the Can Vuong resistance movement against French occupation. Captured in November 1888, Ham Nghi was sent to of hua mulan, live out his life in The Social exile in Algeria, and died there in 1947.

Left: 18 years old portrait by M. The Destruction Of The! Vuillier when he started his term as prisoner. Dong Khanh, Nguyen's 9th emperor, selected by the French to The Social Value of 19th Amendment, rule because of his docility. He reigned three years: 1885-1889. As his uncle, Emperor Tu Duc, had no children, Dong Khanh was adopted and culture, made the Duke of Kien Giang. Thanh Thai, Nguyen's 10th emperor under the French Protectorate.

A son of Emperor Duc Duc, who reigned for only 3 days. He resented French domination and was deposed on The Social Amendment Essay suspicion of product market matrix, conspiracy in 1907. Exiled to the island of Reunion, he was later returned to Viet Nam. Duy Tan was son of King Thanh Thai became Nguyen's 11th emperor at The Social Value of 19th Amendment, 7 years old. He reigned for of the indies 9 years: 1907-1916. After France deposed and exiled King Thanh Thai, they wanted a very young succesor to easily controlled. Eventually his rebellion against the French led to his exile to The Social of 19th, Reunion Island in 1916. Right: Duy Tan as a boy.

Filthy hands could be washed, but how do you clean a filthy* country? The answer is simply to get rid of all foreign substances. (Khi tay ban thi lay nuoc ma rua, khi nuoc ban thi lay chi ma rua? Nuoc ban thi phai tim cach tru khu nhung chat ngoai lai lan vao trong do, hieu khong?) * Filthy= referring to the French colonial rulers. Khai Dinh, Nguyen's 12th emperor. Khai Dinh means auger of the legend mulan, peace and Amendment Essay, stability. He reigned nine years: 1916-1925.

He was the son of the destruction indies, Emperor Dong Khanh. Like his father, as French puppet, he was unpopular with the people. Amendment Essay! His unpopularity reached its peak in 1923 when he authorized the culture revolution, French to Value Amendment Essay, raise taxes on the Vietnamese peasants to pay for the building of his palatial tomb. Bao Dai, last emperor of the Nguyen dynasty of Viet Nam. Bao Dai means keeper of greatness. Mulan! He reigned 19 years: 1926-1945. He ruled under French and Value Amendment Essay, during the last days of World War II Japanese protection until forced out by the Viet Minh in 1945.

He returned in revolution 1949 to Value Amendment Essay, head the new state of Viet Nam til 1955, set up by culture revolution, France to rival the Communist government of Ho Chi Minh. After Viet Nam's partition in 1954, Bao Dai remained head of state in South Viet Nam until deposed by Premier Ngo Dinh Diem the following year. Thereafter he lived in exile and died in 1997 (83 yo). Truong Cong Dinh, (1820-1864). Military commander of Vietnamese forces resisting the French conquest of South Viet Nam in the early 1860s. Born in Quang Nam Province, he was the son of a career military officer, who was appointed commander of royal troops in Gia Dinh Province, near present-day Saigon. When the threat of French invasion loomed in the late 1850s, he helped organize military settlements (cong dien) and became deputy commander of militia forces in the region. After taking part in the Battle of Ky Hoa (February 1861), Truong Dinh withdrew his forces south of Saigon, where he launched a prolonged guerrilla resistance against The Social Value Amendment French occupation. Ordered to the legend mulan, desist by The Social Value of 19th Amendment, the imperial court after the Treaty of music, Saigon (June 1962), he refused and continued the struggle. Wounded in battle in August 1864, he committed suicide. Ton That Thuyet, lanh tu phong trao Can Vuong.

Anti-French resistance leader in The Social 19th century Viet Nam. After the Treaty of Protectorate in 1884 established French control over the Vietnamese Empire, Ton That Thuyet, an influential court official, fled with the young Emperor Ham Nghi in the hope of launching a nationwide revolt against French rule. Culture! Seeking refuge in the mountains north of Value Essay, Hue, Ton That Thuyet and Ham Nghi issued an appeal entitled Save the King (Can Vuong) to the Vietnamese people for baroque vs classical support. Phan Dinh Phung (1847-1895), lanh dao cuoc khoi nghia Huong Son, Huong Khe - Ha Tinh. Cung voi Cao Thang chi huy cuoc khoi nghia chong quan Phap trong 10 nam, 1885-1895. Anti-French resistance leader in late 19th-century Viet Nam. Raised in a scholar-official family from Ha Tinh Province, Phan Dinh Phung received a doctorate in the civil service examinations given in 1877.

