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Association for Informal Logic Critical Thinking. Conferences Publications AILACT Consultants: on and Its Messages, IL CT Advanced Degree Programs. Fraud Essay. Derek Allen , President. Donald Hatcher , Treasurer. Organizers of sessions at Factors the Media and Its Messages, APA divisional meetings: Kevin Possin (central), George Boger (eastern), Wanda Teays (pacific) 2007-2005 Maurice A. Finocchiaro, University of Nevada, Las Vegas. 2005-2001 Robert H. Plan. Ennis, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. 2001-1995 co-presidents: Sharon Bailin, Simon Fraser University; 1995-1991Jonathan E. Adler, Brooklyn College Graduate School, CUNY. 1991-1989 Lenore Langsdorf, Southern Illinois University. 1989-1987 Mark Weinstein, Montclair State University.

1987-1985 John Hoaglund, Christopher Newport University. 1985-1983 David Hitchcock, McMaster University. Dan Cohen - Although I once wrote an article entitled Argument is the Media, War and War is Hell, my interests in about teen argumentation theory, critical thinking and informal logic try to shift the focus away from the Factors the Media and Its Essay adversarial aspects. In Arguments and Metaphors in Philosophy (2004), I explored the ways that metaphors function both in arguments and how to write graduation, as arguments, and, conversely, the Factors the Media and Its Essay ways that arguments serve as metaphors. Context. My more recent work has been in In Understanding the Media and Its Essay developing Virtue Argumentation Theory to help answer questions not just about how to movies teen argue, but when and why and with whom to argue. I completed my B.A. in Philosophy and Factors In Understanding Essay, Mathematics from Essay Michael's Roles in Christianity, Colby College in 1975, the Appalachian Trail that same year, and the Media, my Ph.D. from Indiana University in context 1983, before returning to In Understanding Messages Colby College in Waterville, Maine where I am now the Christian A. Johnson Professor of Philosophy and Integrative Liberal Learning. I served on AILACT's Board from 2003 to 2005, and as the Book Review Editor for Informal Logic from 2002 to how to graduation 2008.

Robert Ennis - Bob Ennis has been interested in Factors In Understanding Messages Essay critical thinking for his entire professional career, having tried to teach critical thinking when he was a high school science teacher, and movies pregnancy, having written for his PhD thesis, The Development of a Critical Thinking Test. When he was at In Understanding the Media and Its Messages, Cornell, he and his associates did empirical studies of children's and adolescents' grasp of deductive logic, resulting in a critique of Piaget's logic and about Saint, Piaget's claims about logical thinking in adolescence . Ennis' work in critical thinking and informal logic has been in Messages the areas of conceptualizing critical thinking, assessing critical thinking (including the writing of some critical thinking tests), problems in thomas aquinas law infusing critical thinking in subject matter areas, teaching critical thinking at the college level (including writing a critical thinking text) and argument appraisal strategy--with special attention to assumption ascription, subject-matter specificity, the Factors In Understanding and Its distinction between induction and deduction, the nursing care alleged cultural bias of critical thinking, and the role in argument of qualifiers like 'probably' and In Understanding the Media, 'probable'. Movies About Pregnancy. He is the Media and Its, now working on the concepts, test validity and cause, and has recently promoted an Mortgage Essay AILACT reaction to In Understanding the Media Essay proposals to assess critical thinking at Mortgage Essay, higher education levels. Factors In Understanding. His articles, books, etc. are listed on his web site, He served as AILACT's President from 2001 to 2005, and is currently Director of movies about, Special Projects (resulting in a list of places for In Understanding advanced study in care plan informal logic and critical thinking on Factors In Understanding and Its Essay, AILACT'S web site), and monitor of our listserv, AILACT-D. He was on the Cornell University faculty from 1958-1970, and the University of Illinois faculty from mauryan social, 1970 through 1994, and is now an Factors In Understanding the Media and Its Illinois Professor Emeritus, living in Sarasota, Florida. Maurice A. Context. Finocchiaro - Maurice Finocchiaro is a graduate of MIT (B.S., 1964) and Factors Messages Essay, UC Berkeley (Ph.D., 1969); now Distinguished Professor of Philosophy, Emeritus, at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas; author of Galileo and the Art of care, Reasoning (Dordrecht, 1980), Arguments about In Understanding Messages Arguments (Cambridge, 2005), and Defending Copernicus and Mortgage Essay, Galileo: Critical Reasoning in the Two Affairs (Dordrecht, 2010), among other books; currently working on a book entitled Meta-argumentation ; former Vice-president (1986-88, 2003-05) and Factors the Media Essay, President (2005-07) of AILACT; member of the editorial boards of Informal Logic , Argumentation , and Inquiry:Critical Thinking across the context Disciplines ; and recipient of the Factors the Media and Its Messages Essay 2008 Distinguished Scholarship Award from the International Society for the Study of Argumentation. Frankenstein. James B. Messages. Freeman - James B. Freeman is Professor of Philosophy at Hunter College of write graduation speech, The City University of Factors In Understanding the Media Essay, New York. He has been a regular contributor at informal logic/critical thinking/argumentation conferences for many years and is a reviewer for both Informal Logic and Argumentation . His principal publications are Thinking Logically: Basic Concepts for empire social structure Reasoning (Prentice Hall, 1988, 1993), Dialectics and the Macrostructure of In Understanding and Its Messages, Arguments: A Theory of Argument Structure (Foris Publications, 1991), Acceptable Premises: An Epistemic Approach to an Informal Logic Problem (Cambridge, 2005), and Systematizing Toulmin's Warrants:An Epistemic Approach ( Argumentation 19 (2005), 331-346). He has published a number of how to write speech, papers in Factors the Media Messages Informal Logic , Argumentation , and various edited volumes.

He has been the Editor of the AILACT Newsletter for three years and Essay, has completed one term as AILACT Director at Large. Susan Nuccetelli - Susana Nuccetelli is Factors In Understanding and Its Messages, co-author of speech, How to Factors In Understanding and Its Think Logically (Penguin Academics, Longman 2007), editor of New Essays on Fraud, Semantic Externalism and Self-Knowledge (MIT Press 2003), and co-editor of Themes from G. E. Factors In Understanding. Moore (Oxford 2007), Philosophy of Language: The Central Topics (Rowman Littlefield 2008), and mauryan social structure, The Blackwell Companion to Factors and Its Latin American Philosophy (forthcoming Dec. 2009). Her articles on Mortgage Fraud, ethics, epistemology, and philosophy of language, have appeared in Analysis, Metaphilosophy, Inquiry, and other journals. She is Professor of Factors In Understanding the Media and Its Essay, Philosophy at St. Cloud State University, Minnesota. Michael Scriven - Michael Scriven is thomas natural, author of an early informal logic and Factors, critical thinking textbook, Reasoning, co-author with Alec Fisher of Mortgage, Critical Thinking: Its Definition and Assessment, and co-editor with Herbert Feigl and Grover Maxwell of Volumes I and II of In Understanding and Its Essay, Minnesota Studies in Philosophy of thomas natural law, Science; and author of many journal articles and conference presentations. Currently, Director of the the Media Essay Interdisciplinary Doctoral Program in Mortgage Fraud Evaluation, and Associate Director of the In Understanding Messages Essay Evaluation Center, Western Michigan University, Kalamazoo; Former Member and Current Chair, AILACT Essay Prize Jury. He is paleolithic, a current member of the AILACT Board of Directors.

Dale Turner - Dale Turner is the Associate Dean for Academic Programs and a member of the Department of Philosophy in the College of Letters, Arts, and Social Sciences at Factors In Understanding and Its Messages, State Polytechnic University, Pomona. He received his Bachelor's Degree in Psychology from California State University, Fullerton in 1987 and his Ph.D. in movies about pregnancy philosophy from the University of California, Riverside in 2000. His primary areas of research include argumentation and the Media Messages Essay, fallacy theory, the nursing plan nature of deep disagreement, the Factors In Understanding the Media Essay role of argument in public reason, and philosophical issues in education. Turner's work in these areas includes numerous conference presentations, journal articles, and write speech, co-editing special issues of the In Understanding the Media journals Argumentation and Informal Logic. Turner is a member of several professional organizations including the American Philosophical Association, the Philosophy of Education Society, the Association for mauryan social structure Informal Logic and Critical Thinking, and In Understanding the Media Messages, the Ontario Society for the Study of about Michael's, Argument. He has long-standing teaching interests in critical thinking, epistemology, philosophy of education, philosophy of mind, philosophy of science, and the philosophy of childhood.

He is Factors Messages, a current member of the AILACT Board of Directors. Copyright 1983-2011 AILACT | Design from OSWD by SmallPark | Valid XHTML | Valid CSS | Last Site Update: September 6, 2011.

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Metaphysics: Philosophy and In Understanding the Media, Idealism Essay. Metaphysics is the branch of frankenstein, Philosophy that focuses on the Media Essay the nature of nursing care, reality, including abstract concepts such as being and knowing. The term literally means ‘beyond the physical. ’ It attempts to find unity across the In Understanding and Its Messages domains of experience and thought. There are five broad philosophical schools of thought that apply to education today and these general frameworks provide the base from Essay which the various educational philosophies are derived. Idealism is the view that ideas or thoughts make up fundamental reality.

Idealism is a label which covers a number of philosophical positions with quite different implications and Factors the Media Messages, tendencies, including: 1. Objective idealism asserts that the reality of experiencing combines and transcends the reality of the object experienced and that of the mind of the movies about pregnancy observer. 2 Objective idealists accept common sense realism but reject naturalism. In other words, objective idealists accept the view that material objects exist but reject the concept that the mind and spiritual values have emerged from material things. * Proponents include Thomas Hill Green, Josiah Royce, and Benedetto Croce. 2. Subjective Idealism describes a relationship between experience and the world in which objects are no more than collections or “bundles” of Factors Essay, sense data in the perceiver. 2 Subjective idealists assert both metaphysical and nursing care, epistemological idealism while denying that material objects exist independently of Factors Essay, human perception and thus are opposed to both realism and naturalism. * Proponents include Berkeley, the Bishop of Cloyne. 3. Transcendental idealism is a doctrine that maintains that the mind shapes the world we perceive into the form of space-and-time. 2 Transcendental idealists are strong skeptics of a mind-independent world, asserting epistemological and not metaphysical idealism. * Proponents include founder, Immanuel Kant, Johann Gottlieb Fichte and Friedrich Schelling. 4. Absolute idealism is the view that in movies about, order for human reason to be able to know the world at all, there must be, in some sense, an identity of thought and being; otherwise, we would never have any means of access to the world, and we would have no certainty about any of our knowledge.

6 * Proponents include founder, G. W. F. Hegel. Factors The Media And Its Messages! As well as several more minor variants or related concepts, including: 5. Epistemological Idealism asserts that minds perceive only their own ideas, and not external objects; therefore we cannot directly know things in themselves or things as they really are. The only thing we can ever have knowledge about is the world of phenomenal human experience which leaves no reason to suspect that reality mirrors our perceptions and thoughts. 6. Actual Idealism is a form of idealism that contrasted Transcendental Idealism and Absolute Idealism. This system saw thought as all-embracing, and claimed that no-one could actually leave their sphere of thinking, or exceed their own thought. 6 * Proponents include Giovanni Gentile. 7. Buddhist Idealism is the concept in how to write speech, that all existence is nothing but consciousness, and therefore there is nothing that lies outside of the mind. 8. Panpsychism holds that that all parts of matter involve mind or that the whole universe is an organism that possesses a mind. Therefore all objects of and Its Essay, experience are also subjects. * Proponents include Gottfried Leibniz. About! 9. Practical Idealism is a political philosophy which holds it to be an ethical imperative to implement ideals of virtue or good. In Understanding Messages Essay! * Proponents include Mahatma Gandhi.

Realism is the view that entities of a certain type have a reality that is completely ontologically independent of our conceptual schemes, linguistic practices, beliefs, etc. There are many different types and degrees of Realism, including: 1. Platonic Realism is the view that universals exist. A universal is a property of an object, which can exist in more than one place at the same time. * Proponents include founder Plato, who formed a solution to the problem of universals. 2. Diabetic Nursing! Moderate Realism is the view that there is no separate realm where universals exist, but that they are located in space and time wherever they happen to be manifest. * Conceptualism, initiated by Peter Abelard, is the doctrine that universals exist only within the mind and have no external or substantial reality. * Modern Conceptualism, as represented by Immanuel Kant, holds that universals have no connection with external things because they are exclusively produced by our a priori mental structures and functions. 7 * Proponents include Aristotle St. Thomas Aquinas, Jacques Maritain and Etienne Gilson. 3. Modal Realism is the view that possible worlds are just as real as the actual world we live in, and not just abstract possibilities.

* Propounded by David Lewis. 4. Moral Realism is the meta-ethical view that there are objective moral values which are independent of our perception of them or our stance towards them. Therefore, moral judgments describe moral facts. 7 * Proponents include Plato and In Understanding Essay, Immanuel Kant. There are many others disciplines which are related to teen, Realism, including: 1. Transcendental Realism is the theory that implies individuals have a perfect understanding of the limitations of their own minds. 2. Organic Realism is the metaphysical philosophy in which subjective forms complement Plato’s Forms. The theory holds that change in not illusory or purely accidental to Factors Messages, the substance, but rather the very cornerstone of reality or Being. Nursing Plan! * Propounded by Alfred North Whitehead. Ontology is traditionally listed as a part of the major branch of philosophy known as metaphysics, while being the philosophical study of the nature of being, existence, or reality, as well as their relations. Factors Essay! Ontology deals with questions concerning what entities exist or can be said to exist, and how these entities can be grouped and subdivided according to similarities and differences. G. W. F. Hegel Wikipedia. com Wikipedia. com Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel was a German philosopher as well as a major figure in German Idealism.

His historicist and idealist account of reality revolutionized European philosophy and was an era dates, important precursor to Continental philosophy and Marxism. 19 Without eliminating either pole or reducing one to the other, he developed the concept that mind manifested itself in a set of contradictions and oppositions that it ultimately integrated and united. Hegel attempted to elaborate a comprehensive and systematic ontology from a logical starting point throughout his published writings, as well as in his lectures. In 1801 Hegel moved to Jena to join Schelling at the University of Jena, where Fichte had studied previously; although at that time, the prime of Jena idealism was over. In Understanding The Media And Its! In this same year, Hegel published his first philosophical work, The Difference between Fichte’s and how to speech, Schelling’s System of Philosophy. He worked with Schelling closely and together they edited the Factors and Its Critical Journal of era dates, Philosophy. He wanted to develop a system of the Media Essay, science in context, which he displayed in his writings. Phenomenology of Spirit was considered his project and Factors In Understanding the Media Essay, one of his main works where he speaks of paleolithic, his thoughts on the evolution of consciousness from sense perception to absolute knowledge. He also believed that human cognition changes from one generation to the next; as well as the Factors and Its Essay idea that our experiences are what make us who we are and we make our experiences ours. His thinking can be understood as a constructive development within the general tradition that includes Plato and Kant, as well as Plotinus and Gottfried Leibniz. A common trait that these thinkers share is that they regard freedom or self-determination both as real and as having important ontological implications, for soul or mind or divinity.

His concern with Kantian topics such as morality and freedom, including their ontological implications, is omnipresent. Write! He aimed to incorporate it within ‘true infinity’, ‘spirit’ and ‘ethical life’, rather than simply reject his dualism of freedom versus nature. He incorporated it in such as way he rendered Kantian’s duality as intelligible. He saw a relational unity as well as a metaphysical unity between Jesus and God the Father. Jesus is both divine and Factors the Media, human, according to Hegel. He further attested that God not only died, but that a reversal had taken place, that is to say that God maintained himself in the process and the latter is only the death of death. He claimed God rose again to life and thus things are reversed. Frankenstein Context! 19 Karl Marx Wikipedia. The Media Messages! com Wikipedia. com Karl Marx was a German philosopher, economist, journalist, historian and revolutionary socialist. His ideas had a significant influence in the development of social science and the socialist movement. He wrote and published many works but the most important of write graduation speech, all was the Communist Manifesto.

Being born into a wealthy middle class family, he studied at the University of Bonn as well as the University of Berlin, where he became interested in the Young Hegelians philosophical ideas. Messages! After writing for a couple radical newspapers and being exiled to Brussels, he became a leading figure of the Communist League. Once he returned to Cologne, he founded his own newspaper. Even experiencing poverty, he continued writing and formulating his theories about the nature of society and how he believed that it could be improved. His theories about society, politics and era dates, economics are known as Marxism and these theories hold that all societies progress through a conflict between ownership class which controls production and a lower class which produces the labor for goods. His view of history, which came to be called historical materialism, certainly shows the influence of Hegel’s claim that one should view reality as well as history dialectically. However, Hegel had thought in idealist terms, putting ideas in the forefront, whereas Marx sought to rewrite dialectics in materialist terms, arguing for the primacy of matter over idea. Where Hegel saw the “spirit” as driving history, Marx saw this as an unnecessary mystification, obscuring the reality of In Understanding Messages Essay, humanity and its physical actions shaping the paleolithic era dates world.

He wrote that Hegelianism stood the movement of reality on its head, and Factors In Understanding the Media and Its, that one needed to set it upon its feet. 21 He believed that only large scale change in the economic system could bring about Mortgage Fraud real change; he criticized utopian socialists by arguing that their favored small scale socialistic communities would be bound to marginalization and poverty. Engel’s book, The Condition of the Working Class in England in 1844, led Marx to Factors In Understanding and Its, conceive the modern working class as the most progressive force for revolution. In opposition to how to write speech, traditional theology, he believed that human beings had created God in the Media and Its Messages, their own image and that worshipping God diverted human beings from enjoying their own human powers. He explains that religion is a response to alienation in material life and paleolithic, that it can’t be removed until human material life is set free, resulting in the deterioration of Factors In Understanding Messages, religion. Epistemology is branch of philosophy concerned with the nature and limitations of knowledge. It addresses mainly the following questions: * What is knowledge? * How is knowledge acquired? * To what extent is it possible for a given subject or entity to be known? 13 Rene Descartes Wikipedia. Mortgage Fraud Essay! com Wikipedia. com Dubbed the ‘Father of Factors the Media Messages, Modern Philosophy’, Rene Descartes was a French philosopher, mathematician, and writer who spent most of thomas law, his adult life in the Dutch Republic.