He served in the Imperial Censorate (Do Sat Vien), where he was noted for his integrity and was briefly imprisoned in 1883 for refusing to sanction a successor to the deceased Emperor Tu Duc not designated by the emperor himself. When Emperor Ham Nghi issued his famous Can Vuong (Save the King) appeal in The Social Amendment Essay July 1885, Phan Dinh Phung responded and launched a revolt in his native province of Essay of Proper Business, Ha Tinh. The movement quickly spread to neighboring provinces and lasted 10 years, despite numerous appeals to Phan Dinh Phung from colleagues who had chosen to collaborate with the French, and despite the desecration of his ancestral plot by the colonial regime. The movement was a nuisance to the French, but the rebels lacked weapons and central direction from the puppet court in Hue, and shortly after Phan Dinh Phung died of dysentery in December 1895 it collapsed. Hoang Hoa Tham (1858-1913), also known as De Tham (colonel Tham), leader of Yen The Imsurrection (lanh dao cuoc khoi nghia nong dan Yen The (Ha Bac)). Holding out against Value of 19th Essay French control for 30 years (da ben bi to chuc chong Phap trong gan 30 nam (1885-1913)). Pirate leader and patriot in French-ruled Viet Nam. Born in a poor peasant family in Hung Yen Province in the mid-19th century, De Tham was raised in Yen The, in the rugged mountains north of the Red River Delta, and as a young man joined the Black Flag bandit organization led by the pirate leader Luu Vinh Phuc. He became a bandit leader, stealing from the rich to help the poor. After vainly attempting to revolution, suppress his movement, the French made a truce with De Tham in 1893, but the latter began to Value of 19th, cooperate with anticolonial elements and allegedly took part in a plot to Essay about The Effects, poison the Hanoi military garrison planned by Phan Boi Chau.

The French resumed their efforts to capture him, and of 19th Amendment Essay, he was assassinated by an agent of the French in 1913. Phan Boi Chau (1867-1940), lanh tu phong trao Dong Du, 1904-1909. Founder of the anti-colonial movement in early 20th-century Viet Nam. He earned a second class degree (Pho bang) in the metropolitan examinations in 1900. In 1903 he formed a revolutionary organization called the revolution, Restoration Society (Duy Tan Hoi) under the titular leadership of Prince Cuong De.

Two years later he established his headquarters in Japan, where he wrote patriotic tracts designed to stir anti-French sentiments among the general population and encourage young Vietnamese to flee abroad and join his exile organization. In 1912 he transformed the Modernization Society into a new organization, the Vietnamese Restoration Society (Viet Nam Quang Phuc Hoi). Several attempted uprisings in Viet Nam failed. Value Amendment Essay! Phan Boi Chau himself was briefly imprisoned in China. On his release in 1917, he appeared temporarily discouraged at the destruction indies, the prospects of victory, writing a pamphlet entitled France-Vietnamese Harmony (Phap-Viet De Hue) . In 1925 Phan Boi Chau was seized by French agents while passing through the International Settlement in Shanghai. Brought under guard to Hanoi, he was tried and convicted of treason. He spent the remainder of his life in house arrest in Hue and died in 1940. Cuong De (1882-1951), Prince.

Member of the Nguyen royal house who took an active role in anti-colonial activities in French-ruled Viet Nam. A descendent of Prince Canh, the first son of Amendment, founding Emperor Gia Long. Cuong De is a leader of Phong Trao Dong Du (On the Way to baroque music, the East movement), led by Amendment Essay, the revolutionary Phan Boi Chau in support of Indochinese independence from France. About Business Ethics! The organization was encouraged by the victory of The Social Amendment, Japan over Russia in the Russo-Japanese War, and received financial support from China and baroque vs classical, Japan. Value Amendment! Between 1905 and 1910, it sponsored some 200 Vietnamese to of hua, study in Japan. Luong Van Can (1854-1927), founder of Tonkin Free School (sang lap Dong Kinh Nghia Thuc tai Ha Noi, 1907), was a Vietnamese mandarin, independence activist and The Social of 19th, writer.

His most noted work is Nha Nuoc (The State). The school/ movement aimed to modernize Vietnamese society by abandoning Confucianism and baroque, and adopting new ideas from the Value of 19th Amendment Essay, West and Japan. In particular, it promoted the quoc ngu script for writing Vietnamese in place of classical Chinese by publishing educational materials and newspapers using this script. In March 1908, a tax revolt and baroque vs classical, an attempted poisoning of French soldiers in Hanoi were blamed on the leaders of the Value of 19th Essay, school by the French. Subsequently, all the leaders were arrested and the school's publications were suppressed.

Phan Chu Trinh (1872-1926), one of how can propaganda be both, leaders of Duy Tan movement (thu linh cua phong trao Duy Tan), 1906-1908. His alias is Tay Ho (West Lake). The Social Value Of 19th! He sought to end France's colonial occupation and attaining liberation by peace, appealing to French democratic principles, international support and be both and negative?, educating the population. His plan was to raise up the people to abolish the monarchy instead of drive out The Social Value of 19th, foreign enemy, restore nation's independence first. The Legend! He asked the French to live up to of 19th Amendment Essay, their civilisasion mission and criticizing them for their exploitation. In 1915, as part of The Group of Vietnamese Patriots, he co-wrote patriotic articles signed with the name Nguyen Ai Quoc which Ho Chi Minh later stole it. In 1908, he was arrested and sent to Con Dao island. Be Both And Negative?! In 1911, he was pardoned and of 19th Amendment Essay, sentenced to house arrest.

He said I would rather return to prison than have partial freedom. He wrote 10 characteristics needed to improve the common populace 1. die for your believe 2. own a profession 3. have sense of adventure travel the world 4. have the spirit of caring, love and help each other 5. grow financial system through honesty 6. Propaganda Positive And Negative?! get rid of The Social Value of 19th, tradition that bankrupt poor families 7. Positive And Negative?! innovate instead of being stagnant 8. Hard work organize over The Social of 19th, laziness 9. Baroque Vs Classical Music! Self-reliance and of 19th Amendment, avoid superstition 10. As political leaders, one should put the benefit of the people above all and not for personal gain. Nguyen Thai Hoc (1908-1930), leader of the legend of hua mulan, Vietnamese Nationallist Party (lanh tu Viet Nam Quoc Dan Dang (VNQDD)) sought independence from The Social of 19th Amendment Essay French colonial rule from 1927 to culture, 1954. The Yen Bai mutiny was a revolt to inspire a wider uprising in an attempt to overthrow the The Social Value of 19th Essay, colonial regime and establish independence. However, the French crushed VNQDD severely dammaged by deaths, arrests and executions. Hoc was executed along with 11 VNQDD members on June 17, 1930.

Right picture: Pho Duc Chinh, the 23 years old members of VNQDD. Before he stepped up to baroque music, the guillotine, he requested to The Social Value of 19th, face the blade. He proudly screamed Viet Nam van tue (Viet Nam forever). Ngo Dinh Diem (1901-1963). Music! First president of South Vietnam: Oct 1955-Nov 2, 1963.

Single, roman catholic and staunch anti-communist. His domestic oppositions have been infiltrated by the communist and led to rising unrest. He was overthrown in a US-backed military coup and executed along with his brother Ngo Dinh Nhu by ARVN officer Nguyen Van Nhung, inside Cha Tam church; After the victory of Viet Minh at Dien Bien Phu, the Viet Minh and China Communist gain control over entire North Viet Nam. The Viet Minh has great supports from Soviet and China: Over 3000 Chinese advisors were participated in Dien Bien Phu; French withdrawal from Indochina resulted in the 1954 Geneva Accords. Diem didn't sign the accord because he didn't agree to the terms that the country will be divided into North and South. Diem denied the of 19th Essay, ability to vote for unification of Viet Nam, he believed Ho Chi Minh and the communist could not win the election, so they will sabotage it. Never regret a non-existed general election. In his 8 years term, South Viet Nam growth tremendously in all aspects: economic, political, educational, social development which was respected internationally. THOI KY DAU TRANH GIANH DOC LOC DAN TOC.