He is known for having made an important connection between geometry and algebra, thus allowing a solution for geometrical problems by way of algebraic equations. He is perhaps best known for the philosophical statement “Cogito ergo sum”, meaning I think, therefore I am. From 1604-1612 he attended Jesuit school, where he learned the Factors In Understanding and Its Messages standard scholastic, Aristotelian philosophy. Mortgage Fraud Essay! In 1619 he embarked on his life’s work of rebuilding the whole universe because he believed everything he had learned was wrong. And Its! To do this he used what is known as his method of how to write speech, doubt. He meditated on various possible skeptical scenarios to help him doubt even things that seemed possibly true. First he considered that, when asleep and dreaming, everything seemed just as real and Factors In Understanding the Media and Its Messages, true as when he was awake. This led him to how to write speech, think that perhaps he is dreaming at that very moment, in which case he may not be really sitting in a chair but dreaming that he is sitting in a chair. Descartes, to make his doubting even more radical, considered the possibility that God is Factors the Media and Its Messages Essay evil and has the aim of deceiving him as much as possible by placing fictitious sensory inputs directly into his conscious mind. This resulted in his famous statement: I think, therefore I am.

His argument for the existence of God begins with the belief that ‘I have a concept of God, as perfect and infinite. This concept is clear and distinct; therefore an idea must have a cause-even an idea cannot appear from context nowhere. A greater object can cause a lesser one but the reverse is impossible. Thus, my idea of and Its Messages Essay, God, which is natural supremely great, can only have been caused by just such a being. Thus God, as I conceive him, must exist. ’16 With his belief in the reliability of his senses restored, he was then able to acquire common-sense beliefs about material objects.

He went on to build an elaborate system of mechanics, a theory of planetary motions, among many others. David Hume Oregon State. edu Oregon State. edu The most important philosopher ever to write in Factors In Understanding and Its Messages Essay, English and one of the most important figures in the history of Western philosophy and the Scottish Enlightenment was David Hume. He was also well-known in his own time as a philosopher, historian, economist, and essayist. Among the interesting features of movies, Hume’s empiricist philosophy are a revolutionary view of causality, the problem of In Understanding the Media Messages Essay, induction, and how to write speech, the distinction between fact and value. Hume advocates various forms of and Its, moderate or mitigated skepticism. He was a relentless critic of metaphysics and religion. 10 Hume was born in frankenstein context, Edinburgh on April 26, 1711 and spent his childhood at Factors and Its Ninewells, the family’s modest estate near Berwickshire. His family thought he was suited for a career in the law, but he preferred reading classical authors and pursuing the goal of becoming a scholar and philosopher. Fraud Essay! He followed a rigorous program of reading and reflection for three years while pursuing this goal.

Hume’s Problem of In Understanding Messages Essay, Causation has remained unsolved for two-hundred fifty years and this uncertainty has greatly prejudiced our belief in the possibility of era dates, metaphysics and In Understanding the Media Messages Essay, the certainty of science, and has ultimately led to plan, postmodernism. Hume explains that until we know what exists and the ‘necessary connections’ between these things that exist, it is impossible for humanity to have certainty of knowledge. This in return leads to the Problem of Induction, for if we do not know the a priori cause of events then we have no principles from which to logically deduce our conclusions. Factors In Understanding The Media Messages! Then we are simply left observing that one event follows another and somehow they seem connected, yet we don’t know why or how; therefore we must depend upon induction to determine the Mortgage Essay laws of nature. This problem of induction can be demonstrated using his simple example of dropping a stone such that when I let go of the stone it falls to earth. And despite the amount of times this experiment is the Media Messages Essay repeated does this inductively infer that the stone must fall the graduation next time I let it go. He argued that it doesn’t, that it is simply a habit of Factors the Media and Its Messages Essay, thinking that it does and that it is quite possible that at some point in the future the thomas stone will not fall. Hume stated, ‘The supposition that the future resembles the the Media Messages Essay past, is not founded on arguments of any kind, but is derived entirely from habit. ’11 He believed that a priori ideas did not exist and that they are not innate but derived from experience of perceptions.

He believed these perceptions could be divided into impressions and ideas. He believed that humans learned through impressions and if there are no impressions then there is no idea. He also believed that every person’s perceptions were his alone and different from other peoples. 17 For the argument for Mortgage, the existence of God, Hume began by laying down the principle that we can ascribe capacities to a God only and Its Messages Essay if they are evident in the world. He believed humans have no reason to infer an almighty God from the world because the world is manifestly finite and imperfect and any argument from Mortgage Fraud Essay such is unwarranted. He claimed that the Factors the Media and Its Messages Essay hypothesis of a God is useless; that there is no practical gain in positing such a being. 1. Nursing! Oregon State. The Media Messages! “Section III – Philosophical Perspectives in Education” Web. October 16, 2012. http://oregonstate. edu/instruct/ed416/PP2. html 2. Mortgage Fraud! Wikipedia. “Idealism” October 13, 2012. Web. October 16, 2012. en. Factors And Its Messages Essay! wikipedia. org/wiki/Idealism 3. Wikipedia. Paleolithic! “Objective Idealism” May 5, 2012. Web.

October 16, 2012. en. wikipedia. Factors In Understanding The Media And Its! org/wiki/Objective_idealism 4. Wikipedia. “Transcendental Idealism” September 30, 2012. Mortgage Fraud Essay! Web. October 16, 2012. en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Transcendental_idealism 5. Wikipedia. “Neo-Platonism” October 6, 2012. In Understanding The Media And Its Messages Essay! Web. October 16, 2012. en. wikipedia. Thomas Natural! org/wiki/Neoplatonism 6. The Basics of Philosophy. “Idealism” Web. October 16, 2012. philosophybasics. com/branch_idealism. html 7. The Basics of and Its Messages, Philosophy. “Realism” Web. October 16, 2012. philosophybasics. com/branch_realism. html 8. Era Dates! Wikipedia. “David Hume” October 12, 2012.

Web. October 16, 2012. en. wikipedia. org/wiki/David_Hume 9. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. “David Hume” May 15, 2009. Web. October 16, 2012. plato. stanford. edu/entries/hume 10. Oregon State. “David Hume” Web.

October 16, 2012. oregonstate. edu/instruct/phl302/philosophers/hume. html 11. On Truth Reality. “Meta-physics: David Hume” Web. October 16, 2012. spaceandmotion. In Understanding And Its Essay! com/metaphysics-david-hume. htm 12. Wikipedia. “Ontology” October 29, 2012. Web. October 30, 2012. en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Ontology 13. Wikipedia. “Epistemology” October 30, 2012.

Web. October 30, 2012. en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Epistemology. 14. Wikipedia. Paleolithic Era Dates! “Rene Descartes” October 29, 2012. Web. October 30, 2012. en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Ren%C3%A9_Descartes 15. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. “Rene Descartes” September 20, 2010. Web.

October 30, 2012. plato. stanford. The Media And Its Essay! edu/entries/descartes-works 16. “Descartes and Rationalism” Web. October 30, 2012. faculty. arts. ubc. ca/rjohns/descartes_rationalism. pdf 17. Study Mode. “Descartes vs. Hume” Web. October 30, 2012. studymode. Frankenstein Context! com/essays/Descartes-Vs-Hume-135107. html 18. Tektonics. “Locke, Hume, Empiricism and the Existence of God” Web. October 30, 2012. tektonics. And Its! org/guest/pslockhume. htm 19. Frankenstein Context! Wikipedia. “Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel” November 6, 2012.

Web. November 8, 2012. en. Factors In Understanding And Its Essay! wikipedia. org/wiki/G. Thomas Law! _W. _F. _Hegel 20. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. “Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel” July 22, 2012. Web. November 8, 2012. plato. stanford. edu/entries/hegel 21. Wikipedia. “Karl Marx” November 10, 2012. Web.

November 10, 2012. en. wikipedia. In Understanding The Media And Its! org/wiki/Karl_Marx 22. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. “Karl Marx” June 14, 2010. Web. November 21, 2012. plato. stanford. edu/entries/marx. University/College: University of California. Type of era dates, paper: Thesis/Dissertation Chapter. Date: 22 November 2016. Let us write you a custom essay sample on Metaphysics: Philosophy and Factors In Understanding Messages Essay, Idealism. for only $16.38 $13.9/page.

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Tips for Academic Writing and Other Formal Writing. It is a long list. People have a lot of problems. Some of the In Understanding Messages Essay, items sound picky or trivial, even to me. Yet bad grammar, bad style, and poor organization will make it very difficult for aquinas natural, you to convey your ideas clearly and professionally, and will limit your academic and Factors In Understanding and Its Messages Essay, professional success.

I strongly recommend that you work to Mortgage Essay, eliminate any of these problems that may apply to your own writing. -- Dr. James A. Bednar. Rules for formal writing are quite strict, though often unstated. Formal writing is used in academic and scientific settings whenever you want to convey your ideas to a wide audience, with many possible backgrounds and assumptions. Unlike casual conversation or emails to Factors In Understanding Essay, friends, formal writing needs to be clear, unambiguous, literal, and well structured. Formal writing is movies about not just dictated conversation In general, it is inappropriate simply to write as you would speak. In conversation, the listener can ask for Factors Messages, clarification or elaboration easily, and thus the movies, speaker can use imprecise language, ramble from topic to Factors In Understanding the Media and Its Messages, topic freely, and so on. Formal writing must instead stand on its own, conveying the natural, author's thesis clearly through words alone. As a result, formal writing requires substantial effort to construct meaningful sentences, paragraphs, and arguments relevant to a well-defined thesis. The best formal writing will be difficult to write but very easy to the Media Messages, read.

The author's time and effort spent on writing will be repaid with the time and effort saved by the (many) readers. Make your thesis obvious throughout An essay, article, or report should have one main topic (the thesis) that is clearly evident in the introduction and conclusion. Of course, the era dates, thesis may itself be a conjunction or a contrast between two items, but it must still be expressible as a single, coherent point. In Understanding The Media. In a short essay, the main point should usually conclude the introductory paragraph. In a longer essay, the main point generally concludes the introductory section. Paleolithic. The reader should never be in any doubt about what your thesis is; whenever you think it might not be absolutely obvious, remind the In Understanding the Media, reader again. When in doubt, use the speech, recipe: introduce, expand/justify, conclude Paragraphs, subsections, sections, chapters, and books all use the same structure: first make the Factors In Understanding and Its Messages, topic clear, then expand upon thomas law, it, and finally sum up, tying everything back to the topic. At each level, you need to tell the reader what you will be trying to say (in this paragraph, section, etc.), then you need to cover all the relevant material, clearly relating it to your stated point, and finally you need to tie the subtopics together so that they do indeed add up to establish the point that you promised. Stay on topic Everything in your document should be related clearly to your main thesis. You can write other papers later for anything else you might want to Factors In Understanding and Its Essay, say.

The reason your reader is reading this particular paper of how to graduation speech yours is that he or she wants to Factors and Its Essay, know about your main topic, not simply about everything you might want to say (unless for some narcissistic reason everything you might want to say is nursing your clearly stated main topic). Conversely, there is no need to bring up items simply because they relate to your main topic, if you do not have anything to say about Factors the Media Messages them. Diabetic Nursing Care Plan. If you do bring something up, say something important about Factors the Media and Its it! Staying on topic does not mean being one sided To avoid being misleading, you will often need to paleolithic, acknowledge some weaknesses in your argument or discuss some merits of an opposing argument. It is quite appropriate to discuss such opposing views when they are relevant, i.e., when they relate directly to the main topic of your paper. For instance, if you are reviewing a paper and arguing that it was not written well overall, it is Essay usually a good idea to point out the few things that were done well, e.g. so that the reader does not get the impression that you just like to diabetic care, complain :-) . Often such opposing observations fit well just after the introduction, providing a background for the rest of your arguments that follow. Whenever you do include such material, i.e. things that go in In Understanding and Its Essay the direction opposite to your main thesis, be careful to put it into only a few well-defined places, reorganizing your argument to achieve that when necessary.

Jumping back and forth will confuse the reader unnecessarily. In every case, try to make your point as clearly as possible, while at the same time not overstating it and not pretending that no other valid viewpoints exist. Transitions are difficult but very important Each sentence in your document should follow smoothly from the preceding sentence, and aquinas natural law, each paragraph should follow smoothly from the preceding paragraph. The world is arguably an unstructured jumble of Factors the Media and Its Messages ideas, but anything that you expect the reader to read from start to finish needs to paleolithic era dates, be a linear progression along one single path. Transition words and phrases are what make it possible for a reader to follow you easily as you explore the various ideas in your paper. Without good transitions, the reader will end up backtracking repeatedly, which will often cause your point to be lost or your paper to Factors In Understanding Messages, be tossed aside altogether. One clue that your writing needs better transitions is pregnancy if you find that you can cut and paste paragraphs from In Understanding and Its one section to another without doing substantial rewriting of how the paragraph begins and frankenstein, ends. If making such rearrangements is easy, then you have not been linking your paragraphs into a coherent narrative that reads well from start to finish. In practice, making smooth transitions is very difficult. Learning to do it takes a lot of practice at first, and Factors the Media Essay, actually making the thomas aquinas, transitions smooth takes a lot of effort every time you write or revise something.

One rule of thumb is that whenever you switch topics, you should try to In Understanding and Its, provide a verbal clue that you are doing so, using transitions like However, . , As a result, . , For comparison, , etc. If you notice that you have to Mortgage Fraud, add these words between most of your sentences, not just the paragraphs, then you are bouncing around too much. In that case you need to reorganize your document to group related thoughts together, switching topics only when necessary. And Its Messages Essay. Once the organization is good, all you can do is read and reread what you write, rewording it until each new item follows easily from those before it. Write what you mean, mean what you write Speakers use many informal, colloquial phrases in casual conversation, usually intending to convey meanings other than what the words literally indicate. For instance, we often speak informally of going the extra mile, at pregnancy the end of the day, hard facts, things being crystal clear or pretty convincing, someone sticking to a topic, readers being turned off, something really being the case, etc. Avoid such imprecise writing in formal prose -- whenever possible, the In Understanding the Media and Its Messages, words you write should literally mean exactly what they say. If there were no miles involved, do not write of extra ones; if there was no crystal, do not write about its clarity. Among other benefits, avoiding such informal language will ensure that your meaning is nursing care obvious even to those who have not learned the In Understanding the Media Messages Essay, currently popular idioms, such as those for whom English is a second language and diabetic care plan, those who might read your writing years from now or in Factors In Understanding the Media another part of the world. Formal writing should be clear to as many people as possible, and its meaning should not depend on the whims of your local dialect of English. It is a permanent and diabetic nursing care plan, public record of Factors and Its Messages your ideas, and should mean precisely what you have written.

Avoid redundancy Unfortunately, specifying minimum page requirements encourages redundancy, but please try to avoid that temptation. When two words will do, there is no need to use twenty. Mortgage. Whenever you finish a sentence or paragraph, read over it to see if any words or sentences can be eliminated -- often your point will get much stronger when you do so. In the Messages, academic community, your ability to frankenstein context, write concisely is Factors and Its Messages far more important than your ability to movies about teen, fill up a page with text. Academic courses specify page minimums to ensure that you write an Factors In Understanding and Its Essay essay of the appropriate depth, not to test whether you can say the same thing a dozen different ways just to fill up space. In the real world, you will see many more page maximum specifications than page minimums. Be professional and diplomatic When writing about another's work, always write as if your subject may read your document. Your essays for aquinas natural, a course assignment will probably not be published, but genuine scientific writing will be, and the subject of your paper may very well come across your work eventually. Thus it is crucial to avoid pejorative, insulting, and Factors the Media Messages Essay, offensive terms like attempt to, a waste of paleolithic time, pointless, etc.

If some of the essays I have seen were read out loud to the author under discussion, a fistfight would probably result. Factors In Understanding The Media And Its Messages. At the very least, you would have made an enemy for Mortgage, life, which is rarely a good idea. In any case, your points will be much more convincing if you can disagree professionally and diplomatically, without attacking the the Media Messages Essay, author or implying that he or she is an movies imbecile. And, finally, no one will publish your work if it is just a diatribe and not a sober, reasoned argument. To avoid these sorts of problems, it might be good to pretend that you are the author under discussion and the Media and Its Messages, re-read your essay through his or her eyes. It should be straightforward to Mortgage Fraud Essay, figure out Factors In Understanding the Media and Its Essay which parts would make you defensive or angry, and you can then reword those. Avoid imperative voice Use imperative voice sparingly in a scientific paper, because it comes across as rude (as do many of the sentences in what you are reading right now!). E.g. do not say Recall that . . Of course, an occasional imperative in parentheses is not objectionable (e.g. (see Walker 1996 for more details).). A formal document needs to be structured at all levels, whether or not the structure is era dates made explicit using section labels or other visible clues. Overall structure The standard format for an effective essay or article is Factors the Media and Its Messages Essay to: (1) present a coherent thesis in the introduction, (2) try your hardest to convince the diabetic, reader of your thesis in the body of the paper, and (3) restate the thesis in the conclusion so that the reader remains quite sure what your thesis is, and so that the and Its Messages, reader can decide whether he or she was convinced.

Using any other format for a formal article is frankenstein almost invariably a bad idea. The introduction and conclusions do not always need to be labeled as such, but they need to be there. Note that an abstract is no substitute for an introduction; abstracts act as an independent miniature version of the article, not part of the introduction. Each paragraph is one relevant sub-topic Each paragraph in a document should have one topic that is clearly evident early in the paragraph. Every paragraph should have a clear relationship to the main topic of your document; if not, either the paragraph should be eliminated, or the Factors Messages, main topic should be revised. Use complete sentences Except in extraordinary circumstances, sentences in the main text must be complete, i.e., they must have a subject and a verb, so that they express an entire thought, not just a fragment or the beginning of a thought. Teen. Note that most -ing words are not verbs. The light turning green is just a fragment, i.e., a start to a sentence or a part of one. To be a sentence that you could use on Factors the Media and Its, its own followed by a period, it would have to be The light turned green, which has both a subject and a verb. Put appropriate punctuation between sentences.

Two complete sentences can be divided with a period, question mark, or exclamation point, or they can be weakly connected as clauses with a semicolon. However, they can never be connected with a comma in formal writing! To see if your writing has this problem, consider each of how to write your commas in turn. If you could replace the In Understanding the Media and Its Messages Essay, comma with a period, leaving two complete, meaningful sentences, then that comma is an error -- a comma can never be used like that! Instead, replace the frankenstein context, comma with a semicolon, in case you have two sentences that need to be linked in some generic way, or make the linkage explicit with a conjunction, or simply use a period, to Factors and Its, leave two complete and independent sentences. Section titles Section titles for an article should say exactly and succinctly what the reader will get out of that section.

In most relatively short documents, using a standard set of section titles is best so that people can scan through your document quickly. Section standards vary in different fields, but a common set is: Introduction, Background, Methods (for an experimental paper) or Architecture (for a modeling paper), Discussion, Future Work (often merged with Discussion), and Conclusion. If you do not use the standard titles, e.g. if you have labeled lower-level subsections, you should be quite explicit about thomas aquinas natural what is in In Understanding Essay that section. How To Write Graduation Speech. Such labels should make sense to someone who has not yet read that section, and In Understanding the Media and Its Messages Essay, make it clear why they should read it. For instance, a section about adding a second eye to a simulation of thomas aquinas natural law single-eye vision could truthfully be called Multiple eyes, but that title is meaningless to In Understanding and Its, someone scanning the document. Instead, it should be something like Extending the movies, model to explain stereo vision whose meaning will be clear to the type of person likely to Factors In Understanding the Media, be reading the paper. Everything important goes in context your introduction and the Media and Its, conclusion Everyone who looks at your paper will at least skim the introduction and nursing, conclusion, and those who read it in Factors In Understanding and Its Essay depth will remember those two sections the best. So make sure that your most important points are quite prominent and unmissable in those sections.

Say it, never just say that you will say it In the thomas aquinas natural, introduction, conclusion, and abstract (if any), do not merely describe what you are going to say or have said; actually say it! For instance, do not just state that I will discuss and evaluate this paper if you will later argue that (for example) it is not convincing. Factors Messages Essay. Instead state that the paper is unconvincing, and (in brief) why you believe that to be the diabetic nursing care plan, case. In Understanding And Its Essay. Then you can elaborate on that point in subsequent paragraphs. Subsections If you have sections 1, 1.1, and 1.2, there must be introductory material between 1 and nursing care, 1.1 that explains briefly what is in the subsections, mentioned in the order of the subsections.

That is, 1.1 should never follow just after 1 without some intervening text. If you have 1.1, there must always be a 1.2; otherwise 1 and 1.1 should be merged. In Understanding Messages Essay. Each 1.x subsection should end with a concluding statement of what has been established in that subsection, wrapping things up before moving on to the next subsection. Figure captions Different communities have different expectations on what to put into about teen pregnancy, figure captions. Some journals, like Science , have very long captions, which are meant to be readable independently of the main article. The Media Messages Essay. That way, readers can skim articles and only look at interesting figures, before deciding whether to read the whole article.

In such cases, you must ensure that all of the main points of the figure are also mentioned in the text of the article, so that someone reading the nursing care plan, article straight through will not miss them. Other journals and other publications like books, theses, and proposals tend to have very little in the caption, with the figures being understandable only when reading the main text. Even in such cases, I myself prefer to put all the Factors In Understanding the Media Essay, graphical details like the movies, dotted line represents in the caption, plus enough context so that the import of the figure is clear. Factors In Understanding And Its Messages Essay. You are welcome to have your own preferences, but you should be aware of what you are trying to achieve, i.e. Mortgage Fraud. whether you want the caption to Factors In Understanding the Media and Its Messages, be readable on its own. Try hard to avoid ambiguous references Conversation is replete with ambiguous words like this, these, his, it, they, etc. These words have no meaning in how to write themselves, but in Factors In Understanding the Media and Its Messages conversation the meaning is usually clear from the context. Nursing Care Plan. In written text, however, the intended meaning is quite often not evident to Factors the Media and Its Essay, the reader, because there are e.g. many possible interpretations of it and this. It is a good idea to read over anything you write, searching for this sort of word. Thomas Aquinas. For each instance, first ask yourself To what specific item does this term refer?.

For such a reference to make sense, the object, person, or concept must have been explicitly mentioned just prior to your reference. Often you will find that it or they refers to something vague that was not even discussed explicitly in your paper, in which case you should reword your text entirely. Even if the item to which you refer is explicitly mentioned in your paper, ask yourself whether there is any chance that the reader might not know to which of the Media and Its Messages Essay several items you might be referring. E.g. for the word he, were there two or three people being discussed? If so then state the actual name of each; he would be ambiguous. Often an ambiguous this or these can be disambiguated by adding a noun that specifies precisely the type of object or concept to which you are referring.

For instance, this argument or this paper is less confusing than simply this. That is, do not use this followed directly by a verb phrase, but you can use this before a noun phrase, as in this sentence is a good example of the diabetic plan, use of the word 'this'. Watch out for homonyms Spell checkers are wonderful, but they are absolutely useless for detecting misused homonyms or near-homonyms, i.e., actual words whose meaning is confused with other actual words. As a result, homonyms are probably the most common spelling errors in word-processed text. Even if you are lazy and let the spell checker fix all of your other words, make certain that you know the differences between words like: If you do not know the difference, you must simply avoid using any of these words. Yet because the In Understanding and Its, spell checker takes care of all the other words you may misspell, learning to use these few words correctly is surely not much of a burden, and is crucial for convincing your readers that you are competent and trustworthy.

Avoid comprise Apparently the nursing, word comprise has now been used incorrectly so many times to mean compose that this usage is now becoming acceptable. But it is much safer simply to avoid comprise altogether, as anyone who does know what it started out Factors In Understanding the Media and Its Messages Essay meaning will be annoyed when you use it to mean compose. But and however are not interchangeable The words but and Mortgage, however have similar meanings, but they are not interchangeable. If you take a grammatically correct sentence containing but and replace it with however, or vice versa, the result will almost always be incorrect, mainly because of comma punctuation. I like oranges, but I do not like tangerines. I like oranges.

However, I do not like tangerines. I like oranges; however, I do not like tangerines. I, however, do not like grapefruits. I like oranges however they have been prepared. If you exchange any of these buts and Factors the Media and Its Messages Essay, howevers, then the sentences would become incorrect, and in some cases meaningless.

A point is frankenstein context a single item The word point can only be used for a single, atomic item. In Understanding The Media And Its Messages Essay. Thus it is not appropriate to discuss a sub-point, part of a point, the first half of a point, etc. Instead use topic or section, etc. A research There is no noun phrase a research in English. Thomas Aquinas Natural Law. Use a study or just research, never a research.

Similarly, there is no separate plural form of research; researches is an English verb, not a noun. Avoid capitalization When in Factors In Understanding and Its Messages Essay doubt, use lower case. Capitalization is appropriate only for nursing plan, specific, named, individual items or people. In Understanding The Media And Its. For example, capitalize school subjects only graduation speech, when you are referring to a specific course at a specific school: math is a general subject, but Math 301 is a particular course. Similarly: Department of Computer Sciences vs. a computer science department, the president vs. President Bush.

When in Factors and Its Messages Essay doubt, use lower case. Avoid contractions Contractions are appropriate only for Mortgage Essay, conversational use and for informal writing, never for technical or formal writing. Hyphenate phrases only when otherwise ambiguous In English phrases (groups of In Understanding the Media and Its Essay several words forming a unit), hyphens are used to group pairs of words when the meaning might otherwise be ambiguous. That is, they act like the era dates, parentheses in a mathematical expression. They should normally otherwise be avoided unless they are part of a single word (or the dictionary explicitly requires them), i.e., it is a mistake to In Understanding the Media and Its Essay, use a hyphen where the meaning was already clear and Fraud, unambiguous. For instance, long adjective phrases preceding a noun sometimes include another noun temporarily being used as an adjective. Such phrases can often be parsed several different ways with different meanings. For example, the phrase English language learners as written means language learners from England, because, by default, language modifies learners, and English modifies language learners. But the the Media and Its Messages Essay, phrase that was intended was probably English-language learners, i.e. learners of the English language, and using the hyphen helps make that grouping clear. Note that there would never be a hyphen if the same phrase were used after the noun it modifies, because in that case there would be absolutely no chance of ambiguity: a learner of the English language ( NEVER a learner of the English-language; the hyphen effectively turns the noun phrase English language into an adjective, and movies, a prepositional phrase starting with of the must be completed with a noun, not an adjective). Note that hyphens are used only in Factors the Media and Its Messages adjective phrases; they are not needed after an adverb (and are therefore incorrect).

An adverb explicitly modifies the adjective immediately following it, never a noun. For instance, a quickly dropping stock cannot possibly be mistaken for a quickly dropping-stock, because adverbs like quickly cannot modify a noun phrase like dropping stock, and natural, so quickly clearly must modify dropping. In general, there should never be a hyphen after an Factors In Understanding adverb ending in ly, though hyphens are sometimes necessary after some non-adverbial ly words like early (as in the correct examples an early-rising rooster or an early-rising English-language learner). You may want to paleolithic, search through your finished document for Factors the Media, ly-; nearly all examples of those three characters in a row will be mistakes. In some very complicated phrases, two levels of grouping can be achieved using an en dash, i.e. a slightly longer dash than a hyphen. For instance, a language-learning--associated problem would be a problem associated with language learning; the Mortgage Essay, hyphen groups language and learning, while the en-dash -- connects language learning with associated. Without hyphens or without the en-dash, the phrase would be quite difficult to read. But in such cases it is often clearer just to reword the sentence to avoid the ambiguity, as in a problem associated with language learning. In cases where the the Media, word grouping is frankenstein quite obvious because the pair of words are so often used together, the Factors the Media, hyphen can be omitted even when it would strictly be required to avoid ambiguity.

For instance chocolate chip cookies is unlikely to era dates, be misread as chocolate chip-cookies, despite that being the literal interpretation, and so the Factors Messages Essay, hyphen can usually be omitted from chocolate-chip cookies. In general, you should hyphenate a phrase when that particular sentence would otherwise be ambiguous. In any other case, even a nearby sentence containing the same phrase but e.g. after the graduation speech, noun it modifies, you should leave out the hyphen. Factors The Media Essay. I.e., the hyphen is era dates not a property of the phrase, but of how you are using the the Media Messages, phrase in the sentence. American vs. Care Plan. British English I myself am American by birth, despite lecturing in a British university, and I use American spellings by default (e.g. organization, not organisation). Authors are generally free to use whichever spelling they prefer, although publishers will often change the In Understanding the Media Messages, spellings to make e.g. all the papers in a certain edited volume use the same conventions. Thus please do not hesitate to use whichever one of the (correct) spellings you are more comfortable with, as long as you keep it consistent throughout the document. Formatting and frankenstein context, grammar rules When in doubt about grammar or page format, researchers in psychology and and Its, computer science generally follow the APA style guide; biological fields use similar standards. Frankenstein. Unfortunately, you do have to pay for the Media and Its Essay, the APA guide, though it is now available in a less-expensive electronic edition.

Pay attention to how your document looks Use readable, clear fonts and reasonable margins, following the typical format used for similar documents. If your word processor cannot make the spacing regular between words (e.g. most versions of Mortgage Essay Microsoft Word), turn off right justification. Poor spacing makes the page look jumbled and Factors Messages, seem incoherent, even if the writing is not. Nearly all formal writing should simply be stapled --- anything else looks unprofessional. Frankenstein Context. For instance, using a fancy cover and binding for a short paper or report is distracting and makes it difficult to photocopy the paper; such binding is Factors the Media and Its Messages necessary only for long papers that a staple would have trouble keeping together. At the opposite extreme, it should be obvious that folding one corner is movies not an acceptable substitute for a staple. Authors are authors, not writers The people who perform a scientific study are called authors, never writers, even though the Factors In Understanding and Its, results are presented in thomas aquinas a written paper.

Scientific authorship includes much more than the Factors and Its Essay, actual writing, and some authors may well not have written any word in the paper. Use last names Never refer to the authors by their first names, as if they were your friends. They are not, and even if they were, it would be inappropriate to draw attention to that circumstance. Except in unusual cases to avoid ambiguity or to discuss specific people (e.g. the original founders of paleolithic a field of research), first names are not even mentioned in the body of a scientific text; the last names are sufficient. Author names are keys -- spell them properly In academic writing, an author's last name is like the key in a database lookup -- if the the Media and Its, name is misspelled (e.g. Davis for law, Davies), your reader will not be able to In Understanding, locate works by that author in movies the library or online. Moreover, it is extraordinarily impolite to misspell someone's name when you are discussing them; doing so shows that you have not paid much attention to them or their work.

So you should make a special effort to spell author names correctly, double and triple checking them against the original source, and ensuring that you spell them the same way each time. Use appropriate pronouns Use appropriate pronouns when referring to the authors. If there are multiple authors, use they or the authors or the authors' last names, not he or the author. If there is only one author and you can determine the gender with great confidence, you may use he or she; otherwise use the author or the author's last name. Referring to other texts Use double quotes around the Factors the Media and Its, title of an article when you refer to it in the text. Frankenstein. Italics are reserved for books or other works of In Understanding Messages Essay similar length.

Avoid underlining altogether --- underlining is just a way of paleolithic indicating that handwritten or typewritten text should be typeset in Factors In Understanding the Media and Its Essay italics, and is thus inappropriate when italics are available (as they are on any modern word processor). Be very precise when discussing an author discussing another author For better or worse, academic writing often devolves into discussions of aquinas law what one author said about another author. Factors Essay. If commenting on such controversies, you should be extremely careful about using ambiguous terms like his, the author, etc. Very often your reader will have no idea which of the various authors you are referring to, even though it may be clear to you. Frankenstein. When in doubt, use the actual last names instead, even if they might sound repetitive. Avoid footnotes Footnotes should be used quite sparingly, and should never be used as a way to avoid the hard work of making your text flow into a coherent narrative. The Media Essay. Only when something genuinely cannot be made to fit into plan, the main flow of the text, yet is somehow still so important that it must be mentioned, does it go into a footnote.

Avoid direct quotes In scientific (as opposed to literary or historical) writing, direct quotes should be used only when the Factors In Understanding the Media and Its Essay, precise wording of the original sentences is important, e.g. if the work is so groundbreaking that the movies about, words themselves have driven research in Factors In Understanding the Media and Its Messages Essay this field. In nearly every other case, paraphrasing is nursing care plan more appropriate, because it lets you formulate the idea in the terms suitable for your particular paper, focusing on In Understanding Essay, the underlying issue rather than the way one author expressed it. Be careful with arguments about grammar If you are going to criticize the grammar or spelling of an author in writing, you should be extraordinarily careful to verify that you are correct. Reading a long rant from an American about how a person of British upbringing has supposedly misspelled words like utilisation, or vice versa, can be quite painful. There is no need to thomas law, mention explicitly reading the paper A lot of Factors In Understanding the Media and Its Essay students use phrases like while reading this paper, I . Paleolithic. and In this paper the authors . . Try to avoid this redundancy. If you use the Factors In Understanding the Media and Its Messages, word author you need not also use paper, and law, vice versa.

Similarly, it is clear that whatever you discovered about the Factors and Its Messages Essay, paper, you discovered while reading the about teen, paper; we do not need to be reminded of this. Academic writing is always about papers and authors, and thus those topics should only be discussed when they are relevant. Discussing existing work Whenever you bring up an and Its Messages existing piece of research, whether it is your own or someone else's, there is a standard way of graduation doing it properly. In Understanding The Media And Its Messages. First you say what the research showed, then you say what its limitations are, and diabetic nursing, then you say how your own work is going to overcome those limitations. I.e., say what has been done, what has not been done, and how you are going to In Understanding, do some of paleolithic era dates what has not been done. If you are doing a literature review rather than an original research paper, you just describe what you think should be done, rather than what you plan to do. Unless you want to In Understanding the Media and Its Essay, make an enemy, you should always mention something positive about existing work before exploring the limitations, and you should always assume that the person you are discussing will read what you wrote. Of course, sometimes there is a good reason to make an about teen enemy, e.g. to draw attention to yourself by In Understanding and Its Messages Essay, attacking someone famous, but you should be sure to diabetic nursing, choose your enemies wisely.

Discussing proposed work In a research proposal, it is never acceptable to announce only that you are planning to study topic X. In the Factors In Understanding Messages Essay, context of research, studying is movies teen pregnancy a vague and In Understanding, unbounded task, with no criterion for success and nursing, no way to and Its Essay, tell if you are getting anywhere. Studying is something you do in a course, where someone can tell you what to focus on and can test you to see if you got the movies teen, right answer; research is not like that. In research, you need to In Understanding Messages, spell out the specific questions you are going to try to answer, the specific phenomena that need explanations, and so on -- it's up to how to write speech, you to define the question and the methods, and until you've done so, it's not research, just idle speculation. Discussion/future work In the discussion sections of a research paper, be sure to In Understanding the Media Essay, discuss all topics that the audience expected to see in the paper, even if you yourself do not believe them to be relevant. Era Dates. The reader is more likely to assume that you have been sloppy about your literature review than to assume you knew about the Messages Essay, work but believed it not to paleolithic, be relevant. In Understanding. Page restrictions can help here --- they provide a good excuse for omitting topics that you do not believe to be relevant. In a longer article or thesis without page limits you have no choice but to nursing plan, address the In Understanding the Media and Its Essay, issue and natural, explicitly state why the topic is not relevant despite the common belief that it is.

Bibliographies Students often seem to think that bibliographies are mysterious, tricky things with rules far too complex to understand or remember. Although there is a vast array of different bibliographic formats, the underlying principles are actually not complicated at all. Simply put, all bibliographies must have a certain basic minimum standard of information in order to fulfill their function of allowing people to locate the specific item of reference material you cite. Factors And Its Essay. In particular, every bibliography entry needs an diabetic care author, date, and title, every journal article absolutely must have a volume and page numbers, and every conference paper must have the Factors In Understanding and Its, title of the frankenstein, conference proceedings, the page numbers, and some indication of Factors In Understanding the Media Messages Essay who published it. Without having every bit of this basic information, there is no way to be sure that readers can find the movies, one specific article that you are discussing. Conversely, you should not include anything not necessary or useful for locating the article, such as the the Media and Its Messages, cost of reprints. As long as the correct information is included, there are many acceptable bibliography formats, though note that in all cases each entry ends in paleolithic a period. Citations The bibliography or reference list in Factors an academic paper must consist of precisely those sources that you cite in the text, without any extra sources and without omitting any.

Each citation must provide enough information for the reader to find the correct source in the bibliography; beyond that, any number of thomas aquinas natural law citation formats will do unless there is some specific standard you are told to follow. One common approach is to use author-date citations like (Smith, Wu, and Tong 2008), but other approaches such as numbering the Factors In Understanding and Its, bibliography entries and then using bracketed or superscript numbers are also fine. If using numeric citations with brackets, note that there must always be a space before the first bracket, as in . known [1], ( not . Movies About. known[1]). If using author-date citations, you must remember that any item in parentheses does not exist , as far as the grammar of the sentence is concerned, and thus it cannot be used as part of the sentence. Factors The Media And Its. Thus the rule is simply to put the parentheses around the part that would be acceptable to omit when reading aloud, as in Carlin (1972) showed that. or . as seen in rats (Carlin 1972). ( not (Carlin 1972) showed that. and not . as seen in rats Carlin (1972).). It is usually best to have only a single level of parentheses, because multiple parentheses start to distract from the main text. Thus I would prefer has been established (but for write graduation speech, a counterexample see Johnson, 1905) to has been established (but for Factors the Media and Its Messages Essay, a counterexample see Johnson (1905)).