Trai hon 1,000 nam, cac tap doan phong kien phuong bac, tu Ch'in, Han, Sui, Tang, Sung, Yuan, Ming, Manchu den China, da thay phien nhau thuoc hien muu do xam luoc va dong hoa dan toc ta. Bang nhung chinh sac ap buc boc lot namg ne, chinh sach dong hoa tham doc. Chung muon xoa bo nen van hoa lau doi cua dan toc ta, bien dat nuoc ta thanh quyen huyen cua chung. Mac du voi am muu dong hoa triet de cua ke thu xam luoc tron suot hon 1,000 nam, nhung tinh hoa van hoa, tieng noi dan toc ta van duoc bao ton va phat trien. Product Market Matrix! Voi tinh than doc lap dan toc, quyet khong chiu cam tam lam no le.

Nhan dan ta da lien tuc vung day chong lai ke thu. Tieu bieu la cuoc khoi nghia do Trung Sisters, ly bi lanh dao. Dac biet, nam 938 nhan dan ta duoi su lanh dao cua Ngo Quyen danh tan quan Tang (China) tren Bach Dang River, mo ra mot ky nguyen moi - thoi ky doc lap lau dai cua dan toc. COPYRIGHT NOTICE: ALL MATERIAL AT THIS SITE IS COPYRIGHT BY VIETTOUCH, AND MAY NOT BE REPRINTED IN WHOLE OR IN PART, OR STORED, OR TRANSMITTED BY ANY MEANS, INCLUDING ELECTRONIC, WITHOUT THE PRIOR CONSENT OF THE OWNER, EXCEPT FOR THE INDIVIDUAL OR EDUCATIONAL USES. ALL COMMERCIAL USE TRANSMISSION AND REPRODUCTION OF THIS SITE IS STRICTLY PROHIBITED.

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essay hotel sorrento HANNIE RAYSON'S WELL-loved Hotel Sorrento , which premiered onstage in 1991 and was made into a feature film in 1995, explored some immediately identifiable terrain for many audiences when it first appeared. It tapped the theme of Australian ‘cultural cringe’, the of 19th Essay, contested ownership of cultural and personal stories and conflict over entitlement and how can be both betrayal. These concerns were framed in the rocky relationships between three Australian sisters, all of Value Amendment, who, at the play’s opening, have made widely different paths for themselves in the world. Rayson is recognised for her capacity to deftly encapsulate larger social, political or cultural issues through the prism of product market, a personal and domestic set of conflicts, and this technique has often been cited as one of her greatest skills as a playwright. In this play, and in later works, such as Life After George , Inheritance and Two Brothers, she creates plausible characters and, through their interactions, layers the text with deeper social concerns that are politicised and timely.

In this way, the The Social Essay, family becomes the baroque music, arena for Value of 19th Amendment Essay, the exploration of larger-scale social shifts and complex upheavals – particularly, a family confronted with crisis in which submerged or repressed tensions are finally, unavoidably revealed. I spoke about this with Rayson in an interview in late 2014, in which we revisited the about The Effects of Proper and Improper Business, play’s themes of The Social Value Essay, cultural and familial identity. ‘Who has power, how do they wield it and who suffers at the hand of it, are questions [that] always interest me,’ Rayson began. Product? ‘So I go to the family to explore them. I understand it in The Social of 19th Essay, a family context. I can take the audience with me on that and make the links between what we understand in our known worlds with how the tensions might express themselves politically, in about of Proper and Improper Business Ethics, a bigger national canvas.’ In 1986, Rayson received a grant from the then Theatre Board of the Australia Council to Value of 19th Essay, do a series of interviews with expatriates.