I and context, we Writing standards disagree about whether to use I and we (and their various forms) in academic work. Some argue that those personal pronouns distract from what should be objective and scientifically valid without recourse to any particular speaker, or even that they just do not sound scientific. Others argue that omitting I and and Its, we results in awkward, passive sentences rather than direct We did X sentences. Frankenstein. Personally, I believe that academic writing should use personal pronouns whenever what is Messages Essay being reported was an arbitrary and specific choice made by era dates, a human being, or for opinions or personal judgment, precisely because these pronouns emphasize that a human was involved in In Understanding and Its the work. When reporting universal scientific facts or observations, I would not use personal pronouns, because any reasonable observer would have reported similar results and thus there is no need to Mortgage Fraud, emphasize the In Understanding and Its Messages, role of the about teen pregnancy, authors. Thus, personally, I believe that I and we have their place in academic writing, i.e., to emphasize the human element where appropriate; in other circumstances I would discourage their use. Please note that I happen to disagree with a few of the rules commonly accepted for English text, and in the text on Factors the Media Essay, this page I happily use my own rules instead. Frankenstein. You might wish to follow the accepted usage in Factors In Understanding the Media such cases, though I would much rather everyone used my own much better rules as listed below. If you do agree to join my one-man campaign to fix the English language, I cannot accept any responsibility for points deducted by paleolithic, less enlightened folks. :-)

Punctuation after quotations In American English (and in some cases for Messages, British English), punctuation following a bit of quoted text is traditionally placed inside the quotation. Diabetic Care Plan. However, I consider that rule an egregious violation of the whole notion of quotation, i.e. an obvious bug in the English language. For example, if I am quoting someone who said that life is hard, I always put the comma outside the quotation mark because they themselves did not necessarily have a pause when they said it; in fact, they probably had a full stop (which would be written as a period). Accepted American usage is to write life is hard, but the computer programmer in Factors In Understanding and Its me just cannot be convinced to make such an obvious semantic error. Spaces around dashes An em-dash is a long dash, longer than an en-dash and diabetic nursing, a hyphen.

The traditional formatting for an em-dash does not use any spaces, as in life is hard---then you die. However, I myself much prefer to put a space before and after the dash. Without the In Understanding the Media and Its Messages, spaces the dash appears to be connecting two words like hard---then, which makes no grammatical sense. Grammatically, the function of the dash is to separate and connect phrases or clauses, not words, and context, I prefer to make that visually clear by putting spaces around the dash. Factors And Its. Again, in my opinion the accepted usage is a bug in Essay the language. Dangling prepositions Officially, it is an error to the Media and Its Essay, end a sentence with a preposition, as in they arrived at the place they were heading to. However, in practice it is often very difficult and awkward to reword sentences to avoid dangling prepositions. Thus I consider this rule to be optional at diabetic care plan best. Serial commas In Britain and Factors In Understanding and Its Essay, some other less-enlightened countries, the law, comma is often omitted before an 'and' in a list.

For instance, they will write of ham, chips and eggs, rather than ham, chips, and eggs. Factors In Understanding Essay. I consider this an appalling, confusing construction, because it meaninglessly groups the last two items in nursing the list together. Lists are generally meant to be collections of equals, so there should be just as many separators between chips and eggs as between ham and chips. In many cases, omitting the serial comma is ambiguous. Moreover, in In Understanding the Media and Its the very rare case where adding the comma is ambiguous, the sentence should be rewritten anyway. Oxford University Press, at Mortgage Fraud Essay least, agrees with me; see the Wikipedia serial comma entry. In Understanding The Media And Its Essay. Again, this insistence on using appropriate syntax is era dates probably driven by the computer programmer in me, but I think all right-thinking people should be offended whenever a serial comma is omitted. Commas after i.e. and e.g. Many grammar books state that a comma is always required after i.e. and e.g. used in and Its a sentence, as in sentences often contain spelling errors, i.e., words spelled incorrectly.

The inspiration for this rule is that such abbreviations should be mentally expanded to the English translation of the Latin phrase for which they stand (i.e. translating to that is, and e.g. translating to natural law, for example, which in itself is an important distinction to know). However, these terms come up very often in Factors In Understanding Messages Essay formal writing, and in many cases I consider it inappropriate to add symbolic pauses (i.e. Aquinas Natural. commas) around them. Such pauses break up the flow of the sentence, and Factors In Understanding the Media Messages, modern readers treat the abbreviations just as they would any other word, without internally translating them to Latin phrases and then English phrases. Thus in many cases I prefer to omit the comma after the abbreviation, and sometimes also the how to graduation speech, one before it. Some people, even more pedantic than I, disagree. This document is in In Understanding the public domain.

You are free to copy it, redistribute it, modify it, or use it for any other non-fraudulent purpose. If redistributing a complete copy or a lengthy excerpt, please (1) retain this notice, (2) clearly mark the original author, and (3) clearly mark any changes that you make as your own and not those of the original author.

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Ambrose Bierce#8217;s Short Stories Essay Sample. Factors And Its Messages! Ambrose Gwinett Bierce (1842-1862), the talented author of Essay, many highly original stories, lived for 21 years. His stories illustrate in a vivid and disturbing detail, a period of American history, specifically, The American Civil War. It is clear that Bierce#8217;s participation in the Civil War was a defining episode of his life, and one that inspired his fiction. Bierce was a topographical engineer, who fought in many different battles: this first-hand exposure to the war can be felt in each of his stories: indeed, each story describes vividly the fate of a combatant who is involved in a specific moment of the war.

Each of the characters in the stories studied, #8216;An Occurrence at Factors and Its Messages Owl Creek Bridge,#8217; #8216;A Baffled Ambuscade,#8217; and #8216;Three and One are One,#8217; reflect the Mortgage horror of the war Bierce experienced. Bierce clearly portrays the In Understanding Messages characters as figures whose lives are wholly changed by the time in which they lived, and their involvement in the war. In #8216;An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge#8217;, Peyton Farquar, the central character, a southerner, is clearly a victim of the war, and Mortgage Essay, one whom we sympathise with. The Federal army eventually hangs Peyton Farquar, for committing a crime we are not familiar with but we are given the impression that Farquar escapes, an escape that preludes a particularly tragic end. In contrast with Peyton Farquar, Major Seidel, the main character in #8216;A Baffled Ambuscade#8217; does not meet his fate during the Civil War. He leads a night-time expedition against the Confederate allies but tragically suffers the Factors In Understanding and Its Messages Essay loss of one of his troopers.

Seidel is presented in frankenstein, a vivid manner. We learn he is tough, gallant and a skillful leader. Factors In Understanding! He is keen to keep his dignity despite the Fraud obvious danger he faces. Like Peyton Farquar, Major Seidel, in a strange way, is and Its Messages also portrayed sympathetically suffering the loss of one of his men in an extraordinary circumstance. The third figure, Barr Lassiter, again caught up in this Civil War is the central figure in #8216;Three and One are One#8217;. Lassiter, a 22 year old committed trooper, leaves his family, who were confederate sympathisers, to join the Federal army despite being aware that his family consider this a dishonor. His parents did not give him a chance of how to write speech, farewell when he left to fight in the war, and, tragically Lassiter never spoke to Factors In Understanding Messages Essay them again. Barr Lassiter attempt to reunite with his family (when he returns to beg for movies forgiveness after a 2-year absence) is thwarted. However, although Bierce creates characters who are clearly participants in Factors and Its Messages Essay, a defining moment in American history, there are distinctive characteristics which place#8217;s them in the readers mind as exceptional and extraordinary individuals.

Each of the three stories present characters that face situations that isolate them and which lead them to face the nursing care plan unnatural in Factors Essay, the form of #8216;ghosts#8217;. For example, Barr Lassiter sees his ghost family, Major Seidel talks to Mortgage the ghost of In Understanding the Media and Its, his trooper, Dunning, and Peyton Farquar appears to live out a wholly supernatural experience, leading to how to a #8216;reunion#8217; with his wife. This is true for Barr Lassiter in #8216;Three and Factors and Its Essay, One are One#8217;. He faces a peculiar situation: he goes off to the war, thus engendering a dispute with his family and is thereby isolated from them- an isolation made more emphatic by graduation speech, the fact that he adopts the Federal cause contrary to his family#8217;s sympathies. After he returns 2 years later anxious to reunite with his family, he is Messages Essay again ignored, and not welcomed in a manner expected. Lassiter tries to communicate with his family, #8216;Father! Cried the young man, springing forward with outstretched hand Father!#8217; The father then stands motionless and goes back into the house. #8216;Bitterly disappointed, humiliated, inexpressibly hurt and altogether unnerved, the soldier dropped upon a rustic in deep dejection#8217;. The reader deeply sympathises with Lassiter, as his family did not provide him with the write graduation speech recognition wanted. However, what further distinguishes Barr Lassiter is his realisation that the next day, on a second visit his family was dead: #8216;Lassiter#8217;s astonishment was extreme,#8217; and as he saw #8216;fire-blackened foundations of In Understanding and Its, stone,#8217; instead of his house, his only words were, #8216;And my family-where are they?#8217; It is write speech only at this moment that Lassiter realises that the encounter with his family the day before was spectral: in fact, the whole episode empahasis to Lassiter the awful extent of hi loss. Lassiter is not the only figure who goes through such an occult and disturbing experience.

After Major Seidel (in A Baffled Ambuscade) learns that his trooper, Dunning, has gone by himself to face the enemy, he is forced to follow him out of duty as leader of the expedition. Going ahead of the Factors the Media Messages expedition he leads, galloping down the forest, he suddenly sees a figure standing #8216;motionless#8217; in the dark. Diabetic Nursing! Thinking it is an enemy Seidel draws his sword: #8216;With the instinct of the true cavalryman and a particular indisposition to the discharge of firearms, he drew his saber,#8217; this also suggests to readers how brave Major Seidel can appear to be. However it is not an enemy, the figure appears to be his trooper, Dunning; moreover, he is giving Seidel a message that he should retreat as there is danger ahead. Seidel follows the advice, but later is shocked to find out that Dunning has been dead for Factors and Its a long time: #8216;In the little open space off the natural road they found the fallen horse.

At a right angle across the animal#8217;s neck face upward, a bullet in the brain, lay the the Media Messages body of Trooper Dunning, stiff as a statue, hours dead,#8217; a ghost saved Seidel. This situation is an #8216;imitation#8217; of the experience Lassiter endures, as he too comes to law terms with the In Understanding the Media and Its Essay fact that his family have been dead for some time. Both suffer the same shocking reaction that they have been engaging with ghosts. Bierce treats the third character Peyton Farquar (in An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge) in about teen, a supernatural way. In contrast to Lassiter and Seidel, Farquar himself appears to participate in the after life. The story begins with his hanging: #8216;The man#8217;s hands were behind his back, the wrists bound with a cord. A rope closely encircled his neck#8217;. However Farquar escapes, and so begins an extraordinary moment in his life. Bierce describes him, firstly, struggling in the river desperate to save himself: #8216; He felt his head emerge; his eyes were blinded by Factors and Its, the sunlight; his chest expanded convulsively, and with a supreme and crowning agony his lungs engulfed a great draught of air, which instantly he expelled in a shriek!#8217; This emphasizes his will to live. He then finally makes it out of the river where he escapes his death and walk down a long path in the woods that was imaginary.

This path led him to his wife and context, as he got closer to In Understanding and Its Messages her, suddenly #8216;he feels a stunning blow upon the back of the thomas natural neck.#8217; What Bierce then reveals is that the escape was imagined, a deep psychological rendering of a dying man#8217;s need to see his wife. By these supernatural encounters Bierce also transforms his characters to show us how complex they are, and how deeply affected each is by Factors In Understanding the Media and Its Messages Essay, the war. Aquinas Natural Law! Barr Lassiter is forced to look in the eye toll the war takes on his family when he revisits them as ghostly apparition. A reader is made to see and appreciate the extent to which each of the character in Bierce#8217;s stories suffer. Death plays an Factors In Understanding Messages important role in all three characters#8217; lives, and diabetic nursing, without the Factors In Understanding the Media supernatural encounter they all go through, Bierce could not show the diabetic care plan depth t which these characters are traumatised by the war.

For example, Farquar experience an urgent desire to go on living and loving, which is In Understanding the Media Essay denied in diabetic nursing, his death. Barr Lassiter has forced upon Factors the Media and Its, him his family#8217;s rejection in his spectral visit to his home, where he encounters them as ghosts. It is seeing the ghost of one of frankenstein context, his troopers, whom he was suppose to protect, that traumatised Major Seidel. The supernatural element emphasis the tragedy and enlarge our sense of who these individuals are. And it is that, that makes a Bierce#8217;s story, a Bierce#8217;s story. Is this the perfect essay for you?

Save time and order Ambrose Bierce#8217;s Short Stories. essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Factors In Understanding! Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for frankenstein Ambrose Bierce#8217;s Short Stories. War is an inspiration for many writers, and many writers feel great agony and horror at the atrocities of war. Of all American writers, Ambrose Bierce is considered by many#8230; #8220;The Coup De Grace#8221; by Factors In Understanding the Media and Its, Ambrose Bierce. American naturalism first began in 1893 with Stephen Crane#8217;s Maggie. Mortgage! Naturalistic writers usually write stories that mostly take place below the belt and Factors In Understanding Messages, show the sad, but true realities that#8230; Comparing and contrasting Short Stories: #8220;Good Country People#8221; and #8220;Revelation#8221; Mary Flannery O#8217;connor wrote two short stories entitled #8220;Good Country People#8221; and #8220;Revelation#8221;. O#8217;conner displays similarities between the characters and the differences in the role they play at the end#8230; Short Stories From Echoes. The two stories, #8220;Araby#8221; and #8220;Going to The Moon#8221;, seem to have a common theme, fascination and fear of things different. From the opposite sex to distant places, these fascinations#8230; Sample short stories.

As part of movies about teen pregnancy, our study of narrative writing, you will choose a short story to read and Factors the Media Messages, analyze. Listed below are several short stories with links to Fraud the story. Included#8230; Ambrose Bierce, considered a straight forward yet descriptive writer, shows his strong opinion about In Understanding, war while keeping the how to speech reader in tuned with his short stories. In his book The Collected#8230;

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Comparison and Concordance of the New SAT and the Media and Its Essay, ACT. New SAT results and concordances are in! But what do they mean? How have scores changed from the old SAT? And how can scores help students determine whether the SAT or ACT should be favored? Compass has analyzed available research and concordances to create a comparison tool in both chart and table forms below (or access the PDF for easy distribution). A concordance can help provide comparable scores for the ACT and the redesigned SAT, but a concordance cannot give you guidance about which test you should study for and take. Although many students will find that their SAT and ACT scores intersect somewhere in the gray “Judgment Call” band, some may discover that one test is actually better suited to their skills.

The release of March SAT scores and the publication of New SAT concordance tables means that students are armed with more information about the respective merits of the SAT and ACT. Natural. Sometimes there are specific reasons why a student prefers one test over another: National Merit requirements, scheduling needs, or a strong negative reaction to a previous testing experience. For most students, however, the question comes down to “where is my time best spent?” Three common situations are: You took the old SAT in January 2016 or earlier and want to know if you are “done.” The concordance tables can help you see where your old SAT score stacks up in comparison to the new SAT and to the ACT. The Media And Its Essay. Since retaking an old SAT is write graduation not an option, you will need to decide on a path forward if you are not satisfied with your scores. The old SAT and redesigned SAT are completely different tests, so you should not favor the New SAT simply because of experience on the old exam. Consider taking practice tests for the New SAT and ACT — or use your PSAT as an initial benchmark. You took the New PSAT and have taken a practice or real ACT. You can use the tables provided on our PSAT post. If you have subsequently taken a New SAT — real or practice — then you should use the information on this page.

You have taken both a New SAT and an ACT — real or practice — but are undecided about the best step forward. Use the chart above and tables below to inform your decision. In order to see how ACT and SAT scores compare, we have provided two useful concordance tables. If you have an ACT score, you can use the In Understanding the Media and Its first table below to find comparable scores on the New SAT and how to write speech, old SAT. Factors In Understanding The Media And Its. If you have taken the New SAT, the second table gives you a score-by-score comparison with the old SAT and ACT. Thomas. These tables are also useful when looking at college, scholarship, or NCAA eligibility information that has not yet been updated for the redesigned SAT.

Art graduated magna cum laude from Harvard University, where he was the top-ranked liberal arts student in his class. Art pioneered the one-on-one approach to test prep in California in 1989 and co-founded Compass Education Group in 2004 in order to bring the best ideas and tutors into students' homes and In Understanding and Its Messages Essay, computers. Although he has attained perfect scores on all flavors of the SAT and paleolithic era dates, ACT, he is routinely beaten in backgammon. How would you advise a student who got 1550 on Factors In Understanding the Media and Its Messages, the new SAT (reading 40, writing and language 39 and math 38) but got a score of movies teen 17 on the writing portion. The essay is required at several of the highly competitive schools and I am not sure how they will view this. In Understanding And Its Messages Essay. Do you know if the College Board will allow the frankenstein writing section to be rescored the way ACT did for students willing to pay a fee for rescoring? Let me answer the most straightforward part first: College Board’s policy is radically different from ACT’s, and a rescore — in the sense of and Its Messages Essay a re-reading or re-grading — is not even an option.

The only case in frankenstein which a “score verification” can be requested is in the case of an illegible scan (not illegible handwriting). In Understanding The Media And Its Essay. There are rare cases where a scan is mangled or the student has completed the essay in pen (the scanners are designed to care plan pick up on Factors and Its Messages Essay, pencil). Since College Board makes essays available online — sometimes with a delay — it is easy to verify that a student’s essay was readable. In the case of an essay receiving a total of 17 points, the essay had to have been readable. My advice for a student with a 1550 is to celebrate a great score and era dates, not worry at all about the essay. College Board has made some good decisions regarding the Factors In Understanding and Its essay. They have not tried to scale it and pretend that it has more meaning than it does.

They have used a narrow range of scores (1-4 per reader per aquinas natural domain) to Factors the Media and Its avoid overly fine distinctions. Era Dates. They have not tried to and Its Essay build a concordance with the nursing old essay. In fact, they don’t even total the scores (or they’ve changed their reporting at the last minute). Scores of 6/6/5 — I’m assuming that things are in that ballpark — are quite respectable. Factors Essay. The primary reason for law, the essay’s existence at and Its, this point is the SAT’s use as a statewide exam. Context. Colleges do not use or do not emphasize the essay scores, and the Media, the student will not be disadvantaged by his or her score.

Unlike the ACT, College Board will only rescore an essay if it was illegible due to movies a faint scan. In Understanding Messages Essay. Your student can login and see the essay for herself to frankenstein see if this is the case. You could probably take a look at it yourself and judge whether it’s simply a weak essay and therefore a legit 17. Factors Messages. Even assuming the thomas natural 17 is fair, I’d lean towards not bothering retesting when sitting on a 1550. Seems very unlikely that could be a significant tip factor in a denial. In Understanding The Media Messages Essay. Finally, 17 out of 24 really isn’t that bad at all. My advice would probably be the same even if the score were in Fraud the low teens. I also like to Factors In Understanding the Media and Its Messages remind students with 1500+ scores that there are quite certainly many other strong indicators of their writing skill elsewhere in their application. Similar question here…daughter has a 34 ACT but writing score of 24. Essay. New SAT score is 1460 (she didn’t take the writing). She wants to apply to Davidson where they ask for the ACT with writing or SAT.

The ACT seems to be the Factors In Understanding and Its Essay better overall score but I’m worried about the writing score. (We asked for a rescore on the writing but it didn’t change.) Would you advise retaking the ACT with writing to improve the essay score? We are seeing that a 24 is fairly typical for a student in your daughter’s score range. The low correlation between Writing and other subject scores means that high Composites are often mixed with lower Writing scores. Your daughter’s score is graduation speech not in a range where I would recommend a retake — certainly not if the Factors In Understanding and Its Messages primary goal is raising the Writing score. Say a student took old SAT with 2370 : 800 CR 800 M 770 W. Before this year it would be almost perfect score and comparable to 36 ACT. This year it’s comparable to 1590 new SAT and 35 ACT, it seems less of an accomplishment, is it correct?

No, these two sets of how to write graduation speech scores represent equivalent levels of Factors In Understanding the Media Essay accomplishment, and a very high level at that. Both sets of scores are well into the 99th percentile, and the very slight differences between the movies about scores are both a) within the range of In Understanding the Media and Its Messages Essay measurement error for paleolithic, the tests and b) entirely irrelevant to colleges. How can someone who can score 2370 and 1590 respectively on old/new have the impression that the lower score is Factors not as impressive? Reminiscent of Spinal Tap (Wonder what Nigel’s score was?): Nigel: The numbers all go to eleven. Look, right across the board, eleven, eleven, eleven and… Marty: Oh, I see. About Teen. And most amps go up to ten? …[Edited for length] Marty: Why don’t you just make ten louder and make ten be the top number and make that a little louder? Nigel: [pause] These go to eleven.

On sample sat put out by board I got a 1380 and on practice act I got a 30. Which test should I take? Thanks. Hi Cherie, you are squarely in Essay the “Judgment Call” zone based on these scores alone. That means colleges would view a 1380 SAT and 30 ACT as equivalent. The bad news is that the scores don’t make this decision easy for you or give you clear direction. The good news is that both options are wide open for you and equally viable. Also, your situation is quite typical. Most students score similarly on these exams, which underlies why colleges accept both equally. Context. At this point you will want to ponder a number of In Understanding the Media Messages Essay questions as you seek to aquinas natural law make a decision. These questions may include:

Do you feel that both of these scores accurately reflect your ability right now? Was one practice test affected by factors that did not affect the other; do both reflect an equal level of effort when you took them? What are the more specific strengths and the Media and Its Messages Essay, weaknesses reflected in the subscores? Each test has unique elements, e.g. ACT has Science, SAT has Math with no-calculator questions and grid-in questions. Do you have a feel for which test you would prefer and which test would suit you best? Often these instincts become self-fulfilling as you move forward and continue practicing. The caveat is that sometimes an area that is thomas natural law a relative weakness is also an opportunity for significant improvement. What does your personal crystal ball seem to be telling you about on which test you have more potential to improve?

How did each test’s unique structure and and Its Messages Essay, rhythm feel for you? The SAT begins with a 65 minute Reading section, for example, which is significantly longer than ACT’s Reading section. Fraud Essay. But many students find SAT Reading to Factors the Media and Its Messages Essay be more reasonably-paced than ACT Reading, and they like to get Reading out of the way up front. There are many other distinctions like this. Which feels more comfortable to you? Logistics. Are both tests’ available test dates equally feasible for your schedule? Any other special considerations? All the paleolithic era dates above aside, there is no need to overthink this. In all likelihood you could simply flip a coin or go with your gut, and you would never have any reason to regret whichever decision you make.

The fact that you have taken both practice tests and are visiting blogs and Essay, asking questions indicates you are serious about improving your scores and getting through this process successfully. Please let us know if we can address further questions as you move forward. Best of luck to you. My son received a 1530 on the March SAT (730 EBRW + 800 Math). Care. The concordance tables puts the score equivalent to a 2230 on In Understanding Essay, the old SAT and a 34 on the ACT. About Teen. However, the individual section scores are concorded as 700 R + 680 W + 800 M, which add up to only 2180 versus the overall 2230 that they list. Also, he scored a 6/6/6 on Factors In Understanding and Its Essay, the essay. How To Write Graduation. My question is can we trust the Factors and Its Essay 2230 number? Can we trust the 34 on the ACT?

How should one decide whether or not to frankenstein context retake the test? Does the 1530 make him less competitive for Factors the Media Messages Essay, certain schools? Also, I don’t understand how a 1550 translates to a 2280, a 1540 to a 2260, but a 1530 to a 2230. Congrats to your son on his excellent March score. Context. You’ve raised reasonable and tricky questions.

I’ll take them out of order. First, you can definitely “trust” the concordances, if for no other reason than because the colleges will trust them. At the admission committee table in 2016-2017, the concordances will be considered gospel and Factors In Understanding the Media and Its Essay, a 1530 new SAT will be “worth” the same as a 2230 old SAT or a 34 ACT. Put another way, if your son were to try a practice ACT and score lower than 34, we would likely recommend that he pursue and report only the SAT. The good news is that a score of context 1530 puts him in the ballpark for the Media Essay, full consideration at how to write graduation, any of the most selective colleges. See the Competitive Landscape on pp. 8-9 of for more context.

It would not be misguided by any means for you to declare him done with the SAT/ACT at this point and let him move on to focus on other meaningful aspects of and Its Messages Essay his college applications (and his life, for that matter). It is Fraud Essay unlikely that he will miss out on opportunities that he otherwise would have had if his SAT verbal score were a bit higher. That said, all of our experience tells us that a student of his profile can often improve his verbal score with only a moderate amount of effort. If your inclination is for him to be especially thorough, you should consider a retake. You might also consider having him try a practice ACT before deciding to retake the SAT.

Our staff would be happy to provide practice tests and a follow-up evaluation to aid your decision. We also offer private tutoring, in-home or online, though we would recommend only a modest number of the Media and Its Essay lessons at most for a student with such a high starting score. It’s quite possible that self-study on his part would be sufficient to raise his verbal score. Paleolithic. You have a range of good options here, including doing nothing. There are several explanations for Factors In Understanding the Media and Its Messages Essay, the oddities in the score translations that you’ve noted. The first is that the nursing care plan SAT, in moving from a 2400 to Factors In Understanding Essay a 1600 scale, has fewer points on the new scale from which points on the old scale can be mapped.

Therefore gaps (2230 to 2260 to 2280) were inevitable. Second, a shrunken scale results in frankenstein score compression at the high end; there is In Understanding the Media and Its a reduced range of possible scores on which high-scoring students can spread out and settle. On the thomas aquinas natural old SAT there were 11 points on the scale from Factors and Its Essay 2300-2400. On the new SAT, these 11 points map to Mortgage Essay just five points: 1560-1600. Finally, the Factors and Its Messages Essay reasons that his individually concorded scores on the old SAT (700 R and 680 W) concord lower than his combined 730 EBRW on the new SAT are a) scores are inflated across the board from the how to old to the new based on numerous technical decisions made by the College Board, including the Factors In Understanding and Its Messages elimination of a guessing penalty and reducing the paleolithic number of answer choices from Factors and Its Messages 5 to 4, and b) individual scores often concord lower than combined total scores; put simply, fewer students are able to demonstrate commensurate strengths on individual sections (many students have lopsided scores, e.g. Writing significantly higher than Reading). Thanks, Adam. This is very helpful. However, it raises a follow up question … My son does feel that he can definitely raise his writing score on the new SAT (he got 5 incorrect on Reading, 4 on frankenstein, grammar, and In Understanding the Media and Its Messages Essay, 0 on Math). So it is tempting to retake especially since he will be able to write use ScoreChoice and Factors and Its Messages Essay, leverage his 800 on the Math. Era Dates. However, the Factors In Understanding the Media and Its Messages Essay next available SAT dates are not the most convenient.

In June, he is taking SAT Chem and SAT Math 2 after completing AP Chem and AP BC Calc, which only leaves the possibility of October. Any advice? Ah, it’s unfortunate that the timing doesn’t work optimally, This is an unfortunate consequence of College Board’s delay in thomas aquinas natural law reporting scores for the first administration of a new test. In prior years his March scores would have come back well in time for him to retake on the May test date. Factors The Media And Its. Definitely do not mess with his Subject Test plans in June. I would recommend he invest three hours in an ACT practice test ASAP. If he does as well or better than his March SAT, then he could take the ACT in June a week after his Subject Tests. Otherwise this will need to simmer over the summer and a retake of the SAT in how to write graduation speech October is the Factors In Understanding only option.

For a student with this strong profile, I like a plan that creates the possibility of being completely done with testing by June. This is so very helpful. Context. Thank you. You mention lopsided scores. My daughter has this issue on the old SAT, with a Reading Score of 660 and a Writing Score of 780.

Her math is also a 780. Will her 660 eliminate her from consideration at any schools right from the start ? Or are will they consider that she has a 2220 overall? Should she even bother with the new SAT (she did not like the ACT)? If it helps matters, she got a 720 EBRW/730 M on the Media and Its, the PSAT. Frankenstein. She has her Subject tests scheduled for Factors and Its Essay, June and October and she is diabetic nursing very “done” with testing. I just don’t want her to be short sighted after putting all this work in already. The Media And Its. Her extracurriculars are very strong, she has all 5s on her AP scores and she has a 3.95 GPA. The 660 is the only “weak” part of her application. Any advice would be greatly appreciated! Thank you again.

Hi John, well, this is a tough one. Or, I should say, the answer is fairly clear, but rather tough to have to deliver. While there is only a small fraction of the diabetic plan colleges in this country that would split these hairs, the the Media and Its Messages Essay fact is movies pregnancy that her 660 Reading is a minor blemish relative to her other scores/GPA and within the competitive applicants pools in which I assume she will be competing. Have you seen our latest post with “New SAT and ACT Score Ranges for 360 Colleges and In Understanding the Media Messages Essay, Universities”? You will find that if you’re looking at the most selective colleges, the 660 is thomas law going to be a weakness. Now, I would not go so far as to say a 660 in just one section of one test eliminates a student immediately in Factors In Understanding and Its any applicant pool. But it could certainly work against her, whereas the 780’s in Writing and Math are of course above the line at which you know “well, that can’t possibly be a negative.” I’m really bummed to have to say this, but if you felt she could bring up that Reading score without a terrible amount of effort/practice and movies about, she could find time to In Understanding the Media and Its Messages Essay do so, then you should probably try to steer her in that direction.

Are you sure you need the October test date for Subject Tests? That’s a bit of an unusual time to be taking Subject Tests. Please let me know if this is helpful and if I can offer further perspective. Thomas Natural. I wish your daughter all the best in this process, which I know doesn’t always seem reasonable. On what evidence exactly are you basing your claim that parents/students et al. should “trust the concordances… because the colleges will trust them…and (they) will be considered gospel”? Given the ACT’s response to CB’s tables, I would say that’s hardly a given, and as such, I’d advise a great deal more caution, rather than speculation and Messages, assumption, when using this data and/or giving advice to others on how to use it as well. And one piece that seems to be missing from your otherwise generally sound advice regarding which test to graduation take is that of the value of prepping for a test that has a handful of practice exams available vs. one that has scores of tests to use. If a student is working with a tutor for the new SAT, they should be aware that it’s virtually impossible that tutor will be as helpful in the Media and Its preparing for paleolithic era dates, the new SAT as they will be in prepping for the ACT (assuming the general competency of said tutor, of course).

Why? Because there is so little material on the new exam from which to work. Barring an incontrovertibly and In Understanding and Its Messages Essay, dramatically ‘higher’ SAT diagnostic score, I’d rather my child prep with a tutor who has mastered the about teen current iteration of the ACT over Factors the Media, the past decade plus, than that same tutor who has essentially started anew with a brand new test just recently. Wouldn’t you? JSG, I would say that ACT’s intent was to Mortgage Essay shame and scold. ACT’s objections are mostly righteous, and they have every right to complain, but I don’t believe they actually hoped to the Media convince colleges to somehow refuse to use College Board’s new concordance. I say “somehow” because colleges really have no reasonable alternative. As for bad alternatives, I see two: 1) Accept only one test, not either. 2) Consider the ACT-takers and SAT-takers as two entirely separate groups in the applicant pool and make no attempt to compare across groups. The first option would diminish application volume greatly, a move I have yet to care see from an the Media and Its Messages enrollment manager who doesn’t wish to be fired.

The second option is all kinds of wrong, not in the least because there are many students in most applicant pools who submit both. Perhaps I shouldn’t have used the words “trust” and “gospel.” It’s probably more accurate to write graduation say that many colleges will note – as ACT did – the flaws in this “derived” concordance that College Board has pushed on them, and they’ll do some scolding of their own, but ultimately I believe that colleges will hold their noses and use the concordances as their least-worst way of evaluating students who have taken different tests. Factors The Media And Its Messages. What other scenario could you see playing out? Finally, I found it interesting to notice just today that the aquinas law link that ACT had put out previously with its anti-concordance rant is the Media and Its Essay now broken and links to nowhere. If you look hard, you can now find their two position statements buried at I take this, and other feedback from sources in Iowa City, to suggest that they’ve made their point and likely won’t press it further. Write Graduation. Because it has nowhere productive to Factors Essay go. We completely agree on your point about the dearth of Mortgage Fraud SAT practice tests relative to Factors In Understanding and Its Messages ACT practice tests. I didn’t fit that caveat into this post on concordance, but I’ve written about diabetic nursing care plan it extensively, starting in June 2014 with a post titled “ACT as the Factors and Its Messages Essay Safe Choice for the Class of 2017.” And, more recently this fall here, noting, for example “ There is movies pregnancy also the practical reality that even the most experienced test prep tutor cannot be as steeped in the nuances of the In Understanding the Media and Its Essay new SAT as in frankenstein context the ACT. The Media Messages Essay. These subtleties matter, and we are skeptical of test prep pundits who argue otherwise. ” In that latter post I also outlined some of the nursing plan unique circumstances that might tilt a student back to the SAT despite the compromises. Those circumstances are becoming less unique every day as the dust around the new SAT’s debut starts to settle.

Approximately 90% of and Its Messages Essay our students in the most recent testing cycle opted for the ACT over Fraud, the SAT, but we see that ratio steadily leveling back off over the next few years. Thanks for your input and the opportunity to compare notes and share ideas on these complex issues. Thanks for the thoughtful and thorough response, Adam. I did notice that their critique got buried on their site, which is certainly interesting and perhaps indicative of Messages Essay their intentions. I suppose one alternative scenario would be that the ACT and CB actually get together, as they’ve done in the past, to jointly establish new concordance tables. But, given the recent enmity and ACT’s insistence on more data on which to base such tables, that seems less likely to occur at this point. I was essentially concerned about the wording you used, and appreciate the clarification. Glad to hear you’re also in agreement about the issues surrounding the lack of materials for SAT prep, and that it’s now noted on this page, as I and perhaps others had not seen your other posts that you mention. It is, in my mind, a critical factor in Essay deciding which test to take for those with the the Media and Its luxury of working with a tutor to improve their scores. What do you estimate your SAT/ACT breakdown will be for movies about teen pregnancy, the class of 2018? I’m guessing about In Understanding the Media and Its 30/70 SAT/ACT for the class of 2018 and era dates, then back to roughly 50/50 for class of 2019 and beyond.

My daughter scored a 680 E and 660 M on the new SAT. When I do the College Board’s converter this was about the same in Factors the Media and Its adjusted value as her previous scores on the old SAT. However, when viewing the percentiles that the pregnancy new SAT said she achieved, it appeared she moved up a good bit in percentile from the In Understanding Messages old SAT, but the converter would lead you to believe she didn’t change her relative score much. Any thoughts on why the percentile wouldn’t have been in the same range for the old and new SAT if the converter is frankenstein saying her old and new scores are similar? Also, the Factors and Its Essay new SAT shows two percentiles each for Math and English. One seems to rank all students nationally and the other ranks only those that are college bound. Of those two different sets of percentiles, which one is more useful and do you think colleges will be more focused on relative performance (percentile achivement) or actual converted SAT score? College Board hasn’t yet published a full table of percentiles for the new SAT, but I can talk generally about movies about pregnancy some of the the Media issues involved. I’ve spent a lot of time on the issue with the PSAT. Paleolithic. In the choice as to whether to believe the converter or the percentiles, believe the converter. Although both the Factors the Media Essay percentile ranks and the concordance tables behind the converter are based on sample studies, College Board has far more invested in getting the concordances right.

We saw with the PSAT that percentile scores were inflated and distorted in several ways. A well-designed concordance should reflect the same relative standing if the concorded scores are the same. As for why the percentiles are misleading: 1) When the College Board moved from the old SAT and PSAT to the new SAT and PSAT, they adopted a new definition of percentile rank. Previously they reported the percentage of thomas aquinas law students scoring below a score. And Its Messages. Now they report the percentage of students at or below.

The change is legitimate and matches the way ACT reports percentiles, but it leads to confusion. Thomas Natural. The new percentiles are a notch higher. 2) The national versus the user percentiles are another new twist, and Factors Messages, I am less fond of this one. A percentile rank based on other test takers seems the context most natural way to think about scores and has long been the standard for college admission test reporting. The new national percentiles are in line with College Board’s desire to have the new SAT server a wider education audience. In Understanding The Media And Its. The good news is that the national numbers have no impact on your daughter’s admission chances. The bad news is that they tend to Fraud Essay be another source of percentile inflation and Factors In Understanding Essay, can be misleading. Ultimately, colleges care about frankenstein where your daughter stacks up versus other applicants. The percentile numbers are just a way of putting scores into context. 3) The percentiles are based on a “representative sample.” College Board has no way of Factors In Understanding the Media Messages Essay predicting the exact make-up of diabetic plan students in Messages your daughter’s cohort that will take the new SAT over the next year. Instead, it must estimate percentiles from studies.

As with any estimate, results are not always reliable. The difference between the percentiles reported on the new SAT and the percentiles implied by how to write graduation the “concorded” scores on In Understanding the Media and Its Messages Essay, the old test are of concern and it makes it very hard for me to movies put my son’s new SAT score into context. His overall score was 1470 (760 Math, 710 Reading/Writing). According to the Media Messages the Percentiles for how to write graduation, the new SAT, the overall and the math score would both be in the 98%. On the Factors the Media and Its Messages Essay old sat (2014), the 98% would be somewhere between 2160 and 2210 for the full score.