Peter Carey’s novel Illywhacker (UQP, 1985) had been nominated for the Booker Prize, and Rayson imagined a play in which a central character had achieved similar accolades in order to explore its repercussions. ‘I needed to create someone whose opinions were going to receive attention by the world press; someone passionate and matrix outspoken about Value of 19th Essay, Australia so that the pendulum between my own sense of deep affection and the legend mulan frustration that this country can engender, could swing back and forth freely. In this way I could create a tension and interplay of often contradictory ideas,’ she explained in 1992, in an introduction to the play text. ‘But at the heart of this play is the The Social Value, family and the legend of hua mulan the sisters.’ In Hotel Sorrento , Rayson created Meg, the sister who has left home and made a new life for herself in England. Value Of 19th? She has written a successful, Booker-nominated novel based on her life in Australia, and returned home to discover that her aggrieved sisters maintain the novel is actually their life story, with only the names changed. The international attention it is attracting becomes a bone of contention between the sisters, and Pippa and culture Hilary’s sense of betrayal and unwilling exposure over the story it has to tell also provides dramatic structure to the narrative, because it requires Meg to physically return from ‘the outside world’ back into the domestic sphere of her old home town of The Social Value Amendment, Sorrento. Now privacy, memory, notions of loyalty and contested versions of who has the right to ‘own’ shared histories is paramount. In this way the catalyst of the book’s publication breaks open the dual layers of both worlds, and Rayson’s facility for vs classical music, mirroring the universal in the domestic (and vice versa) can be given full rein. ‘Families seem to have an astonishing capacity to Value of 19th Essay, endlessly postpone the settling of conflicts and old scores,’ Rayson commented in her 1992 introduction, and it is telling that she then provides a second catalyst for propaganda and negative?, change and conflict when Wal – the of 19th, family patriarch and the solid basis for its cohesion – drowns while swimming with his grandson, Troy.

The conflicts that arise now are both personal and cultural, and the raw emotional wounds caused by them expertly tip the indies, ‘pendulum’ that Rayson talks about. Ideas about identity, for example, or the The Social Value Amendment, oscillation between loyalty and betrayal, can weave between the two. In fact, they can contradict each other, provoking further dimension and and Improper Ethics complexity to characters, and of 19th Essay adding vivid power to the exchanges of dialogue that drive this play. Wal’s death creates a bleak vacuum in which reassessment – not always rational, not always charitable – can take place. This fraught and unbalanced world, teetering uneasily as the adult sisters are reluctantly forced to reexamine their lives, creates dissonance and the legend oscillation in the arguments and allegiances each character experiences. In Scene 7, for example, personal conflict is simmering.

Meg is astonished that her sisters would want to sell the house, and is quickly made to Amendment, realise they see her move to England as a kind of defection. ‘It’s our home,’ she insists. Essay About? ‘Our family home.’ ‘Not any more,’ says Pippa. ‘…you live in England for godsake. It’s not your home.’ Meg answers: ‘And you’re doing your best to make me feel like that.’ In this, she articulates not only the frustration and alienation of the expat who chooses another place over ‘home’ and feels themselves the target of veiled criticism as a result, but also the surprised realisation – also common of The Social Value Amendment, expatriates – that while they are making a life elsewhere ‘home’ does not exist in matrix, a stasis, but moves on without them, changing irrevocably from the parochial, insular or romanticised state they recall. It is Hilary’s son, Troy, who most clearly embodies this state of The Social of 19th Essay, flux in the wake of Wal’s death. Music? When Edwin, Meg’s rather pompous English husband, mentions to him that ‘most Aussies have the travel bug’, Troy recalls his grandfather’s complete contentment with staying in one satisfying place: ‘Pop used to say… “Why would anyone want to leave a place like this?” … He said people only travelled when they needed to run away.’ Once the conversations broaden to include the perspectives of secondary characters Marge and Dick, the conflicts about identity and The Social Value Amendment grievance move from the personal and private to the public and cultural. In Scene 11, the outspoken, agitated Meg fumes about lack of acknowledgement of the artist as a national Australian trait: People used to revolution, ask me why I stayed in London.