Given your reference to how the percentile reporting change has been made, I would have guessed that my Son’s score would translate into a score of at least 2150. However, the concordance table maps his score into a 2110 corresponding to the 96 percentile on the old SAT! Similarly, the 98 percentile on the old SAT (2015) was 770 so I would have mapped my son’s score to a score of at least 760 on nursing plan, the old Math SAT. However, the concordance tables maps it to only a 740… My guess is that any concordance and percentile calculations made on samples prior to the actual administration would be fine in and Its Messages the center of the distribution but unreliable in the tails due to modest samples sizes. Context. I am not sure if the percentile reported with the New SAT are based on the March test takers (a pretty large if possibly biased sample) or on any previous testing….I guess this may be at the back and forth between the ACT and SAT folks over this issue….Really trying to determine how good the Factors the Media Essay 1470 score is (is it really closer to the 98th or 96th percentile) as the higher end of the mapping would put my son into the top 25% at some of his target schools while the lower end of the how to speech mapping would not…. Both the percentile scores and concordance tables were developed from studies done prior to and Its Messages the March test. Both are subject to diabetic nursing plan the same concerns about the accuracy of the sample population and how testing was conducted. In the choice between percentiles and Factors the Media and Its, concordance, though, go with concordance every time. In College Board terms, percentiles are for natural law, a year, concordances are for a lifetime. It’s the concordance that links their old flagship test to Factors In Understanding the Media and Its Messages Essay their new.

We saw on the PSAT how flawed percentiles were and how the primary reaction from College Board was a shoulder shrug and a denial. The concordance for the PSAT gave a more accurate picture (although it is possible that this was just chance). It is unlikely that we will see accurate percentile data on how to write graduation speech, class of 2017 test takers come out Messages Essay until the summer of 2017 when College Board traditionally reports on the college bound class. In the meantime, I think the 2110 is the best way of thinking about your son’s score if you are comparing it to other old SAT scores. Similarly, I would put more trust in the concordances when thinking about aquinas his section scores. In looking at the Media and Its Essay, the 2015 data for the number of students at each score, I calculate a 2110 as the 97th percentile under the current definition. In fact, it was 97th percentile even under the nursing old definition.

I would caution about making overly fine distinctions about a test that has never before been used for admission purposes. Factors The Media And Its. The new SAT is not the old SAT and graduation speech, concordances don’t bridge that gap. SAT scores have never been a dominant factor in college admission, and I expect colleges to be even more loathe to overweight them this year. My daughter is in a situation as few others here. She has a 34 on Factors In Understanding and Its, ACT and she scored a 1520 on the new March SAT. She also has 800’s on SAT math2 and SAT Bio.

She feels she can improve her SAT score if she makes another attempt. She is planning to do an early decision to one of the selective colleges.She is worried to take the Oct. SAT as the scores may not be available on time for ED. Does she need to take one more subject test? Can she try taking the SAT on June 4th instead of SAT Chem. What would be your suggestion? Georgetown insists on having the frankenstein context quirky policy of recommending 3 Subject Tests, but no college requires more than 2 subjects. It would be unusual for an October SAT date to trip up your daughter’s ED applications, but the unusual has been occurring more frequently lately. Understandably, students would rather have testing out Factors the Media Messages of the way in June rather than anxiously awaiting scores right before the Early Decision deadline. It’s hard to Mortgage Essay be critical of a decision in either direction, since your daughter’s testing portfolio is hard to improve upon. She would not be disadvantaged by Factors the Media Essay taking the SAT rather than the Chemistry Subject Test in June.

What she might want to consider is frankenstein taking Chem in Factors October. Mortgage. Although her knowledge may gather some rust over the summer, it’s certainly not out of the question for a strong student to In Understanding the Media and Its Essay take a fall Subject Test. Even if the score were delayed — and multiple-choice Subject Tests are less likely to Fraud be delayed — her application would already be complete. You might want to check out the the Media Messages Essay recent post from the ACT CEO regarding the recently released concordance from College Board between SAT and ACT. Check it out here – Collaboration essential when claiming concordance – Yes, the diabetic distrust between ACT and College Board runs deep, and College Board replied quickly. Roorda makes a number of valid points, but he is Factors In Understanding Messages also well aware that students and frankenstein context, colleges are better off with a concordance rather than without. In Understanding The Media And Its Messages Essay. I remain hopeful that the organizations are able to context cooperate on Factors the Media and Its Essay, a true concordance study based on nursing plan, the class of 2017.

Students deserve to choose between admission tests without fear that corporate maneuverings will interfere with their college plans. Unfortunately, the results of any collaboration are at Factors In Understanding and Its Messages, least 2-3 years out. My son took the PSAT and got a 1490 sectional index of 222. He then took the Sat in April and got a 1500 which corresponded to about pregnancy a 2170 old sat. It seemed pretty good, but he had to take the optional essay and didn’t do well.

6/4/6 The school rice university says it is not required, but obviously if he sends it they will see his score. Since it is optional will they not judge it one way or the the Media Messages Essay other or should he just take the act test and hope he does just as well on that test and diabetic plan, just submit that and not take the essay. Factors In Understanding The Media Essay. How much weight will they place on that optional essay do you think if he sends it. The 6/4/6 may not be as weak as you think and should not be an obstacle at Rice (which does require Subject Tests from SAT submitters). Write. We are seeing even top scoring students clustered in the 5-7 range, with cumulative scores in the mid to upper teens. There is Factors In Understanding the Media and Its very little correlation between SAT Total score or EBRW score and the essay scores. Analysis has been the toughest area for thomas natural law, students, so it is not surprising that this was your son’s weakest dimension. The SAT scores and Subject Test scores dwarf the Factors In Understanding Messages essay in importance.

Your son should not be concerned about sending his scores. My daughter scored a 35 in ACT ( composite) but got only a 1380 in the new SAT. We are going to let her take another SAT in how to graduation speech October but I am worried about the types of colleges to Factors and Its Messages Essay apply. How To Graduation. Based on her grades and accomplishments, she wants to go for the reach schools but the new SAT scores are really confusing. The Media And Its Messages. By the time the results come on Fraud Essay, Oct 23, we will be nearing the deadline for In Understanding and Its, early decision. Is there a reason why you feel that your daughter should submit new SAT scores? Her 35 is era dates very strong. Based on the College Board’s own concordance of new SAT scores to ACT scores, your daughter would basically need a 1600 to In Understanding the Media Essay improve her standing. Most schools are fine with the Oct SAT for movies pregnancy, ED, but you are right that it can give your daughter precious little time if she wants to evaluate her scores before submitting them.

My recommendation would be to stick with her ACT score. She should be considering (or have taken) Subject Tests for those “reach schools.” Those will have a better chance of improving her testing portfolio than will an improved new SAT score. My son scored (old SAT) 650 CR, 800 Math and 780 Writing. When I do the Factors and Its Essay College Board’s converter this was 1530/1600. However, I was told by an IVY university admission staff that they would only consider CR/Math on the old SAT and compare the score to the new SAT score since the new version no longer requires writing. This seems to be inconsistent with College Board’s concordance table. Have you discussed with colleges how they are planning on using the concordance table? If not, will colleges treat old SAT and new SAT as totally different tests? Thanks! The response you got is indicative of the frankenstein lack of Factors Essay respect that the Writing test always received on the old SAT — and Mortgage Fraud, the misunderstandings surrounding it.

The old SAT and new SAT are treated as totally different tests, which is In Understanding the Media Essay why a concordance is needed in movies pregnancy the same way that one is In Understanding the Media Messages needed between the SAT and ACT. If you mean “Are colleges separately considering the pools of paleolithic students applying with old SATs and new SATs?,” the Factors and Its answer is “No.” The College Board maintains that the “best” concordance between the old SAT and the new SAT is from CR+M+W to EBRW+M. The admission office is both right and wrong. Paleolithic Era Dates. Wrong: Although the essay is not part of the new SAT score, “writing” is very much a part of the new test. The Media. Right: Many colleges never fully incorporated Writing and are more comfortable using CR+M to EBRW+M. To allow for this, College Board does provide this concordance. After doing the conversion from old to new, you should see a link or option to “See an estimate based on Critical Reading + Math only.” In your son’s case, the era dates CR+M estimate converts to a 1490 on the new SAT.

We’ve also provided a table with the CR+M concordance. Unfortunately, there is Factors Essay no universal rule as to how colleges will convert among old SAT, new SAT, and ACT, which is why College Board has provided them a number of options. Thanks for natural law, the encouraging reply. She is taking subject tests. But I am afraid that she will be at a disadvantage when compared to some one who has scored well in SAT and ACT. Will the schools not be ” suspicious” when you submit one and not another? I don’t want to regret for the rest of my life for not encouraging her to Factors the Media and Its Essay take another new SAT. What if she takes another SAT and for some reason she scores in the lower range?

Can I NOT send it to the colleges? This is so confusing and nerve racking to say the least. More so because of the law fact that there is a 3-4 month gap before next SAT. I wish they had one in Factors In Understanding and Its Essay August. The SAT and Essay, ACT give colleges what is Factors In Understanding the Media Essay essentially duplicate information. Only about 1/4 of applicants to top schools send both tests (although a bit more than that take both tests). Sorry to make things more confusing for you, but there is a set of schools that requires all testing that a student has done — the most prominent colleges being Yale and Mortgage, Stanford. There are not a lot of these, though. It’s particularly confusing because colleges have no way of enforcing that requirement — it’s still the student’s choice. Most schools — by the Media and Its Essay a very decisive margin — recognize Score Choice, and a student can choose not to send scores.

In general do you think that the students will be at frankenstein context, an advantage or disadvantage for having an old SAT score? Some schools (e.g. UVA) have stated that they will not concord, but rather look at the tests independently. Also for schools that traditionally only looked at the CR/M components of the old SAT, how will they look at the new SAT? Do you think they will discount the In Understanding Messages writing portion that is built into context the test? This does not seem like a feasible path forward because it is so confusing to students. If they choose to Factors the Media and Its look at the whole EBRW score, will students who took the old SAT who had lopsided CR/W scores (e.g., 660 CR and a 780 W), be at a disadvantage? My daughter thought her testing was over with a 2220 (660CR/780M/780W), but we are beginning to wonder. Thank you!

I haven’t seen statements from UVA saying that it would not use concordance tables; I’d be interested if you have examples. The dean has talked about the fact that they will not be superscoring between test editions. I think it is in that sense that he means that they are treating the tests independently. We expect EBRW+M to get full acceptance from the colleges who used to look at only CR+M. Thomas Law. The rejection of SAT Writing was more about the essay (even though it only represented about 30% of the score) and Messages, the fact that colleges had 60 years of experience using “verbal” and “math.” The material tested on the new SAT is very similar to that tested on ACT Reading and English, and Fraud, there has never been a boycott of Factors In Understanding Messages those sections. Thomas Law. The transition may not be seamless. Factors In Understanding And Its. In your daughter’s case, she does suffer from having her stronger score on paleolithic era dates, the less accepted “verbal” section. Factors The Media Messages Essay. This is not a penalty conferred by the new SAT, as many colleges already looked primarily at CR+M or downplayed the significance of Writing. The positive view is that I don’t expect any college to ignore the W in EBRW. Your daughter’s strength in grammar will be part of thomas law her score. I believe that your daughter got a 720 EBRW/730 M on In Understanding and Its Messages, her PSAT, which is write speech roughly in line with those expectations.

She can likely improve on those figures on Factors the Media Essay, the SAT. In some ways, the paleolithic era dates new SAT may be the Factors In Understanding the Media Messages Essay ideal test for her. Art, Thank you very much for your response. Re UVA I was referring to Dean J’s comment that “The tests are different and paleolithic era dates, we aren’t going to convert old SAT scores.” It is buried in her post about Factors Messages updated the era dates waiting list. Thanks again. Great. The Media Messages Essay. It’s nice to see an admission department that is so diligent about explaining its methods. Some colleges will state “we use your highest scores” without reassuring students that the only scores included in movies a file are the top section scores. Factors In Understanding The Media And Its. Similar quote here to the one you cited:

Basically a file will have potentially 3 sets of scores: SAT, rSAT, and thomas aquinas, ACT. As he says in the link I just included, UVa wouldn’t combine SAT M with rSAT M any more than it would swap in ACT M. The rSAT gets neither points nor demerits for Factors In Understanding the Media and Its Messages, being published by the same company as the SAT. To make test-to-test comparisons, a concordance is movies teen required. Thanks for the clarification. I find this blog very useful. Do Cornell, Brown and Columbia want ACT and SAT scores reported? I have a feeling that with all the confusion going on this year, most colleges would be happy with one or the other. To make this worse, today SAT subject test results were reported to the Media Essay be delayed this June 15th. Makes me have less confidence in paleolithic them. Brown and Columbia participate in Score Choice and there is no reason to Factors In Understanding the Media Messages Essay send any scores with which your daughter is not completely satisfied.

Cornell does not recognize Score Choice for SAT scores. The twist there is movies teen that a College Board report includes Subject Test and SAT scores by In Understanding and Its Essay default. Cornell is adamant that “it is in write speech the student’s best interest to send all scores and Cornell will only consider those that are most supportive of the application .” [emphasis added] My son chose to automatically have his new SAT scores sent to four universities (Texas AM, Virginia Tech, University of Florida, University of Central Florida). The score report also shows his PSAT scores and 10th grades scores. Do these four universities also get to see his PSAT and 10th grade scores? (He scored 730 ERW, 700 Math on Factors In Understanding and Its Essay, the SAT and 720 ERW 740 Math on the PSAT, for an SI 218.) Thanks.

PSAT scores are provided to students so that they can track their performance over time. Colleges do not receive PSAT scores. Hi, I received a 1560 (760 Reading/Writing and 800 Math) on how to speech, the SAT and a 34 on the ACT. I was planning to use the SAT for all colleges not requiring subject tests and the ACT for colleges that do (I only have taken the Math II subject test and In Understanding, scored 800). However, I got my ACT writing score back a few days ago and scored 21.

Even though many students have been shafted by the essay, 21 still seems awfully low (I scored a 7/7/7 on the SAT essay). Should I study the essay and frankenstein context, retake the ACT? I don’t want to have to do any more subject tests unless I really have to. I got a 4 on the APES exam via self-study. MIT and In Understanding the Media, Georgetown are on my list and how to write graduation speech, both seem to like subject tests. Thanks in the Media Essay advance! Great scores and an interesting situation because of Subject Tests. My recommendation would be to submit both SATs and ACTs. Plan. Both scores are very strong and, as you know, many schools that want Subject Tests will accept an ACT instead. But I see no reason to withhold your SAT and ST scores from those colleges. As for the 21, I would not be too concerned.

It seems that you have enough other things in your record that will reflect well on your writing skills. The bigger outstanding issue is Subject Tests. It wasn’t clear if you are planning on taking more — you should. MIT wants a math and a science and Georgetown has a VERY strong recommendation of 3 (Georgetown has always enjoyed being iconoclastic). The essays are optional at In Understanding the Media Essay, MIT and, although required at Georgetown, they are not actually used for admission! In summary, think about taking additional Subject Tests, consider submitting SAT, Subject Tests, and ACT (I believe Georgetown requires all of thomas aquinas law them if you have taken them), and don’t stress over the 21. Daughter got 1500 on PSAT in PA and got 1550 in June SAT, that being her only admission standard test (She does have 4 subjects tests, 760 Math2/760 US history/800 Bio/800 Chem).

She is done with testing, but I am concerned that according to concordance, this only converts to 34 in ACT. Thoughts? You have nothing to worry about. Your daughter’s scores provide an excellent “testing portfolio” for Factors In Understanding and Its Messages Essay, any college. A 34 is an Essay excellent ACT score. In truth, once a student reaches a certain testing level, small differences in scores mean little for admission chances. Messages. Having 4 strong Subject Test scores rounds out her application nicely! Thank you for your post. Is the new SAT score (R+W:750, M:800, Essay: 6/4/6) a problem to apply for the extremely competitive colleges? I am mainly concerned with the bad essay score: 6/4/6. From what we’ve seen with SAT Essay scores, a 6/4/6 is not that unusual for even very high-scoring students.

I think College Board has done the right thing by not emphasizing (or even providing) percentiles for the essay. Nor did they do something silly like ACT’s failed attempt at turning the essay into a scaled score. Your SAT scores are competitive, most colleges are not requiring the essay, and schools will be hesitant to teen pregnancy make decisions based on essay scores until they have more data. My daughter wants to go to University of Alabama. Being out of state we have been looking at the out of state scholarships that are offered.

I am extremely confused about the SAT requirements for the scholarships. They list the old SAT requirements and the new SAT requirements and they are very similar, if not the the Media and Its Essay exact scores. I have contacted the scholarship department and diabetic nursing plan, they say that they used the CollegeBoard concordance table. And Its Messages Essay. Can you explain how the era dates scores needed can be so similar? Thank you. Alabama uses only the Critical Reading and Math components of the old SAT, so you are seeing scores on Factors In Understanding and Its Essay, a 400-1600 scale for both the old SAT and the new SAT (EBRW and frankenstein context, Math). New SAT scores are somewhat inflated in comparison to the old SAT. When comparing CR+M scores, new SAT scores are about 40-70 points higher overall. If you look at the last table on Factors the Media Messages Essay, our secondary concordance page, you’ll see how the 1600 scores stack up. It does appear that Alabama is using the College Board concordance exactly. For example, the plan Capstone scholarship went from Messages 1210-1240 scores for the old SAT (CR+M only) to paleolithic era dates 1280-1300 for In Understanding, the new SAT.

The UA Scholar scores have gone from 1330-1390 to 1390-1440. These changes mean that a similar number of students should qualify (assuming a similar number of students taking the SAT). Speech. In addition to Factors Essay being a great school, Alabama has excellent scholarship opportunities for out-of-state students. I don’t know why I cannot see my questions I submitted. Test successful.

We moderate our comment threads and have fallen behind. I happen to be going through the Mortgage Essay queue now and In Understanding the Media and Its, will get to diabetic care your original question. Thanks! I have a question about the reliability of Factors the Media and Its Messages translating new SAT scores to old SAT scores. My son has a June SAT score of 1500–750cr and how to write graduation speech, 750m. In Understanding The Media And Its Essay. I understand that the aquinas law scores on the new SAT are higher, and Factors the Media and Its, a 750cr is not as high as an graduation speech old SAT 750. If I submit his score of 1500, it won’t be translated high as an and Its old score of 2250 (750, 750, 750). In fact, the new SAT calculator says that it translates into a 2170 old score. However, the May 2016 ‘Understanding your scores” reports a 750cr as 99%ile.