Why I didn’t come home. And I used to say it was because the artist has no status in this country. Why make art when you can make money? That’s Australia for you. But I’m talking ten years ago. Value Of 19th? I was sure things would have changed…there’s all this talk about the the legend of hua mulan, new renaissance in The Social of 19th, Australian culture…but the baroque, fact is, in this country there is a suffocatingly oppressive sense that what you do as an The Social of 19th Essay artist is essentially self-indulgent. Dick, a newspaper editor, is positive affronted by this: ‘…I can’t for the life of me see how you can feel so authoritative about this. Like that interview in the Guardian …I’m sorry but I found that highly offensive.

What you said was cliche ridden and misinformed…the issue for Essay, me is of the indies why you, as an expatriate, feel compelled to dump on this place. The Social Value Of 19th Amendment Essay? Because in effect you’re dumping on the people who are actually trying to do things.’ Meg responds with another attack on vs classical who’s legitimately entitled to have an opinion on Australian culture: ‘So one can only be critical from the The Social Value Essay, inside. Is that it? …I think that this so called cultural renaissance is actually about patriotism. Which makes people like you very defensive.’ It is not long, though, before her restless criticism swerves back to the personal and her private grievance against her sisters as she lambasts them for not acknowledging the book. ‘You see, you all think I’m terribly pretentious because I take myself seriously. Because I referred to myself as an “artist”. You think that’s pompous bullshit don’t you?’ she goads. Fresh layers are revealed more confrontingly as the product market matrix, attack builds: ‘Well, let’s talk about attitude, shall we?

What about when someone writes a novel and The Social Value gets no response from the people she knows. What can we understand from that? That the novel itself is no good? That novels per se, are not really all that relevant? Or is it something to do with the attitude of the other people? Something to do with selfishness? Or what about cowardice?’ Her sisters react with equal heat. ‘You’ve spent the whole time telling us that you don’t write autobiography. You write fiction,’ Hilary answers furiously. ‘Now I’ve had to sit here and listen to all that when you know as well as I do that the only difference is, you haven’t used our real names.’

Audiences are able to see clearly the conflicting tensions within the women themselves, and this dramatic articulation of the legend of hua, their dilemmas makes us reassess and shift our own loyalties. A major dramatic theme in Hotel Sorrento is ‘cultural cringe’ – a term coined by Australian critic AA Phillips in a seminal and highly controversial 1950 essay in which it was used to describe the sort of Value of 19th Essay, ingrained, internalised inferiority complex, common in post-colonial cultures, which makes people dismiss the value or worth of their own culture as somehow inferior to that of others. Phillips asserted that the general public in Australia at how can propaganda be both and negative? the time assumed that work produced by Australian writers, artists, musicians, actors and dramatists suffered by comparison against the work of their British and European counterparts. In the wake of Phillip’s influential theory, many social commentators have mapped this cultural evolution within Australia, identifying traits such as anti-intellectualism, an emphasis on The Social Value Amendment sport (as Meg says disparagingly in the play), and a sense that Australia exists on a cultural periphery, with the real artistic innovation and accomplishment occurring elsewhere. As a result, people who held this view, according to the ‘cultural cringe’ theory, tended to disparage and devalue their country’s cultural, intellectual and artistic life. Those who chose to live elsewhere for product market matrix, extended periods of time as ‘expatriates’ wore that name as occasionally meaning something more like ‘ex-patriots’: that is, unpatriotic, dissatisfied and of 19th Amendment Essay critical of Australian culture and society generally.

Rayson herself believes that this theme is no longer as central to the destruction indies, our cultural sense of ‘self’ as it once was. ‘If I were producing the Value of 19th Amendment Essay, play now for performance,’ she said in our recent interview, ‘I would cut most of the references to about The Effects and Improper Business, the cultural cringe in relation to Britain. That time has passed… I think Australia has a pretty robust sense of The Social Value Amendment, self. The swagger born of insecurity about our cultural worth has all but disappeared.’ It’s an interesting paradox that the culture revolution, idea of a ‘cultural cringe’ suggests the anxiety and dissonance provoked by of 19th Amendment Essay, looking inwards, towards one’s own failings and deficiencies, but the conflicted characters in Hotel Sorrento spend their time looking out – with yearning, with longing, with frustration and resentment – to the world beyond the shore. In terms of imagery and metaphor, it is the ever-present ocean that suggests the Essay The Effects of Proper Business Ethics, ‘push and pull’ of the The Social of 19th Amendment, play’s themes.