Oddly, the 2015 SAT percentile document for the old SAT says that a 750R is 98%ile and 750W is 98%ile. I am confused as to movies about pregnancy why this May 2016 document says a 750 is a higher percentile than the In Understanding and Its older chart says an older score of 750 is. Is there any chance that a new SAT 750cr is really the top percentile and speech, should correlate at least as high as getting an old SAT 750r and 750w? To further complicate the issue, my son got a 34 on the ACT. His college counselor is telling him to In Understanding the Media Messages Essay send ACT scores as well as June SAT scores bc ‘traditionally a 750 or above is considered highly competitive.’ His 34 puts him at or above the 75%ile of admitted students to most colleges he plans to apply.

However, the 1500 on thomas aquinas law, the SAT does not put him above the 75%ile at many of these colleges. It is important, I think, to figure out Factors In Understanding Essay which to send. Thank you for your time! Your questions go right to the heart of the difficulties College Board and how to speech, colleges face in making the transition to Factors the Media Messages Essay the new SAT. Let me start by explaining why the percentiles are not useful in making a comparison (for a far more detailed explanation involving the PSAT — the speech issues are similar — you can see my previous posts). The two most important points are that 1) the percentiles are estimates based on a sample group and Factors the Media and Its Essay, 2) the percentile definition has changed. In order to Essay accurately determine percentiles, once must use a representative population. Factors In Understanding The Media And Its Messages. This means that College Board couldn’t simply take March test takers and calculate the percentiles.

The group of students who take March are not the same as those who take May or October. Diabetic Nursing Care Plan. And the group of students taking the the Media new SAT this spring were not necessarily the same profile as those taking the old SAT in the spring. Instead, what College Board did was base the paleolithic percentiles on reference groups who took non-operational tests (test days at Factors In Understanding the Media and Its Messages Essay, schools or paying college students to aquinas law take the test). These percentiles are roughly accurate but are too iffy to make decisions between, say, 98th percentile and 99th percentile. 2) is an In Understanding Messages interesting case, because most people assume that a percentile is a percentile is a percentile.

There are actually multiple ways that percentile ranks can be defined. The old SAT used “the percentage of students scoring BELOW” a given score. The new SAT (and the ACT) uses “the percentage of students AT OR BELOW.” College Board also started reporting the thomas aquinas law National percentile and the User percentile. These changes have the effect of “inflating” percentiles somewhat. Factors In Understanding The Media. The College Board will not be able to report on the entire class of 2017 cohort until after students graduate (they usually release their “College Bound Seniors” report in the October after graduation). Clearly that’s not helpful for your son. I counsel people to ignore the percentiles. Teen. They are also invalid for comparing to ACT scores, because the tests are not taken by identical pools of Factors the Media Messages students. Now to your first question about your son’s 750 EBRW / 750 M. Scores on the new SAT are somewhat inflated when compared to those of the old SAT. This is largely the result of College Board’s decision to eliminate the “guessing penalty” and to not re-norm the tests. What the 2170 / 1500 concordance is saying is Mortgage Fraud that the percentage of students scoring 1500 or lower on the new test is equivalent to those scoring 2170 or lower on the old test.

In this sense, they represent comparable achievements. This is why it is Factors Messages also dangerous to use the exact same “rules of care plan thumb” that worked for old SAT scores (not that they ever worked that well). And Its Essay. A 750 M on the new SAT is paleolithic era dates better compared to a 720 M on the old SAT. A 750 EBRW is closer to a combined 1450 (CR+W) on the old SAT. The Media And Its Messages Essay. So when your college counselor uses a “traditional” comparison to say that “750 or above is considered highly competitive,” your son’s scores are more akin to 720 and pregnancy, 730. Still, those are quite competitive, and Factors and Its Messages, it’s not as if there is some hard cutoff at diabetic care plan, 750. Another way of saying that is Factors the Media and Its Essay that the students who used to get 750 or above are now far more likely to be getting 770 or above. Thomas Aquinas Law. Yes, quite confusing for everyone. It is definitely true that your son’s 34 is better — from a concordance standpoint — than his 1500 new SAT score. I don’t think that means that your son should not send his SAT score.

It is in the same range, and most colleges will work with his best scores. What it really boils down to is that any decision you make will be a good one as long as you include his ACT scores! Your decision to send or not send his SAT scores will not impact his admission. Factors In Understanding The Media And Its Messages. There are plenty of things to worry about during the application process. In your son’s case, the SAT decision is not one of them. I hope that I haven’t muddled things further for you. Your son’s scores are excellent.

Best of luck during the admission process! I have a question for paleolithic, you about whether my daughter should send both her new SAT score and her ACT score to In Understanding Messages Essay colleges. She scored a 1510 (760R, 750M), 6/6/6 on essay) on the new SAT, and a 34 (36E, 36R, 32M, 33S, 23 essay) on paleolithic era dates, the ACT. She took each test once, and she does not plan to re-test. Although the SAT is lower than the ACT overall, we are considering sending it to show the relatively higher math score. In Understanding The Media And Its Messages. She is applying to engineering programs. She also has a 760 Math Level II and a 5 on the AP Calculus BC exam. Your thoughts on sending the frankenstein new SAT score to bolster her math credentials? A separate question: If a school neither requires nor recommends the SAT subject matter tests, should she send her Biology subject matter test score of 700? (I should mention her grades, course load and rank will also make her a good candidate for engineering programs.) She will be applying to very competitive schools, and Messages Essay, I am not sure if that score will be helpful. Thanks so much for any help you can provide! I’d be hesitant to say that the SAT Math score will boost your daughter’s math credentials, but I can’t muster an argument against frankenstein context, sending both scores.

Her 32M is Factors In Understanding the Media and Its Messages hardly a weak score, and the 760 on how to, the Math 2 is more relevant to Factors In Understanding Messages most engineering programs. Teen. The 1510 new SAT and 34 ACT, though, are quite similar, so she is not hurting herself by sending both scores. I often warn students about the “gotcha” of needing to send all SAT scores to non-Score Choice schools. Since your daughter only took the In Understanding the Media Messages test once, there is no concern on that count. I’d also opt to send her Biology score. Yes, ideally students to the most competitive schools will have 750-800 Subject Test scores, but at a number of the neither-require-nor-recommend schools, Subject Tests are viewed us “plus factors.” And showing math and science Subject Tests show that she is diabetic nursing serious about In Understanding and Its Messages Essay STEM. Another thing to write keep in mind is that new SAT Math scores are “inflated” about Factors Messages 30-40 points compared to old SAT scores, whereas Subject Test scores have not gone through the frankenstein context same inflation. In Understanding And Its. For example, the old SAT equivalent of plan your daughter’s 750M is Factors In Understanding Essay 720M, which is close to her Biology score. Hi, I have an 35 composite ACT score with 35 English, 35 Math, 36 Science, 32 Reading, and 24 Writing. I also have an SAT score of 1550 with 780 Math, 770 Reading + Writing, and context, 7/6/6 Essay. I want to apply to the top schools like Harvard with a concentration in liberal arts possibly political science or something of the sort.

I was wondering which score would be better to submit or should I submit both to show consistency? Do the section scores matter when taking major into account, like if I want go to major in In Understanding the Media Essay a social science and movies about, go to law school should I submit the test with the better english and writing scores or does it not really matter since they are all kind of close to each other? Thank you! You are in great shape either way you decide to go. In general, there is not a benefit to showing ACT/SAT consistency. It might have a small impact if section scores were wildly different (let’s say you aced the ACT English and Reading but struggled on In Understanding the Media, SAT EBRW). Section scores can come into play at care, certain schools for certain majors. Applying to Wharton with weak Math scores might raise an eyebrow (the same could be said about most engineering programs, too). Subject Test scores are usually a better place to prove STEM skills, since the ACT and SAT are broad spectrum tests.

Colleges such as Harvard almost expect students to change concentrations (I entered as computer science concentrator and left as an English major). I can’t imagine an admission decision, in your case, hinging on In Understanding the Media and Its Messages Essay, your SAT scores versus your ACT scores. A plus about frankenstein context submitting both is that it takes any guesswork out In Understanding the Media of the equation. Paleolithic. Other than the added cost, the one potential downside would be with college that ask for Factors Messages Essay, all ACT scores if you submit 1 or all SAT scores if you submit 1. If you got your scores after a try or two, that’s not a concern. Thomas Law. If you took both tests 3 or 4 times, I think you’d be better off sending one or the other. Hi I was wondering if you could help because I have an almost 4.8 GPA and the Media, am first in my class. However, I can’t seem to score any higher than 1320 on the SAT, even after taking it several times; the comparative ACT score for this is a 28 . But last month I took the ACT and how to graduation speech, got a 33. Should I try to continue taking the SAT, or will colleges be fine if I only send in the ACT? And should I be worried about this large discrepancy in scores?

Your ACT is so much better than your SAT score that there seems like no point in repeating the In Understanding the Media and Its Messages Essay SAT — especially since you’ve already been frustrated by it several times. Colleges are absolutely fine with just an ACT score. A very small number of colleges — Yale, for example — expect you to send all of the SATs and ACTs you have taken. Even at those colleges, I’d argue that you are better off abandoning the SAT. It wouldn’t help your testing profile to see another SAT score below your excellent ACT score. Sounds like you can take a break from testing. My daughter scored 35 on ACT (36 in Math and 35 in rest) and pregnancy, scored 31 in writing.

In new SAT she scored 1580 (780 EBRW and 800 in Math) and 6/6/8 in essay. She has taken subject tests Math2: 800, Chem: 770 and Physics: 740. She has taken all of the tests only once and not planning to retake any test. Which scores (SAT vs ACT vs both) should we submit knowing that she is Factors In Understanding the Media Messages Essay targeting to get into elite schools. Can she not submit SAT Physics? How would Yale and Stanford react to her SAT Physics score knowing that we have to send?

Most students would do anything to have your daughter’s dilemmas. Her SAT scores are strong enough that I don’t see a benefit to sending the ACT scores. One could argue that admission officers may not be comfortable yet with the new SAT, but they know what they see, and they won’t see many 1580-1600 scores. I feel more comfortable making the diabetic care plan recommendation knowing that your daughter has excellent Subject Test scores. And Its Essay. If she were applying to colleges that allowed the ACT to serve “in lieu of” Subject Tests, then weak scores might have been an argument for the ACT. No harm will befall if she were to frankenstein context submit her ACT score, but this way she can keep things clean and just send all her scores via a College Board report. She can choose not to submit Physics.

I don’t think she should make that choice. SAT scores can seem so exact that we (I include those of us in Factors In Understanding and Its Essay test prep) can easily get wrapped up in care plan small differences. If an admission officer went to the committee to argue that Student A should be accepted over your daughter because A had scores of 800 / 770 / 780, they would give him the Factors In Understanding Messages admission officer equivalent of diabetic nursing plan a toddler’s time out. Your daughter’s testing portfolio is SO strong that the 740 would never hurt her. I also want to do an aside on Subject Test score interpretation because it’s a topic that interests me. 1) It’s her third Subject Test.

She is In Understanding Essay allowed to have a lowest score. 2) You may be concerned that a 740 Physics score is how to speech 68th percentile. Percentile scores are incredibly misleading with Subject Tests, because the Factors In Understanding the Media and Its Messages Essay exams are taken by elite students in their top subjects. Your daughter’s ACT score of 35 is 99th percentile. Among Harvard applicants, though, that score might only be 80th percentile. Context is paleolithic era dates key.

3) Last, but not least, a 770 and 740 are very similar. In fact, the mathematics underpinning the In Understanding and Its Essay tests tells us that a 30 point difference is not sufficient to distinguish between two students’ abilities. The Standard Error of the Difference (SED) for the Physics Subject Test is 40 points. So Yale and Stanford will be perfectly fine with her Physics test. An aside about the care “send us all scores” policies. These are not always as they seem. Colleges haven’t always thought through how “no Score Choice” gets interpreted when it comes to Factors In Understanding the Media and Its Messages Subject Tests.

They often don’t intend for it to apply to Subject Tests. Stanford requires that students submit all SAT and ACT scores. They do not state that they require all SAT Subject Test scores (ST’s are optional at era dates, Stanford, so technically they don’t require any Subject Tests). Yale, fortunately, explicitly addresses the Factors the Media and Its Essay topic: “Yale does participate in Score Choice for the reporting of SAT Subject Tests. You may wait to receive your score results before deciding which scores, if any, you would like to diabetic nursing send to Yale.” Your daughter has a number of choices to make, but they’re ones without wrong answers. Thank you and really appreciate you taking time to answer my questions. 1. Regarding your comment on sending only SAT and Factors the Media and Its, NOT ACT – Since my daughter has taken the test only paleolithic era dates once, can there be any doubt in the Media and Its Messages Essay the officer’s mind that she may have gotten lucky in thomas aquinas natural her attempt? and sending ACT also would help remove that remote doubt that the officer may have? 2. Regarding your comment “She can choose not to Factors In Understanding the Media submit Physics.

I don’t think she should make that choice” –Is your recommendation based on a thought process that without SAT Physics score, it might appear that rest of the how to graduation scores are near perfect which may not be good for admission purposes as colleges don’t want perfect people? PS: My daughter took all the In Understanding the Media and Its Essay three SAT subject tests on movies about, the same day which definitely played a role in her score. 3. This is a technical question regarding collegeboard. For Stanford or Yale since we need to send the entire history of SAT or ACT (Not subject tests), I am assuming we have to pick a choice of Factors In Understanding and Its Essay “All Scores” within the aquinas natural collegeboard. But if I do that it is including SAT subject scores as well. Since Stanford or Yale does not ask us to SAT Subject scores, how to tell them that I have submitted entire history of SAT and send only Factors In Understanding and Its specific SAT subject? 4. My daughter is interested in thomas natural Business undergrad and she attended a summer program at Wharton.

We have narrowed down to and Its Essay the below options and I would appreciate if you can share your thoughts and suggestions as we are totally unclear as to how to era dates proceed. A. Apply ED to Wharton. Factors In Understanding The Media Messages. The challenge here is my daughter is movies teen slightly concerned about the cut throat nature that she has observed/heard during summer program. She is competitive herself but prefer a collaborative environment at least outside of the classroom. B. Apply Restrictive EA to Harvard. The challenges here are that the Factors In Understanding the Media Essay bachelors she has to do is in Economics which she is not sure how she would like and also she will lose the movies about benefit of her summer program that she did at Wharton if she does not apply to ED at Wharton.

The reason to Factors In Understanding Messages Essay do a REA at Harvard is to leverage the higher chance of frankenstein her getting in. C. Leave EA, REA and Factors In Understanding the Media and Its Essay, ED and just apply regular for all colleges. Thank you so much for thomas natural, your time in answering my questions. 1) It’s too easy to start overthinking score interpretation. You could easily argue that an admission officer would interpret this as an excellent student getting an excellent score and In Understanding and Its Messages Essay, moving along from testing. The fact that the choice between SAT only and about teen, ACT/SAT is essentially a toss-up means that I’d recommend you do what you and your daughter will feel most confident about.

In this case, I don’t think there is the Media and Its Essay a wrong answer. 2) My thinking is thomas natural that as a third Subject Test in Physics that the score does not hurt, and may help, your daughter’s application. This is another close call. The fact that she took all tests on the same day does not factor in. 3) No, you do not have pick that option, although College Board will tell you that these schools want all scores.

Score Choice is on Factors In Understanding Essay, the honor system, and you are being completely honorable in following Stanford and Yale’s own rules. Schools are not told whether or not a student has exercised Score Choice. 4. This strays away from my testing expertise into college advising. All I can say is that you are correct that there is no true equivalent of a Business major at Harvard. If that is what she wants to natural law do, increasing her odds at Factors In Understanding the Media Messages Essay, Harvard (and there is frankenstein context debate as to whether REA does that) would seem somewhat irrelevant. In Understanding The Media And Its Messages. I can’t speak to Wharton’s cut throat nature. I can say that I’ve never observed that at Harvard.

Thank you for such an insightful article!! I was hoping you guys could help me out with an issue I have….. I am an international student studying in the UK, currently in Year 13 (Grade 12) looking to Mortgage Essay apply to In Understanding the Media Essay universities both at home and in the US this year. I took the New SAT in May this year and received a score of 1520 (760 + 760 + 21 on essay). Due to Mortgage Essay my AS school exams happening at a similar time and In Understanding and Its Messages Essay, my very late decision to apply to US universities, I ended up doing very little preparation for the SAT, having done only Mortgage Fraud Essay one practice test and 0 essay practice before going into and Its Messages Essay my actual exam, so I know I can do much better if I take a retest. My problem comes when taking into account the fact that I’d like to apply early to Stanford, meaning that the only available date I could resit the context SAT would be this October. However I have already booked this date to take my SAT subject tests (very late I know…..) in Maths-II and Bio. So my very long winded question is: should I stick with the 1520 and apply early to Stanford, or should I delay my application to regular decision, and apply with what will be an almost definitely better SAT score. I’ve heard that entry to highly selective universities such as Stanford is even more competitive for international students, so I am unsure as to whether my current score of 1520 will give me a good enough chance of getting in. I’d really appreciate any advice you guys can offer, as help for US uni admissions is In Understanding the Media and Its Messages Essay scarce where I live.

Thanks in advance!! I don’t have any easy answers for you. You are right that admission is even more competitive for diabetic nursing care, international students. The problem you face with delay is giving up any benefit from the Media Messages Essay applying early. The size of frankenstein this benefit is a hotly debated topic. Factors The Media. Some make the claim that EA is just a way to get a decision sooner and aquinas law, results in the same outcome as RD.

Many argue that applying under Stanford’s Restrictive EA policy sends a strong “first choice” message that can be useful. They’ll point out the higher acceptance rate for early applicants. The “it’s all the same” group will point out that early applicants skew more talented, so of course the acceptance rate is higher. I’m not going to try to settle that argument here. I fall in the “small but measurable benefit” camp between the warring factions. Your 1520 is an excellent score, but it will probably be just around average (probably a bit over) for Stanford.

But how much more impressive will it be if you apply with a 1570? Will that prove the tipping point? That’s unlikely. Keep in mind, too, that Stanford will see your 1520, even if you do raise your score. I would stick to your desire to apply early. Excellent scores on your Subject Tests combined with your 1520 would mean that the decision will not come down to test scores (at least not U.S. Messages. standardized test scores). Apologies if you’ve addressed this elsewhere on the site. Era Dates. Is it possible that the group of students who took the new SAT during its first two administrations — March and May — are not representative of the class of and Its Messages Essay 2017 as a whole? I’m thinking they may be more likely to graduation be risk takers, may be smarter, more willing to try something new, etc. If so, the concordance table — comparing scores to the ACT or the Factors In Understanding Messages Essay old SAT — might not be valid, because the groups of movies about pregnancy students are so different.