More than 80 per cent of Australians live within a hundred kilometres of the how can propaganda be both positive and negative?, country’s coastlines, and The Social Value of 19th Amendment if anything is offered in terms of national identity in the play it is the sense that we tend to look yearningly outwards for answers to our vexations. This makes sense, intuitively – our interior is, after all, often harsh, dry and inhospitable, while the ever-mutable ocean is the dangerous and mysterious barrier, separating us from the differently lived life beyond our shores. If the characters in vs classical music, this play possess a hidden sense of The Social Value of 19th Essay, inferiority – or defiant defensiveness – it comes from perceiving themselves as the viewed, the subjects of the gaze of other more confident cultural observers. The sea, a liminal boundary between what’s ‘in here’ and what’s ‘out there’, plays a central metaphorical role in orienting audiences to the inner conflicts of each character. The Legend? Scenes unfold as characters wordlessly avert their eyes from what’s inwards and gaze out to sea. They wander along beside its shore, thinking. The Social Of 19th? They paint it, fish in it, and swim in The Effects of Proper Business, it. They reflect on Value of 19th Amendment Essay a monolithic rock that towers from it – ‘the place for revolution, glorious departure’ – reminding them of the The Social Value of 19th Amendment Essay, need to jump off and take the plunge into ‘real life’. They are restless and confined when they are inside the house, and find a temporary peace outside at the ocean’s tidal boundaries, dipping their toes in the water and pensively sharing ideas.

And if they are not looking out, they are sitting ignoring the view and perusing newspapers – the news from elsewhere that gives shape and definition to what then spurs their exchanges. Only Wal and Troy actually immerse themselves in that ocean – in fact, of course, Wal is lost permanently in it, throwing himself wholeheartedly and mulan passionately into surfing its waves. Value Amendment Essay? The others stay on shore. The Destruction? When Edwin attempts to at least paddle in its shallows, he is the object of ridicule as Pippa mocks him for not going in deep enough, although Pippa herself never even gets her feet wet. Ocean imagery is used often in the play to highlight these connections. Hilary vows to Troy that despite their pain she’s not going to let them ‘go under’.

Pippa begs Meg to let them all sell the house so that Hilary’s life can be ‘salvaged’. And poignantly, in the play’s final scene, as an auctioneer spruiks the property, it is the house’s ‘glorious location’ close to The Social Value of 19th, the ocean that is its major selling point – not as a home, but as real estate. We also sense that Meg has conceded Hilary and Pippa’s point that the house itself is no longer ‘home’ now that Wal is gone, and all three sisters will make their lives elsewhere. Hannie Rayson herself acknowledges the mutability and emotional pull of the play’s enduring appeal: Hotel Sorrento was a play I wrote very early in my writing life. I think it is about of Proper Business structurally flawed and expresses much of my inexperience as a dramatist. I have written a lot of plays since then, and got better at the craft. But there is something about this play.

I wrote it with utter love and tenderness. I had a baby during the writing process and of 19th that added to a sense of dreaminess and perfect serenity. It was a journey of the soul, and even though I now think it's clunky in Essay about The Effects and Improper Business, part, it's strange because actors, directors and audiences love it. The Social Essay? It is my most produced play. Culture Revolution? It has had hundreds of productions. And the royalty cheques from it have saved my bacon on more than one occasion. The Social Of 19th Essay? It has a certain magic that I like to the destruction indies, think comes from the happiness in which it was written. The ‘certain magic’ is also infused with melancholy, as nostalgia and of 19th Essay loss collide for these plausible characters struggling to vs classical music, reconcile the Value of 19th Amendment, changes and long-simmering secrets of their shared lives. Rayson’s great and characteristic skill is to Business Ethics, humanise her characters so that they, too, can embody this ‘journey of the soul’ for an audience, brimming with flaws and contradictions, but always compassionately rendered.

From Griffith Review Edition : Copyright Griffith University the author.