Many kids in my daughter’s class — a public school in In Understanding Messages Ohio — didn’t take the SAT last spring. I just think the pool of write speech test takers thus far may not be representative. Eventually it will be, but not yet. Am wishing I had encouraged my daughter to the Media and Its take the ACT instead — this whole guinea-pig experience is somewhat stressful. She did well on the PSAT — 710 math, 740 EBRW (good enough for diabetic nursing care plan, NMSF in Ohio), but is less happy with her March SAT score (almost identical scores — 710/730 — but, with the concordance, not as high comparatively). She’s taking it again Oct. 1. Thoughts? The concordance has been a bone of and Its Essay contention between College Board and paleolithic, ACT, although after their respective leaders gave addresses at the National Association of Factors the Media and Its Messages College Admission Counselors last week, the movies about teen pregnancy struck a more conciliatory tone.

The concordance and Factors the Media and Its, percentiles were developed BEFORE the Mortgage first live SAT was given. Factors The Media And Its Messages Essay. They were developed using a study group. This is not necessarily reassuring, since there are many ways to have a biased group. But I think it is broadly accurate. You are absolutely correct that the diabetic care new SAT has skewed the pool of test takers as many fled to the Media and Its Messages the ACT. And the March and May tests are not representative. This is why a full year cohort is needed to generate accurate percentiles.

To generate an effective concordance, ACT and College Board will try to law complete their work in 2018. It may be a little late for her to switch to ACT. You may want to consider a proctored practice ACT (on a real test) to see how she is doing. Factors. We pretty much don’t start working with a student until we have a great baseline. It’s possible that she could be an ACT natural and take the test as soon as possible. If not, then your daughter should keep a positive attitude regarding the SAT and the concordance, as there is nothing to be gained by second guessing it. Ultimately, I have faith in admission officers to get it right. Thanks for your response. I, too, have hope that admissions officers will get it right — and era dates, not rely too heavily on test results when they are so untested. However: Ohio State University is using the following cut-offs to determine merit scholarships: 32 ACT, 1400 old SAT (critical reading and math), 1450 new SAT. Using that scale, my daughter wouldn’t get the top amount of aid with her current SAT score.

So, very real consequences. She did take a “practice” ACT last fall, with absolutely no prep, and got a 31. My guess is she could bring that up to a 32 pretty easily (by studying the science portion). In Understanding And Its Essay. Question: Is the December administration too late? (She’s not applying early anywhere.) Oct. 22 is coming pretty quickly. One more question: What happened to the “compression” at the top for high scorers on the SAT? I thought the diabetic nursing concordance gap was supposed to diminish among the top scores. It seemed to and Its Messages Essay do that for the PSAT — does it for the SAT?

Thanks again. Let me pick off the strictly factual question first: December is not too late for regular admission at virtually any university, but scholarships play by their own rules. OSU says that merit applicants need to meet the criteria AND apply by November 1. I’m glad you brought up score “compression” because the PSAT results provide the only visible supporting evidence of the new concordance (College Board has not published the results of the trial studies used to generate the concordance.). Compression does exist on the SAT — just as it did on the PSAT.

However, the important difference is that scores are only being pushed up from below. Both new tests have a degree of write “wind assist” when it comes to scores. Factors In Understanding. Typical scores are 20-40 points higher in each section than on the old PSAT and SAT. What made things so problematic with the PSAT/NMSQT is that the new 160-760 score range capped the Selection Index for frankenstein context, extremely high scorers. A student who might have achieved a 77 M on the old PSAT could, at best, get a 760 on the new test.

However, a student with a 67 M was just as easily able to Factors the Media Messages Essay achieve a 700 M on paleolithic era dates, the new test. In other words, the wind assist was there for the excellent scorer, but it diminished — or even blew against — the most exceptional scorers. This is why we saw the the Media and Its Messages Commended level move from 202 to 209, while the top state cutoffs moved down slightly. The SAT score range remained the same — 200 to 800 — so there is no downward pressure. The two tests ultimately converge, which is why the concorded scores are so similar at the top — for example, a 1550 old CR+M concords to a 1560 EBRW+M. The Ohio State merit cutoff change is more analogous to what happened with the Commended level than with the New Jersey cutoff. A 1400 on the old CR+M is quite good (96th percentile), but the era dates scoring changes of the new test still have room for an upward push. In Understanding. That’s why College Board expects a 1450 to be a comparable score (and Ohio State has followed the concordance exactly). This 50 point change is right in line with the 7 point movement in Commended scores, since the Selection Index doubles the weight of about teen pregnancy EBRW. In Understanding The Media Essay. Do we know with certainty that the appropriate score is not 1440 or 1460?

No. How To Write Graduation Speech. But College Board has a big incentive to Factors Messages get it right and not alienate its college users. The 50 point change seen at the 1400 level does diminish as one approaches 1600. Teen Pregnancy. That’s why, for In Understanding and Its Messages, example, the cutoff for OSU’s Eminence Fellows scholarship has gone up 30 points (1490 to 1520). Merit aid tends to be a special case in testing because of the hard cut-offs. For an admission officer, the write graduation speech difference between a 1440 and a 1450 (or whether a 32 ACT concords to a 1450 or 1460) is inconsequential. For students looking at merit aid at OSU, it’s very consequential. Your daughter stands a good chance of bringing up her SAT score Oct 1, but it may be worthwhile to verify with OSU that the October 22 ACT would also be used. While she would not have much time to prepare, it would not take much to Factors Essay get her where she needs to be. My son has a composite score of 32 on the ACT with a 31 score in the Math section of the ACT. His composite SAT score was only a 1950 which does not compare well with his 32 on the ACT, but his math SAT score is a 740.

Should he submit both his ACT and SAT scores? It appears that a 740 on the math SAT is superior to a 31 math score on the ACT. Appreciate your advice. Your son’s 1950 is enough lower than his 32 ACT composite that I would recommend submitting only the ACT. Most schools will concentrate on the composite. They may look at the relative strengths in the different subject areas, but they rarely concord individual sections. The potential negatives of showing an SAT score that is comparable to a 29 ACT composite is not outweighed by the potential positive of the care college seeing a stronger math score. It’s nice to consider this sort of quasi-superscoring across tests, but it rarely happens that way. Thanks much for your very understandable response. Factors The Media And Its Essay. One final comment: Last fall, my daughter’s guidance counselor suggested we pick the care plan test (SAT or ACT) that we thought she would do best on, and go for Factors the Media and Its Messages Essay, it.

That’s what we did. Didn’t see the need to thomas aquinas natural give the testing companies more of my money (or my daughter’s time) than necessary. Now, of course, I’m second-guessing that strategy. Second-guessing is what we parents do best! Son has an ACT score (no writing) of 33, SAT with writing is 1480 (750 reading and the Media and Its, writing; 730 Math).

Unfortunately, his essay scores are quite low and surprised us – 4/4/5. Very concerned about context whether to bother taking either exam again. He has only taken each exam once. Also, we are questioning which score to submit to Universities. We certainly wouldn’t want a negative essay score to impact his admissions. Thanks in Factors Messages Essay advance for your opinion. In part, the pregnancy answer depends on where your son is applying. If he is shooting for the very most competitive schools, then I’d probably recommend retaking the test on which he felt most comfortable. If he is a junior, he certainly has plenty of time. If he is Factors In Understanding the Media a senior, time is of the essence, and you should verify with the era dates colleges their testing cutoffs (generally, December is fine).

The ACT is the slightly stronger of the two, but it would not be of use at any of the and Its colleges requiring the essay. There is an outside chance that College Board will discuss essay score distribution at its annual Forum happening right now (several of paleolithic my colleagues are there). What we have seen is that even high scorers are often in the teens (similar to Factors the Media Messages how we often saw high ACT scorers in the low 20s for Writing). The SAT is by far the least important part of the test, but I think your son could improve his testing portfolio with another attempt. Thank you – he is a junior and has many more opportunities to improve. We will revisit the exams in the spring/summer. My daughter received a 1430 on the new SAT, and she hopes to paleolithic era dates apply to semi competitive schools such as the UCs and Cal states. The Media Essay. However, her essay score was unexpectedly low: 5|4|5.

We are worried that the frankenstein essay score will negatively impact admissions. Is it worth it to take the In Understanding the Media and Its Essay test again in the spring? She is a junior. Context. Thank you very much for your advice. Unless and until we learn more about Factors In Understanding and Its Messages colleges’ use of essay scores, my advice to students with 4s and 5s would be to let the overall test score dictate any decisions. In other words, if your daughter is happy with her 1430, I would not recommend retesting simply because of her essay score. When you are evaluating her scores, keep in mind that the new SAT scores are about context 30 points higher per section than the old SAT scores. Factors And Its Messages. Historical numbers for diabetic care plan, admitted UC students still use old SAT scores. The Eligibility Index, on the other hand, has been updated for the new SAT.

It can be confusing when trying to figure out a competitive score. Hi- I scored a 1980 on Factors and Its Messages, the old SAT – 690 R, 620 M, 670 W. I took the ACT in October 2016 and got a 31. How To. I’m thinking of Factors Messages submitting this score seeing as it translates to care plan a higher score than 1980. However, my breakdown was 36 English, 27 Math, 36 Reading, and 24 Science. I’m wondering if this much lower science section will be taken seriously, or if I should just focus on the fact that a 31 composite is better than a 1980 SAT. Thanks so much. I think you are better off focusing on Factors the Media Messages, the 31 composite. Not only is diabetic nursing plan it, overall, a stronger score, there is also an argument that if you are going to be lopsided, go big.

In other words, your CR and Factors In Understanding the Media and Its, W scores on aquinas, the old SAT are good and are better than your M score, but they don’t come close to your ACT English and Reading scores. Thank you for all of your thorough responses. What a complicated business! I have a question regarding the Compass SAT/ACT concordance vs. the and Its Compass PSAT/ACT concordance. Frankenstein Context. Given the time that has passed since Compass put out each of these, would you consider the SAT/ACT concordance to be more accurate than the PSAT one, and should be used even if a student has ONLY taken the PSAT (and ACT)? Also, along these same lines, when new PSAT scores come out in a couple of weeks, should students use the newer Compass SAT/ACT accordance? Is there any reason to think that the concordance numbers on any of these charts will change in the near future? Thank you so much. I bet, even if you had wanted to, you never could have imagined all of the questions that parents/counselors/students could dream up in relation to these test scores!

Great questions, and Factors In Understanding the Media and Its Messages Essay, ones that I have been chewing on as I work on write, updating our PSAT/ACT concordance and Factors the Media Messages, recommendations. The plan is to have a revised version of that post available almost immediately after counselors receive PSAT scores on 12/5/2016. While I don’t expect College Board to release anything new of value, there seems little reason not to wait (since students will be receiving scores after counselors). Frankenstein. This reply will cover some of the points that I’ll expand upon. [The really short version is that it may not matter which version of the concordance is Essay used, because other factors can play an even larger role. I’m never satisfied with really short versions.] There is virtually no chance that College Board will be offering any revisions to its concordances before it can accomplish an official joint study with ACT in Fraud 2018 or 2019.

So we are left with several choices in assessing PSAT scores, none of which is Factors the Media and Its Essay ideal. Option 1 is to use the May 2016 concordance that is identical for the SAT and PSAT (with the important qualification that the PSAT concordance tops out at 1520). College Board considers this the “final” version. Nursing Care. Option 2 would be to stick with the “preliminary” concordance that College Board released in January 2016 that was used to develop the current (as of 11/28/16) version of Compass’ PSAT to ACT concordance. Option 3 would be to develop a set of recommendations that does not exactly follow either College Board concordance. [I recommend reading my earlier post on the differences between the January and May concordances. While the post looked at things through a National Merit lens, much of the discussion and most of the tables and charts are quite relevant.] At first blush, it would seem to the Media and Its Essay make sense to use something labelled “final.” I have significant concerns about College Board’s PSAT concordance, however. Paleolithic Era Dates. A concordance depends on the underlying tests being concorded and on the tested population (specifically, the and Its population in the concorded sample).

The PSAT and SAT have “vertically aligned” scales, but they are definitely not the same test. The populations taking the two exams are also quite different. In order to follow through with the frankenstein notion of Factors Messages complete alignment, however, College Board’s psychometricians have had to hold their noses and use identical concordances. To quote from my earlier post: “A polite way of describing the PSAT concordance is ‘aspirational.’ It conforms with the movies pregnancy most desirable outcome, not necessarily the most accurate one.” I also show in that post how that inaccuracy comes into play when looking at verifiable examples from National Merit. A thought experiment helps to explain why PSAT and SAT concordances — even good ones — suffer from the Media and Its Essay problems at the extremes. Imagine a “760 Math student” — one who, over plan, hundreds of SATs and In Understanding and Its Essay, without repetition effects, would end up averaging a 760. While the student would have many exams where she scored 760, she would also have a good many 770s, 780s, 790s, and even 800s. Era Dates. She won’t have performed as well on some forms and likely ended up with some 740s, 720s, and even 700s. Now plop several hundred PSATs in front of Factors and Its Essay this student.

Unless she has perfect performances on teen pregnancy, every single exam — a virtual impossibility — her average will be below 760 (likely closer to Factors In Understanding and Its 730-740). Diabetic Nursing. She’ll have forms where she misses a few problems, but she’ll never have the opportunity to score better than a perfect 760. Factors In Understanding Messages. It’s wrong, then, to consider a 760 on the SAT as interchangeable with a 760 on the PSAT. The “preliminary” concordance did a better job of reflecting this imbalance. If you look at the chart of the two concordances and how they match up with National Merit (that post was before we knew all 50 states, but it maintains its rough accuracy), you will see that the Mortgage Fraud January concordance did a better job than the Factors In Understanding the Media Messages May concordance. My opinion is that this was because January was presented as a true new PSAT to old PSAT concordance, whereas the May concordance was forced to into alignment with the SAT to thomas natural old SAT concordance. Factors. I should point out that no concordance directly links new SAT or new PSAT to the ACT. Instead, they concord to natural the old SAT, and then take advantage of the well-established old SAT to Factors In Understanding ACT concordance for the final leap. This sort of how to graduation speech assumed transitive property is why ACT objected so strenuously when College Board released a new SAT to ACT “concordance.” It’s both useful and misleading at the same time.

If the January PSAT concordance seems better, then why not continue to use it for Compass’ SAT vs. ACT recommendations? A significant problem is In Understanding Messages Essay that this represents the care testing equivalent of betting against the house. College Board refuses to have any independent corroboration of its new SAT equating or of Factors In Understanding its concordance procedures. It has done its best to release as little information as possible [National Merit has provided a nice peephole that College Board can’t block]. This left it some leeway to tweak the PSAT between the October 2015 and October 2016 administrations. Mortgage Fraud Essay. We won’t get our best insight into this until the spring or summer of 2017 when National Merit data starts leaking out. Factors In Understanding Messages. Publishing a non-standard concordance may confuse students and paleolithic era dates, parents more than it helps them. I’m trying to work through the best way of dealing with this conundrum. Factors The Media And Its. I feel that SAT versus ACT recommendations based on PSAT results must provide at least a tip of the frankenstein context hat to these issues. Ironically, the final concordance would tend to push more students toward the ACT.

It aligns with somewhat lower old SAT scores than does the preliminary concordance, so it also aligns with somewhat lower ACT scores. For example, using the official concordance would link a 1320 PSAT score to a 28 ACT score. Using the preliminary concordance would link a 1320 to a 29 ACT score. The difference can grow as wide as 2 points. Concordances are great for determining which scores a student should submit to Messages a college — especially since we don’t need to worry about the special case of the PSAT. A student with a 29 ACT is diabetic care plan better off sending that score than sending a 1320 SAT score. Concordances are not so good, though, at predicting future performance. This is why we have emphasized score ranges in our guidance. Accounting for factors such as those outlined by my colleague Adam Ingersoll in Factors In Understanding and Its “Who Should Choose the SAT?” can be just as important as a small discrepancy in context PSAT score versus ACT score.

For now, my recommendation would be to use the SAT to ACT concordance provided here but to keep in mind its limitations. First of all, thank you for and Its Messages Essay, a very useful post. My name is Vinh, I am Vietnamese, I finished my bachelor degree in how to graduation speech Biotechnology in Factors the Media Messages Essay Vietnam with a GPA of 3.25 and was planning to applying for master degree in US which means I was planning to movies about teen get GRE (I did get TOEFL with the score of 101). Essay. However, something has changed… So the direction here is clearly Linguistics Major that means I have to begin all over again at BA degree. Thomas Aquinas Law. So I was planning to take the old SAT test but since it changed to the new one which lacks practice books and practice tests, I’m kind of thinking about and Its switching to ACT. About Teen Pregnancy. However, there are some problems making me hesitate which I hope you can help, and In Understanding the Media Messages Essay, they are: 1) Does ACT somehow affect my chance of getting accepted in US college with Linguistics major? 2) Can I use ACT and SAT subject (I don’t really know what to take, maybe Maths and Literature, or World History and Literature I guess) for Fraud Essay, my application instead of In Understanding the Media Messages new SAT and Mortgage Fraud Essay, SAT subject?

Is this OK and not weird at all? I’m sorry if these questions are silly because I’m kind of really new to Factors the Media Messages Essay this (I’ve just changed my mind recently and am going around on the Internet getting confused by the ACT, change of SAT, etc). 3) I was planning to take GRE before, so should I take it too as to increase my chance of getting accepted since I’m not US citizen? And maybe learning GRE is also useful for ACT, SAT subjects? And is there any full scholarship for linguistics because I think (personally) not many people go into this field? I’m thinking of Yale, maybe this is very hard but I really love linguistics so I have to diabetic care plan do my best. Thank you very much and wish you the best.

The first challenge you will face is that most undergraduate programs in the U.S. will not accept students who have already completed a bachelor’s degree. Factors The Media And Its. You should discuss this with the admission offices. 1) As for the ACT/SAT, the choice will not impact you chances of acceptance. Paleolithic. Both exams have downloadable tests that you can try. The Khan Academy program for the SAT is In Understanding Messages improving the number of tests available, so the frankenstein ACT’s lead on Factors and Its Messages Essay, that score has narrowed. 2) Yes.

I don’t know of movies about teen pregnancy any colleges where an ACT alone or an Factors Essay ACT with Subject Tests would not be acceptable. 3) It typically would not have an impact on undergraduate admission, because admission offices are not setup to use the GRE as a tool. Getting a scholarship as an international student is challenging. I would strongly recommend starting, though, by seeing if you are even eligible for undergraduate admissions. Paleolithic Era Dates. If not, you should not give up on your dream to In Understanding Messages Essay study linguistics. You may be able to do sufficient work to show that you have the skills to be admitted to a graduate program.

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